Interstate 85 in Georgia
Interstate 85 is a major Interstate Highway that travels northeast-to-southwest in the U. S. state of Georgia. It enters the state at the Alabama state line near West Point, Lanett, traveling through the Atlanta metropolitan area and to the South Carolina state line, where it crosses the Savannah River near Lake Hartwell. I-85 connects northern Georgia with Montgomery, Alabama, to the southwest, with South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia to the northeast. Within Georgia, I-85 is designated as the unsigned State Route 403. I-85 in Georgia travels parallel with the route of U. S. Route 29. However, from Atlanta northeast to South Carolina, I-85 ventures away from that route, traveling about halfway between US 29 and the combination of US 23 and US 123. Within the City of Atlanta, I-85 has a concurrency with I-75 known as the "Downtown Connector". After splitting from Downtown Connector, it is known as Northeast Expressway until its junction with I-285. I-85 enters the state of Georgia from Alabama via twin bridges over the Chattahoochee River, it skirts the town of West Point, with Kia's multibillion-dollar plant located adjacent to the freeway just east of West Point.
After leaving West Point, I-85 enters the LaGrange area, the first large town in Georgia on its route to the northeast. Northeast of LaGrange, I-85 has an interchange with the long spur freeway, I-185, to the Columbus, Georgia Metropolitan Area; this is the only connection between the Interstate Highway System. From LaGrange, I-85 heads northeastward towards Atlanta. Before reaching Atlanta, the highway runs through a widened stretch that includes six to eight lanes between exits 35 and 77, passing near the suburbs of Moreland, Fairburn, Union City, College Park and East Point as well as intersecting I-285 at its southwest end in of the most complex interchanges in the country, meanwhile providing access to Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. I-85 runs along the northwestern boundary of the airport, providing access to the domestic terminal. I-75 services the International Terminals of the airport, which are located on the east side of the airport. At the southwestern edge of Atlanta's city limits, I-85 merges with I-75 to form the Downtown Connector, 12 to 14 lanes wide.
At the southern edge of downtown Atlanta, this freeway has an interchange with the major east-west Interstate Highway, I-20. The two freeways skirt the eastern edge of downtown, running due north, passing through the Georgia Tech campus and the Atlantic Station section of Atlanta before the two highways split, with I-75 exits via the right three lanes and heads northwest while I-85 uses the left three lanes and heads northeast. Heading northbound after the Brookwood Interchange with I-75, I-85 is routed along a ten lane wide viaduct from the Buford Highway Connector to State Route 400. Continuing northeast of Atlanta, I-85 continues through the northeastern suburbs, bypassing Chamblee and Doraville, where there is another intersection with I-285; the Interstate travels through the northeastern suburbs of Atlanta, including Lilburn, Lawrenceville. The Interstate has freeway interchanges with SR 316 in Duluth and I-985 in Suwanee, which provides a link to Gainesville. I-85 leaves the Atlanta area, continuing to travel through rural northeast Georgia.
At Lake Hartwell—which was formed by the damming of the Savannah River—I-85 crosses into South Carolina. I-85 has the first express lanes in Georgia, located in DeKalb counties. From Chamblee–Tucker Road to Old Peachtree Road, travelers that utilize the converted 15.5-mile lanes will be charged a toll varying from 10 to 90 cents per mile, depending on traffic conditions and usage. Though not signed on the freeway, they are HOT lanes, which means registered transport vehicles, carpools with three or more occupants and buses are exempt from toll charges as long as they are registered as such. Tolls are collected using an electronic toll collection system. All travelers that use the lane must have a Peach Pass sticker to avoid fines. Starting in November 2014, SunPass and NC Quick Pass are interoperable with Peach Pass, allowing motorists with those transponders to use the express lanes. Funds generated from the express lanes will be used to defray the costs of construction and maintenance of the lanes.
Long term revenue allocation is being studied and a decision about future excess revenues will be made in the project process. Proponents for the express lanes say it is to provide commuters with a more reliable, free-flow commute option. Detractors point out that existing infrastructure was reused for the express lanes and that commute times on the non-paying travel lanes have doubled since implementation. Constructed as a four- to six-lane expressway in the 1950s, the stretch of I-85 between the southern merge with I-75 and North Druid Hills Road was reconstructed as part of the Georgia Department of Transportation's Freeing the Freeways program; this project included rebuilding all overpasses, new HOV-ready ramps, a widen
Hartwell is a city in Hart County, United States. The population was 4,469 at the 2010 census; the city is the county seat of Hart County. Hartwell was founded in 1854 as seat of the newly formed Hart County, it was incorporated as a town in 1856 and as a city in 1904. The town was named for Revolutionary War figure Nancy Morgan Hart. Hartwell is located in central Hart County at 34°21′10″N 82°55′52″W, it sits 4 miles southwest of Lake Hartwell. Hartwell is in the Piedmont region of Georgia, or the Upland South, lies 30 miles southeast of the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains at Toccoa. U. S. Route 29 passes through the center of Hartwell, leading east 7 miles to the South Carolina border at Hartwell Dam on the Savannah River, southwest 12 miles to Royston. Anderson, South Carolina, is 23 miles to the northeast via US 29, Athens, Georgia, is 43 miles to the southwest. Georgia State Route 51 passes through Hartwell, leading north 7 miles to Reed Creek and west 9 miles to Bowersville. According to the United States Census Bureau, Hartwell has a total area of 5.1 square miles, of which 0.02 square miles, or 0.32%, are water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,469 people. There were 2,266 housing units; the racial makeup of the city was 61.33% White, 34.53% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, 1.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.07% of the population. The median income for a household in the city was $29,128 and the median income for a family was $45,909; the per capita income for the city was $18,937. About 15.4% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over. Hartwell is located in the humid subtropical climate zone of the Southeastern United States, it is in the Piedmont Plateau region, along the eastern side of the Appalachian Mountains, at an elevation just above 800 feet. Due to some of the highest of elevations in the Appalachians being between Hartwell and Canada, this allows for warmer conditions than areas further south such as Atlanta.
One exception to this rule is called cold air damming. This is due to a large high pressure system in eastern Canada driving colder drier air down against the eastern side of the Appalachian Mountain range; when this phenomenon is joined by gulf moisture, it causes ice storms or freezing rain in the region. This same geographical feature can cause frequent drought. Hartwell averages 51.96 inches of precipitation annually. The average snowfall is 2 inches, although more can fall, the city is just as to have no measurable snowfall in any given year; the 1993 Storm of the Century brought 6 inches of snow to the area. The Hart County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, consists of three elementary schools, a middle school, a high school, an academy school; the district has 230 full-time teachers and over 3,564 students. Hartwell Elementary School North Hart Elementary School South Hart Elementary School Hart County Middle School Hart County High School Hart County Academy Donald Burdick, retired United States Army major general and director of the Army National Guard Mike Hubbard, Former Speaker of the Alabama House of Representatives and now convicted felon, is a Hartwell native Official website
Georgia State Route 17
State Route 17 is a 294-mile-long state highway that travels south-to-north through portions of Chatham, Screven, Burke, Warren, McDuffie, Elbert, Franklin, Habersham and Towns counties in the east-central and northeastern parts of the U. S. state of Georgia. The highway connects Interstate 16 in Bloomingdale to the North Carolina state line, northwest of Hiawassee, via Millen, Wrens, Washington, Royston, Toccoa and Hiawassee. SR 17 begins at exit 152 on the westernmost exit for I-16 in Chatham County. SR 17 travels north to Bloomingdale. After entering Effingham County, SR 17 departs US 80/SR 26, continues northwest, paralleling the Ogeechee River through rural parts of Effingham and Jenkins Counties before arriving in Millen. After a short concurrency with SR 23 and SR 67 in Millen, SR 17 continues west northwest, still parallel to the Ogeechee River, to Louisville. SR 17 travels concurrent with US 1/US 221/SR 4 from Louisville north to Wrens. In Wrens, SR 17 continues to the northwest to Thomson.
In Thomson, SR 17 travels concurrent with US 78/SR 10 north to Washington. Just north of Thomson is an interchange with I-20. In Washington, SR 17 intersects US 378, departs the concurrency with US 78/SR 10, before leaving the town. After traveling through Washington, SR 17 travels through the small town of Tignall as it continues into the mountains of northeast Georgia, first passing through Elberton, where it has a short concurrency with SR 72 Bowman, where it intersects SR 172, bypassing the main part of the city of Royston. In Canon, it intersects and begins to travel concurrent with SR 51. In Lavonia, SR 17 goes through downtown before becoming a divided highway as it has a partial cloverleaf interchange with I-85 just north of downtown Lavonia. Afterwards, the divided highway ends, SR 17 continues on its way through rural Stephens County before reaching the city of Toccoa. Southeast of Toccoa, the highway turns to a westerly direction, bypassing the city on another divided highway towards Clarkesville, traveling concurrent with US 123/SR 365 in the process.
Sometime after entering Habersham County, the highway departs northwest, with US 123 ending soon after and SR 365 heading southwest towards the cities of Gainesville and Atlanta. There is a concurrency with SR 115 somewhere around the Clarkesville area. Outside of Clarkesville, the highway continues northwest, traveling through the historic Nacoochee Valley. SR 17 begins a concurrency with SR 75; the highways travel north through the tourist town of Helen. The two highway continue north over Unicoi Gap descend into the Hiawassee River valley. East of the town of Hiawassee, the highways begin a concurrency with US 76/SR 2. In Hiawassee, SR 75 departs to the northeast. A few miles to the west, north-northeast of Young Harris, SR 17 departs US 76/SR 2, begins a short concurrency to the north with SR 515 until they both reach their northern terminus at the North Carolina state line; the road continues into North Carolina as North Carolina Highway 69. The following sections of SR 17 are included as part of the National Highway System, a system of roadways important to the nation's economy and mobility: From Louisville to a point southeast of Clarkesville The concurrency with US 76/SR 2 SR 17 was established at least as early as 1919 from SR 26 in Swainsboro to Warrenton.
It extended from SR 12 in Thomson, with no indication on the 1920 map as to whether it was concurrent with SR 12 between these segments to the South Carolina state line northeast of Toccoa. Between Royston and Toccoa, SR 17 took a more western path, through Canon and Carnesville, than it does today. At this time, an unnumbered road was built from Canon to Toccoa, on the current path of SR 17. SR 2 was built on an alignment from west-northwest of Clayton to west-southwest of Hiawassee. By the end of 1921, SR 17 was proposed to be extended southward through Lyons to Baxley; the Louisville–Gibson segment was shifted eastward to become the Louisville–Wrens segment. This new path was concurrent with SR 24. SR 17 traveled west from Wrens to Gibson and resumed its previous path. SR 17 was indicated to be concurrent with SR 12 between Thomson; the Canon–Carnesville segment was redesignated as part of SR 51. SR 17 was designated on the unnumbered road from Canon to Toccoa; the segment from Toccoa to the South Carolina state line was redesignated as part of SR 13.
An unnumbered road was built from Hiawassee to the North Carolina state line north of that city. By the end of 1926, US 1 was designated on the Swainsboro–Wrens segment, while US 78 was designated on the Thomson–Washington segment. SR 17, concurrent with SR 32, was built from Baxley to Lyons, was built on the Lyons–Swainsboro segment; the Emanuel County portion of the Swainsboro–Louisville segment, as well as the segment of SR 17 and SR 24 from Louisville to Wrens, was under construction. The Jefferson County portion of the Swainsboro–Louisville segment half of the Thomson–Washington segment, a segment just north of Washington, from just south of the Wilkes–Elbert county line to the Elbert–Hart county line, from the Franklin–Stephens county line to Toccoa, from west of Clayton to Hiawassee, had a "sand clay or top soil" surface; the segment in the vicinity of Washington, as well as a longer segment farther north of Washington, had a completed hard surface
Steven Allan Spielberg is an American filmmaker. He is considered one of the founding pioneers of the New Hollywood era and one of the most popular directors and producers in film history. Spielberg started in Hollywood directing television and several minor theatrical releases, he became a household name as the director of Jaws, critically and commercially successful and is considered the first summer blockbuster. His subsequent releases focused on science fiction and adventure films, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, the Indiana Jones series, E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Jurassic Park are seen as archetypes of modern Hollywood escapist filmmaking. Spielberg transitioned into addressing serious issues in his work with The Color Purple, Empire of the Sun, Schindler's List and Saving Private Ryan, he has adhered to this practice during the 21st century, with Munich, Bridge of Spies, The Post. He co-founded Amblin Entertainment and DreamWorks Studios, where he has served as a producer for several successful films, including the Gremlins, Back to the Future, Men in Black, the Transformers series.
He transitioned into producing several games within the video-game industry. Spielberg is one of the American film industry's most critically successful filmmakers, with praise for his directing talent and versatility, he has won the Academy Award for Best Director twice; some of his movies are among the highest-grossing movies of all-time, while his total work makes him the highest-grossing film director in history. His net worth is estimated to be more than $3 billion. Spielberg was born on December 1946 in Cincinnati, Ohio, his mother, was a restaurateur and concert pianist, his father, Arnold Spielberg, was an electrical engineer involved in the development of computers. His family was Orthodox Jewish. Spielberg's paternal grandparents were Jewish Ukrainian immigrants who settled in Cincinnati in the 1900s. In 1950, his family moved to Haddon Township, New Jersey, when his father took a job with RCA. Three years the family moved to Phoenix, Arizona. Spielberg attended Hebrew school from 1953 in classes taught by Rabbi Albert L. Lewis.
As a child, Spielberg faced difficulty reconciling being an Orthodox Jew with the perception of him by other children he played with. "It isn't something I enjoy admitting," he once said, "but when I was seven, nine years old, God forgive me, I was embarrassed because we were Orthodox Jews. I was embarrassed by the outward perception of my parents' Jewish practices. I was never ashamed to be Jewish, but I was uneasy at times." Spielberg said he suffered from acts of anti-Semitic prejudice and bullying: "In high school, I got smacked and kicked around. Two bloody noses, it was horrible." At age 12, he made his first home movie: a train wreck involving his toy Lionel trains. Throughout his early teens, after entering high school, Spielberg continued to make amateur 8 mm "adventure" films. In 1958, he became a Boy Scout and fulfilled a requirement for the photography merit badge by making a nine-minute 8 mm film entitled The Last Gunfight. Years Spielberg recalled to a magazine interviewer, "My dad's still-camera was broken, so I asked the scoutmaster if I could tell a story with my father's movie camera.
He said yes, I got an idea to do a Western. I got my merit badge; that was how it all started." At age 13, while living in Phoenix, Spielberg won a prize for a 40-minute war film he titled Escape to Nowhere... using a cast composed of other high school friends. That motivated him to make 15 more amateur 8 mm films; some of the films he cited as early influences that he grew up watching include the Godzilla kaiju film King of the Monsters, which he called "the most masterful of all the dinosaur movies because it made you believe it was happening", as well as titles such as Captains Courageous and Lawrence of Arabia. In 1963, at age 16, Spielberg wrote and directed his first independent film, a 140-minute science fiction adventure called Firelight, which would inspire Close Encounters; the film was made for $500, most of which came from his father, was shown in a local cinema for one evening, which earned back its cost. After attending Arcadia High School in Phoenix for three years, his family next moved to Saratoga, where he graduated from Saratoga High School in 1965.
He attained the rank of Eagle Scout. His parents divorced while he was still in school, soon after he graduated Spielberg moved to Los Angeles, staying with his father, his long-term goal was to become a film director. His three sisters and mother remained in Saratoga. In Los Angeles, he applied to the University of Southern California's film school, but was turned down because of his "C" grade average, he applied and was admitted to California State University, Long Beach, where he became a brother of Theta Chi Fraternity. While still a student, he was offered a small unpaid intern job at Universal Studios with the editing department, he was given the opportunity to make a short film for theatrical release, the 26-minute, 35 mm, Amblin', which he wrote and directed. Studio vice president Sidney Sheinberg was impressed by the film, which had won a number of awards, offered Spielberg a seven-year directing contract, it made him the youngest director to be signed for a long-term deal with a major Hollywood studio.
He subsequently dropped out of college to begin pro
Madison County, Georgia
Madison County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,120; the county seat is Danielsville. The county was created on December 5, 1811; the county's largest city is Comer with a population of 1,200. Madison County was included in the Athens-Clarke County, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area. Named for James Madison, fourth president of United States, from 1809 to 1817, Madison County, was organized under act of General Assembly of Georgia, December 11, 1811, it was the 38th county formed in Georgia and began to operate as a county in 1812. Madison County formed from Oglethorpe, Jackson and Elbert counties. Early agriculture in Madison County was devoted to food crops and livestock, sufficient to feed the population. Just after the Civil War ended, the demand for a cash crop led to a major reliance on cotton; the soils of Madison County were damaged by this cotton monoculture.
From the 1930s on, agriculture became more diverse. Today, agribusiness dominates the local economy, with poultry production important. Madison and Oglethorpe counties share Watson Mill Bridge State Park, the site of the longest covered bridge in Georgia; the bridge, over 100 years old, spans 229 feet of the South Fork of the Broad River. There are facilities for camping, hiking trails and fishing in the park; the Madison County Courthouse, one of the most ornate in Georgia, was built in 1901 for the sum of $18,314. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. New Hope Presbyterian Church, established in 1788, is the third oldest church in Georgia. Lt. Col. Lemuel Penn, a decorated veteran of World War II and a United States Army Reserve officer, was murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan on July 11, 1964, nine days after passage of the Civil Rights Act, on a Broad River bridge on the Georgia State Route 172 in Madison County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 286 square miles, of which 282 square miles is land and 3.3 square miles is water.
The vast majority of Madison County is located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, with just a small portion of the county's western edge located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. Franklin County, Georgia - north Hart County, Georgia - northeast Elbert County, Georgia - east Oglethorpe County, Georgia - south Clarke County, Georgia - southwest Jackson County, Georgia - west Banks County, Georgia - northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 25,730 people, 9,800 households, 7,330 families residing in the county; the population density was 91 people per square mile. There were 10,520 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.01% White, 8.46% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, 0.99% from two or more races. 1.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 9,800 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.20% were non-families.
21.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,347, the median income for a family was $42,189. Males had a median income of $31,324 versus $22,426 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,998. About 9.20% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 16.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 28,120 people, 10,508 households, 7,804 families residing in the county.
The population density was 99.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 11,784 housing units at an average density of 41.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 87.6% white, 8.4% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.9% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 20.7% were American, 9.1% were Irish, 9.1% were English, 7.2% were German. Of the 10,508 households, 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.7% were non-families, 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 39.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $41,343 and the median income for a family was $49,713. Males had a median income of $37,963 versus $28,732 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $18,975. About 14.7% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 18.4% of those age 65 or over. The citizens of Madison County are represented by an elected six member board of commissioners; each commissioner represents one of five districts plus a chairman of the board elected at
Alice Walker is an American novelist, short story writer and activist. She wrote the novel The Color Purple, for which she won the National Book Award for hardcover fiction, the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, she wrote the novels Meridian and The Third Life of Grange Copeland, among other works. An avowed feminist, Walker coined the term "womanist" to mean "A black feminist or feminist of color" in 1983. Alice Malsenior Tallulah-Kate Walker was born in Eatonton, Georgia, a rural farming town, to Willie Lee Walker and Minnie Tallulah Grant. Both of Walker's parents were sharecroppers, though her mother would work as a seamstress to earn extra money. Walker, the youngest of eight children, was first enrolled in school when she was just four years old at East Putnam Consolidated. At eight years old Walker sustained an injury to her right eye after one of her brothers fired a BB gun; because her family did not have access to a car, Walker did not receive immediate medical attention, causing her to become permanently blind in that eye.
It was after the injury to her eye that Walker began to take up writing. The scar tissue was removed when Walker was 14, but a mark still remains and is described in her essay "Beauty: When the Other Dancer is the Self."Because the schools in Eatonton were segregated, Walker attended the only high school available to blacks: Butler Baker High School. She went on to become valedictorian and enrolled in Spelman College in 1961 after being granted a full scholarship by the state of Georgia for having the highest academic achievements of her class, she found two of her professors, Howard Zinn and Staughton Lynd, to be great mentors during her time at Spelman, but transferred two years later. Walker was offered another scholarship, this time from Sarah Lawrence College in New York, after the firing of her Spelman professor, Howard Zinn, Walker accepted the offer. Walker proceeded to have an abortion. Walker graduated from Sarah Lawrence in 1965. Walker wrote the poems of her first book of poetry, while she was studying in East Africa and during her senior year at Sarah Lawrence College.
Walker would slip her poetry under the office door of her professor and mentor, Muriel Rukeyser, when she was a student at Sarah Lawrence. Rukeyser showed the poems to her agent. Once was published four years by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. Following graduation, Walker worked for the New York City Department of Welfare before returning South, she took a job working for the Legal Defense Fund of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in Jackson, Mississippi. Walker worked as a consultant in black history to the Friends of the Children of Mississippi Head Start program, she returned to writing as writer-in-residence at Jackson State University and Tougaloo College. In addition to her work at Tougaloo College, Walker published her first novel, The Third Life of Grange Copeland, in 1970; the novel explores the life of Grange Copeland, an abusive, irresponsible sharecropper and father. In the fall of 1972, Walker taught a course in Black Women's Writers at the University of Massachusetts Boston.
In 1973, before becoming editor of Ms. Magazine and fellow Zora Neale Hurston scholar Charlotte D. Hunt discovered an unmarked grave they thought was Hurston's in Ft. Pierce, Florida. Walker had it marked with a gray marker stating ZORA NEALE HURSTON / A GENIUS OF THE SOUTH / NOVELIST FOLKLORIST / ANTHROPOLOGIST / 1901–1960; the line "a genius of the south" is from Jean Toomer's poem Georgia Dusk, which appears in his book Cane. Hurston was born in 1891, not 1901. Walker's 1975 article "In Search of Zora Neale Hurston," published in Ms. Magazine, helped revive interest in the work of this African-American writer and anthropologist. In 1976, Walker's second novel, was published. Meridian is a novel about activist workers in the South, during the civil rights movement, with events that parallel some of Walker's own experiences. In 1982, she published what has become The Color Purple; the novel follows a young, troubled black woman fighting her way through not just racist white culture but patriarchal black culture as well.
The book became a bestseller and was subsequently adapted into a critically acclaimed 1985 movie directed by Steven Spielberg, featuring Oprah Winfrey and Whoopi Goldberg, as well as a 2005 Broadway musical totaling 910 performances. Walker has written several other novels, including The Temple of My Familiar and Possessing the Secret of Joy, she has published a number of collections of short stories and other writings. Her work is focused on the struggles of black people women, their lives in a racist and violent society. In 2000, Walker released a collection of short fiction based on her own life called The Way Forward Is With a Broken Heart, exploring love and race relations. In this book, Walker details her interracial relationship with Melvyn Rosenman Leventhal, a civil rights attorney, working in Mississippi; the couple married on March 17, 1967 in New York City, since interracial marriage was illegal in the South, divorced in 1976. They had a daughter, together in 1969. Rebecca Walker, Alice Walker's only child, is an American novelist, editor and activist.
The Third Wave Foundation, an activist fund, was founded with the help of Rebecca. Her godmother is Alice Walker's mentor and co-founder of Ms. Magazin