Harold Bloom was an American literary critic and the Sterling Professor of Humanities at Yale University. He is cited as the most influential critic of the late twentieth century. Following the publication of his first book in 1959, Bloom wrote more than fifty books, including twenty books of literary criticism, several books discussing religion, a novel. During his lifetime, he edited hundreds of anthologies concerning numerous literary and philosophical figures for the Chelsea House publishing firm. Bloom's books have been translated into more than 40 languages. Bloom was a defender of the traditional Western canon at a time when literary departments were focusing on what he derided as the "literature of resentment", he was educated at Yale University, the University of Cambridge, Cornell University. Bloom was born in New York City on the son of Paula and William Bloom, he lived in the Bronx at 1410 Grand Concourse. He was raised as an Orthodox Jew in a Yiddish-speaking household. Bloom's father, a garment worker, was born in Odessa and his mother, a homemaker, near Brest Litovsk in what is today Belarus.
Harold had an older brother. As a boy, Bloom read Hart Crane's Collected Poems, a collection that inspired his lifelong fascination with poetry. Bloom went to the Bronx High School of Science, subsequently received a B. A. in Classics from Cornell in 1951, where he was a student of English literary critic M. H. Abrams, a PhD from Yale in 1955. In 1954 -- 55 Bloom was a Fulbright Scholar at Cambridge. Bloom was a standout student at Yale, where he clashed with the faculty of New Critics including William K. Wimsatt. Several years Bloom dedicated his first major book, The Anxiety of Influence, to Wimsatt. Bloom was a member of the Yale English Department from 1955 to 2019, teaching his final class four days before his death, he received a MacArthur Fellowship in 1985. From 1988 to 2004, Bloom was Berg Professor of English at New York University while maintaining his position at Yale. In 2010, he became a founding patron of Ralston College, a new institution in Savannah, which focuses on primary texts.
Fond of endearments, Bloom would address both male and female students and friends as "my dear". Bloom married Jeanne Gould in 1958, they had two children. In a 2005 interview Jeanne said that she and Harold were both atheists, which he denied: "No, no I'm not an atheist. It's no fun being an atheist."Bloom was the subject of a 1990 article in GQ titled "Bloom in Love", which accused him of having affairs with female graduate students. Bloom described the article as a "disgusting piece of character assassination". Bloom's friend and colleague, the biographer R. W. B. Lewis said in 1994 that " wandering, I gather is a thing of the past. I hate to say it, but he rather bragged about it, so that wasn't secret for a number of years." In a 2004 article for New York magazine, Naomi Wolf accused Bloom of placing his hand on her inner thigh while she was an undergraduate student at Yale University in 1983. Bloom "vigorously denied" the allegation. Bloom taught well into his years, swearing that he would need to be removed from the classroom "in a great big body bag".
He had open heart surgery in 2002 and broke his back after experiencing a fall in 2008. He died at a hospital in New Haven, Connecticut, on October 14, 2019, he was 89 years old. Bloom began his career with a sequence of regarded monographs on Percy Bysshe Shelley, W. B. Yeats, Wallace Stevens. In these, he defended the High Romantics against neo-Christian critics influenced by such writers as T. S. Eliot, who became a recurring intellectual foil. Bloom had a contentious approach: his first book, Shelley's Myth-making, charged many contemporary critics with sheer carelessness in their reading of the poet. After a personal crisis during the late 1960s, Bloom became interested in Ralph Waldo Emerson, Sigmund Freud, the ancient mystic traditions of Gnosticism and Hermeticism. In a 2003 interview with Bloom, Michael Pakenham, the book editor for The Baltimore Sun, posited that Bloom has long referred to himself as a "Jewish Gnostic". Bloom explained: "I am using Gnostic in a broad way. I am nothing if not Jewish...
I am a product of Yiddish culture. But I can't understand a Yahweh, or a God, who could be all-powerful and all knowing and would allow the Nazi death camps and schizophrenia." Influenced by his reading, he began a series of books that focused on the way in which poets struggled to create their own individual poetic visions without being overcome by the influence of the previous poets who inspired them to write. The first of these books, Yeats, a magisterial examination of the poet, challenged the conventional critical view of his poetic career. In the introduction to this volume, Bloom set out the basic principles of his new approach to criticism: "Poetic influence, as I conceive it, is a variety of melancholy or the anxiety-principle." New poets become inspired to write because they admired the poetry of previous poets. The poets become disappointed. There have been too many Adams, th
Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase with EF-hands 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PPEF1 gene. This gene encodes a member of the serine/threonine protein phosphatase with EF-hand motif family; the protein contains a protein phosphatase catalytic domain, at least two EF-hand calcium-binding motifs in its C terminus. Although its substrate is unknown, the encoded protein has been suggested to play a role in specific sensory neuron function and/or development; this gene shares high sequence similarity with the Drosophila retinal degeneration C gene. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants, each encoding a distinct isoform, have been described. PPEF1 has been shown to interact with Calmodulin 1
The 1999 Italian Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was the 56th edition of the Italian Open, was part of the ATP Super 9 of the 1999 ATP Tour, of the Tier I Series of the 1999 WTA Tour. Both the men's and the women's events took place at the Foro Italico in Italy; the men's field was led by ATP No. 2, Australian Open titlist Yevgeny Kafelnikov, Vienna winner, Paris runner-up Pete Sampras and Sydney champion, Masters Cup winner Àlex Corretja. Competing were US Open defending champion Patrick Rafter, London titlist Richard Krajicek, Carlos Moyá, Tim Henman and Marcelo Ríos; the women's draw was headlined by the WTA No. 1, Australian Open, Tokyo winner, Sydney finalist Martina Hingis. Other top seeds were Gold Coast runner-up Mary Pierce, Gold Coast champion Patty Schnyder, Indian Wells champion Serena Williams, Frenchwomen Nathalie Tauziat and Sandrine Testud; the following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Tathiana Garbin Francesca Lubiani Adriana Serra ZanettiThe following players received wildcards into the doubles main draw: Flora Perfetti / Francesca Lubiani Adriana Serra Zanetti / Antonella Serra ZanettiThe following players received entry from the singles qualifying draw: Francesca Schiavone Christína Papadáki María Vento Sabine Appelmans Elena Dementieva Antonella Serra Zanetti Germana Di Natale Sandra CacicThe following player received entry as a lucky loser: Tatiana PanovaThe following players received entry from the doubles qualifying draw: Larissa Schaerer / Magüi SernaThe following players received entry as lucky losers: Jana Kandarr / Samantha Reeves Gustavo Kuerten def.
Patrick Rafter, 6–4, 7–5, 7–6. It was Gustavo Kuerten's 2nd title of his 5th overall, it was his 2nd Masters title. Venus Williams def. Mary Pierce, 6–4, 6–2, it was Venus Williams' 4th title of her 7th overall. It was her 2nd Tier I title of her 3rd overall. Ellis Ferreira / Rick Leach def. David Adams / John-Laffnie de Jager, 6–7, 6–1, 6–2. Martina Hingis / Anna Kournikova def. Alexandra Fusai / Nathalie Tauziat, 6–2, 6–2. Official website