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Harley-Davidson, Inc. H-D, or Harley, is an American motorcycle manufacturer founded in 1903 in Wisconsin, it was one of two major American motorcycle manufacturers to survive the Great Depression, along with Indian. The company has survived numerous ownership arrangements, subsidiary arrangements, periods of poor economic health and product quality, intense global competition to become one of the world's largest motorcycle manufacturers and an iconic brand known for its loyal following. There are owner clubs and events worldwide, as well as a brand-focused museum. Harley-Davidson is noted for a style of customization that gave rise to the chopper motorcycle style; the company traditionally marketed heavyweight, air-cooled cruiser motorcycles with engine displacements greater than 700 cc, but it has broadened its offerings to include more contemporary VRSC and middle-weight Street platforms. Harley-Davidson manufactures its motorcycles at factories in Pennsylvania. Construction of a new plant in Thailand began in late 2018.

The company markets its products worldwide, licenses and markets merchandise under the Harley-Davidson brand, among them apparel, home decor and ornaments, toys, scale figures of its motorcycles, video games based on its motorcycle line and the community. In 1901, 20 year-old William S. Harley drew up plans for a small engine with a displacement of 7.07 cubic inches and four-inch flywheels designed for use in a regular pedal-bicycle frame. Over the next two years, he and his childhood friend Arthur Davidson worked on their motor-bicycle using the northside Milwaukee machine shop at the home of their friend Henry Melk, it was finished in 1903 with the help of Arthur's brother Walter Davidson. Upon testing their power-cycle and the Davidson brothers found it unable to climb the hills around Milwaukee without pedal assistance, they wrote off their first motor-bicycle as a valuable learning experiment; the three began work on a new and improved machine with an engine of 24.74 cubic inches with 9.75 in flywheels weighing 28 lb.

Its advanced loop-frame pattern was similar to the 1903 Milwaukee Merkel motorcycle designed by Joseph Merkel of Flying Merkel fame. The bigger engine and loop-frame design took it out of the motorized bicycle category and marked the path to future motorcycle designs, they received help with their bigger engine from outboard motor pioneer Ole Evinrude, building gas engines of his own design for automotive use on Milwaukee's Lake Street. The prototype of the new loop-frame Harley-Davidson was assembled in a 10 ft × 15 ft shed in the Davidson family backyard. Most of the major parts, were made elsewhere, including some fabricated at the West Milwaukee railshops where oldest brother William A. Davidson was toolroom foreman; this prototype machine was functional by September 8, 1904, when it competed in a Milwaukee motorcycle race held at State Fair Park. Edward Hildebrand placed fourth in the race. In January 1905, the company placed small advertisements in the Automobile and Cycle Trade Journal offering bare Harley-Davidson engines to the do-it-yourself trade.

By April, they were producing complete motorcycles on a limited basis. That year, Harley-Davidson dealer Carl H. Lang of Chicago sold three bikes from the five built in the Davidson backyard shed. Years the company moved the original shed to the Juneau Avenue factory where it stood for many decades as a tribute. In 1906, Harley and the Davidson brothers built their first factory on Chestnut Street, at the current location of Harley-Davidson's corporate headquarters; the first Juneau Avenue plant was a 40 ft × 60 ft single-story wooden structure. The company produced about 50 motorcycles that year. In 1907, William S. Harley graduated from the University of Wisconsin–Madison with a degree in mechanical engineering; that year, they expanded the factory with a second floor and with facings and additions of Milwaukee pale yellow brick. With the new facilities, production increased to 150 motorcycles in 1907; the company was incorporated that September. They began selling their motorcycles to police departments around this time, a market, important to them since.

In 1907, William A. Davidson quit his job as tool foreman for the Milwaukee Road railroad and joined the Motor Company. Production in 1905 and 1906 were all single-cylinder models with 26.84 cubic inch engines. In February 1907, they displayed a prototype model at the Chicago Automobile Show with a 45-degree V-Twin engine. Few V-Twin models were built between 1907 and 1910; these first V-Twins produced about 7 horsepower. This gave about double the power of the first singles, top speed was about 60 mph. Production jumped from 450 motorcycles in 1908 to 1,149 machines in 1909. In 1911, the company introduced an improved V-Twin model with a displacement of 49.48 cubic inches and mechanically operated intake valves, as opposed to the "automatic" intake valves used on earlier V-Twins that opened by engine vacuum. It gave better performance. After 1913, the majority of bikes produced by Harley-Davidson were V-Twin models. In 1912, Harley-Davidson introduced their patented "Ful-Floteing Seat", suspended by a coil spring inside the seat tube.

The spring tension could be adjusted to suit the rider's weight, more than 3 inches of travel was available. Harley-Davidson used seats of this type until 1958. By 1913, the

Kempinski Hotel Mall of the Emirates

Kempinski Hotel Mall of the Emirates is a five star hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, attached to UAE's first indoor ski slope and one of the biggest shopping malls outside of North America. The hotel is owned by Mr Hamaad Habeeb Kempinski Hotel Mall of the Emirates is located on Sheikh Zayed Road, 4th Interchange, Al Barsha. Adjacent to the Mall of the Emirates and Ski Dubai, Kempinski Hotel Mall of the Emirates is situated between Downtown Dubai and Dubai Marina. Construction commenced followed by the designs of the Wilson Associates firm. Wilson Associates was a finalist in the 27th annual Gold Key Awards for Excellence in Hospitality Design; the Hotel doors opened for the first time on 6 April 2006. Hotel is owned by An Australian businessman Hamaad Habeeb; the 47,000 square metres five-star hotel is attached to one of the biggest malls in the world as well as to UAE's first indoor ski slope. The building is 17 stories high, with an outside pool-terrace situated on the second floor; the underground parking lot provides space for visitors.

The hotel is managed by Kempinski. The hotel has 393 suites including 15 chalets with views over the indoor ski. Kempinski Hotel Mall of the Emirates includes 9 daylight banquet and conference rooms, 4 office rooms and indoor and outdoor breakout areas located on the second floor next to the Business Centre, which offers extended business services; the Kempinski Hotel Mall of the Emirates was the venue of the second Dubai Debates on 31 May 2011. Kempinski Hotel Mall of the Emirates was recognized as the Middle East Leading Leisure Hotel in the recent World Travel Awards and in 2007 was bestowed as the Best New Five Star Resort as well as the Best Tourism Project at the Middle East and North Africa Tourism Awards, the hotel was cited as one of the “World’s 15 Coolest Hotels” according to Travel + Leisure, a circulated hospitality magazine. List of buildings in Dubai "Kempinski Mall of the Emirates Scoops Top Accolades at 2007 MENA Travel Awards". Al Bawaba. 13 May 2007. Retrieved 15 July 2008. "Kempinski Hotel Mall of the Emirates".

Travel + Leisure. Retrieved 1 July 2013. Kempinski Hotel Mall of the Emirates

Awabakal language

Awabakal is an Australian Aboriginal language, spoken around Lake Macquarie and Newcastle in New South Wales. The name is derived from Awaba, the native name of the lake, it was spoken by Wonnarua peoples. It was studied by missionary Lancelot Threlkeld in the 19th century, who wrote a grammar of the language, but the spoken language had died out before 21st-century revival efforts. Awabakal is a Pama–Nyungan language, most related to the Worimi language, within the Yuin–Kuric group of Pama–Nyungan. Awabakal was studied by the Reverend Lancelot Threlkeld from 1825 until his death in 1859, producing a grammar and dictionary in An Australian Grammar in 1834; the speaker of Awabakal who taught him about the language was the tribal leader. Threlkeld and Biraban's Specimens of a Dialect of the Aborigines of New South Wales in 1827 was the earliest attempt at exhibiting the structure of an Australian language. Threlkeld's work was expanded by John Fraser and republished in 1892 as An Australian language as spoken by the Awabakal, the people of Awaba or Lake Macquarie being an account of their language and customs / by L.

E. Threlkeld, it contained a grammar and vocabulary as well as much new material by Fraser, helped to popularise the name "Awabakal" for the language grouping more broadly referred to as the Hunter River-Lake Macquarie language. The language is being revived. A new orthography and reconstruction of the phonology has been undertaken. To date, several publications have been produced including "A grammar for the Awabakal language", "An introduction to the Awabakal language: its orthography, recommended orthoepy and its grammar and stylistics " and "Nupaleyalaan palii Awabakalkoba = Teach yourself Awabakal". There exist three noun classes; the first has 4 declension patterns. A noun can exist in any of 13 cases. 1st class – Common nouns, descriptors and minaring. 2nd class – Place names, words of spatial relations and wonta. 3rd class – Persons' names, kinship terms and ngaan. The default, unmarked case of nouns is the absolutive. Unlike English and many European languages, in which an unmarked noun is the nominative case, is the subject of the sentence, Awabakal references a particular noun with this case.

There is a category of words in Awabakal called descriptors. They can stand as referring terms and are in these cases similar to nouns, like adjectives or intransitive verbs/predicative verb-adjective phrases, they can be declined into nominal cases. There are four number words. Wakool – one Bulowara – two Ngoro – three Wara – four or five Pronominal enclitics are suffixes which have several functions and can be attached to verbs, appositions, interrogatives and nouns; the numbers are: singular and plural with a feminine/masculine distinction in the first person. They mark verbs for person, number and voice; the "ergative" enclitcs imply an active transitive situation and the "accusative" implies a passive intransitive situation. There are three true pronouns which could be called a topic case. There are only found at the beginning of an independent clause; these pronominals are found in ergative, accusative and possessive cases. There are 3 degrees, they are declined for 10 cases.'this' near the speaker'that' near the addressee'that' there Here too, there are 3 degrees.

These terms indicate place. They decline for 13 cases; the default verbative voice of Awabakal verbs is neutral. I.e. they do not give a sense of passive. The pronominal enclitics indicate. There are 3 present tenses, 8 future and 7 past, with various voice and mood modifications. Example: There are 10 forms of negatives which work with different types of words or phrases. Conjunctions are not used in comparison to many languages. Sentences can be connected without their use; these have various combinations and case declinations. Ngaan – who? Minaring – what? Wonta – where? Yakowai – how? Yakowanta – when? Korakowa – why not? Wiya – say... Wonto ba kauwȧllo mankulla unnoa tara túġunbilliko ġurránto ġéen kinba, 2. Yanti bo ġearun kin bara ġukulla, unnoa tara nakillikan kurri-kurri kabiruġ ġatun mankillikan wiyellikanne koba. 3. Murrȧrȧġ tia kȧtan yantibo, koito baġ ba tuiġ ko ġirouġ Teopolo murrȧrȧġ ta, 4. Gurra-uwil koa bi tuloa, unnoa tara wiyatoara banuġ ba. —Introduction of the Gospel of Luke The word Koori, a self-referential term used by some Aboriginal people, comes from Awabakal.

Threlkeld, Lancelot Edward. Specimens of a Dialect of the Aborigines of New South Wales. Threlkeld, Lancelot Edward. An Australian grammar: comprehending the principles and natural rules of the language, as spoken by the Aborigines in the vicinity of Hunter's River, Lake Macquarie, &c. New South Wales. Printed by Stephens and Stokes. Threlkeld, Lancelot Edward. An Australian spelling book in the language as spoken by the Aborigines in the vicinity of Hunter's River, Lake Macquarie, New South Wales. Threlkeld, Lancelot Edward. A key to the structure of the Aboriginal language.

Committee for National Revolution

Committee for National Revolution was a Turkic Nationalist Uighur party which existed in 1932-1934. It helped, it was anti-Chinese Muslim, anti-Communist and anti-Christian. The leader of Karakash gold miners Ismail Khan Khoja, the Khotan Emir Muhammad Amin Bughra, his brothers Abdullah Bughra, Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra, Sabit Damulla Abdulbaki joined the committee, it had 300 members and 50 rifles. On February 20, 1933, it set up a provisional Khotan government with Sabit as prime minister and Muhammad Amin Bughra as head of the armed forces, it favored the establishment of an Islamic theocracy. First East Turkestan Republic Second East Turkestan Republic Young Kashgar Party

Doug Anderson (ice hockey)

Douglas MacLean "Andy" Anderson was a professional ice hockey centre in the National Hockey League for two playoff games. He played with the 1947–48 Edmonton Flyers teams that won the 1948 Allen Cup Championships. Anderson played with the 1947 -- 48 Edmonton Flyers teams. In the tournament leading up to the final, played in Calgary, the Flyers played in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and British Columbia. Out of 24 games played, the Flyer's record was four losses and one draw; this was a vital moment in Western Canada hockey history that helped create the foundation for Alberta’s rich hockey tradition. The Flyer’s thrilling victory over the Ottawa Senators energized the entire city and their victory parade attracted more than 60,000 people, half the population of Edmonton in 1948; the national title was only the third national hockey title won by an Alberta team. Anderson played two playoff games for the Montreal Canadiens of the National Hockey League during the 1953 playoffs, he had no penalty minutes during those two games.

He qualified to be engraved on the Stanley Cup, but his name was left off, since he did not play with Montreal. He spent most of his career playing for the Victoria Cougars of the WHL, he retired from hockey after the 1962–63 WHL season. Inducted with the rest of the 1947–48 Edmonton Flyers Hockey team to the Alberta Sports Hall of Fame and Museum in 2005. Anderson, who married Barbara Gayle Webster in 1953, devoted the rest of his life to raising his three children and spending time with his family, he died on January 8, 1998. Due to his commitment to athletes getting a good education, a memorial bursary was set up in his name and memory at the University of Victoria, his death date was confirmed with a newspaper obituary in Victoria. Biographical information and career statistics from, or The Internet Hockey Database

Samuel Ogden

Colonel Samuel Ogden was a colonial businessman in New Jersey who had an iron works. He fought on the side of the patriots during the American Revolutionary War. Afterward, he became a land speculator for a large tract of land in upstate New York, he worked with his brother Abraham Ogden, brother-in-law Gouverneur Morris, others on developing this tract. The City of Ogdensburg, New York, at the confluence of the Oswegatchie with the St. Lawrence River, was named for him. Samuel Ogden was born in 1746 in Newark, New Jersey, one of five sons of David Ogden and Gertrude Ogden, his father was a noted jurist and a member of the supreme court for the royal Province of New Jersey before the Revolutionary War. Among his siblings were Sarah Hoffman, his paternal grandparents were Catherine Ogden and Col. Josiah Ogden, a direct descendant of John Ogden, known as "The Pilgrim" and was an early settler in New England, an original patentee of the Elizabethtown Purchase, "the first English settlement in the Colony of New Jersey."

His maternal grandparents were Sarah Gouverneur. Ogden became prominent in the iron business in New Jersey, founding the Boonton Iron Works in 1770 on six acres of land located along the Rockaway River, near Boonton; such enterprises became critical to the American war effort. Ogden and his brother Abraham supported the Patriots during the Revolution, but their father and three other brothers were Loyalists. Ogden served as a Colonel of the New Jersey Militia during the Revolutionary War. Samuel's brother Abraham Ogden served as Commissioner to the Indians in Northern New York after the Revolutionary War, became aware that the state was selling large portions of land, ceded by the Iroquois nations; the brothers purchased a large tract of land in New York with Gouverneur Morris and others, south of the Saint Lawrence River. They intended to plat and sell off the land to settlers. Many land-hungry migrants were entering the state from New England. There was considerable land speculation going on in upstate New York, as some five million acres of land had been sold by the state after the Six Nations had been forced to cede most of their lands.

The Mohawk and three other nations had been allies during the war with the British, who were defeated. The City of Ogdensburg, New York, one of the principal settlements in this tract, was named after Samuel Ogden. In 1805, Samuel Ogden was working with Colonel William Stephens Smith, a prominent federal official in New York, to obtain soldiers and war material for General Francisco de Miranda, a Venezuelan war hero, waging revolution to liberate South America from oppressive Spanish rule. On February 2, 1806, Miranda sailed from New York City for Venezuela on the Leander armored by Ogden, carrying 180 men and weapons. Among the adventurers was Colonel Smith's 19-year-old son, William Steuben Smith; the expedition failed and two ships were captured by the Spanish. Miranda escaped. Put on trial in Puerto Cabello for piracy, ten of the mercenaries were sentenced to death by hanging, their bodies were quartered, with pieces sent to nearby towns as a warning. William Steuben Smith had survived; when the expedition was publicized by the Spanish ambassador in Washington and Ogden were arrested in New York for violating the federal Neutrality Act of 1794.

That law made it illegal to "set on foot directly or indirectly within the United States any military expedition or enterprise to be carried on against the territory of a foreign state with whom the United States is at peace." On March 1, 1806, Judge Matthias Talmadge of the U. S. District Court in New York questioned Ogden, they signed incriminating statements outlining their roles in the affair. Smith and Ogden were formally indicted on April 7. If convicted, they each faced up to three years in prison. In the meantime, President Thomas Jefferson dismissed Smith from his post. Colonel Smith claimed in court that his orders came from President Thomas Jefferson and U. S. Secretary of State James Madison, both of whom refused to appear in court. Judge William Paterson of the US Supreme Court ruled that the President "cannot authorize a person to do what the law forbids." Both Smith and Ogden were each acquitted. On November 24, 1807, Col. Ogden moved to quash the indictment of Aaron Burr for the murder of General Alexander Hamilton after the Burr–Hamilton duel.

On February 5, 1775, after having established himself in business, Ogden was married to Euphemia Morris by Rev. Samuel Seabury. Euphemia was a daughter of Lewis Morris, Jr. a wealthy landowner and judge, his second wife, Sarah Morris. She was a sister of Gouverneur Morris, among her half-siblings was Lewis Morris, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, Staats Long Morris, a loyalist and major-general in the British army. Together, they were the parents of: David Bayard Ogden, who married his first cousin, Margaretta E. Ogden. Gertrude Gouverneur Ogden, who married William Meredith, brother of Jonathan Meredith, their da