Philipp Krementz was a German Catholic bishop, created Cardinal in 1893. Philipp Krementz was born, the son of a butcher, in Koblenz in 1837 and began to study theology in Bonn, which he continued in Munich in 1839. After his ordination on 27 August 1842 in Koblenz, he worked as a chaplain. In 1846 he worked as a religion teacher at the Knight's Academy in Bedburg. In January 1848 he became pastor of 1853 Dean of the Deanery in Koblenz. On 21 June 1859 he was appointed an honorary canon of Trier Cathedral. In 1864 and 1867 he was on the list of candidates for the episcopal elections in Trier; the chapter of Frombork cathedral elected Krementz, favored by the Queen of Prussia and whom he knew as Bishop of Warmia on 22 October 1867. He was enthroned on 24 May 1868, he was consecrated bishop by the archbishop of Cologne Paul Melchers on 3 May. In 1868, he received an honorary citizen of his home town of Koblenz, he participated in the First Vatican Council of 1869. He left Rome with 54 other bishops before the end of the Council.
Therefore, he did not take part in the solemn vote of 18 July 1870. However, he preached the infallibility dogma in his diocese. In 1872, he excommunicated five clergy from his diocese who were against the infallibility of the Pope, which led to a conflict with the Prussian state; the conflict ended on 25 September 1872. In March 1885, the Vatican and the Prussian State agreed on the replacement of the vacant chair of the Archbishop of Cologne. Pope Leo XIII appointed Krementz as the new Archbishop of Cologne on 30 July 1885, he was installed on December 15. In 1886, he became chairman of the German Bishops' Conference in Fulda. On 16 January 1893, he was elevated to cardinal, he was assigned the titular church of San Crisogono. At the end of his life, the archbishop was mentally shattered and could be dissuaded with difficulty by a belief that the world would end by the year 1950. Philipp Krementz was buried in the crypt of Cologne Cathedral. Biography Philipp Krementz at Find a Grave
Colonel Sir Maurice Charles Andrew Drummond, was a British soldier, senior Metropolitan Police officer and, to date, the longest-serving Deputy Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis. He was the second son of James Drummond, 10th Viscount Strathallan by his second wife Margaret, daughter of William Smythe of Methven Castle. Eric Drummond, 7th Earl of Perth was his elder brother. On 4 May 1904 he married Ida Mary, daughter of George James Drummond of Swaylands House, Penshurst, by his wife Elizabeth Cecile Sophia, a granddaughter of John Henry Manners, 5th Duke of Rutland, their granddaughter Gilian Elfrida Astley Elfin Soames was the first wife of Francis Egerton Grosvenor, 6th Baron Ebury, now the 8th Earl of Wilton. Commissioned into the 3rd Battalion of the Black Watch as a second lieutenant on 6 January 1897, Drummond was subsequently appointed a second lieutenant in a line battalion on 20 May 1899, went with the 2nd battalion to South Africa in October 1899 following the outbreak of the Second Boer War that month.
He served throughout the war, took part in operations in Cape Colony, south of the Orange River, in 1899. After returning to active service he was promoted to lieutenant on 5 September 1900. Following the end of this war he left Point Natal for British India on the SS Ionian in October 1902 with other officers and men of his battalion, which after arrival in Bombay was stationed in Sialkot in Umballa in Punjab. Promoted to captain on 15 February 1906, he served as an aide-de-camp to Sir Bruce Hamilton, the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Scottish Command, from 1912 to 1913, he rejoined his regiment in January 1914. Drummond served during the First World War as a Deputy Assistant Adjutant General from 1915 to 1917. Promoted to major on 1 September 1915, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order in 1916. and appointed a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour in 1917) and Assistant Adjutant General from 1917 to 1918. He was mentioned in despatches by Field Marshal Haig on 9 November 1917, received a brevet promotion to lieutenant-colonel on 1 January 1918.
He was appointed a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George in the 1919 New Year Honours list. After the War he was again an AAG from 1920 to 1923. Promoted to colonel on 6 January 1923, he served as Deputy Director at the Air Ministry from 1923 to 1927, his final appointment was as the Assistant Quartermaster General, Eastern Command, from 1927 to 1931. He retired from the army on 5 October 1932. Drummond was a Deputy Assistant Commissioner in the Metropolitan Police from 1933 to 1935, Assistant Commissioner in 1935 and Deputy Commissioner from 1935 to 1946, he was made an Officer of the Venerable Order of St John in 1938 and a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the Birthday Honours of 1939. Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick. "Strathallan, Viscount of". Cracroft's Peerage. Archived from the original on 27 October 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2011