SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Harz

The Harz is a Mittelgebirge that has the highest elevations in Northern Germany and its rugged terrain extends across parts of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia. The name Harz derives from Hart, Latinized as Hercynia; the Brocken is the highest summit in the Harz with an elevation of 1,141.1 metres above sea level. The Wurmberg is the highest peak located within the state of Lower Saxony; the Harz has a length of 110 kilometres, stretching from the town of Seesen in the northwest to Eisleben in the east, a width of 35 kilometres. It occupies an area of 2,226 square kilometres, is divided into the Upper Harz in the northwest, up to 800 m high, apart from the 1,100 m high Brocken massif, the Lower Harz in the east, up to around 400 m high and whose plateaus are capable of supporting arable farming; the following districts fall wholly or within the Harz: Goslar and Göttingen in the west and Mansfeld-Südharz in the north and east, Nordhausen in the south. The districts of the Upper Harz are Goslar and Göttingen, whilst the Lower Harz is on the territory of Harz and Mansfeld-Südharz districts.

The Upper Harz is higher and features fir forests, whilst the Lower Harz descends into the surrounding area and has deciduous forests interspersed with meadows. The dividing line between Upper and Lower Harz follows a line from Ilsenburg to Bad Lauterberg, which separates the catchment areas for the Weser and Elbe. Only on the southeastern perimeter of the Upper Harz, called the High Harz, does the mountain range exceed 1,000 m above NN on the Brocken massif, its highest peak is the Brocken, its subsidiary peaks are the Heinrichshöhe to the southeast and the Königsberg to the southwest. Other prominent hills in the Harz are the Acker-Bruchberg ridge, the Achtermannshöhe and the Wurmberg near Braunlage. In the far east, the mountains merge into the East Harz foothills, which are dominated by the Selke Valley. Part of the south Harz lies in the Thuringian district of Nordhausen; the Harz National Park is located in the Harz. 600,000 people live in towns and villages of the Harz Mountains. Because of the heavy rainfall in the region the rivers of the Harz Mountains were dammed from an early date.

Examples of such masonry dams are the two largest: the Rappbode Dam. The clear, cool water of the mountain streams was dammed by early mountain folk to form the various mountain ponds of the Upper Harz waterways, such as the Oderteich; the 17 dams in the Harz block a total of twelve rivers. Because the Harz is one of the regions of Germany that experiences the most rainfall, its water power was used from early times. Today the dams are used to generate electricity, to provide drinking water, to prevent flooding and to supply water in times of scarcity. Modern dam-building began in the Harz with the construction of the Söse Valley Dam, built between 1928 and 1931; the dams of the Upper Harz lakes are some of the oldest dams in Germany. → See List of dams in the Harz The largest rivers in the Harz are the Innerste, the Oker and the Bode in the north. The Innerste merges into the Leine and its tributaries are the Nette and the Grane; the rivers Radau and Ilse all discharge into the Oker. The Hassel, the Selke and the Holtemme flow into the Bode.

The Wipper is fed by the Eine. The Rhume is joined by the Oder; the Zorge, the Wieda and the Uffe all flow into the Helme. → See List of hills in the Harz → See List of rock formations in the Harz Climatically a hill range has lower temperatures and higher levels of precipitation than the surrounding land. The Harz is characterised by regular precipitation throughout the year. Exposed to westerly winds from the Atlantic, heavy with rain, the windward side of the mountains has up to 1,600 mm of rain annually; the Harz is the most geologically diverse of the German Mittelgebirge, although it is overwhelmingly dominated by base-poor rocks. The most common rocks lying on the surface are argillaceous shales, slaty greywackes and granite intrusions in the shape of two large igneous rock masses or plutons; the Gießen-Harz surface layer of the Rhenohercynian zone, widespread in the Harz, consists of flysch. Well-known and economically important are the limestone deposits around Elbingerode and the Gabbro of Bad Harzburg.

The landscapes of the Harz are characterised by steep mountain ridges, stone runs flat plateaus with many raised bogs and long, narrow V-shaped valleys, of which the Bode Gorge, the Oker and Selke valleys are the best known. A representative cross-section of all the Harz rocks is displayed on the Jordanshöhe near Sankt Andreasberg near the car park; the formation and geological folding of the Harz hills began during a prominent phase of the Palaeozoic era, in the course of the Hercynian mountain building of the Carboniferous period, about 350 to 250 million years ago. At that time in the history of the Earth, numerous high mountains appeared in We

Leonard Melki

Leonard Melki – born Yūsuf Habīb Melkī and in religious Līūnār from B'abdāt – was an Eastern Catholic priest and a professed member of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin. His name is Romanized in various texts. Melki became a priest before serving as a preacher and teacher in different stations of the Mission of Armenia and Mesopotamia of the Capuchin Order, he became the principal of the school of the Capuchin Order in Mardin where he taught the French language and music. He was killed in Mardin on June 11, 1915 with a convoy of displaced Armenians, Chaldeans, Protestants, by Turc soldiers during the genocide of World War I. Melki's cause for sainthood opened on 3 October 2005 – he was titled as a Servant of God. Yūsuf Habīb Melkī was born on October 1, 1881 as the seventh of eleven children to Habīb Awaiss Melkī and Noura Bou Moussi Kanaan Yammine, his siblings were: Daoud Oueiss Mariam Kalim Kalimé Mansoura Youssfié Khalil Zayné Farés He was baptized in the local Maronite parish church of Notre Dame on October 8, 1881, by the parish priest, Father Hanna Labaki, his godfather was Assaad Raji Labaki.

He attended the Notre Dame church near his home with his siblings. His father, known for his talented voice, aided the priest during Mass by singing hymns. Léonard and his brother Khalil both received their Confirmation at the same time on November 19, 1893, in the Latin Church and not in the Maronite Catholic Church; this is because some of the local villagers, including Léonard's family, left the Maronite Catholic Church and joined the Latin Catholic Church due to political and economic reasons. At the time, the celebration of the First Communion was not yet instituted in the Latin Catholic Church. Léonard received his early education, like all Christian Lebanese children at the time, under an oak tree in his home town of Baabdat, his school teacher was the Maronite priest Geries Yacoub Abi Hayla. Once some families in Baabdat joined the Latin Catholic Church, the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith asked the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin to serve this newly established Latin parish.

As a result of the Capuchin presence in Baabdat, Léonard became interested in joining their Order and continued his education under them where he was sent to the San Stefano seminary near Istanbul in April, 1895. He began his novitiate in 1899 and received the habit on July 1, 1899, he made his initial profession at Santo Stefano on July 2, 1900. He went to the major seminary in Budja where he received both the tonsure and the minor orders on February 10, 1901 before being made a deacon on July 24, 1904. Melkī was ordained to the priesthood on December 4, 1904. Melkī passed a preaching exam on April 23, 1906 and was given the certificate of Apostolic Preacher the following month, he was destined to be sent on missions in the Ottoman Empire and began his mission in Mardin where he served as a teacher and preacher. He promoted the Third Order of Saint Francis in his apostolate and spread its evangelical and active apostolate in the places he worked in and encouraged others to receive it with an open mind – this sparked an increase in admittance numbers.

During 1910, he could not quite celebrate Mass too well due to his poor health which brought bouts of headaches. He was sent to the Capuchin station in Mezere to rest. Despite following his doctor's orders to rest, he did not get any better and requested time off to recuperate, he was allowed to go to Lebanon where he spent some months in 1911. He returned to the Capuchin station in Urfa on Christmas 1911 and stayed there until 1914 when he returned to Mardin. Léonard was unjustly accused by the Ottoman government of conspiring to help the French government and was arrested under false accusations on June 5, 1915. Léonard was threatened and was given an ultimatum - convert to Islam and be freed or die under Christianity, he chose the latter. Resultantly, he was tortured by the Turks in various ways from being beaten and pulled by the beard to being pushed down long staircases inside the fortress of Mardin where he was being detained. In addition to this, he was hung upside down from his feet for hours and experienced the painful torture of having his fingernails and toenails removed.

After he spent one week being tortured in the fortress, Melkī along with hundreds of other Christian prisoners from Mardin were forced to walk kilometers outside the town towards the desert to be killed. Melkī was murdered on June 11, 1915; the beatification process started in the initial phase after the forum for the beatification was transferred to Beirut from the Anatolia apostolic vicariate on August 30, 2005. The diocesan process opened on February 17, 2007 and concluded its business on October 28, 2009 while a second process opened at some stage following this and closed on December 15, 2011. C. S. Validated these processes in Rome on October 1, 2012 and received the two separate parts of the Positio dossier from the postulation in both 2014 and in 2015; the historians advising the C. C. S. approved unanimously the cause in March 2017. Since 2013, Carlo Calloni has served as the current postulator for this cause and is assisted by the Tony Haddad. 1- Obedience towards decisions of superiors — Upon receipt of the approval of your reverend Paternity to my way to Mesopotamia, I left Boudja for Leb

Timeworks Publisher

Timeworks Publisher was a desktop publishing program produced by GST Software in the United Kingdom. It is notable as the first affordable DTP program for the IBM PC. In appearance and operation, it was a Ventura Publisher clone, but it was possible to run it on a computer without a hard disk; the TOS version of Timeworks relied on the GDOS software components, which were available from Atari but were distributed with applications that required them. GDOS provided TOS/GEM with a standardized method for installing printer drivers and additional fonts, although these were limited to bitmapped fonts in all but the releases. GDOS had a reputation for being difficult to configure, used a lot of system resources and was buggy, meaning that Timeworks could struggle to run on systems without a hard disk and less than 2 MB of memory - but it was possible, for many users Timeworks was an inexpensive introduction to desktop publishing. For the IBM PC, Timeworks Publisher ran on Digital Research's GEM Desktop as a runtime system.

Versions ran on Microsoft Windows. Version 2 of Timeworks Publisher included full WYSIWYG, paragraph tagging, manual control of kerning and graphics imports and more fonts. Timeworks Publisher 2.1 with GEM/5 is known to have supported Bézier curves already. In the US, Timeworks Inc. marketed the program as Publish-It!. Released in 1988, there were versions available for IBM PC, Apple Macintosh, Apple II computers. SoftKey KeyPublisher 1.0 was a version of Publish-It! 1.0 for PCs with GEM produced by Softkey Software Products Inc. in 1991. DESKpress was a version aimed at the business market, Press International was a CD-based multilingual version for Windows; the product was sold under other names including NEBS PageMagic, Macmillan Publisher, Canon Publisher, many other brands, distinguished by use of the. DTP file extension; the latest version was sold as Greenstreet Publisher 4 and is downwards file compatible with earlier versions. 1987 - Timeworks Publisher 1987 - Timeworks Publish-It! 1.12 19??

- Publish-It! 1.19 by GST 1987 - Publish-It! 1990 - Publish-It! 1.20 1991 - KeyPublisher 1 by softkey 1992? - Timeworks Publisher 2 GEM-based 1991/1992 - Timeworks Publish-It! PC 2.00 1992? - Publish-It! Easy 2.1.9 199? - Timeworks Publisher 2.1 199? - Timeworks Publisher 3 1994 - Timeworks Publish-It! 4 Fleet Street Publisher PagePlus