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Haryana is one of the 28 states in India, located in northern part of the country. It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on linguistic as well as on cultural basis, it is ranked 22nd in terms of area with less than 1.4% of India's land area. Chandigarh is the state capital, Faridabad in National Capital Region is the most populous city of the state and Gurugram is a leading financial hub of NCR with major Fortune 500 companies located in it. Haryana has 6 administrative divisions, 22 districts, 72 sub-divisions, 93 revenue tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils, 140 community development blocks, 154 cities and towns, 6,848 villages and 6222 villages panchayats; as the largest recipient of investment per capita since 2000 in India, among one of the wealthiest and most economically developed regions in South Asia, Haryana has the fifth highest per capita income among Indian states and UTs at ₹251,575 against the national average of ₹125,397 for year 2018–19. Haryana's 2019-20 estimated state GSDP of US$110 billion is growing at 12.96% 2012-17 CAGR and placed on the 13th position behind only much bigger states, is boosted by 30 SEZs, 7% national agricultural exports, 65% of national Basmati rice export, 67% cars, 60% motorbikes, 50% tractors and 50% refrigerators produced in India.

Faridabad has been described as eighth fastest growing city in the world and third most in India by City Mayors Foundation survey. In services, Gurugram ranks number 1 in India in IT growth rate and existing technology infrastructure, number 2 in startup ecosystem and livability. Haryana has the seventh highest ranking among Indian states in human development index. Among the world's oldest and largest ancient civilisations, the Indus Valley Civilization sites at Rakhigarhi village in Hisar district and Bhirrana in Fatehabad district are 9,000 years old. Rich in history, heritage and fauna, human resources and tourism with well developed economy, national highways and state roads, it is bordered by Himachal Pradesh to the north-east, by river Yamuna along its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh, by Rajasthan to the west and south, Ghaggar-Hakra River flows along its northern border with Punjab. Since Haryana surrounds the country's capital Delhi on three sides a large area of Haryana is included in the economically-important National Capital Region for the purposes of planning and development.

The name Haryana is found in the works of the 12th-century AD Apabhramsha writer Vibudh Shridhar. The name Haryana has been derived from the Sanskrit words Hari and ayana, meaning "the Abode of God". However, scholars such as Muni Lal, Murli Chand Sharma, HA Phadke and Sukhdev Singh Chib believe that the name comes from a compound of the words Hari and Aranya; the villages of Rakhigarhi in Hisar district and Bhirrana in Fatehabad district are home to the largest and one of the world's oldest ancient Indus Valley Civilization sites, dated at over 9,000 years old. Evidence of paved roads, a drainage system, a large-scale rainwater collection storage system, terracotta brick and statue production, skilled metal working have been uncovered. According to archaeologists, Rakhigarhi may be the origin of Harappan civilisation, which arose in the Ghaggar basin in Haryana and and moved to the Indus valley; the south of Haryana is the claimed location of the Vedic Brahmavarta region. Ancient bronze and stone idols of Jain Tirthankara were found in archaeological expeditions in Badli, Dadri, Hansi, Kasan, Narnaul, Rewari, Rohad and Sonepat in Haryana.

Pushyabhuti dynasty ruled parts of northern India in 7th century with its capital at Thanesar. Harsha was a prominent king of the dynasty. Tomara dynasty ruled the south Haryana region in 10th century. Anangpal Tomar was a prominent king among the Tomaras. After the sack of Bhatner fort during the Timurid conquests of India in 1398, Timur attacked and sacked the cities of Sirsa, Sunam and Panipat; when he reached the town of Sarsuti, the residents, who were non-Muslims and were chased by a detachment of Timur's troops, with thousands of them being killed and looted by the troops. From there he travelled to Fatehabad, whose residents fled and a large number of those remaining in the town were massacred; the Ahirs resisted him at Ahruni but were defeated, with thousands being killed and many being taken prisoners while the town was burnt to ashes. From there he travelled to Tohana, whose Jat inhabitants were stated to be robbers according to Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi, they were defeated and fled. Timur's army killed 200 Jats, while taking many more as prisoners.

He sent a detachment to chase the fleeing Jats and killed 2,000 of them while their wives and children were enslaved and their property plundered. Timur proceeded to Kaithal whose residents were massacred and plundered, destroying all villages along the way. On the next day, he came to Assandh whose residents were "fire-worshippers" according to Yazdi, had fled to Delhi. Next, he travelled to and subdued Tughlaqpur fort and Salwan before reaching Panipat whose residents had fled, he marched on to Loni fort. Hemu claimed royal status after defeating Akbar's Mughal forces on 7 October 1556 in the Battle of Delhi and assumed the ancient title of Vikramaditya; the area, now Haryana has been rul

Queensville, Ontario

Queensville is a village within the Town of East Gwillimbury, Canada. Named Hackett's Corners, it was renamed as Queensville in 1843. Among the private homes, the village proper contains the Queensville Cemetery, a post office, a United Church of Canada, a complex containing a fire hall, a community centre, a public park with softball diamond, tennis courts and playground. Guy Paul Morin and Christine Jessop were neighbours in Queensville in 1984, John Candy once owned a home 1 km south of Queensville. At one time, there were plans to build Ontario's first private university in Queensville; the site for the proposed university would have been east of Leslie on the north side of Queensville side road. It was expected that the university would employ 1,000 people. Queensville is home to the largest Antique Mall in York Region. Statistics Canada 2006 census population for all of East Gwillimbury 21,069. Population 3% of total East Gwillimbury population 632 Name of inhabitants: - Queensvillians Holland Landing, to the west Keswick, to the north Mount Albert, to the east Sharon, to the south Royal eponyms in Canada

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

The Bulgarian Academy of Sciences is the National Academy of Bulgaria, established in 1869. The Academy, located in Sofia, is autonomous and consists of a Society of Academicians, Correspondent Members and Foreign Members, it publishes and circulates different scientific works, encyclopaedias and journals, runs its own publishing house. Julian Revalski has been the president of the BAS since 2016; as of 2009, its budget was 84 million leva. The Bulgarian Space Agency, part of the BAS, has a budget of €1 million; as Bulgaria was part of the Ottoman Empire, Bulgarian émigrés founded the Bulgarian Literary Society on 26 September 1869, in Brăila in the Kingdom of Romania. The first Statutes accepted were: Board of Trustees Nikolai Tsenov – President Vasilaki Mihailidi Petraki Simov Kostaki Popovich Stefan BeronActing members: Marin Drinov – Chairman Vasil Drumev – Member Vasil D. Stoyanov – SecretaryThe following year, the Literary Society began issuing the Periodical Journal, its official publication, in 1871 elected its first honorary member - Gavril Krastevich.

In 1878, shortly after Bulgaria's liberation from Ottoman rule, the General Assembly voted to move the headquarters of the Society from Brăila to Sofia, on 1 March 1893 the BLS moved into its own building, right next to where the Bulgarian Parliament is seated. The BLS headquarters were completed in 1892; the building was expanded during the 1920s. The Bulgarian Literary Society adopted its present-day name in 1911, Ivan Geshov became the Academy's first president; the BAS became a member of the Union of Slavonic Academies and Scientific Communities in 1913 and was accepted as a member of the International Council of Scientific Unions in 1931. The BAS has 9 main sections, more broadly united under three main branches: Natural and engineering sciences; each consists of independent scientific institutes and other sections. Institute of Mathematics and Informatics Institute of Mechanics Institute of Information and Communication Technologies National Laboratory of Computer Virology Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy Institute of Solid State Physics Institute of Electronics Institute of Astronomy National Astronomical Observatory - Rozhen Astronomical Observatory Belogradchik Central Laboratory of Solar Energy and New Energy Sources Central Laboratory for Applied Physics - Plovdiv Central Laboratory of Optical Storage and Processing of Information Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry Institute of Organic Chemistry with a Centre of Phytochemistry Institute of Physical Chemistry Institute of Catalysis Institute of Electrochemistry and Energy Systems Institute of Chemical Engineering Central Laboratory of Photoprocesses Institute of Polymers Institute of Neurobiology Institute of Molecular Biology Institute of Genetics Institute of Physiology Institute of Plant Physiology Institute of Microbiology Institute of Experimental Morphology and Anthropology Institute of Botany Institute of Zoology Forest Research Institute Institute of Experimental Pathology and Parasitology Institute of Biology and Immunology of Reproduction Institute of Biophysics and Biomedical Engineering National Museum of Natural History Central Laboratory of General Ecology Geological Institute Geophysical Institute National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology Central Laboratory for Geodesy Central Laboratory of Mineralogy and Crystallography Institute of Oceanology Geographical Institute Space Research Institute Central Laboratory of Solar - Terrestrial Influences Central Laboratory for Seismic Mechanics and Earthquake Engineering Institute of Water Problems Institute of Metal Science Central Laboratory of Physico-Chemical Mechanics Institute of Computer and Communication Systems Institute of Information Technologies Institute of Control and System Research Central Laboratory of Mechatronics and Instrumentation Bulgarian Ship Hydrodynamics Centre Institute of Bulgarian Language Institute of Literature Institute for Balkan Studies and Centre for Thracology Institute for History Studies Institute for Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum, comprising the former Institute for Folklore Studies Ethnographic Institute with Museum Institute for Arts Studies, comprising the former Centre for Architectural Studies Institute of Art Studies National Archaeological Institute and Museum Scientific Centre for Cyrillo-Methodian Studies Institute for Economic Studies Institute for the State and Law Institute for Population and Human Studies, comprising the former Institute of Psychology Centre for Population Studies Institute for the Study of Societies and Knowledge, comprising the former Institute of Sociology Institute of Philosophical Studies Centre for Science Studies and History of Science Central Administration of BAS Central Library of BAS Scientific Archives of BAS'Prof.

Marin Drinov' Academic Publishing House Botanical Garden National Centre on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Bulgarian Encyclopaedia Scientific Information Centre Social - Utility Service Centre for National Security Research Research Development and Implementation Association'Scientific Instrumentation' Laboratory of Telematics Ph. D. Research Career Development Centre Academia Peak and Camp Academia on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica are named for the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences in appreciation of Academy’s contribution to the Antarctic exploration. Camp Academia Bulgarian Academy of Sciences official website

Dallam School

Dallam School is a mixed, 11-18 secondary school with academy status, located in Milnthorpe, England. The school was founded in 1984 through the merger of Heversham Grammar School and Milnthorpe Secondary School. Heversham School was founded and endowed on 24 January 1619/20, by Edward Wilson, Kt, of Nether Levens, who owned Heversham Hall, it occupied the site known in recent years as Old School and behind the village church, on Heversham Head. The building is now a private house; the present ivy-clad Boarding House and Big School date from the 1880s. A crater on the moon – the Whewell – is named after a Heversham old boy, the distinguished polymath William Whewell. Whewell's influence extends to our everyday language: he coined the words physicist and scientist. Charles Darwin chose a quote by Whewell as the first words to appear in the first edition of The Origin Of Species. After occupying many different buildings around the village, Milnthorpe Secondary School moved to its current location, complete with Community Centre, in 1968.

Dallam is a boarding school, the boarding house being on a separate site from that of the main school. In 2010, the school brought the PE department down from the Heversham site with an all-weather astroturf pitch. In 2018, Mr Nigel Whittle became the headteacher of the school. In 2019, Ms Julie O'Connor became Executive Headteacher of the school. Dallam School has a sixth form, which offers both A-levels and the IB; the A levels available:- - Art - Biology - Business Studies - Chemistry - Drama - English - EPQ - Geography - History - ICT - Maths - Media - Outdoor Education - PE - Philosophy - Physics - Psychology - Travel and Tourism The subjects available at IB are as follows: Group 1 Studies in Language English A, German A, Italian A Group 2 Language Acquisition English B, French B, Spanish B, Spanish Ab Initio, Italian Ab Initio Group 3 Individuals and Societies Business and Management, Philosophy, History Group 4 Experimental Sciences Design and Technology, Biology, Physics Group 5 Mathematics and Computer Science Maths including Maths Standard, Maths Studies and Further Maths Group 6 The Arts Art, Theatre Arts It is possible to take an IBCC, which can include Outdoor Pursuits, Health & Social Care, or Travel & Tourism as the vocational element.

List of the oldest schools in the United Kingdom Dallam School

Sadie Hawkins dance

In the United States and Canada, a Sadie Hawkins dance is a informal dance sponsored by a high school, middle school or college, in which the women invite the men. This is contrary to the custom of the men inviting the women to school dances such as prom in the spring and homecoming in the fall; the Sadie Hawkins dance is named after the Li'l Abner comic strip character Sadie Hawkins, created by cartoonist Al Capp. In the strip, Sadie Hawkins Day fell on a given day in November; the unmarried women of Dogpatch got to chase the bachelors and "marry up" with the ones that they caught. The event was introduced in a daily strip which ran on November 15, 1937; this is unlike most traditional dances. In the U. S. and Canada, this concept was popularized by establishing dance events to which the woman invited a man of her choosing, instead of demurely waiting for a man to ask her. The first known such event was held on November 9, 1938.|Within a year, hundreds of similar events followed suit. By 1952, the event was celebrated at 40,000 known venues.and the tradition continues in many American high school and college campuses.

Many schools and colleges adopted February 29, as "Sadie Hawkins Day," and the corresponding school dance is held thereon. Other names may be used regionally: Coming Home Dance Girls Ask Guys Ladies Choice Dance Morp or MORP, prom spelled backwards Sponge Dance Harvest Jobs SnoDaze Sadie's Sweethearts Girls' Choice Tolo Dance The word comes from the University of Washington's Mortar Board, which began as an all-women's honor society called the "Tolo Club," from the Chinook word for success and achievement. To raise funds, the group held a dance. Turnabout Vice-Versa Swing TWIRP Vice Dances or Vice-Versa Dances referring to the usual custom of men inviting women W. P. A. Girls' Reverse Santa Switch Dangle Bartz Backwards Dance King of Hearts Dance Snowcoming Candy Cane Dance Seahawkins Snowball Similar dances, sometimes called Spinsters' Balls, have been organized for adults; the custom of holding Spinsters' Balls has spread outside the U. S. and exists in countries such as Australia. If held during the winter months, the Sadie Hawkins dance may be called the Snow Ball or some other wintry name.

In a variation on pure Sadie Hawkins custom, a particular song may be designated a snowball dance by the DJ or master of ceremonies. In that case known as "speed dancing", the DJ picks two people to start dancing to a slow dance. Periodically the DJ will shout, "snowball," signaling that the dancers must find new partners, thus increasing the number of partners on the floor. Half of the people asking new dancers to come to the floor will be girls asking boys, Sadie Hawkins-style. By the end of the song, most of the people at the dance are on the dance floor; the "snowball dance" is used to get the dancing started, as school dances can be notoriously slow to start. In some areas, people chosen to dance cannot refuse, thereby ensuring people get onto the dance floor, thus the "snowball" gains momentum and grows. Leap year, for traditions on women proposing marriage Powder Puff, a football game pitting girls against girls Winter Formal, a formal dance that may be had instead of Sadie Hawkins dances from January through March Sadie Hawkins Day Sadie Hawkins biography at Steve Krupp's Curio Shoppe

Alnus alnobetula

Alnus alnobetula is a common tree widespread across much of Europe and North America. Many sources refer to it as Alnus viridis, the green alder, but botanically this is considered an illegitimate name synonymous with Alnus alnobetula subsp. Fruticosa. Alnus alnobetula subsp. Alnobetula - Europe. Fruticosa Raus - Siberia, Russian Far East, northern China, Yukon, Northwest Territories, British Columbia, Washington, California Alnus alnobetula subsp. Crispa Raus - Greenland, northeastern United States as far south as North Carolina Alnus alnobetula subsp. Sinuata Raus - Russian Far East, northeastern China, northwestern North America from the Aleutians east to Northwest Territories and south to California and Wyoming Alnus alnobetula subsp. Suaveolens Lambinon & Kerguélen - Corsica It is a large shrub or small tree 3–12 m tall with smooth grey bark in old age; the leaves are shiny green with light green undersurfaces, ovoid, 3–8 cm long and 2–6 cm broad. The flowers are catkins; the seeds are small, 1–2 mm long, light brown with a narrow encircling wing.

The roots of Alnus viridis subsp. Sinuata have nitrogen fixing nodules. A study in Alaska showed that Sitka alder seedlings were able to invade coal mine spoils and can be used for revegetation and stripmine reclamation. There are four to six subspecies, some treated as separate species by some authors: Alnus viridis subsp. Viridis – Central Europe Alnus viridis subsp. Suaveolens – Corsica Alnus viridis subsp. Fruticosa – Northeast Europe, northern Asia, northwestern North America Alnus viridis subsp. Maximowiczii – Japan Alnus viridis subsp. Crispa – northeastern North America, Greenland Alnus viridis subsp. Sinuata – western North America, far northeastern SiberiaAlnus viridis is classed as an environmental weed in New Zealand. Alnus viridis has a shallow root system, is marked not only by vigorous production of stump suckers, but by root suckers. Alnus viridis is a fast-growing shrub that grows well on poorer soils. In many areas, it is a characteristic colonist of avalanche chutes in mountains, where competing larger trees are killed by regular avalanche damage.

A. viridis survives the avalanches through its ability to re-grow from broken stumps. Unlike some other alders, it does require moist soil, is a colonist of screes and shallow stony slopes, it commonly grows on subarctic river gravels in northern Siberia and Canada, occupying areas disrupted by ice floes during spring river ice breakup. It is sometimes used for afforestation on infertile soils which it enriches by means of its nitrogen-fixing nodules, while not growing large enough to compete with the intended timber crop. A. sinuata can add 55 lbs of nitrogen per acre per year to the soil. Alnus viridis leaves have been used in the traditional Austrian medicine externally or internally as tea for treatment of infections and fever. Alnus viridis - information, genetic conservation units and related resources. European Forest Genetic Resources Programme