Hartford Line

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hartford Line
Hartford Line commuter rail logo.jpg
Service type Commuter rail
Status Planned
Locale Connecticut and Massachusetts
First service May 2018 (planned)[1]
Current operator(s) TransitAmerica Services / Alternate Concepts Inc.
Website www.hartfordline.com
Start New Haven
Stops 9 (initial service)
End Springfield
Distance travelled 62 mi (100 km)
Service frequency 30 minutes (peak)
60 minutes (off-peak)
Line used New Haven–Springfield Line
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Operating speed

Up to 110 mph (180 km/h) (planned)

Up to 79 mph (127 km/h) (current)
Track owner(s) Amtrak
Route map
Springfield Amtrak
in design
Windsor Locks Amtrak
Windsor Amtrak
Hartford Amtrak CTfastrak
West Hartford
in design
Berlin Amtrak
Meriden Amtrak
Wallingford Amtrak
North Haven
in design
New Haven
State Street
Shore Line East MTA NYC logo.svg
New Haven
Union Station
Amtrak Shore Line East MTA NYC logo.svg

The Hartford Line[2] is a planned commuter rail service between New Haven, Connecticut, and Springfield, Massachusetts. It will use Amtrak's New Haven–Springfield Line and supplement existing intercity rail services between the two cities. The project is a joint venture between the states of Connecticut and Massachusetts with support from the federal government as well. The service is expected to begin in May 2018.[1]



During the mid-1980s, because of the high cost of operating the line, Amtrak removed 25 miles of track, turning the line from a double-track line to a line with a single track with passing sidings.[3][4]

In 1994, the Connecticut Department of Transportation conducted a feasibility study for a New Haven–Hartford service which envisaged three trips in the morning and three in the afternoon. It estimated that capital costs would be $4.4 million and that it would require an annual subsidy of $2.5 million. Ridership was projected at 1,000 per day. A revised and expanded proposal in 2001 contemplated service to Springfield and hourly service, with half-hourly service during peak periods. This would require $249 million in capital costs, both for rolling stock and to restore double tracking to the line. The service would require a yearly subsidy of $13 million but would carry 1,800–2,000 passengers daily.[5]

Various delays have prevented the establishment of this service. One source of delay for re-establishment of this commuter rail line was lack of widespread support in the New Haven region. Although reestablishing this service was briefly mentioned in the South Central Regional Council of Government's January 2001 Long Range Mobility Plan[6] it was not until 2003 that this commuter service provision began to consistently listed among key transportation priorities in the annual Greater New Haven Chamber of Commerce Legislative Agenda.[7] A March 8–13, 2004 New Haven Register/Sacred Heart University transportation issues telephone study among a random sample of 801 Greater New Haven residents determined that 38.1% would be "very or somewhat likely" to patronize the line, indicating a renewed interest in the line.[8]

The New Haven–Hartford–Springfield Commuter Rail Implementation Study, released in 2005 by ConnDOT, recommended half-hour peak service, with new stations at North Haven/Hamden, Newington, and Enfield. No action was taken following the study, as proposed schedules did not link well with those of the New Haven Line and ridership projections were low (particularly for northbound morning and southbound evening trips).[9]

Current plan[edit]

The plan calls for the improvement of existing stations and the construction of new stations along the line. To facilitate frequent and bi-directional service, the line will incorporate newly installed double track totaling 27 miles (43 km)[10] as well as 2 miles (3.2 km) of new passing sidings. Five new interlockings will be built, and new signal systems will be installed, including the installation of Positive Train Control. Bridges and culverts on the line will be repaired, rehabilitated or replaced.[3]

In May 2018, when CTrail Hartford Line service begins, the number of trains on the corridor will increase from 6 to 17 daily round-trips between New Haven and Hartford. There will be 12 trains providing continuing service to Springfield. Service will be expanded to 25 daily round-trips with 30 minute peak and 60 minute off-peak service when all the planned improvements are completed. Speeds of up to 110 miles per hour (180 km/h) will be achieved, resulting in the saving of 37 minutes between Hartford and New York's Penn Station.[11]


In January 2010, $40 million of stimulus funds were approved to double-track 10.5 miles of the corridor under the American Recovery & Reinvestment Act.[12][13] In July 2010, Governor Jodi Rell asked the Connecticut State Bond Commission to authorize borrowing $260 million in an effort to attract additional federal matching funds, to double-track the remainder of the corridor, construct freight sidings, and improve signaling. These upgrades, together with new rolling stock, should allow for two-way service during peak hours at speeds of up to 110 miles per hour (180 km/h).[14] On August 17, 2010, Connecticut lawmakers authorized borrowing the $260 million.[15] In November 2010, Governor Rell announced that Connecticut received an additional $120.9 million in funds from the federal government to fund the double tracking of the remainder of the line south of Hartford as well as station improvements in Wallingford, Meriden, Berlin and Hartford.[3][16]

Construction of pedestrian bridge and new platforms at Berlin station in December 2015

As of April 2011, Connecticut State officials had applied for $227 million from the federal government that would complete track improvements between Hartford and Springfield, Massachusetts. ConnDOT applied for the money to the Federal Railroad Administration, part of $2.4 billion that the governor of Florida rejected because of the spending it would require from his budget.[17] In May 2011, Connecticut was awarded $30 million for track improvements in Hartford.[3]

The Massachusetts portion of the Knowledge Corridor line has already been fully funded by a $70 million federal grant, and an additional $70 million to renovate Springfield's Union Station, which closed down in 1973 following the completion of I-91.[18]

On August 15, 2012, the Federal Railroad Administration granted a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) on the line's environmental assessment – a major step towards the obligation of $121 million in federal funding for the line.[19]

In February 2017, the state approved an additional $50 million in bonded funds for the project. The money will support design of the rebuilt Windsor and Windsor Locks stations and of the new stations at North Haven, Newington, West Hartford, and Enfield. It will also complete funding for four miles of double track being added north of Hartford, and pay for design and environmental permitting for an additional 7.5 miles (12.1 km) of double track between Hartford and Enfield.[20][21] If further funding is found to build these additional miles, it would complete the double-tracking of the line except for downtown Hartford and the aging Warehouse Point railroad bridge.[22]

The state still intends to seek Federal Railroad Administration funds to pay for construction of the new and rebuilt stations, the replacement of the Warehouse Point bridge, and a layover yard near Springfield.[3][23]

The budgeted funds for the Connecticut portion to date total $769.1 million, of which $204 million has come from the Federal sources ($190.9 million from the Federal Railroad Administration and $13.9 million from the Federal Transit Administration) and the balance from the state of Connecticut.[24]


Second platform at State Street under construction in December 2016

In 2015, major construction commenced at the four stations in Berlin, Meriden, Wallingford, and Hartford.[25] On August 3, 2015, Amtrak began busing weekday morning and evening Shuttle trains to allow double tracking work to begin.[26]

In December 2015, the state announced that the cost of construction had increased by $135 million for a total of $570 million, and that service would not begin until January 2018.[27]

In July 2016, work began at the New Haven State Street station on a new high-level platform.[28] In August 2016, a new 260 foot, high-level platform was put into service at Hartford.[28] The platform was constructed on the existing low-level platform.[25]

On October 11, 2016, a 17-car track-laying train began work to built the second track on the southern half of the line. The train laid track from North Haven to Meriden in October 2016, and returned for Meriden to Newington in 2017.[29]

In 2017, the start date was pushed to May 2018 to accommodate construction of the new double track north of Hartford.[30]

The new Wallingford station replaced the old station on November 6, 2017.[31] The rebuilt Meriden station opened on November 19, 2017,[32] though final construction continued through December 18, 2017.[10]

As of January 17, 2018, 26 out of 27 miles of double track have been installed between North Haven and Windsor. Trains are now running on both tracks between New Haven and Berlin. Double tracking is expected to be operational to Hartford in early 2018. Remaining track work in Windsor, including resurfacing and signal installation, is expected to start in January 2018 and be completed by May 2018. All railroad crossing improvements have been completed aside from work in Windsor, which is expected to be completed by spring 2018.[10]


Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy announced on July 24, 2017 that TransitAmerica Services and Alternate Concepts Inc., operating as a joint venture, won a 5-year $45 million contract to operate the Hartford Line.[1]

The project claims Hartford Line fares will be less than Amtrak fares between most station pairs,[11] though final fares have not been announced.

The Hartford Line program will operate eight CTrail weekday round trips. Five of these will terminate at Hartford, with the remaining three continuing north to terminate in Springfield. Additionally, Amtrak will be adding three round trips on top of its current six between New Haven and Springfield. Altogether there will be seventeen round trips between New Haven and Hartford, with twelve of them operating the full line to Springfield. On weekends and holidays, CTrail will operate four New Haven–Hartford round trips and two New Haven–Springfield round trips. Amtrak will continue offer its existing weekend service with some minor schedule changes.[33] ConnDOT and Amtrak are currently in negotiations over a joint ticketing program that will allow CTrail ticket and pass holders to board certain Amtrak trains operating along the New Haven–Springfield Line.

Rolling stock[edit]

Amtrak operates current intercity on the line with GE Genesis diesel locomotives, Amfleet coaches and ex-Metroliner cab cars. The state will lease older rolling stock for the start of Hartford Line service, then buy new equipment (as a bulk purchase with Metro-North Railroad's Danbury and Waterbury branches) after about five years of operation.[23]

Station stops[edit]

Milepost Station Hartford Line
in service date
94 Springfield Union Station 2018 BSicon BAHN.svg Amtrak: Lake Shore Limited, Northeast Regional, Vermonter
Bus transport PVTA
Bus transport Greyhound Lines
Bus transport Peter Pan Bus Lines
102 Enfield Station in design Bus transport Enfield Magic Carpet Bus
109 Windsor Locks Station 2018 BSicon BAHN.svg Amtrak: Northeast Regional, Vermonter
114 Windsor Station 2018 BSicon BAHN.svg Amtrak: Northeast Regional
Bus transport CT Transit Hartford
120 Hartford Union Station 2018 BSicon BAHN.svg Amtrak: Northeast Regional, Vermonter
Bus transport CTfastrak
Bus transport CT Transit Hartford

Bus transport Greyhound Lines
Bus transport Peter Pan Bus Lines

123 West Hartford Station in design Bus transport CTfastrak
125 Newington Station proposed Bus transport CTfastrak
131 Berlin Station 2018 BSicon BAHN.svg Amtrak: Northeast Regional, Vermonter
138 Meriden Station 2018 BSicon BAHN.svg Amtrak: Northeast Regional, Vermonter
144 Wallingford Station 2018 BSicon BAHN.svg Amtrak: Northeast Regional, Vermonter
150 North Haven Station in design
152 Hamden Station proposed
155 New Haven State Street Station 2018 BSicon BAHN.svg Shore Line East
BSicon BAHN.svg MetroNorth: New Haven Line
Bus transport CT Transit New Haven
156 New Haven Union Station 2018 BSicon BAHN.svg Amtrak: Acela Express, Northeast Regional, Vermonter
BSicon BAHN.svg Shore Line East
BSicon BAHN.svg MetroNorth: New Haven Line
Bus transport CT Transit New Haven
Bus transport Greyhound Lines
Bus transport Megabus
Bus transport Peter Pan Bus Lines
Bus transport Yale University Shuttle


  1. ^ a b c "Gov. Malloy Announces TransitAmerica Services and Alternate Concepts Selected as Service Provider for the Hartford Line". The Office of Governor Dannel P. Malloy. The State of Connecticut. Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Gov. Malloy Announced Three New Train Stations as Part of NHHS Rail Program" (Press release). Hartford, Connecticut: State of Connecticut, Office of Governor Dannel P. Malloy. October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "New Haven - Hartford - Springfield Rail Program: Objectives & Scope". nhhsrail.com. Connecticut Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  4. ^ Karr, Ronald Dale (1995). The Rail Lines of Southern New England. Branch Line Press. p. 78. ISBN 0942147022. 
  5. ^ Fazzalaro, James J. (January 16, 2001). "New Haven-Hartford and Waterbury-Hartford Rail Service Proposals". Connecticut Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on September 27, 2006. Retrieved October 25, 2014. 
  6. ^ South Central Regional Council of Governments Mobility, A Transportation Plan for the Year 2020 page 8
  7. ^ Greater New Haven Chamber of Commerce Legislative Agenda booklets 1997 p. 7, 1999 p.7, 2000 pp. 9,10, 2002 p. 14, 2003 p.6, 2004 p. 6, 2006 p. 2
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ Wilbur Smith Associates (2005). "Recommended Action" (PDF). New Haven Hartford Springfield Commuter Rail Implementation Study. Connecticut Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "Winter 2018 Newsletter" (PDF). New Haven–Hartford–Springfield Rail Program. January 17, 2018. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  11. ^ a b "Program Benefits" (PDF). nhhsrail.com. Connecticut Department of Transportation. November 29, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  12. ^ Hartford Courant (January 31, 2010). "After Feds Put Connecticut Rail Plan On Slow Track, State Will Seek More Funds". courant.com. 
  13. ^ "High-Speed Intercity Passenger Rail Program : Northeast Region" (PDF). Whitehouse.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 24, 2015. Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Gov. M. Jodi Rell seeks state OK to borrow $260 million to push high-speed rail". StamfordAdvocate. 
  15. ^ "State OKs $260 Million To Pay For Commuter Rail System". tribunedigital-thecourant. 
  16. ^ "New Haven-Hartford-Springfield High Speed Rail Gets $120 Million Boost". Archived from the original on October 29, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Conn. seeks funds for rail work on Hartford-to-Springfield line (document)". nhregister.com. 
  18. ^ "News and Information from Northampton, MA by the Daily Hampshire Gazette - GazetteNet.com". gazettenet.com. 
  19. ^ "Environmental Assessment". New Haven – Hartford – Springfield Rail Program. Connecticut Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  20. ^ "CTDOT ANNOUNCES $50 MILLION IN ADDITIONAL FUNDING FOR NHHS RAIL PROGRAM" (Press release). Connecticut Department of Transportation. February 20, 2017. 
  21. ^ Stacom, Don (February 21, 2017). "Hartford Line From Hartford To Springfield, Mass. Gets $50 Million In Bonding". Hartford Courant. Retrieved March 21, 2017. 
  22. ^ CDM Smith (January 2012). "Appendix 6: New Haven-Hartford-Springfield Rail Program Track Chart" (PDF). New Haven-Hartford-Springfield Environmental Assessment. Connecticut Department of Transportation. 
  23. ^ a b Stacom, Don (February 18, 2017). "Hartford Rail Line On Track Despite Connecticut Budget Crisis". Hartford Courant. Retrieved February 18, 2017. 
  24. ^ "Objectives & Scope: Funding". NHHS Rail Program. Connecticut DOT. Retrieved 17 October 2017. 
  25. ^ a b "New Haven–Hartford–Springfield Rail Program Stations Factsheet" (PDF). nhhsrail.com. Connecticut Department of Transportation. November 29, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  26. ^ "Amtrak Begins Substitute Bus Operation to Facilitate Construction on Hartford Line" (Press release). Connecticut Department of Transportation. July 31, 2015. Retrieved August 3, 2015. 
  27. ^ Stacom, Don (December 4, 2015). "Springfield-To-New Haven Commuter Rail Cost Increases, Service Begins In 2018". Hartford Courant. Retrieved December 4, 2015. 
  28. ^ a b "Fall 2016" (PDF). New Haven–Hartford–Springfield Rail Program Newsletter. Connecticut Department of Transportation. November 29, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  29. ^ Stacom, Don (October 11, 2016). "17-Car Construction Train Works Its Way North, Laying Track On Hartford Line". Hartford Courant. Retrieved October 12, 2016. 
  30. ^ "Summer 2017" (PDF). New Haven–Hartford–Springfield Rail Program Newsletter. Connecticut Department of Transportation. Summer 2017. p. 2. 
  31. ^ "Gov. Malloy Announces Opening of New Train Station in Wallingford That Will Serve the Hartford Line" (Press release). Office of Governor Dannel P. Malloy. November 6, 2017. 
  32. ^ "CTrail Hartford Line Meriden Station Opens Platforms and Pedestrian Bridge" (Press release). Connecticut Department of Transportation. November 19, 2017. Retrieved November 26, 2017. 
  33. ^ "CTrail Hartford Line Proposed Schedules" (PDF). Connecticut Department of Transportation. October 23, 2017. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]