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Harper's Weekly

Harper's Weekly, A Journal of Civilization was an American political magazine based in New York City. Published by Harper & Brothers from 1857 until 1916, it featured foreign and domestic news, essays on many subjects, humor, alongside illustrations, it carried extensive coverage of the American Civil War, including many illustrations of events from the war. During its most influential period, it was the forum of the political cartoonist Thomas Nast. Along with his brothers James and Wesley, Fletcher Harper began the publishing company Harper & Brothers in 1825. Following the successful example of The Illustrated London News, Harper started publishing Harper's Magazine in 1850; the monthly publication featured established authors such as Charles Dickens and William Makepeace Thackeray, within several years, demand for the magazine was great enough to sustain a weekly edition. In 1857, his company began publishing Harper's Weekly in New York City. By 1860 the circulation of the Weekly had reached 200,000.

Illustrations were an important part of the Weekly's content, it developed a reputation for using some of the most renowned illustrators of the time, notably Winslow Homer, Granville Perkins and Livingston Hopkins. Among the recurring features were the political cartoons of Thomas Nast, recruited in 1862 and worked with the Weekly for more than 20 years. Nast was a feared caricaturist, is called the father of American political cartooning, he was the first to use an elephant as the symbol of the Republican Party. He drew the legendary character of Santa Claus. Harper's Weekly was the most read journal in the United States throughout the period of the Civil War. So as not to upset its wide readership in the South, Harper's took a moderate editorial position on the issue of slavery prior to the outbreak of the war. Publications that supported abolition referred to it as "Harper's Weakly"; the Weekly had supported the Stephen A. Douglas presidential campaign against Abraham Lincoln, but as the American Civil War broke out, it supported Lincoln and the Union.

A July 1863 article on the escaped slave Gordon included a photograph of his back scarred from whippings. The photograph inspired many free blacks in the North to enlist; some of the most important articles and illustrations of the time were Harper's reporting on the war. Besides renderings by Homer and Nast, the magazine published illustrations by Theodore R. Davis, Henry Mosler, the brothers Alfred and William Waud. In 1863, George William Curtis, one of the founders of the Republican Party, became the political editor of the magazine, remained in that capacity until his death in 1892, his editorials advocated civil service reform, low tariffs, adherence to the gold standard. After the war, Harper's Weekly more supported the Republican Party in its editorial positions, contributed to the election of Ulysses S. Grant in 1868 and 1872, it supported the Radical Republican position on Reconstruction. In the 1870s, the cartoonist Thomas Nast began an aggressive campaign in the journal against the corrupt New York political leader William "Boss" Tweed.

Nast turned down a $500,000 bribe to end his attack. Tweed was convicted of fraud. Nast and Harper's played an important part in securing Rutherford B. Hayes' 1876 presidential election. On Hayes remarked that Nast was "the most powerful, single-handed aid had". After the election, Nast's role in the magazine diminished considerably. Since the late 1860s, Nast and George W. Curtis had differed on political matters and on the role of cartoons in political discourse. Curtis believed that mockery by caricature should be reserved for Democrats, did not approve of Nast's cartoons assailing Republicans such as Carl Schurz and Charles Sumner, who opposed policies of the Grant administration. Harper's publisher Fletcher Harper supported Nast in his disputes with Curtis. In 1877, Harper died, his nephews, Joseph W. Harper Jr. and John Henry Harper, assumed control of the magazine. They were more sympathetic to Curtis' arguments for rejecting cartoons that contradicted his editorial positions. In 1884, however and Nast agreed that they could not support the Republican candidate James G. Blaine, whose association with corruption was anathema to them.

Instead they supported Grover Cleveland. Nast's cartoons helped Cleveland become the first Democrat to be elected president since 1856. In the words of the artist's grandson, Thomas Nast St Hill, "it was conceded that Nast's support won Cleveland the small margin by which he was elected. In his last national political campaign, Nast had, in fact,'made a president.'"Nast's final contribution to Harper's Weekly was his Christmas illustration in December 1886. Journalist Henry Watterson said that "in quitting Harper's Weekly, Nast lost his forum: in losing him, Harper's Weekly lost its political importance." Nast's biographer Fiona Deans Halloran says "the former is true to a certain extent, the latter unlikely. Readers may have missed Nast's cartoons, but Harper's Weekly remained influential." After 1900, Harper's Weekly devoted more print to political and social issues, featured articles by some of the more prominent political figures of the time, such as Theodore Roosevelt. Harper's editor George Harvey was an early supporter of Woodrow Wilson's candidacy, proposing him for the Presidency at a Lotos Club dinner in 1906.

After that dinner, Harvey would make sure that he "emblazoned each issue of Harper's We

While You Were Sleeping (2011 TV series)

While You Were Sleeping is a 2011 South Korean television series starring Lee Chang-hoon, Choi Won-young, Oh Yoon-ah and Lee Young-eun. The daily drama aired on SBS on Mondays to Fridays at 19:15 from May 16 to November 9, 2011 for 120 episodes. Oh Shin-young is a hospital cafeteria nutritionist with a bright personality, married to Yoon Min-joon, who works in the sales department of a food company, but while giving birth, Shin-young falls into a vegetative state induced by the hospital's chief obstetrician Go Hyun-sung. Hyun-sung is Min-joon's ex-girlfriend, still in love with him, despite being married to Chae Hyuk-jin, the director of a food company and Min-joon's boss; when Hyuk-jin learns of his wife's betrayal, he plans his revenge. Main charactersLee Chang-hoon as Chae Hyuk-jin Choi Won-young as Yoon Min-joon Oh Yoon-ah as Go Hyun-sung Lee Young-eun as Oh Shin-youngHyuk-jin's familyJung Dong-hwan as Chae Dae-pil Park Joon-geum as Mrs. Jang Baek Min-hyun as Chae Woo-jin Kim Jin-woo as Chae Hwan-heeMin-joon's familyKim Ha-kyun as Yoon Hwang-goo Song Ok-sook as Na Pil-boon Lee Sung-yeol as Yoon So-joonHyun-sung's familyKim Hak-chul as Go Kyung-ho Ahn Hae-sook as Lee Hye-jaShin-young's familyKang Ye-sol as Oh Shin-hye Lee Duk-hee as Shin Sook-heeExtended castAhn Ji-hyun as Maeng Hyun-joo Min Joon-hyun as Chae Dae-pil's secretary Lee Bum-hak as Bum-goo Park Woo-chun While You Were Sleeping official SBS website While You Were Sleeping at HanCinema

Battle of Hebron

The 1834 Hebron massacre occurred in early August 1834, when the forces of Ibrahim Pasha launched an assault against Hebron to crush the last pocket of significant resistance in Palestine during the Peasants' revolt in Palestine. After heavy street battles, the Egyptian Army defeated the rebels of Hebron, afterward subjected Hebron's inhabitants to violence following the fall of the city. About 500 civilians and rebels were killed. Although the Jews had not participated in the uprising and despite Ibrahim Pasha's assurances that the Jewish quarter would be left unharmed, Hebronite Jews were attacked. A total of 12 Jews were killed; the Jews of Hebron referred to the events as a Yagma el Gabireh. The peasants' revolt of 1834 was a popular uprising against conscription and disarmament measures applied by Ibrahim Pasha that took five months to quell. Though notables play a key role, peasants formed the core of the insurgency, attacked cities like Jerusalem. One consequence was that they engaged in extensive plundering and assaults on local Jewish and Christian minorities, fellow Muslims.

One of the key centers of rebellion was in the central hilly regions of Nablus and Hebron. Hebron had suffered from Ibrahim Pasha's exactions: in the preceding year, under a rule imposing the conscription of one fifth of the male population, 500 Hebronites were drafted into the Egyptian army, on the grounds that they were needed to fight ‘the Nazarene nations’; as Ibrahim Pasha struggled to quash the rebellion, local forces from Nablus and Jerusalem concentrated their efforts to make a last stand in Hebron. Egyptian gunners blew up the castle defences, and, on entering the city, they did not distinguish between local Muslims and Jews—the latter played no role in the rebellion—but set about massacring indiscriminately, having been given six hours to enjoy the fruits of their victory. Ibraham Pasha "unleashed his troops to loot, pillage and rape in revenge and to terrorize the inhabitants so as to quash any thoughts of a repeat of their actions against his government"; the Nablus and Jerusalem insurgents had a role in the violence against the Jewish community.

Ibrahim Pasha is said to have intervened to avoid their extermination. After Ibrahim Pasha subdued Jabal Nablus, the epicenter of the revolt, they proceeded to pursue rebels led by the revolt's main leader, Qasim al-Ahmad, who had fled Jabal Nablus to Hebron, where he reached an agreement with the sheikhs of that town to continue the uprising. At a site in the northern vicinity of Hebron, the rebels encountered the Egyptian Army and entered into a brief engagement with them before withdrawing to Hebron; when the Egyptian Army entered the city, they fought the rebels, who were made up of peasants and townspeople, in heavy street battles. The rebels put up stiff resistance, but were dealt decisive blows by heavy Egyptian artillery; the rebels inflicted about 260 casualties on the Egyptian contingent at Hebron, which consisted of around 4,000 infantry and 2,000 cavalry, before the Egyptians gained full control over the city. Mass killings and rapes by the Egyptian troops took place in Hebron after they captured the city from the rebels.

About 500 rebels and inhabitants were killed, 750 Muslim men were taken as conscripts. Another 120 adolescents were taken by Egyptian officers "to do with as they wanted", according to historian Baruch Kimmerling; the Jews of Hebron had not participated in the rebellion, but Egyptian soldiers who entered the city ignored this. For three hours, troops committed atrocities against the people of Hebron; the Jews were not subject to Pasha's conscription policy but suffered the "most cruel outrages" and were targeted for "special violence". While many Muslims managed to escape the impending danger, the Jews remained, confident they would not be harmed by the Egyptians; the Jews of Jerusalem had received an assurance from Ibrahim that Hebron's Jews would be protected. In the end, seven Jewish men and five girls were killed. Isaac Farhi described violent attacks on the Jews of Hebron committed by Egyptian soldiers, he writes that the attack in Hebron was worse than the plunder in Safed. Synagogues were desecrated, houses were ransacked, valuable items were stolen leaving the Jewish community of Hebron destitute.

The massacre succeeded in uniting Hebron's Sephardic and Ashkenasic communities, but it took until 1858 for the community to recover. Abd al-Rahman'Amr of Dura, a leader of the Hebron rebels, fled the town, Qasim al-Ahmad and a number of his fighters managed to flee Hebron and crossed the Jordan River to seek shelter in al-Karak. Ibrahim Pasha and his troops left Hebron to pursue Qasim on 14 August