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Lorane, Pennsylvania

Lorane is a census-designated place in Exeter Township, Berks County, United States. The population was 4,236 at the 2010 census. Located on the Schuylkill River, US Route 422 runs through the town. Lorane was called Exeter Station, until the great Exeter train wreck of 1899 prompted a name change; the present name most was derived from Lorraine, in France. A post office was established at Exeter Station in 1861, the post office was renamed Lorane in 1900, remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1955. Lorane is located at 40°17′40″N 75°51′10″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.6 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,994 people, 1,160 households, 864 families living in the CDP; the population density was 1,899.6 people per square mile. There were 1,206 housing units at an average density of 765.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.46% White, 1.97% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population. There were 1,160 households, out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.3% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.5% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 11.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.01. In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 23.6% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $56,303, the median income for a family was $61,673. Males had a median income of $40,821 versus $34,327 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $22,920. About 2.5% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

Lorane's only park is Lorane Hollow Park on Lorane Hollow Park Drive

Crostwight

Crostwight is a small village and former civil parish in the north-east of the county of Norfolk, England. In the past, it was sometimes called Crostwick, but this should be avoided, for fear of confusion with the different village of Crostwick in Norfolk; the population is now listed in the civil parish of Honing. Apart from the church, the village consists of Crostwight Hall, its cottages and outbuildings, an old rectory, a few other houses; the name of Crostwight is considered to be Old Norse in origin. There are seven such names in Norfolk ending in -thwaite, one in Suffolk, showing early Scandinavian settlement. While the suffix -thwaite was familiar north of the Humber and has survived there, it has been corrupted elsewhere. Forms of Crostwight's name recorded include Crostwit in 1086, Crosthueit in 1198, Crostweyt in 1810. Crostwight is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086, which spells its name'Crostwit'. At that time, it was held by Geoffrey Baynard under Ralph Baynard. Tempore Regis Eduardi, twelve freemen at Crostwit had one hundred and 50 acres of land, there were twelve borderers, with 16 acres of meadow.

The whole was described as one league in length and seven furlongs broad. There is a reference to the church of St Benet of Hulme, the people mentioned include Esger the staller and Geoffrey Baynard. At the time of the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, the area of North Walsham was "the cradle, the supreme fortress, the tomb of the Norfolk rebels", generating surveys of households, Crostwight is one of the few places for which complete records survive, its heads of households were found to consist of nine cultivators, three weavers, two spinsters, one dyer and one fuller. According to William White's Gazetteer of 1845: More was said in the 1883 edition of White's Gazetteer: At the time of the 1841 census, the surnames recorded for Crostwight are Atkins, Burton, Colman, Flowerday, Furnace, Lane, Mays, Reed, Shephard and Wright. At the census of 1921, the parish's population was seventy-one, by 1931 it had fallen to sixty-one. In 1935, Crostwight was abolished as a civil parish and incorporated into its larger neighbour, Honing.

The parish records, dating from 1698 to 1988, are held by the Norfolk Record Office at its Archive Centre in Martineau Lane, Norwich. The parish church stands on its own not far from the Old Rectory, but is distant from the rest of the village. In 1810, Charles Parkin wrote of the church: The CHURCH of Crostweyt is dedicated to All-Saints, is a rectory. In the reign of Edward I. Sir Peter Roscelyn was lord and patron: the rector had a manse and 20 acres of land, was valued at 5 l. - Peter-pence 5d. The church is a single pile covered with reed, has a square tower, with 3 bells, has a chancel covered with reed. John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales says of it: "The living is a rectory in the diocese of Norwich. Value, £66. Patron, M. Shephard, Esq; the church is old but good, has a tower."The church has a series of late medieval wall-paintings. Its massive tower of flint and local stone was reduced in height in 1910, after ivy had made part of it unsafe, the bells were hung lower.

Inside the church is a rood screen carved with dragons, wild men, flying hearts, but the carving may be modern or restored. The chancel arch, like some walls, is decorated with paintings, but not the screen. There is an octagonal Purbeck stone font, which stands on pillars and on a substantial two-tier octagonal base; the church is lit by oil lamps. The church is a Grade I listed building. Crostwight lost only one man during the Second World War, he is commemorated by his own memorial inside the church, which reads: "In honoured memory of HUBERT ARTHUR FRANCIS, who gave his life aboard H. M. S. Royal Oak at Scapa Flow 14th October 1939 Faithful unto death". Despite the smallness of its ecclesiastical parish, the church is still used. Crostwight is now part of the Church of England united benefice of'Smallburgh with Dilham with Honing and Crostwight', which has a rector; the medieval wall paintings on the church's north wall date from the late 14th or early 15th century and have been called the Crostwight Passion Cycle.

An article at paintedchurch.org considers that this is "...despite its fragmentary condition, one of the most interesting Passion Cycles in England". All of the scenes are in fragments and few are clear; the order of the scenes is illogical, beginning on the bottom left with Christ's Entry into Jerusalem. To the right of, the Last Supper, further right comes the Washing of Feet. Above is the Arrest in Gethsemane, to the right of that a scene which may be Christ before Herod or Pilate the Crowning with Thorns, above, the Crucifixion; this includes one of the crucified thieves, behind him is the Roman Stephaton with a bucket of vinegar and a spear. On a lower tier, underneath the Last Supper, is the Ascension. In the splay of a window is the Agony in the Garden, with Christ kneeling in the foreground, St Peter, St James and St John the Apostle behind him. Above this are the remains of another scene. Other paintings in the parish church include one of the Seven Deadly Sins; this is estimated to date from the late fourteenth century and was discovered in the 1840s by a Mr Gunn.

It centres on a tree growing out of the jaws of hell, which