1930 United States Census
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949, after which the original sheets were destroyed. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System
Hardin County, Kentucky
Hardin County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. Its county seat is at Elizabethtown, the county was formed in 1792. Hardin County is part of the Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area, as well as the Louisville/Jefferson County—Elizabethtown-Madison, as of the 2010 census, the population was 105,543. Hardin County is known for being the birthplace of former U. S. president Abraham Lincoln, Hardin County was established in 1792 from land given by Nelson County. Hardin was the 15th Kentucky county in order of formation, the county is named for Col. John Hardin, a Continental Army officer during the American Revolution and a brother of the Capt. William Hardin who founded Hardinsburg. Courthouse fires destroyed county records in 1864 and again in 1932, the present courthouse dates from 1934. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 630 square miles. It is the fourth-largest county by area in Kentucky, Hardin County borders nine counties, more than any other county in Kentucky.
As of the census of 2010, there were 105,543 people,39,853 households, the population density was 167.5 per square mile. There were 43,261 housing units at a density of 68.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 80. 5% White,11. 6% Black or African American,0. 5% Native American,2. 0% Asian,0. 2% Pacific Islander,1. 5% from other races, and 3. 5% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5. 0% of the population,24. 5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8. 0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the family size was 3.04. The age distribution was 25. 97% under 18,9. 93% from 18 to 24,27. 50% from 25 to 44,25. 60% from 45 to 64, the median age was 35.0 years. For every 100 females there were 100.41 males, for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.54 males. Complete economic data from the 2010 Census has not yet been released, according to the 2010 Census, the median income for a household in the county was $43,421, and the median income for a family was $55,151.
The per capita income for the county was $23,744, remaining economic data is from the 2000 Census. At that time, males had an income of $30,743 versus $22,688 for females
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Barren County, Kentucky
Barren County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,173, the county was founded on December 20,1798, from parts of Warren and Green Counties. It was named for the Barrens, meadow lands that cover the northern third, Barren County is part of the Glasgow, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Bowling Green-Glasgow, KY Combined Statistical Area. In 2007 Barren County was named the Best Place to Live in Rural America by Progressive Farmer Magazine, Barren County was established in 1798 from land given by Green County and Warren County. Six courthouses have served the county throughout its history, the first built of logs, Barren County, like most of south central Kentucky, was settled by the Scots-Irish, and still bears many cultural aspects that trace back to that heritage. Barren was a prohibition or dry county, until voters overturned the status in September 2016. Before the vote, there were two exceptions to laws against alcohol sales, Cave City, which voted in 2005 to become moist, and voted in 2014 to approve full package sales.
Glasgow, which approved liquor by the drink under the restrictions on November 6,2007. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 500 square miles. Barren River Lake is located in the part of the county. Barren River Lake State Resort Park is located primarily within Barren County, the population density was 78 per square mile. There were 17,095 housing units at a density of 35 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94. 30% White,4. 09% Black or African American,0. 15% Native American,0. 41% Asian,0. 03% Pacific Islander,0. 38% from other races, and 0. 65% from two or more races. 0. 93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,25. 60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the family size was 2.91. The age distribution was 24. 20% under the age of 18,8. 20% from 18 to 24,28. 80% from 25 to 44,23. 80% from 45 to 64, the median age was 38 years.
For every 100 females there were 92.70 males, for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,240, males had a median income of $29,860 versus $21,208 for females
Green County, Kentucky
Green County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,258, Green is a prohibition or dry county. Green County was formed in 1792 from portions of Lincoln and Nelson counties, Green was the 16th Kentucky county in order of formation. The county is named for Revolutionary War hero General Nathanael Greene, three courthouses have served Green County. In 1804, a brick building replaced a structure, and while no longer operational. The present courthouse dates from 1931, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 289 square miles, of which 286 square miles is land and 2.8 square miles is water. Green County is in the time zone. LaRue County Taylor County Adair County Metcalfe County Hart County As of the census of 2000, there were 11,518 people,4,706 households, the population density was 40 per square mile. There were 5,420 housing units at a density of 19 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96. 19% White,2.
61% Black or African American,0. 10% Native American,0. 13% Asian,0. 31% from other races,0. 95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25. 40% of all households were made up of individuals and 13. 20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.87. In the county, the population was out with 22. 70% under the age of 18,8. 10% from 18 to 24,26. 80% from 25 to 44,25. 40% from 45 to 64. The median age was 40 years, for every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males, the median income for a household in the county was $25,463, and the median income for a family was $31,852. Males had an income of $25,764 versus $17,510 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,107, about 15. 20% of families and 18. 40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23. 10% of those under age 18 and 18. 50% of those age 65 or over
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in the United States, Romania, China, in the United Kingdom and Ireland, county towns have a similar function. In the United States, counties are the subdivisions of a state. Depending on the state, counties may provide services to the public, impose taxes. Some types of subdivisions, such as townships, may be incorporated or unincorporated. The city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county, a county seat is usually, but not always, an incorporated municipality. The exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, likewise, some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, in some of the colonial states, county seats include or formerly included Court House as part of their name.
Most counties have only one county seat, an example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats. The practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days when travel was difficult, there have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states, Coffee County, for example, the official county seat is Greensboro, but an additional courthouse has been located in nearby High Point since 1938. For example, Clearwater is the county seat of Pinellas County, Florida, in New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government. Historically, counties in this region have served mainly as dividing lines for the judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of government and thus no county seats, in Vermont and Maine the county seats are legally designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the shire town.
Bennington County has two towns, but the Sheriff is located in Bennington. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town governments. As such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county
Confederate States of America
The Confederate States, officially the Confederate States of America, commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was a breakaway country of 11 secessionist slave states existing from 1861 to 1865. It was never recognized as an Independent country, although it achieved belligerent status by Britain. A new Confederate government was established in February 1861 before Lincoln took office in March, after the Civil War began in April, four slave states of the Upper South – Virginia, Arkansas and North Carolina – declared their secession and joined the Confederacy. The government of the United States rejected the claims of secession, the Civil War began with the April 12,1861, Confederate attack upon Fort Sumter, a Union fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. In spring 1865, after four years of fighting which led to an estimated 620,000 military deaths, all the Confederate forces surrendered. Jefferson Davis lamented that the Confederacy had disappeared in 1865, Missouri and Kentucky were represented by partisan factions from those states, while the legitimate governments of those two states retained formal adherence to the Union.
Also fighting for the Confederacy were two of the Five Civilized Tribes located in Indian Territory and a new, but uncontrolled, Confederate Territory of Arizona. Efforts by certain factions in Maryland to secede were halted by federal imposition of law, while Delaware, though of divided loyalty. A Unionist government in parts of Virginia organized the new state of West Virginia. With the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1,1863, the Union made abolition of slavery a war goal, as Union forces moved southward, large numbers of plantation slaves were freed. Many joined the Union lines, enrolling in service as soldiers and laborers, the most notable advance was Shermans March to the Sea in late 1864. Much of the Confederacys infrastructure was destroyed, including telegraphs, plantations in the path of Shermans forces were severely damaged. Internal movement became increasingly difficult for Southerners, weakening the economy and these losses created an insurmountable disadvantage in men and finance.
Public support for Confederate President Jefferson Daviss administration eroded over time due to repeated military reverses, economic hardships, after four years of campaigning, Richmond was captured by Union forces in April 1865. Shortly afterward, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant, President Davis was captured on May 10,1865, and jailed in preparation for a treason trial that was ultimately never held. The U. S. government began a process known as Reconstruction which attempted to resolve the political and constitutional issues of the Civil War. By 1877, the Compromise of 1877 ended Reconstruction in the former Confederate states, Confederate veterans had been temporarily disenfranchised by Reconstruction policy. The prewar South had many areas, the war left the entire region economically devastated by military action, ruined infrastructure
Metcalfe County, Kentucky
Metcalfe County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,099, the county was founded in May 1860 and named for Thomas Metcalfe, Governor of Kentucky from 1828 to 1832. It is a prohibition or dry county, as of the uncertified vote of June 28,2016, the county is no longer a dry county. Metcalfe County is part of the Glasgow, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 291 square miles, of which 290 square miles is land and 1.5 square miles is water. Hart County Green County Adair County Cumberland County Monroe County Barren County As of the census of 2000, there were 10,037 people,4,016 households, the population density was 34 per square mile. There were 4,592 housing units at a density of 16 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97. 26% White,1. 64% Black or African American,0. 25% Native American,0. 07% Asian,0. 13% from other races,0. 53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25. 20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12. 30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county, the population was out with 24. 60% under the age of 18,8. 20% from 18 to 24,28. 50% from 25 to 44,23. 60% from 45 to 64. The median age was 38 years, for every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males, the median income for a household in the county was $23,540, and the median income for a family was $29,178. Males had an income of $22,430 versus $18,591 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,236, about 18. 80% of families and 23. 60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29. 20% of those under age 18 and 27. 90% of those age 65 or over
Battle of Frenchtown
The Battles of Frenchtown, known as the Battle of the River Raisin and the River Raisin Massacre, was a series of conflicts that took place from January 18–23,1813 during the War of 1812. It was fought between the United States and a British and Native American alliance near the River Raisin in Frenchtown, the battle on January 22 had the highest number of fatalities of any battle during this war. On January 18,1813 the Americans forced the retreat of the British and their Native American allies from Frenchtown, the movement was part of a larger United States plan to advance north and retake Fort Detroit, following its loss in the Siege of Detroit the previous summer. Despite this initial success, the British and Native Americans rallied and launched a counterattack four days on January 22. Ill-prepared, the Americans lost 397 soldiers in this battle, while 547 were taken prisoner. Dozens of wounded prisoners were murdered the day in a massacre by the Native Americans. More prisoners were killed if they could not keep up on the march to Fort Malden.
This was the deadliest conflict recorded on Michigan soil, and the casualties included the highest number of Americans killed in a battle during the War of 1812. Parts of the battlefield were designated as a state historic park. In 2009 Congress authorized its upgrade into the River Raisin National Battlefield Park, one of four parks in the nation. The Battle of Frenchtown took place in Frenchtown township in the Michigan Territory, much of the land it was fought on is now incorporated into the city of Monroe. The plural Battles of Frenchtown is used for the conflict from January 18 through 22. While the battle began on January 18, the heaviest fighting took place on January 22 and it is often referred to as the Battle of the River Raisin, because of its proximity to that river. The engagement may be divided into the First Battle of the River Raisin, the name River Raisin Massacre is used for the events of January 23, the day after the surrender, when pro-British Indians murdered dozens of wounded United States prisoners.
These volunteer soldiers from Kentucky were too badly injured to march overland to Canada, on August 17,1812, Brigadier General William Hull, commanding the American Army of the Northwest, surrendered his troops and Fort Detroit to the British army following the Siege of Detroit. This early success convinced many Native Americans to side with Britain in the war, General Hull was tried by a military court and sentenced to death for his disgraceful conduct at Detroit. However, President James Madison commuted the sentence to dismissal from the army in recognition of Hulls honorable service during the American Revolution, at that time, Fort Detroit was a strategic outpost and a potential base for any US invasion of British Upper Canada. Its loss to the British gave them a base to increase their presence in the Michigan Territory, when the British captured Detroit, the Frenchtown militia surrendered and were disarmed
Time in the United States
The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. The clocks run by these services are synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services. The use of solar time became increasingly awkward as railways. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s, each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a problem for people travelling by train. Every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from, Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals.
Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18,1883, the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the worlds time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. It is, within about 1 second, mean time at 0°. It does not observe daylight saving time and it is one of several closely related successors to Greenwich Mean Time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, standard time zones in the United States are currently defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260. The federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs. As of August 9,2007, the time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official, abbreviations are by common use conventions, the United States uses nine standard time zones.
The Central standard time zone, which comprises roughly the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, the Mountain standard time zone, which comprises roughly the states that include the Rocky Mountains
Battle of Munfordville
The Battle of Munfordville was an engagement in Kentucky during the American Civil War. Victory there allowed the Confederates to temporarily strengthen their hold on the region, on August 26,1862, Confederate Gen. Braxton Braggs army left Chattanooga and marched north through Sparta, TN and to Glasgow, KY. Pursued by Maj. Gen. Col. John T. Wilder commanded the Union garrison at Munfordville, wilders force was first approached by Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers who marched on Munfordville from Cave City, KY without orders. Upon arriving on September 14, Chalmers demanded a surrender, which was rejected, Chalmers brigade suffered 288 casualties in the attacks before retreating back to Cave City. Braxton Bragg was angry at Chalmers for his unauthorized and injudicious assault, Bragg believed that leaving Munfordville intact would throw a gloom upon the whole army… turn defeat into victory. Thus Braggs army made a march of 25–35 miles the night of September 15–16 to Munfordville. Late on September 16, realizing that Buells forces were near and not wishing to kill or injure innocent civilians, the Confederates sent another demand for surrender.
Wilder entered enemy lines under a flag of truce, and Confederate Maj. Gen. Simon B. Buckner escorted him to view the Confederate strength to convince him resistance was futile, realizing the odds he faced, Wilder agreed to surrender. The formal ceremony took place the day as the paroled federals marched out of Munfordville with new uniforms. Trask, a Confederate soldier, said the federals were well clothed, looked fat and sleek and clean and neat and were in strange contrast to our own hungry and dirty looking rebels. Despite the capture of over 4,000 federals and stores of supplies at Munfordville, the incident is a good example of how Bragg had little overall vision for the campaign and instead simply reacted from event to event. Three places in the National Register of Historic Places are related to the battle, the entire battlefield is listed in the National Register as the Battle of Munfordville Site. The Unknown Confederate Soldier Monument in Horse Cave marks the grave of a Louisiana soldier accidentally killed while clearing timber for the Confederate advance, the Colonel Robert A.
Smith Monument is the only one still on the battlefield. A monument to Colonel Smith exists in Dean Cemetery in his town of Edinburgh. List of battles fought in Kentucky National Park Service battle description Munfordville battlefield preservation CWSAC Report Update - Kentucky