Hatfield House is a country house set in a large park, the Great Park, on the eastern side of the town of Hatfield, England. The present Jacobean house, a leading example of the prodigy house, was built in 1611 by Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Chief Minister to King James I, has been the home of the Cecil family since, it is a prime example of Jacobean architecture. The estate includes surviving parts of an earlier palace; the house the home of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury, is open to the public. An earlier building on the site was the Royal Palace of Hatfield. Only part of this still exists a short distance from the present house; that palace was the childhood home and favourite residence of Queen Elizabeth I. Built in 1497 by the Bishop of Ely, King Henry VII's minister, John Cardinal Morton, it comprised four wings in a square surrounding a central courtyard; the palace was seized by Henry VIII with other church properties. The nearby parish church of St Etheldreda's in Old Hatfield once served the bishop's palace as well as the village.
Henry VIII's children, King Edward VI and the future Queen Elizabeth I, spent their youth at Hatfield Palace. His eldest daughter, who reigned as Queen Mary I, lived there between 1533 and 1536, when she was sent to wait on the Princess Elizabeth as punishment for refusing to recognise Henry's marriage to Anne Boleyn and his religious reforms. In 1548, when she was only 15 years old, Elizabeth was under suspicion of having illegally agreed to marry Thomas Seymour; the house and her servants were seized by Edward VI's agent, Robert Tyrwhit, she was interrogated there. She defended her conduct with wit and defiance. Seymour was executed in 1549 for numerous other crimes against the crown. After her two months of imprisonment in the Tower of London by her sister, Queen Mary, Elizabeth returned to Hatfield; the Queen Elizabeth Oak on the grounds of the estate is said to be the location where Elizabeth was told she was queen following Mary's death, but is considered unlikely as Mary died in November.
In November 1558, Elizabeth held her first Council of State in the Great Hall. Hatfield House is a popular tourist attraction because it has so many objects associated with Queen Elizabeth I, including gloves and a pair of silk stockings that are believed to have been the first in England; the library displays a 22-foot long illuminated parchment roll showing the pedigree of the queen with ancestors back to Adam and Eve. The Marble Hall holds the "Rainbow Portrait" of Elizabeth. Elizabeth's successor, King James I, did not like the palace and gave it to his and Elizabeth's chief minister, Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, in 1607 in exchange for Theobalds Palace, the Cecils' family home on the current site of Cedars Park, Broxbourne. Cecil, who liked building, tore down three wings of the royal palace in 1608 and used the bricks to build the present structure; the richly carved wooden Grand Staircase and the rare stained glass window in the private chapel are among the house's original Jacobean features.
Cecil's descendant, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, was three times prime minister during the closing years of Queen Victoria's reign. The city of Salisbury, Rhodesia was named for him, he is known for putting members of his family into the government while prime minister. As his first name was Robert, this habit is sometimes said to have given rise to the popular expression'Bob's your uncle'. During World War II, Hatfield House was the location of the first Civil Resettlement Unit and acted as headquarters for the scheme. CRUs were created to help repatriated British prisoners of war transition back to civilian life and the luxurious setting of Hatfield was considered beneficial to these men. On 12 July 1945, the king and queen visited the CRU at Hatfield, which generated significant news coverage; the Gardens, covering 42 acres, date from the early 17th century and were laid out by John Tradescant the elder. Tradescant visited Europe and brought back trees and plants that had never been grown in England.
The gardens included orchards, scented plants, water parterres, herb gardens and a foot maze. They were neglected in the 18th century, but restoration began in Victorian times and continues under the present Dowager Marchioness of Salisbury. During World War I, the grounds were used to test the first British tanks. An area was dug with trenches and craters and covered with barbed-wire to represent no man's land and German trench lines on the Western Front. To commemorate this, the only surviving Mark I tank was sited at Hatfield from 1919 to 1970 before being moved to The Tank Museum, Bovington; the Rhodesian Light Infantry Regimental Association has placed its'Troopie' memorial statue on the grounds of Hatfield House due to the long association of the Cecil family with Southern Rhodesia. Around its base is a roll of regimental members who fell in the Rhodesian Bush War and several inscriptions, including'In reconciliation and hope for future peace in Zimbabwe'; the State Rooms can be seen in the midweek guided tours and visitors can look around in their own time at weekends.
On Friday, the Garden Connoisseur's Day, the house is open for guided tours and pre-booked specialist groups. There are five miles of marked trails; the hall and staircase were used in the 1984 film Greystoke: The Legend of Lord of the Apes. Portions of the house and exterior were used in the 1992 film Orlando, starring Tilda Swinton as Orlando, Billy Zane as Marmaduke Bonthrop Shelmerd
Francis Ronald Reiss is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as an auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Detroit until Pope Francis accepted his resignation on November 11, 2015. Francis Reiss was born in Michigan, to Joseph and Emily Reiss; the oldest of the three children, he has a sister and brother, John. He attended St. Stephen Elementary School and St. Andrew High School before entering Sacred Heart Seminary, where he obtained a Bachelor's degree in Philosophy in 1962, he studied at St. John Provincial Seminary in Plymouth. Reiss was ordained to the priesthood by Archbishop John Dearden on June 4, 1966, he did his postgraduate studies at the University of Detroit, earning a Master's degree in Religious Studies and a Master's in Education. He received a Master's in Divinity from St. John Provincial Seminary in 1974, a Licentiate of Canon Law from the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 1984. Reiss served as campus minister at the University of Michigan and at Henry Ford Community College, dean of admissions and academic dean of the School of Theology at Sacred Heart Seminary.
He served as defender of the bond on Archdiocesan Metropolitan Tribunal, director of the Archdiocesan Department of Education, Archdiocesan Vicar of the Southland Vicariate. He served as pastor of Holy Ghost Parish in St. Mary Parish in Port Huron, Ss. Peter and Paul Parish in Detroit's Westside, St. Frances Cabrini Parish in Allen Park. On July 7, 2003, Reiss was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Detroit and Titular Bishop of Remesiana by Pope John Paul II, he received his episcopal consecration on the following August 12 from Adam Cardinal Maida, with Edmund Cardinal Szoka and Walter Schoenherr serving as co-consecrators. He selected as his episcopal motto: "In Christo Omnia", he was diagnosed with esophageal cancer in 2008 and it has been in remission since 2009. He submitted his resignation as bishop as required on his 75th birthday, Pope Francis accepted it that day. Archdiocese of Detroit Catholic-Hierarchy United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit Official Site
Pablo Rodríguez Flores is a Spanish retired professional footballer who played as a left winger. Rodríguez arrived at Valencia CF from local giants Sporting de Gijón, going on to compete several seasons with the reserves, he made his debut with the first team on 8 April 1978 in a 7–0 home routing of Rayo Vallecano, but would only appear in ten La Liga games in his first two seasons combined. In the following four years, Rodríguez was a important attacking unit for the Che, playing an average of 21 league matches, he contributed with six appearances and one goal as the club won the 1980 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, including the full 120 minutes in the final against Arsenal, where he converted his penalty shootout attempt. Rodríguez retired in June 1986 at the age of 31, after one-season spells with UD Salamanca and Levante UD. Valencia Copa del Rey: 1978–79 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 1979–80 UEFA Super Cup: 1980 Pablo Rodríguez at BDFutbol CiberChe stats and bio