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Harold Harefoot

Harold I known as Harold Harefoot, was King of England from 1035 to 1040. Harold's nickname "Harefoot" is first recorded as "Harefoh" or "Harefah" in the twelfth century in the history of Ely Abbey, according to late medieval chroniclers it meant that he was fleet of foot; the son of Cnut the Great and Ælfgifu of Northampton, Harold was elected regent of England following the death of his father in 1035. He ruled England in place of his brother Harthacnut, stuck in Denmark due to a rebellion in Norway which had ousted their brother Svein. Although Harold had wished to be crowned king since 1035, Æthelnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury, refused to do so, it was not until 1037 that Harold, supported by earl Leofric and many others, was proclaimed king. The same year, Harold's two step-brothers Edward and Alfred returned to England with a considerable military force. Alfred was captured by Earl Godwin, who had him seized and delivered to an escort of men loyal to Harefoot. While en route to Ely, he was soon after died of his wounds.

Harold died in 1040. Harold was buried in Westminster, but Harthacnut had his body dragged up and thrown into a "fen", as well as thrown into the river Thames, but it was after a short time picked up by a fisherman taken to the Danes, honourably buried by them in their cemetery at London; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle reports that Harold said that he was a son of Cnut the Great and Ælfgifu of Northampton, "although it was not true". Florence of Worcester elaborates on the subject. Claiming that Ælfgifu wanted to have a son by the king but was unable to, she secretly adopted the newborn children of strangers and pretended to have given birth to them. Harold was the son of a cobbler, while his brother Svein Knutsson was the illegitimate son of a priest, she deceived Cnut into recognizing both children as his own. Harriet O'Brien doubts that Cnut, the shrewd politician who "masterminded the bloodless takeover of Norway" could have been deceived in such a way, she suspects that the tale started out as a popular myth, or intentional defamation tailored by Emma of Normandy, the other wife of Cnut and rival to Ælfgifu.

Upon the death of Cnut on 12 November 1035, Harold's younger half-brother Harthacnut, the son of Cnut and his queen Emma of Normandy, was the legitimate heir to the thrones of both the Danes and the English. Harthacnut, was unable to travel to his coronation in England because his Danish kingdom was under threat of invasion by King Magnus I of Norway and King Anund Jacob of Sweden. England's magnates favored the idea of installing Harold Harefoot temporarily as regent or joint monarch, due to the difficulty of Harthacnut's absence, despite the opposition of Godwin, the Earl of Wessex, the Queen, he wore the crown. There is some dispute in primary sources about Harold's initial role. Versions E and F mention him as the others as co-ruler. Ian Howard points out that Cnut had been survived by three sons: Svein and Harthacnut; the Encomium Emmae Reginae describes Edward the Confessor and Alfred Aetheling as the sons of Canute, though the modern term would be step-sons. Harold could claim the regency or kingship because he was the only one of the five present in England in 1035.

Harthacnut was reigning in Denmark, Svein had joined him there following his deposition from the Norwegian throne, while Edward and Alfred were in Normandy. Harold could reign in the name of his absent brothers, with Emma rivaling him as a candidate for the regency; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle ignores the existence of Svein, or his claim to the throne, which Howard considers as evidence of the relative entries being unreliable, of failing to give a complete picture. The Heimskringla of Snorri Sturluson claims that Svein and Harthacnut had agreed to share the kingdom between them; this agreement would include England. Snorri could be preserving valuable details. Harold sought coronation as early as 1035. According to the Encomium Emmae Reginae, however, Æthelnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury, refused to crown Harold Harefoot. Coronation by the Archbishop would be a legal requirement to become a king. Æthelnoth placed the sceptre and crown on the altar of a temple that of the Canterbury Cathedral. Offering to consecrate Harold without using any of the royal regalia would have been an empty honour.

He forbade any other bishop from doing so. The tale goes on that Harold failed to sway Æthelnoth, as both bribes and threats proved ineffectual; the despairing Harold rejected Christianity in protest. He refused to attend church services while uncrowned, preoccupying himself with hunting and trivial matters; the Encomium stays silent on an event reported by other sources. Harold was accepted as monarch in a Witenagemot held at Oxford, his chief supporter in the council was Leofric, Earl of Mercia, while the opposition was led by Godwin, Earl of Wessex. There is evidence that Ælfgifu of Northampton was attempting to secure her son's position through bribes to the nobles. In 1036, Gunhilda of Denmark, sister to Harthcanut and half-sister to Harold, married Henry III, King of Germany. On this occasion Immo, a priest serving at the court of the Holy Roman Empire, wrote a letter to Azecho, Bishop of Worms, it included information on the situation in England, with messengers from there reporting that Ælfgifu was gaining the support of the leading aristocrats through pleas and bribery, bindin

Fifth Generation Systems

Fifth Generation Systems was a computer security company founded October 1984 in Baton Rouge, United States by Robert Mitchell, Leroy Mitchell, Roger Ivey, Bruce Ray. All four left the company. Fifth Generation's initial commercial product was FastBack, the first practical hard disk backup program for the IBM PC. Software by Fifth Generation Systems includes: CopyDoubler – system utility for speeding up file copies and managing file copy queues DiskDoubler – on-the-fly hard drive compression software DiskLock – security software incorporating access control and encryption FastBack – hard disk backup utility Public Utilities – software with disk optimization and data recovery functions, developed by Sentient Software Pyro! – screensaver that displayed fireworks among other user-selectable displays Search&Destroy – online and offline virus scanner for DOS and Windows, included in Novell DOS 7 Suitcase – font management utility Super Laser Spool and Super Spool – print spoolers, acquired from Supermac Technology in 1990 Direct Access – a menu system software for DOS.

The company was acquired by Symantec on October 4, 1993 for US$53.8 million

Naomi Baron

Naomi S. Baron is a linguist and professor of linguistics at the Department of Language and Foreign Studies, at American University, in Washington, D. C.. Her areas of research and interest include computer-mediated communication and technology, language in social context, language acquisition and the history of English, she is interested in language use in the computer age, instant messaging, text messaging, mobile phone practices, cross-cultural research on mobile phones, Human multitasking behavior, Facebook online social interaction usage by American college students. She was a Guggenheim Fellow, Fulbright Fellow, president of the Semiotic Society of America, has published many books, her book, Always On: Language in an Online and Mobile World, published in 2008, won the English-Speaking Union’s HRH The Duke of Edinburgh ESU English Language Book Award for 2008. Baron has taught at Brown University, the Rhode Island School of Design, Emory University, Southwestern University, at American University since 1987.

Ph. D. in Linguistics, Stanford University B. A. in English and American Literature, Brandeis University Baron, Naomi S. Words onscreen; the fate of reading in a digital world, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. ISBN 978-0-19-931576-5 Baron, Naomi S. Always on: language in an online and mobile world, Oxford. ISBN 978-0-19-531305-5 Baron, Naomi S. Alphabet to E-mail: How Written English Evolved and Where It's Heading, London. ISBN 0-415-18685-4 Baron, Naomi S. Growing up with language: how children learn to talk, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co. 1992. ISBN 0-201-55080-6 Baron, Naomi S. Pigeon-birds and rhyming words: the role of parents in language learning, Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice Hall, 1990. ISBN 0-13-662875-3 Baron, Naomi S. Computer languages: a guide for the perplexed, Garden City, N. Y.: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1986. ISBN 0-385-23214-4 Baron, Naomi S. Speech and sign: a functional view of linguistic representation, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1980. ISBN 0-253-19373-7 Baron, Naomi S.

Language acquisition and historical change, Amsterdam. ISBN 0-444-85077-5 Fahmy, Sameh, "E-mail and the mangling of the English language", USA Today, May 14, 2002, Gannett News Service "Being'Always On' Impacts Personal Relationships More Than It Impacts The Written Language", Science Daily, May 24, 2008 Maynard, Melissa, "Review: Always On: Language in an Online and Mobile World", Critical Inquiry in Language Studies, 2008. Professor Naomi S. Baron page at American University