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Harry Kroto

Sir Harold Walter Kroto, known as Harry Kroto, was an English chemist. He shared the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Robert Curl and Richard Smalley for their discovery of fullerenes, he was the recipient of awards. Kroto held many positions in academia throughout his life, ending his career as the Francis Eppes Professor of Chemistry at Florida State University, which he joined in 2004. Prior to this, he spent 40 years at the University of Sussex, where he held an emeritus professorship. Kroto was a critic of religious faith. Kroto was born in Wisbech, England, to Edith and Heinz Krotoschiner, his name being of Silesian origin, his father's family came from Bojanowo and his mother's from Berlin. Both of his parents were born in Berlin and fled to Great Britain in the 1930s as refugees from Nazi Germany. Harry was raised in Bolton while the British authorities interned his father on the Isle of Man as an enemy alien during World War II and attended Bolton School, where he was a contemporary of the actor Ian McKellen.

In 1955, Harold's father shortened the family name to Kroto. As a child, he became fascinated by a Meccano set. Kroto credited Meccano, as well as his aiding his father in the latter's balloon factory after World War II — amongst other things — with developing skills useful in scientific research, he developed an interest in chemistry and mathematics in secondary school, because his sixth form chemistry teacher felt that the University of Sheffield had the best chemistry department in the United Kingdom, he went to Sheffield. Although raised Jewish, Harry Kroto stated, he was a humanist who claimed to have three religions: Amnesty Internationalism and humour. He was a distinguished supporter of the British Humanist Association. In 2003 he was one of 22 Nobel Laureates. In 2015, Kroto signed the Mainau Declaration 2015 on Climate Change on the final day of the 65th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting; the declaration was signed by a total of 76 Nobel Laureates and handed to then-President of the French Republic, François Hollande, as part of the successful COP21 climate summit in Paris.

Kroto was educated at Bolton School and went to the University of Sheffield in 1958, where he obtained a first-class honours BSc degree in Chemistry and a PhD in Molecular Spectroscopy. During his time at Sheffield he was the art editor of Arrows – the University student magazine, played tennis for the University team and was President of the Student Athletics Council. Among other things such as making the first phosphaalkenes, his doctoral studies included unpublished research on carbon suboxide, O=C=C=C=O, this led to a general interest in molecules containing chains of carbon atoms with numerous multiple bonds, he started his work with an interest in organic chemistry, but when he learned about spectroscopy it inclined him towards quantum chemistry. After obtaining his PhD, Kroto spent two-years in a postdoctoral position at the National Research Council in Ottawa, Canada carrying out further work in molecular spectroscopy, spent the subsequent year at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey carrying out Raman studies of liquid phase interactions and worked on quantum chemistry.

In 1967, Kroto began research at the University of Sussex in England. During his time at Sussex from 1967 to 1985, he carried out research focused on the spectroscopic studies of new and novel unstable and semi-stable species; this work resulted in the birth of the various fields of new chemistry involving carbon multiply bonded to second and third row elements e.g. S, Se and P. A important breakthrough was the creation of several new phosphorus species detected by microwave spectroscopy; this work resulted in the birth of the field of phosphaalkyne chemistry. These species contain carbon triple bonded to phosphorus such as cyanophosphaethyne. In 1975, he became a full professor of Chemistry; this coincided with laboratory microwave measurements with Sussex colleague David Walton on long linear carbon chain molecules, leading to radio astronomy observations with Canadian astronomers revealing the surprising fact that these unusual carbonaceous species existed in large abundances in interstellar space as well as the outer atmospheres of certain stars – the carbon-rich red giants.

In 1985, on the basis of the Sussex studies and the stellar discoveries, laboratory experiments which simulated the chemical reactions in the atmospheres of the red giant stars demonstrated that stable C60 molecules could form spontaneously from a condensing carbon vapour. The co-investigators examined the results; the C60 molecule is a molecule with the same symmetry pattern as a football, consisting of 12 pentagons and 20 hexagons of carbon atoms. Kroto named the molecule buckminsterfullerene, after Buckminster Fuller who had conceived of the geodesic domes, as the dome concept had provided a clue to the structure of the new species. In 1985, the C60 discovery caused Kroto to shift the focus of his research from spectroscopy in order to probe the consequences of the C60 structural concept and to exploit the implications for chemistry a

1997–98 Biathlon World Cup

The 1997–98 Biathlon World Cup was a multi-race tournament over a season of biathlon, organised by the International Biathlon Union. The season started on 6 December 1997 in Lillehammer and ended on 15 March 1998 in Hochfilzen, Austria, it was the twenty-first season of the Biathlon World Cup. Below is the IBU World Cup calendar for the 1997–98 season. Final standings after 18 races. Final standings after 18 races. Victory in this World Cup Following notable biathletes retired after the 1997–98 season: Alexandr Popov Patrice Bailly-Salins Hubert Leitgeb Jon Åge Tyldum Sergei Tarasov Mikael Löfgren Myriam Bédard Jiřina Pelcová Petra Behle Hildegunn Mikkelsplass Olga Melnik Valentyna Tserbe-Nessina IBU official site


Albizia is a genus of more than 160 species of fast-growing subtropical and tropical trees and shrubs in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae. The genus is pantropical, occurring in Asia, Madagascar and Australia, but in the Old World tropics. In some locations, some species are considered weeds, they are called silk plants, silk trees, or sirises. The obsolete spelling of the generic name - with double'z' - is still common, so the plants may be called albizzias; the generic name honors the Italian nobleman Filippo degli Albizzi, who introduced Albizia julibrissin to Europe in the mid-18th century. Some species are called mimosa, which more refers to plants of genus Mimosa. Species from southeast Asia used for timber are sometime termed East Indian walnut, they are small trees or shrubs with a short lifespan, though the famous Samán del Guère near Maracay in Venezuela is a huge Albizia saman specimen several hundred years old. The leaves are bipinnately compound; the small flowers are in bundles, with stamens much longer than the petals.

The stamens are showy, although in some species such as A. canescens the flowers are inconspicuous. Unlike those of Mimosa, Albizia flowers have many more than 10 stamens. Albizia can be told apart from another large related genus, Acacia, by its stamens, which are joined at the bases instead of separate. Albizias are important forage and medicinal plants, many are cultivated as ornamentals for their attractive flowers; some species are used as food plants by the larvae of moths in the genus Endoclita, including E. damor, E. malabaricus, E. sericeus. Numerous species placed in Albizia by early authors were moved to other genera, most notably Archidendron. Other genera of Ingeae have received their share of former Albizia species, as have the Mimoseae Newtonia and Schleinitzia; some presumed "silk trees" are in fact misidentified members of the not closely related genus Erythrophleum from the Caesalpinioideae and Lebeckia from the Faboideae. The delimitation of Falcataria and Pithecellobium, close relatives of Albizia, is notoriously complex, with species having been moved between the genera time and again, this will continue.

These include a common shade tree on tea plantations. Other related genera like Chloroleucon and Samanea are merged with Albizia entirely. Molucca albizia is considered an invasive species on many other Pacific Islands; the tree grows rapidly and can colonize disturbed areas in wet environments. It tends to shed large branches, damaging power lines and other infrastructure in Hawaii. List of Albizia species Media related to Albizia at Wikimedia Commons Dressler, S.. "Albizia". African plants – a Photo Guide. Frankfurt/Main: Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg

Jiří Hunkes

Jiří Hunkes is a Czech professional ice hockey defenceman an unrestricted free agent who most played for Schwenninger Wild Wings in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga. He played with HC Bílí Tygři Liberec in the Czech Extraliga during the 2010–11 Czech Extraliga season. Hunkes played for HC Oceláři Třinec, Lukko Rauma, Pelicans Lahti and BK Mladá Boleslav. After a season with HC Lada Togliatti of the Kontinental Hockey League, Hunkes signed his first contract in Germany, agreeing to a one-year deal with Schwenninger Wild Wings of the DEL on July 10, 2015. In the 2016–17 season, Hunkes returned for his second year with the Wild Wings, but was unable to repeat his performance in adding just 1 goal and 3 points in 32 contests. On March 3, 2017, it was announced. Jiří Hunkes career statistics at Jiří Hunkes career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database

Taiyo Kobe Bank

Taiyo-Kobe Bank was a major Japanese bank which merged with Mitsui Bank in 1990 to form Mitsui Taiyo Kobe Bank, renamed The Sakura Bank in April 1992. Sakura Bank is now part of Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation. TKB was unique during its time in that it was a major commercial bank unaffiliated with a keiretsu group or a general trading company; the Bank of Kobe was established in Kobe in 1936 and became a major lender to the industrial sector in the Kobe region, as well as a major financier for the city of Kobe. It established several overseas offices in the 1950s and 1960s to support its municipal finance operations. Bank of Kobe merged with Taiyo Bank in 1973. Taiyo Bank was descended from Dai Nippon Mujin, a mutual savings and loan company established in 1940, it changed its name to Nippon Mujin in 1948 and to Nippon Sogo Bank in 1951 before adopting the Taiyo Bank name in 1968 in an attempt to project a more international image. The 1973 merger gave TKB the largest branch network of any Japanese bank.

The bank grew through the 1970s and 1980s and opened numerous overseas offices. TKB agreed to merge with Mitsui Bank in 1989. At the time, the merger was to create the second largest bank in the world behind Dai-Ichi Kangyo Bank. While TKB had a strong base of individual and small business customers, Mitsui had a complementary base of larger institutional clients; the merger was aimed at leveraging these synergies, as well as providing stronger competition against European banks, which were expected to consolidate following a deregulation in 1992

Frank Walker (lumberman)

Frank Walker was a lumberman, a contractor, a builder, a city official and an inventor in the Pacific Coast of the United States and British Columbia at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. Walker was born on March 29, 1843, in Ancaster, Ontario, or in Kincardine, the son of Canadians Francis Walker and Elizabeth Hudson. Walker was married twice: His first wife, died at their home, 129 South Olive Street, on September 28, 1891, he married again, to Sarah Gibson of Texas, who died on October 1, 1910. He had Frank Harvey. Walker died at home on August 26, 1916. At age 21 Walker moved to Eureka, where was in lumbering, he was a miner in British Columbia and Nevada, he began building and contracting in San Francisco about 1870, specializing in mills for mining companies in both the United States and Mexico. He moved to Santa Barbara, "where he erected some of the first brick blocks in that town." He erected the Odd Fellows Hall there, as well as the Sterns Building and private residences. He built the first street railway in Santa Barbara.

After relocating to Los Angeles in 1897, Walker built the first street railroad in Pasadena and "had the first large contract of paving in Los Angeles. He worked on a street railway in Los Angeles, he built the waterworks in Tombstone, Arizona. He was an inventor, he patented several devices, including a solar heater, "used extensively in Southern California." Walker was a member of the Elks Lodge, the Pioneers of Los Angeles, the Masonic Lodge and the Jonathan Club. He was a Presbyterian, in politics he was a Republican until 1895 and became a Democrat, running unsuccessfully for city assessor in 1898, he was elected as a Democrat to the Los Angeles City Council in 1900. He served one term. During that time, he "is said to have been instrumental in preventing the Street Railway Corporation from getting the celebrated freight-carrying franchise, which would have allowed freight cars to run on some of the principal streets of the city."Walker declined to run for reelection to the council but instead announced himself as a Democratic candidate for mayor in 1902.

Meredith P. Snyder was nominated and was elected