A hat-trick or hat trick is the achievement of a positive feat three times in a game, or another achievement based on the number three. The term first appeared in 1858 in cricket, to describe H. H. Stephenson's taking three wickets with three consecutive deliveries. Fans held a collection for Stephenson, presented him with a hat bought with the proceeds; the term was used in print for the first time in 1865. The term was adopted by many other sports including hockey, association football, water polo, team handball. A hat-trick occurs in association football when a player scores three goals in a single game, whereas scoring two goals constitutes a brace. In common with other official record-keeping rules, penalty-kick goals are counted but goals in a penalty shootout are excluded from the tally; the extra time in a knockout cup match may be calculated towards a player's potential hat-trick. The fastest recorded time to score a hat-trick is 70 seconds, a record set by Alex Torr in a Sunday league game in 2013.

The previous record of 90 seconds was held by Tommy Ross playing for Ross County against Nairn County on 28 November 1964. The first hat-trick achieved in an international game was by Scottish player John McDougall, against England on 2 March 1878. American player Bert Patenaude scored the first hat-trick in the FIFA World Cup, against Paraguay in the inaugural event in 1930. Two hat-tricks have been scored in a World Cup final, by Geoff Hurst for England in the 1966 final during extra time against West Germany, Carli Lloyd for the USA against Japan in the 2015 Women's World Cup final. Lloyd's was the fastest hat-trick scored in a World Cup final at 13 minutes from first to last goal, at 16 minutes the fastest from kickoff in any World Cup match for either sex. However, the fastest World Cup hat-trick for either men or women, as measured by time between goals, belongs to Fabienne Humm of Switzerland, who scored in the 47th, 49th and 52nd minutes against Ecuador in the 2015 group stage. Traditionally, a player who scores a hat-trick is allowed to keep the match ball as a memento.

Football has extended the term, with a "perfect hat-trick" being when a player scores one right-footed goal, one left-footed goal and one headed goal within one match. In Germany and Austria, the term Hattrick refers to when a player scores three goals in a row in one half without the half-time break or a goal scored by another player interrupting the performance. In the Netherlands, this is known as a "zuivere hattrick". In the past, the term was used to describe when a player struck out three times in a baseball game, the term golden sombrero was more used when a player struck out four times in a game. In recent years, hat trick has been more used to describe when a player hits three home runs in a game. For example, on 29 August 2015, Toronto Blue Jays fans celebrated Edwin Encarnación's third home run of the game by throwing hats onto the field, similar to the tradition in ice hockey; the phenomenon continued during the 2016 season, on 17 June 2016, a number of Blue Jays fans at Oriole Park at Camden Yards threw hats on to the field after Toronto Blue Jays player Michael Saunders hit his third home run of the night, again on 28 August at Rogers Centre, when Blue Jays player Josh Donaldson hitting his third home run of the game in the eighth inning against the Minnesota Twins.

A hat-trick occurs in cricket. A hat-trick was achieved by explorers Fiann Paul and Reinhold Messner. Messner's hat trick was for climbing three 8000-meter mountains in a single season. In Gaelic football, a hat-trick can refer to points scored. Eoin Liston scored a second-half hat-trick in the 1978 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final. Jack McCaffrey's total of 1–3 in the 2019 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final involved a "classic hat-trick" of points, sent over the bar with fist and both feet. In handball, if a player scores thrice in a game, a hat trick is made. In field hockey and ice hockey, a hat trick occurs when a player scores three goals in a single game. A hat trick in ice hockey, as it is known in its current form, culminates with fans throwing hats onto the ice from the stands; the tradition is said to have begun among fans in the National Hockey League around the 1950s. There are several conflicting legends of. Most stories involve hats being awarded to any of the local players who scored three goals in a game.

According to the NHL, in the 1940s, a Toronto haberdasher used to give free hats to players with the Toronto Maple Leafs when they scored three goals in a game. Montreal hatter Henri Henri makes a similar claim, that between 1950 and 1970 they would reward any NHL player who scored three or more goals in a game at the Montreal Forum with a free hat. In the 1950s, the Guelph Biltmore Mad Hatters of the Ontario Hockey Association, who were a farm team of the NHL's New York Rangers, were sponsored by Guelph-based Biltmore Hats, a leading manufacturer of hats with North American dominance; the sponsor would award any Madhatters player. In a different account, the expression originates not with any member of a team, but with a particular player. According to legend, Chicago Blackhawks forward Alex Kaleta entered the shop of Toronto businessman Sammy Taft to purchase a new hat, but did not have enough money. Taft arranged a deal with Kaleta stipulating that if Kaleta scored three goals as he played the Toronto Maple Leafs that night, Taft would give him a free hat.

That night, on 26 January 1946

Syed Mokhtar Albukhary

Syed Mokhtar Shah bin Syed Nor Albukhary is a Malaysian businessman and philanthropist. He is the founder of the Albukhary Foundation, an international non-profit charity organization that focuses on social development. Syed Mokhtar Albukhary was born on 12 December 1951, the third child of Syed Nor and Sharifah Rokiah in Kampung Hutan Keriang, Alor Setar Kedah, his family traces its roots to Central Asia. In 1961, Syed Mokhtar moved to Johor Bahru where he spent the next 6 years before returning to Alor Setar where he attended St. Michael's Institution. While still schooling, he got involved in his father’s cattle business. Not long after, an outbreak of Foot-and-mouth disease collapsed the company; this led to Syed Mokhtar abandoning his studies a few months prior to completing his Secondary 5, as his family could not afford to pay for his examination fees. With money saved from his involvement in his father’s cattle business, Syed Mokhtar began venturing into business on his own; the Albukhary Group of Companies is a diversified business group consisting of DRB-HICOM, MMC and Tradewinds Plantation.

Syed Mokhtar began his philanthropic work in 1976 when he pledged half of his salary to 15 underprivileged families and the other half to his mother and siblings. Twenty years in 1996, he founded the Albukhary Foundation and today remains its primary benefactor; as of 2013 his donations have exceeded $500 million. In 2014 he was recognized by Forbes Asia as a Hero of Philanthropy due to his contribution to refugees in Pakistan, orphans in Guinea and disaster victims in China and Iran; the Albukhary Foundation The Albukhary Foundation is an international non-profit charitable organization headquartered in Malaysia, founded on the Islamic values of faith and compassion. Since it is founded on Islamic values, the foundation does not discriminate on the grounds of race, ethnic origin and religion. Albukhary International University The Albukhary International University was founded in 2010 and is located within the Sharifah Rokiah Centre of Excellence; the University is spread over 30 hectares in Alor Setar.

Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia The museum was founded in 1998 and is located within Kuala Lumpur’s Lake Gardens. It houses more than ten thousand artefacts from across the Muslim world, as well as a library of Islamic art books; the museum has a total of 12 Galleries. The museum has won a number of domestic and international awards and is one of the most visited museums in Malaysia. In 2015, the British Museum announced the opening of a new gallery to redisplay all the collections of the Islamic world; the gallery would be known as The Albukhary Foundation Gallery of the Islamic World and is set to open in October 2018. Albukhary Scholarship Program Founded in 2005, Albukhary Scholarship program supports economically disadvantaged students worldwide; the scholarships are offered to students of the Prince's School of Traditional Arts, Oxford University, IBN Haldun University, University of York, Philanthropy University and 17 universities in Malaysia, including AIU. The program offers five types of scholarships, the Albukhary Equity Scholarship, Regional Awards, Academic & Service Excellence Awards, Campus Residence Grant, the Refugee Education Dream Scholarship, available to all refugees and asylum seekers registered with UNHCR Malaysia.

Malaysia: Commander of the Order of Meritorious Service - Datuk Commander of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia - Tan Sri Kedah: Knight Grand Companion of the Order of Loyalty to the Royal House of Kedah - Dato' Seri Malacca: Knight Commander of the Order of Malacca - Datuk Wira

Thicker than Water (Only Fools and Horses)

"Thicker than Water" is the third Christmas special episode of the BBC sitcom, Only Fools and Horses, broadcast on 25 December 1983, is the first to be screened on Christmas Day. The episode title comes from the proverb blood is thicker than water, highlighted by the appearance of Del and Rodney's father, Reg. Rodney and Grandad are watching television on Christmas Day; the stranger turns out to be Del Boy and Rodney's father Reg, who had abandoned them 18 years earlier after the death of their mother. When Del learns of Reg's return he intends to eject him, but Rodney and Grandad persuade Del to give him a chance. Reg tells his two sons and father that he has been living in Newcastle, has been diagnosed with a hereditary blood disorder. Del and Rodney take blood tests, which both turn out negative when they receive their results on New Year's Eve, but Grandad notices on their results that they have different blood types. Grandad explains that around the time that Rodney was born and their mother Joan were having frequent arguments, Joan flirted with other men.

Del and Grandad thus both assume that Rodney has a different father and tell him the news, with Del concluding that Rodney is a "whodunnit". However, when Reg returns having checked his own and Grandad's blood groups, he reveals that it is in fact Del who has the alien blood group; the next day, New Year's Day, Del drink a large amount of alcohol at The Nag's Head, while Reg moves in permanently, wearing Del's clothes, spending time with Rodney and taunting Del for being a "lone ranger", at one point shouting "Hi-ho silver!" at him. Rodney reassures Del that children with the same parents can have different blood groups and recommends that he visit Dr. Becker, the Trotter family's doctor, again to clarify the results. Del at first refuses, as Becker was with their mother before her death, so did not want him to realise that she was seeing different men; that evening, Reg is outstaying his welcome at the flat, having spent all of Rodney and Grandad's money, drunk all their beer, wrote a bet on one of Rodney's GCE certificates.

Del returns home and reveals that he took Rodney's advice and visited Dr. Becker again, who confirmed that his blood type was actually'A' and not'AB', as recorded on the results, that someone - Reg - had altered them in an attempt to isolate Del and take his place in Nelson Mandela House. Rodney apologises for not believing Del. Furthermore, Dr. Becker made some background checks, which found that Reg was a porter at the Newcastle infirmary, not a patient, was on the run after stealing numerous items from the hospital, including a doctor's scooter. All but defeated, Reg decides to leave, the Trotters are glad to see him leave, although Del still gives him some money on his way out; this episode hints that Rodney do not share the same father. The mystery continues in "The Frog's Legacy", only this time the suggestion is that it is Rodney, the product of an affair between their mother Joan and gangster Freddie Robdal; this is confirmed in the final episode to date of the series "Sleepless in Peckham", is the central plot of the first episode of the 2010 prequel series Rock & Chips in which Freddie has the affair with Joan and conceives Rodney.

This is the only episode of Only Horses to feature Reg Trotter. Peter Woodthorpe was cast because of his resemblance to David Jason, although Jason himself claimed he could not see any likeness; the manner of Reg's departure meant that John Sullivan thought it impossible for the character to return because "he'd blotted his copybook so badly that I couldn't see Del accepting him again". Reg was a main character in the Fools prequel Rock & Chips, as played by Shaun Dingwall; this official episode was the final appearance of Grandad but his last appearance came in the educational feature "Licensed to Drill", shown in schools from 1984 onwards. Actor Lennard Pearce died during production of the next series; the original airing of this episode included a brief exchange where Del reminds Rodney that Reg was not aware if Grandad was alive or dead in the eighteen years he'd been gone, Rodney comments that they never seem to know either. Following Lennard Pearce's death less than a year this exchange was removed from the episode, with it not being restored for any subsequent airing or home media release.

However, it remains intact on the iTunes release and this scene is an extreme rarity. Music from the film Sleepless Nights "Thicker than Water" at BBC Online