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Harry Secombe

Sir Harry Donald Secombe was a Welsh comedian and singer. Secombe was a member of the British radio comedy programme The Goon Show, playing many characters, but most notably, Neddie Seagoon. An accomplished tenor, he appeared in musicals and films – notably as Mr Bumble in Oliver! – and, in his years, was a presenter of television shows incorporating hymns and other devotional songs. Secombe was born in St Thomas, the third of four children of Nellie Jane Gladys, a shop manageress, Frederick Ernest Secombe, a grocer. From the age of 11 he attended a state grammar school in central Swansea, his family were regular churchgoers. A member of the choir, from the age of 12 Secombe would perform a sketch entitled The Welsh Courtship at church socials, acting as "feed" to his sister Carol, his elder brother, Fred Secombe, was the author of several books about his experiences as an Anglican priest and rector. After leaving school in 1937, Secombe became a pay clerk at Baldwin's store. With war looming, he decided in 1938.

Short sighted, he got a friend to tell him the sight test, learnt it by heart. He served as a Lance Bombardier in No.132 Field Regiment of the Royal Artillery. He would refer to the unit in which he served during the Second World War in the North African Campaign and Italy, as "The Five-Mile Snipers". While in North Africa Secombe met Spike Milligan for the first time. In Sicily he developed his own comedy routines to entertain the troops; when Secombe visited the Falkland Islands to entertain the troops after the 1982 Falklands War, his old regiment promoted him to the rank of sergeant – 37 years after he had been demobbed. He made his first radio broadcast in May 1944 on a variety show aimed at the services. Following the end of fighting in the war but prior to demobilisation Secombe joined a pool of entertainers in Naples and formed a comedy duo with Spike Milligan. Secombe joined the cast of the Windmill Theatre in 1946, using a routine he had developed in Italy about how people shaved. Secombe always claimed that his ability to sing could always be counted on to save him when he bombed.

After a regional touring career, his first break came in radio when he was chosen as resident comedian for the Welsh series Welsh Rarebit, followed by appearances on Variety Bandbox and a regular role in Educating Archie. Secombe met Michael Bentine at the Windmill Theatre, was introduced to Peter Sellers by his agent Jimmy Grafton. Both Milligan and Sellers credited him with keeping the act on the bill when club owners had wanted to sack them. Together with Spike Milligan, the four wrote a comedy radio script, Those Crazy People was commissioned and first broadcast on 28 May 1951. Produced by Peter Ross, this would soon become The Goon Show and the show remained on the air until 1960. Secombe played Neddie Seagoon, around whom the show's absurd plots developed. In 1955, whilst appearing on The Goon Show, Secombe was approached by the BBC to step in at short notice to take the lead in the radio comedy Hancock's Half Hour; the star of the show, Tony Hancock, had decided to take an unannounced break abroad the day before the live airing of the second season.

Secombe appeared in the lead for the first three episodes and had a guest role in the fourth after Hancock's return. All four episodes are lost, but following the discovery of the original scripts the episodes were rerecorded in 2017, with Andrew Secombe performing the role held by his late father. With the success of The Goon Show, Secombe developed a dual career as both a comedy actor and a singer. At the beginning of his career as an entertainer his act would end with a joke version of the duet Sweethearts, in which he sang both the baritone and falsetto parts. Trained under Italian maestro Manlio di Veroli, he emerged as a bel canto tenor and had a long list of best-selling record albums to his credit. In 1958 he appeared in the film Jet Storm, which starred Dame Sybil Thorndike and Richard Attenborough and in the same year Secombe starred in the title role in Davy, one of Ealing Studios' last films; the power of his voice allowed Secombe to appear in many stage musicals. This included 1963's Pickwick, based on Charles Dickens' The Pickwick Papers, which gave him the number 18 hit single "If I Ruled the World" – his signature tune.

In 1965 the show was produced on tour in the United States, where on Broadway he garnered a nomination for a Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical. Secombe scored his biggest hit single in 1967 with his version of "This Is My Song", which peaked at no. 2 on the charts in April 1967 while a recording by Petula Clark, which had hit no. 1 in February, was still in the top ten. He appeared in the musical The Four Musketeers at Drury Lane, as Mr. Bumble in Carol Reed's film of Oliver!, in the Envy segment of The Magnificent Seven Deadly Sins. He would go on to star in his own television show, The Harry Secombe Show, which debuted on Christmas Day 1968 on BBC 1 and ran for thirty-one episodes until 1973. A sketch comedy show featuring Julian Orchard as Secombe's regular sidekick, the series featured guest appearances by fellow Goon Spike Milligan as well as leading performers such as Ronnie Barker and Arthur Lowe. Secombe starred in similar vehicles such as Sing a Song of Secombe and ITV's Secombe with Music during the 1970s.

In life, Secombe attracted new audiences as a presenter of religious programmes, such as the BBC's

A Teaspoon Every Four Hours

A Teaspoon Every Four Hours is a comedy play written by Jackie Mason and Mike Mortman, produced on Broadway in 1969. The play set a Broadway record by having 97 previews before its official opening. After its official opening, A Teaspoon Every Four Hours closed after only one performance; the play became the subject of public attention once again in 2011, when the musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark announced a delay to its official opening, which resulted in its breaking A Teaspoon Every Four Hours′ record for the most previews by a Broadway show which opened. Nat Weiss is a Jewish widower. Nat himself falls in love with the woman's mother; the play's title is not explained in the play itself. Besides Mason in the lead role, the Broadway cast included Barry Pearl as the son, Vera Moore as the son's girlfriend, Billie Allen as her mother, Bernie West, Marilyn Cooper, Lee Wallace, Lee Meredith. Years Mason commented on the show and reactions to it: "It must have had the longest preview run in Broadway history -- ninety-seven performances.

After every performance, I asked for opinions from the audience. They loved that, it made. I promoted the play on every TV show I did. All this convinced me; the show closed in one day. The critics said it was the worst crap they saw. Where does this schlemiel get the idea he's an actor and a playwright? He should go into a different business, and so on. It didn't make me feel too good, but I told myself that life is too short, that you have to keep moving, that you're lucky to be on earth in the position you're in."The play received several unfavorable reviews. Clive Barnes, the critic for The New York Times, wrote, "Unfortunately the only nice thing I can say about the play is that the press representative is a close friend of mine. This, I sadly recognize, is not a commendation of much universal appeal.... Mr. Mason may have certain talents. John Chapman of the New York Daily News was quoted as writing, "If I were the author I'd throw it away and start a new play -- or contemplate not writing anything."

Jack Gaver, of United Press International, wrote, "It consists of all-too-familiar Jewish humor routines, sexual innuendo of the most basic sort endlessly repeated and what is intended to be a friendly treatment of the white-black racial situation, cheapened by the other ingredients."Steven Suskin, writing in Broadway Yearbook, 1999-2000: A Relevant and Irreverent Record, described the play as "the Moose Murders of its day, to say a play so inane that it remains memorable through the years."Thomas S. Hischak, in American Theatre: A Chronicle of Comedy and Drama, 1969-2000, wrote that the Broadway "season could not have started worse than with A Teaspoon Every Four Hours.... The comedy was unanimously panned, critics arguing over whether it was more offensive to Jews or African-Americans."Mason was interviewed in 2011 about the prospects of Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark breaking his play's record for most previews. "The longest preview period, I don't see as an honor," he said. "Running a show after it opens, I see as an honor."

Mason said that when the record is broken, "I won't cry a tear, because there's nothing to be excited about." A Teaspoon Every Four Hours at the Internet Broadway Database

Aurès Mountains

The Aures Mountains are an eastern prolongation of the Atlas Mountain System that lies to the east of the Saharan Atlas in northeastern Algeria, North Africa. The mountain range gives its name to the mountainous historical region of the Aures; the Aures mountains are the eastern continuation of the Saharan Atlas. They are located at a lower elevation than the High Atlas mountains of Morocco; the highest peak in the Aurès mountain range is Djebel Chélia in Khenchela Province, which sits at 2,328 metres. The Belezma Range is a northwestern prolongation of the Aures Mountains located where the Tell Atlas and the Saharan Atlas come together, its main summits are 2,178 m high Djebel Refaâ and 2,136 m high Djebel Tichaou. The Aures served as a refuge and bulwark for the Berber tribes, forming a base of resistance against the Romans, Vandals and Arabs along the centuries; the mountain area was a district of French Algeria that existed during and after the Algerian War of Independence from 1954 to 1962.

It was in this region. The rugged terrain of the Aures makes it still one of the least developed areas in the Maghreb. In eastern Algeria, the Aures is home of the Chaoui people; the Chaoui eastern Berber population practices traditional transhumance, farming fixed stone terraces in the mountains where they grow sorghum, as well as other grains and vegetables. Seasonally they move their cattle to warm areas in the lowland valleys where they pitch tents or live in other temporary structures and tend livestock through the winter. Aures region Geography of Algeria Les Aurès - Algérie. Includes many photos of the region