West University Place, Texas
West University Place called West University or West U for short, is a city located in the U. S. state of Texas within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area and southwestern Harris County. As of the 2010 U. S. Census, the population of the city was 14,787, it is nicknamed "The Neighborhood City" and is a bedroom community for upper-class families. West University Place is surrounded by the cities of Bellaire and Southside Place; as of 2011, West University Place has the state's fifth highest concentration of households with incomes $150,000 or greater. All street names in West University Place are allusions to universities and poets; the city was developed in 1917 by a former Tennessee governor. The name "West University Place" originated from its proximity to Rice Institute, now known as Rice University; the first lots in the community were sold in 1917. Portions of West University were within the Harris County Poor farm, which extended from an area between Bellaire Boulevard and Bissonnet Street, eastward to an area near the "poor farm ditch."In the 1920s, Lillian "Lilly" Nicholson, a Rice University English major, lived with a friend whose father was a city planner.
The city planner asked her friend to name the streets of West University Place. Nicholson took names from her English literature book and gave them to the streets in West University Place; as a result, many West University streets are named after authors, such as Geoffrey Chaucer, John Dryden, William Shakespeare. Cydney Mackey, a family friend of Nicholson, said in a Houston Chronicle article, "Aunt Lilly had always said she wanted to be an architect, unknown for women in that era, this was her way of making a small but lasting mark on our city's landscape." One street, Weslayan Road, is a misspelling of "Wesleyan."The City of West University Place was declared incorporated by the County Judge of Harris County on January 2, 1924. The city incorporated because Houston was reluctant to extend power lines that far from the city center. West University Place, unlike Houston Heights, did not consolidate into the City of Houston; because of the 1923 incorporation, Houston did not incorporate West University Place's territory into its city limits, while Houston annexed surrounding areas that were unincorporated.
In 1939, the municipality refused to consolidate adopting a formal city charter the following year. The city had around 15,000 residents in the 1970s; the city had 12,714 people in 1990. Prior to 1992 West University Place liberalized its development rules; this allowed developers to build new houses within the city. Don Stowers of the Houston Post said that West University Place changed from an "aging middle class neighborhood" consisting of mid-20th century bungalows and cottages to an wealthy community of "dare we say, young urban professionals in their austere red-brick Georgians." As new houses appeared, property values increased and the city began to get more tax money. West University Place ran out of available lots, its construction peaked. Area home buyers began to consider nearby Bellaire because it had more inexpensive and larger lots, amenities described by Stowers as "comparable" to West University Place's amenities. In 2011 the group On Numbers ranked West U as the community in the Southern United States with the highest quality of life.
It was ranked number one in a comparison of regional winners. West University Place is located at 29°42′57″N 95°25′59″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles, all of it land. The City of Houston surrounds much of West University Place; the boundaries are Bellaire Boulevard/Holcombe Boulevard, Kirby Drive, Bissonnet Road, Community Drive. West University Place is 6 miles from Downtown Houston; the city's boundaries are Kirby Drive to the east, Union Pacific St. Louis Southwestern Railway railroad track to the west, Bellaire Boulevard/West Holcombe Boulevard to the south, Bissonnet and Law Streets to the north. Viewed on a map, the city shape resembles a little house, with a "chimney" to the west side, since it surrounds the city of Southside Place, a "door" is formed on the map surrounding Southside Place; the Poor Farm Ditch is a ditch that drains into the Brays Bayou that belonged to the Harris County poor farm. In 1928 the ditch was dredged.
On occasions the ditch still flooded. The commissioners of the City of West University adjourned their meeting so they could dam streets in December 1935; the Harris County Flood Control District, in 1954, widened and deepened the ditch and added a concrete bottom and siding. During that year the district installed a chain link fence. To make the ditch more attractive, the Sunset Terrace Garden Club planted oleanders around the ditch; the West University Garden Club maintained the flowers. A 2001 Edloe Greenbelt proposal called for the removal of the flowers; the typical lot size in West University Place is 5,000 square feet. The original housing stock of West University Place consisted of mid-20th century bungalows and cottages. Prior to 1992 the City of West University place liberalized its development rules, allowing for new houses to be built in the city; as lot sizes were about 50 feet by 120 feet, the houses constructed were Georgian houses described by Don Stowers of the Houston Post as "lot hugging."
Because nearby Bellaire had larger, more inexpensive lots, many area home seekers began to consider Bellaire. In a 15-year period ending in 2002 around half of the existing houses in W
Humble is a city located in Harris County, United States, within the Houston metropolitan area. Famously Humble became an Oil Boomtown in the early 20th century when oil was first discovered there in 1903. By 1905 the Humble oilfield was the largest producing oilfield in Texas. Humble was home of Humble Oil a predecessor of Exxon; as of the 2010 census, the city population was 15,133. The city shares a zip code with the small Houston neighborhood of Bordersville, although people who live in Bordersville still have Humble addresses; the first settlers began moving into the Humble area in the early 19th century. Joseph Dunman is believed to be the first settler in 1828. A ferry was built nearby, across the San Jacinto River; the area of Humble became a center for commercial activity due to the region's large oil industry. The city got its name from one of the original founders/settlers, Pleasant Smith "Plez" Humble, who opened the first post office in his home and served as justice of the peace. In 1883, a city directory reported.
In 1885, he was a wood dealer, in 1900, the District 99, Justice Pct. 4, Harris Co. Texas Census reported his occupation as attorney at law. Humble became an oil boomtown in the early 1900; the first oil was produced a couple years after the famous Spindletop discovery in Texas. Railroad linkage was established in 1904, shortly thereafter the first tank car of oil was shipped out of Humble's oil field. By 1905 the Humble oilfield was the biggest producing field in Texas; the Humble oil fields have produced over 138,835,590 barrels of oil. The town was the home of the Humble Refining Company, founded in 1911, a predecessor of Exxon; when the oil boom receded, many land owners returned to truck farming, dairy farming and the timber industry. Humble remained a rather small, quiet city until the opening of the Houston Intercontinental Airport in 1969. Humble City Council passed a public smoking ban on February 23, 2012. Humble is located at 29°59′42″N 95°15′54″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.9 square miles, of which 9.9 square miles is land and 0.10% is water.
Downtown Humble is located on a salt dome. Most of the petroleum production encircles the city by about a 2.5-mile radius. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Humble has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 14,579 people, 5,460 households, 3,652 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,477.5 people per square mile. There were 5,908 housing units at an average density of 598.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 69.24% White, 14.49% African American, 0.68% Native American, 3.22% Asian, 0.26% Pacific Islander, 9.07% from other races, 3.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.36% of the population. There were 5,460 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families.
26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.18. In the city the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $37,834, the median income for a family was $46,399. Males had a median income of $34,434 versus $26,988 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,678. About 12.2% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over. CityData.com states that the crime rates for Humble were higher than the average United States crime rate. The average crime rate for cities with under 30,000 people was 294.7.
Petroleum has been the basis of Humble's economy since its beginning. The city was the namesake for Humble Oil and Refining Company, which merged with the Exxon corporation. Humble Negro Cemetery DeLorean Motor Company, manufacturer of the DeLorean, a sports car made famous by the movie Back to the Future, has its only remaining private factory based in Humble; the Shell Houston Open, an annual PGA Tour event is played at Golf Club of Houston, located in an unincorporated area near Humble. The event takes place at the end of March-beginning of April; the event has been one week before the Masters Tournament, the season's first major. Harris County operates a tax office at 7900 Will Clayton Parkway in Humble; the U. S. Postal Service operates the Humble Post Office; some locations in the City of Houston have Humble mailing addresses. Humble is served by the Humble Independent School District; the city of Humble has three public elementary schools: Humble Elementary School Jack M. Fields, Senior Elementary School Lakeland Elementary SchoolHumble is served by Ross Sterling Middle School, Humble High School, Atascocita High School and Summer Creek High School.
All students attending the Humble Independent School District have the option to apply to Quest High School, a magnet high school that as of the 2016-2017 school year is contained wi
Clear Lake City (Greater Houston)
Clear Lake City is a master-planned community located in southeast Harris County, within the Bay Area of Greater Houston. It is the second-largest master-planned community in Houston — behind Kingwood; the majority of the community lies in the corporate limits of Houston, while a northern portion is in the city limits of Pasadena and a small eastern portion within the city limits of Taylor Lake Village. The community is adjacent to NASA's Johnson Space Center, as well as other major aerospace companies—including Boeing and Lockheed-Martin; the community and its adjacent areas have a high concentration of engineers due to both NASA and the local petrochemical and biomedical industries. The first substantial development on the land Clear Lake City now occupies was accomplished by James Marion West, who came to Texas from Mississippi as a boy in 1880. West became a wealthy businessman with interests in ranching and oil, his main ranch property and the site of his home was around the shores of Clear Lake and Clear Creek.
Humble Oil purchased the property from West in 1938. Most of the property remained undeveloped until, following the decision to establish the Johnson Space Center in the area, Humble Oil's venture, the Friendswood Development Company, made plans to establish a residential development; the company established the Clear Lake City Community Association, Inc. in 1963. Clear Lake City was the former location of the Clear Lake City STOLport, a private airport constructed and owned by Houston Metro Airlines, located on State Highway 3 just south of Ellington Field; this commuter airline operated up to 22 roundtrip flights every weekday in the mid 1970s between Clear Lake City and Houston Intercontinental Airport with de Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter STOL turboprop aircraft. Metro Airlines ceased operations due to financial challenges; the Clear Lake City STOLport was subsequently abandoned and demolished to make way for new development. There is no trace of this pioneering airfield to be found at the present time.
The portion of Clear Lake City, Houston's extraterritorial jurisdiction was annexed by the city of Houston in 1977 despite a grass-roots campaign by its residents to stop it. Their slogan was "Free The Clear Lake 25,000!" Lawsuits over the annexation resulted in the conversion of Houston city government from at-large city councilmen to the current-day nine district and five at-large council seats. The 1977 annexation added 3,174 acres of land to the Houston city limits; the eastern portion in Pasadena's extraterritorial jurisdiction was annexed by the city of Pasadena. Since 1980, part of Clear Lake City within the Houston City Limits is located in Council District E. From the 1980 U. S. Census to the 1990 Census, many Asian-Americans settled in Clear Lake City, they were Chinese American, Indian American, Pakistani American with some Vietnamese Americans. The community was named Clear Lake City for Clear Lake, which lies south of the Johnson Space Center and, along with Clear Creek, separates Harris County from Galveston County.
The lake is the mouth of Clear Creek which empties into Galveston Bay. The Clear Lake City Water Authority serves the community; the authority was created on May 6, 1963 by House Bill 1003 during the regular session of the 58th Legislature of Texas. When it was created the authority had 12,269 acres of land in its jurisdiction. Due to annexations, as of 2009 the authority now has 16,098 acres of land in its jurisdiction. Houston City Council District E serves portions of Clear Lake City within Houston; the area was served from 1963 until sometime in the mid- to late-1990s by the Clear Lake City Volunteer Fire Department. The CLCCA funded the CLCWA provided the fire station and surrounding land; when the CLCVFD ceased operations due to reduced funding as a result of Houston's annexation of the majority of CLCVFD's service area, the building did a brief stint as the headquarters of the Clear Lake Emergency Medical Corps. The building is a maintenance depot for the CLCWA, which has held title to the building and surrounding land since the CLCWA's inception.
The fire departments of Houston and Taylor Lake Village serve sections of Clear Lake City. The Houston Fire Department serves areas of Clear Lake City within the City of Houston limits. In 1978, City of Houston officials contracted with the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center to open a fire station on the base; the city introduced plans to provide services for the Pipers Meadow area, annexed in 1994. A new Houston fire station #94 serving Piper's Meadow, Sterling Knoll, surrounding areas within the city was built in January 2005; this new fire station had a price of $2,644,438. The police departments of Houston and Taylor Lake Village serve sections of Clear Lake City; the Houston Police Department serves areas of Clear Lake City within the City of Houston limits. The Clear Lake Patrol Division serves the portion of Clear Lake City in Houston; the police department for Taylor Lake Village is the Lakeview Police Department, formed in January 1987 by a merger of the police departments of Taylor Lake Village and El Lago.
Harris County operates the County Courthouse Bay Area Annex, including a tax office, on Buccaneer Lane in Clear Lake City, Houston. The United States Postal Service operates the Albert Thomas Post Office on El Camino Real Drive in Houston and the Nassau Bay Post Office on Upper Bay Road in Nassau Bay, near Clear Lake City. Clear Lake City is itself subdivided into various neighborhoods; these include Bay Forest, Bay Glen, Bay Knoll, Bay Oaks, Bay Pointe, Brook Forest
For Kinwood, see KinwoodKingwood is a 14,000 acre master-planned community located in northeast Houston, United States. The majority of the community is located in Harris County with a small portion in Montgomery County. Known as the "Livable Forest," it is the largest master-planned community in Harris County and second-largest within the 10-county Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land metropolitan area, it was classified as a "census-designated place" during the 1990 census, when the population recorded was 37,397. It is on the east fork of the San Jacinto River. Kingwood was created in 1971 as a joint venture between the Friendswood Development Company and King Ranch, its name was derived as part of that partnership. The Foster Lumber Company owned a portion of the tract of land, developed into the community of Kingwood; the Foster Family had owned the land since around 1892. On December 28, 1967, the land was sold to the joint venture between King Ranch and the Friendswood Development Company, an Exxon subsidiary.
Exxon's Friendswood Development Company hired John Bruton Jr. to serve as the Operations Manager in which he was responsible for the planning, development and construction of Kingwood Plans for the community included greenbelts, shopping centers, churches, recreational facilities and hiking trails, a boat ramp with access to Lake Houston. The City of Houston annexed portions of what would become Kingwood in the 1960s, but it dis-annexed those portions by the late 1970s, making them unincorporated. Kingwood was founded in 1970, the first village opened in 1971. Since the opening, the community had the slogan "The Livable Forest." In 1976 Kingwood had a few thousand residents. Between 1980 and 1990 the community's population increased between 70 percent. In 1990 the community had 204 businesses; the population increased to 37,397 in 1992. In 2005 the population was 65,000, had 200,000 people living within a ten-mile radius. In 1994, the City of Houston began the process to annex Kingwood. According to Texas state law, a home-rule city may annex an unincorporated area, without the consent of the residents, if the area is within the city's extraterritorial jurisdiction.
Bob Lanier the Mayor of Houston, believed that the annexation of Kingwood would result in a $4 million annual gain for the City of Houston. Lanier argued. On Wednesday August 21, 1996, the Houston City Council asked the Planning and Development Department to create service plans for Kingwood and Jacintoport, another area being annexed by Houston; the annexation of Kingwood and Jacintoport increased the city's population by about 43,000 people. The annexation meant. Renée C. Lee of the Houston Chronicle said that Kingwood residents "fought an uphill battle for two years." Kingwood residents offered to pay $4 million to the city in exchange for not being annexed. The residents filed a federal lawsuit against the City of Houston, claiming that the city was taxing residents without representation. At the time, many residents believed that the City of Houston would not follow through on the state law requirement asking annexing cities to provide equal services to the annexed areas as they do to their original territory.
Some residents did not like the idea of the city annexing their community without the community's consent. In 1996 Thomas Phillips, a retired longshoreman and Bordersville resident, joined with representatives of Kingwood and sued the City of Houston in federal court arguing that the city could not annex areas if it did not provide certain services to some of its existing areas, including Bordersville which never had city water. Imad F. Abdullah, the President of Landmark Architects Inc. criticized the residents who fought annexation in his 1996 editorial in the Houston Business Journal, arguing that a "not in my backyard" mentality in particular communities overall negatively affects the entire metropolitan area. Houston annexed Kingwood at 11:59 PM on December 31, 1996, adding about 15,000 acres to the city limits. Kingwood residents lobbied the Texas Legislature, asking for modifications to the state's annexation laws. In 1999 the legislature passed amendments requiring annexing municipalities to develop plans for services provided to communities being annexed, municipalities are required to provide a three-year planning period prior to official annexation to allow for public comment.
The modified law allows for communities to use arbitration if the annexing cities fail to follow through with their service plans. The amendments do not affect prior annexations, including Kingwood's annexation; some Kingwood residents expressed satisfaction that other suburban unincorporated areas including The Woodlands would not undergo the annexation that occurred in Kingwood. A 1999 series of robberies were perpetrated by four teenage girls from Kingwood; the film Sugar & Spice was loosely based on the incidents. In 2006, Kingwood had over 65,000 residents. During that year, ten years after the annexation, Lee said that "nger and resentment that colored the early days of annexation" never dissipated and that most Kingwood residents "have settled in as Houstonians, but who still opposed annexation." Lee said that while residents sometimes complain about high rates for sewer and water services and obvious inadequacies in the fire and EMS services, those residents believe that Kingwood "has suffered from being a part of the city."
Lee says that most residents "will never come to terms with Houston's hostile takeover." Lee said that "Services have deteriorated, th
Education in Houston
Houston is the seat of the internationally renowned Texas Medical Center, which contains the world's largest concentration of research and healthcare institutions. All 47 member institutions of the Texas Medical Center are non-profit organizations, they provide patient and preventive care, research and local, international community well-being. Employing more than 73,600 people, institutions at the medical center include 13 hospitals and two specialty institutions, two medical schools, four nursing schools, schools of dentistry, public health and all health-related careers, it is where one of the first—and still the largest—air emergency service, Life Flight, was created, a successful inter-institutional transplant program was developed. More heart surgeries are performed at the Texas Medical Center than anywhere else in the world; some of the academic and research health institutions at the center include MD Anderson Cancer Center, Baylor College of Medicine, UT Health Science Center, Memorial Hermann Hospital, The Methodist Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital, University of Houston College of Pharmacy.
The Baylor College of Medicine has annually been considered within the top ten medical schools in the nation. S. hospitals specializing in cancer care by U. S. News & World Report since 1990; the Menninger Clinic, a renowned psychiatric treatment center, is affiliated with Baylor College of Medicine and The Methodist Hospital System. With hospital locations nationwide and headquarters in Houston, the Triumph Healthcare hospital system is the third largest long term acute care provider nationally. Four separate and distinct state universities are located in Houston; the University of Houston is a nationally recognized Tier One research university and is the flagship institution of the University of Houston System. The third-largest university in Texas, the University of Houston has nearly 44,000 students on its 667-acre campus in southeast Houston; the University of Houston–Clear Lake and the University of Houston–Downtown are stand-alone universities. Located in the historic community of Third Ward is Texas Southern University, one of the largest and most comprehensive black institutions in the United States.
The University of Houston System's annual impact on the Houston-area's economy equates to that of a major corporation: $1.1 billion in new funds attracted annually to the Houston area, $3.13 billion in total economic benefit, 24,000 local jobs generated. This is in addition to the 12,500 new graduates the UH System produces every year who enter the workforce in Houston and throughout Texas; these degree-holders tend to stay in Houston. After five years, 80.5 percent of graduates are still working in the region. Several private institutions of higher learning—ranging from liberal arts colleges to a nationally recognized research university—are located within the city. Most notably, Rice University, one of the leading teaching and research universities in the United States and ranks in the top 20 of best overall universities by U. S. News & World Report. Three community college districts exist with campuses around Houston; the Houston Community College System serves most of Houston. The northwestern through northeastern parts of the city are served by various campuses of the Lone Star College System, while the southeastern portion of Houston is served by San Jacinto College, portions in the northeast are served by Lee College.
The Houston Community College and Lone Star College systems are within the 10 largest institutions of higher learning in the United States. A 2007 Money survey stated that 91.1% of the students attending schools within the city limit go to public schools and 8.9 percent go to private schools. All public school systems in Texas are administered by the Texas Education Agency; as of 2018 24 school districts serve different sections of the city of Houston. The largest school district serving the city limits is the Houston Independent School District, which serves a large majority of the area within the city limits. A portion of west Houston falls under the Spring Alief independent school districts. Aldine takes parts of northern Houston. Parts of Pasadena, Clear Creek, Cypress-Fairbanks, Fort Bend, Galena Park, Humble, Klein, New Caney and Spring independent school districts take students from the city limits of Houston; the North Forest Independent School District served portions of Houston until its July 1, 2013 closure, when it was absorbed by Houston ISD.
There are many charter schools that are run separately from school districts, but are administered by the Texas Education Agency. In addition, public school districts—such as Houston ISD and Spring Branch ISD—also have their own charter schools. Since 1995 the state of Texas allowed the formation of state charter schools. In 2006, over 25% of charter schools in Texas were located in Greater Houston. In 2006, Todd Ziebarth, a researcher of the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, said that charter schools may have as many as 15% of the market share of students in Greater Houston. During that year Houston Independent School District officials estimated that 12,000 to 13,000 pupils living within the HISD boundaries attend state charter schools. In 2006 around 10,000 students attended HISD-affiliated charter schools; as of 2017 KIPP Houston had 12,100 students, Harmony Public Schools's Houston-area campuses had 11,000 students, Yes Prep had 9,500 students, Houston Gateway Academy had about 1,900 students, Promise Community School had about 1,700 students, The Varnett Schoo
La Porte, Texas
La Porte is a city in Harris County, United States, within the Bay Area of the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 33,800. La Porte is the fourth-largest incorporated city in Harris County; when La Porte celebrated its centennial in 1992, it was the home of Barbours Cut Terminal, operated by the Port of Houston Authority since 1977. Fifteen years the Port of Houston's newest addition, Bayport Terminal, was established just south of La Porte; the area around La Porte has served an important role in international trade since the 1970s. The area around modern La Porte gained fame early in Texas history as the location of the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, which ended the Texas Revolution, establishing the independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico; the San Jacinto Monument, in the unincorporated area of La Porte, commemorates the battle. During the early 20th century the 1920s and 1930s, La Porte's Sylvan Beach became a nationally known tourist destination attracting some of the nation's most well-known entertainers.
As a result of changing economics in the Houston area and beach erosion, the tourist business declined while industrial development in the area grew. During World War II and afterward, La Porte's economy shifted toward petroleum/petrochemicals and shipping, which developed as the dominant industries in the Pasadena-Baytown area; the community of La Porte was founded in 1892 as a speculative real estate venture by an investment group. A 22-acre public space known as Sylvan Grove was reserved by the waterfront; the area around Sylvan Grove soon was developed with amenities including bathhouses, boating piers, a Victorian hotel with a dance pavilion. La Porte became the most popular tourist destination in the Houston area. Sylvan Grove Park was acquired in 1896 by a company known as Adoue and Lobit and renamed Sylvan Beach. Cottage retreats were built around the waterfront. In 1900, the devastating Galveston Hurricane hit the shoreline damaging the community's attractions; as the Texas Oil Boom took hold beginning in 1901, neighboring Houston became home to many wealthy businessmen, La Porte rebuilt and re-established itself as a tourist center.
It was, damaged again by a major fire and another hurricane in 1915. The community rebuilt again. During the 1920s and 1930s Sylvan Beach Amusement Park became a nationally recognized destination, featuring beauty contests and regular performances by famous bands, in addition to a growing gallery of amenities; some of the most well-known performers of the era, including Guy Lombardo, the Dorsey Brothers, Phil Harris, Benny Goodman, appeared at the park. In the 1930s the park was revamped, with additions of a large boardwalk, amusement rides, many other attractions; the residential community remained small, supported by Sylvan Beach tourism and the nearby Bay Ridge community, an area of beachfront summer homes in neighboring Morgan's Point built by wealthy Houstonians. The beachfront began to physically shrink beginning around 1928 because of erosion from the wakes of shipping traffic, land subsidence resulting from the extraction of groundwater in the area due to development. Gas rationing in World War II slowed tourism.
A hurricane in 1943 destroyed most of the tourist attractions. Most of the damaged structures at Sylvan Beach were never rebuilt after this time, as the area was changing, La Porte's tourist industry declined. By the 20th century, erosion had eliminated the beach; as shipyards and industrial plants in World War II were developed in nearby communities such as Pasadena and Deer Park, the community's residents became more dependent on these businesses. The opening of the La Porte-Baytown tunnel in 1954 further spurred development; the establishment of the Johnson Space Center in the nearby Clear Lake Area, the Barbours Cut shipping terminal in neighboring Morgan's Point, the Bayport Industrial District within La Porte's jurisdiction have made the community successful as part of the Houston area's industrial heartland. Much of the history of La Porte's glory years as a tourist haven has been preserved by the La Porte Bay Area Heritage Society. Plans have been discussed for many years to restore La Porte's status as a tourist destination.
A project to restore the beachfront at Sylvan Beach Park began in 2009 and finished in 2013, with sand brought in from other areas and dredging operations. Other plans, including building a large hotel on the shoreline, have been discussed as well. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.0 square miles, of which 18.6 square miles is land and 1.4 square miles, or 6.91%, is water. La Porte has many small 1940s frame houses; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, La Porte has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. La Porte contains many communities. Lomax was once a separate jurisdiction; as of the census of 2000, there were 31,880 people, 10,928 households, 8,578 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,683.3 people per square mile. There were 11,720 housing units at an average density of 618.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 81.39% White, 6.25% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 8.52% from other races, 2.15% from two or more races.
20.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 10,928 households out of which 43.2% had children under the age
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government