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Hattah-Kulkyne National Park

The Hattah-Kulkyne National Park is a national park in the Mallee district of Victoria, Australia. The 48,000-hectare national park is situated adjacent to the Murray River 417 kilometres northwest of Melbourne with the nearest regional centre being Mildura; the national park was proclaimed on 7 June 1960 and is a popular destination for bushwalkers and school camping trips. The park is in the Mallee district, famous for its red dirt and semi-arid shrub-like vegetation eucalypts. There are several lakes in the area, the largest of, Lake Hattah. During the dry season most of the lakes and their streams dry out completely. Although there are limited road and tracks, there are several major high tension power and telegraph lines that run through or near the park, around which large areas are cleared. For management purposes, the Hattah-Kulkyne National Park is managed with the Murray-Sunset National Park, Wyperfeld National Park, Lake Albacutya Park and Murray-Kulkyne Park as part of the Victorian Mallee Parks.

Over 200 bird species have been recorded in the park, overlapped by the Murray-Sunset and Annuello Important Bird Area, so identified by BirdLife International because it contains mallee habitat supporting a suite of threatened mallee bird, including the malleefowl, black-eared miner and mallee emu-wren. Protected areas of Victoria Hattah-Kulkyne and Murray-Kulkyne Biosphere Reserve "Hattah Lakes". Environmental sites in the Basin. Murray-Darling Basin Authority. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014

The 3rd Wish: To Rock the World

The 3rd Wish: To Rock the World sometimes just called The 3rd Wish is the fourth solo studio album by American hip hop recording artist SPM. It was released on November 1999 via Dope House Records; the 3rd Wish was a Houston area hit, with the single "High So High" gaining much local buzz and charting at #50 on the Billboard Hot Rap Tracks chart. The 3rd Wish is Coy's first album to chart, peaking at #89 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums with 60,000 copies sold in the first week released; this lead to SPM signing a joint venture between his label and Universal Music Group in 2000 which earned him a $500,000 advance and national distribution. "Rapper SPM acknowledges a past as a drug dealer, that former occupation continues to inform his approach to his current career, from the name of his record label, Dope House, to the subject matter of his raps. His is a world of crime and retribution, expressed in language laced with the usual epithets and expletives; the raps are slower and more deliberate, the music more melodic than most other rap, there are occasional surprises.'Land of The Lost' is a melodramatic narrative that looks back with regret, while'Miss Perfect' is a love rap, an unabashed tribute to SPM's wife.

Like other rap label heads, the artist uses his own albums to introduce other rappers on his label. In fact, the album is a label sampler, featuring 23 rappers and groups in addition to SPM himself and containing tracks from upcoming Dope House releases. Four of the 16 tracks don't feature the artist, he remains the most distinctive presence on the album, his perspective, while including much of the standard-issue opinions and expressions of the genre, is individual enough to be distinctive." ~ William Ruhlman The 3rd Wish To Rock The World at Discogs

Nicholas Tarling

Peter Nicholas Tarling was a historian and author. He specialised in Southeast Asian history, wrote on 18th- and 19th-century Malaysia, North Borneo and Laos regarding foreign involvement in those countries. Nicholas Tarling was born on 1 February 1931 in Iver, Buckinghamshire and obtained his secondary education at St. Albans School; as an undergraduate at Christ's College, Cambridge, he was supervised by, among others, Sir John H. Plumb, he earned his PhD at Cambridge, supervised by Dr Victor Purcell. In 1957 he took up a teaching post at the University of Queensland in Gordon Greenwood's Department of History and Political Science. There, he taught courses in both Asian history. During those years he visited Southeast Asia and the US, published three books: a revised version of his thesis. In 1965 Tarling was appointed associate professor at the University of Auckland in New Zealand, in 1968 he became a full professor, still as a European and Asian history teacher, he held posts as Dean of the Faculty of Arts, Chairman of the Deans Committee, Deputy Vice-Chancellor.

He served on a number of inter-university and government committees. He was the founder and president of the New Zealand Asian Studies Society and had two terms as President of the Association of University Teachers of New Zealand, his interest in the arts led to his appointment to Queen Elizabeth II Arts Council, to the chairmanship of the Symphonia of Auckland, to a directorship of Opera New Zealand. He served for many years as University Orator, he retired in 1996. He was a Fellow of the New Zealand Asia Institute and served for a while as director of the institute and of the International Office, he was a visiting Professor at University of Brunei Darussalam and honorary professor at University of Hull. He was awarded the Cambridge Litt. D. in 1974 and given an honorary Litt. D. by the University of Auckland in 1996. In the 1996 Queen's Birthday Honours, Tarling was appointed a Member of the New Zealand Order of Merit for services to historical research and the arts. Tarling died on 13 May 2017.

Tarling edited fifteen. Those in Asian history include Britain, the Brookes and Brunei and Sabah, The Burthen, The Risk and the Glory, The Fourth Anglo-Burman War, he edited The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia. In retirement he has completed a trilogy on British policy in Southeast Asia during the Pacific War, the Cold War and the Korean War, published a book on the Japanese interregnum, A Sudden Rampage. A second trilogy, on imperialism and regionalism in Southeast Asia, is complete, he published books on university policy, including one on overseas students, on opera. Tarling, Nicholas. Anglo-Dutch rivalry in the Malay world, 1780–1824. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1962. Tarling, Nicholas. Sulu and Sabah: a study of British policy towards the Philippines and North Borneo from the late eighteenth century. Kuala Lumpur. ISBN 019580337X Butterworth, Ruth. A Shakeup Anyway: Government and the Universities in New Zealand in a Decade of Reform. Auckland University Press. ISBN 1869401034. Tarling, Nicholas.

Historians and Southeast Asian history. Auckland, N. Z.: New Zealand Asia Institute, University of Auckland, c2000. ISBN 0-908689-66-7 Tarling, Nicholas. History Boy: a memoir. Wellington, N. Z.: Dunmore Publishing, 2009. ISBN 978-1-877399-45-9 Tarling, Nicholas; the State and Identity in Multi-ethnic Societies: Ethnicity and the Nation. London: Routledge, 2010. ISBN 978-0-415-58691-7 Tarling, Nicholas. Orientalism and The Operatic World. 2015. Blussé, Leonard. "A Gentle Man of Many Talents: An Interview with Nicholas Tarling". Itinerario. 38: 7–12. Doi:10.1017/S016511531400031X

Hammadid dynasty

The Hammadid dynasty was a Sanhaja Berber dynasty that ruled an area corresponding to north-eastern modern Algeria between 1008 and 1152. Its realm was conquered by the Almohad Caliphate; the Hammadid dynasty's first capital was at Qalaat Beni Hammad. It was founded in 1007, is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site; when the area was sacked by the Banu Hilal tribe, the Hammadids moved their capital to Béjaïa in 1090. In 987 and 989, al-Mansur ibn Buluggin, the emir of the Berber Zirid dynasty, appointed his uncle Hammad ibn Buluggin as governor of Ashir and western Zirid lands. Hammad subsequently defended the territory against Zenata incursions and was granted additional lands by al-Mansur's successor Badis ibn Mansur. In 1007 and 1008, forces under Hammad left Ashir and built a new citadel-capital, Qalaat Beni Hammad, in M'Sila Province in the Hodna Mountains. In 1014, Hammad declared his independence from Zirid suzerainty and switched his spiritual allegiance from the Shi'a Fatimid caliphs to the Sunni Abbasid caliphs of Baghdad.

The Zirids failed to quash the rebellion and recognized Hammadid legitimacy in 1017, in a peace with al-Mu'izz, sealed by Hammad's son and successor, Qaid ibn Hammad. Al-Mu'izz subsequently broke with the Fatimid and changed his allegiance to the Abbasids. Amidst the chaos, the Hammadids reverted their allegiance to the Fatimids and managed to negotiate an alliance with the Bedouin tribes. Although the Hammadids and Zirids entered into an agreement in 1077 in which Zirid ruler Tamim's daughter married into the Hammadids, this did not end the rivalry between the dynasties. A common pattern was for Hammadids and Zirids to support "rival coalitions of Arab tribes to fight their proxy wars." The Hammidid–Zirid rivalry influenced the choice of which caliph to recognize. Whenever the Zirids recognized one of two rival caliphs, the Hammadids would declare their submission to the other. Buluggin ibn Muhammad, a subsequent Hammadid ruler, invaded Morocco and took Fez, but was forced to retreat against the Almoravid forces of Yusuf ibn Tashfin.

Almoravid conquests between 1062 and 1082 extended their lands across western Algeria. Al-Nasir ibn Alnas became the new emir; the Hammadid empire peaked during al-Nasir's reign. The early parts of his reign was marked by the development of Béjaïa from a small fishing village into a larger, fortified town. Renamed al-Nasiriya in honor the emir, Bougie developed into a sophisticated trading city. In the 11th century, the Hammadids came under increasing pressure from the Banu Hilal, who had settled in the Plains of Constantine and threatened Qalaat Beni Hammad. While allied to the Bedouins, the Hammadids became their puppets, allocating half of their harvest yields to them and buying off tribemen in order to secure the safety of trade routes. Over time, Qalaat Beni Hammad was eclipsed by Bougie. In 1090, with the Banu Hilal menace rising, the Hammadids moved their capital to Bougie, yielding their southern territories to the Hilalians; the Hammadids maintained control of a small but prosperous coastal territory between Ténès and La Calle.

E. J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam states that the Qalaat Beni Hammad "was not abandoned by al-Mansur and he embellished it with a number of palaces; the Hammadid kingdom had therefore at this point two capitals joined by a royal road."During the reign of al-Mansur's son Abd al-Aziz ibn Mansur, Bougie had about 100,000 people, the Hammadids consolidated their power in the city. The dynasty suffered a decline after this point. However, Abd al-Aziz did capture Jerba; the last dynastic emir was Yahya ibn Abd al-Aziz. Yahya repulsed Bedouin incursions and subdued uprisings by Berber clans, but during his reign the Genoese raided Bougie and the Kingdom of Sicily occupied the settlement of Djidjelli and destroyed a pleasure palace, build there. In 1144 and 1145, Yahya dispatched Hammadid forces to join the Almoravids in fighting the Berber Almohads, led by Almohad Caliph Abd al-Mu'min. In 1151 -- 52, Abd al-Mu ` marched against the Hammadids; the Almohads took Algiers and captured Bougie the same year, crushing Hammadids forces at the gates of the city.

This marked a major military triumph for Abd al-Mu'min. Yahya surrendered several months later, he died in comfortable exile in Salé, Morocco, in 1163. Abd al-Mu'min enslaved the women and children of Hammadid loyalists who had fought against him, but did not sack Bougie because the city had willingly surrendered; some 30 years after the collapse of the Hammadids, the dynasty had a brief revival in 1184, when'Ali ibn Ghaniya—a member of the Ban

1939 New Zealand rugby league tour of Great Britain and France

The 1939 New Zealand rugby league tour of Great Britain and France was a scheduled tour by the New Zealand national rugby league team of Europe between September and December 1939. After arriving in the United Kingdom in August 1939, the tour was abandoned after one match had been played due to the outbreak of the Second World War. In October 1938 the British Rugby Football League invited the New Zealand Rugby League to send a team to tour Britain during the latter part of 1939; the RFL suggested that the side visit France as well and offered to help with arrangements for the French leg. At a special meeting of the New Zealand League Council in November 1938 both offers were accepted. After trial games a squad of 26 players was finalised on 13 July 1939. J. A. Redwood and G. Grey Campbell were named as the co-managers of the team but Grey Campbell withdrew due to ill-health and was replaced by R. Doble of the Auckland Rugby League. Canterbury forward Rex King was named captain of the team; the squad sailed from Wellington on 27 July 1939 onboard the RMS Rangitiki and arrived in London on 29 August 1939.

Arriving at the Beechwood Hotel, Harrogate – the squad's base for the tour – on 31 August the team tried to maintain a normal attitude in the face of the deteriorating political situation around them but acknowledged that the situation was liable to change at any time and in an interview, Doble volunteered the services of the team to help with air raid precautions in the Harrogate area. The first game of the tour took place as planned on 2 September as the tourists beat St Helens 19–3 in front of a crowd of 5,000 at Knowsley Road, but the declaration of war by Britain against Germany the following morning meant a review of the tour's viability. An emergency meeting of the RFL tour sub-committee attended by the New Zealand managers on 5 September concluded that no further matches were possible and "the only course was to endeavour to arrange for the return of the party to New Zealand at the earliest possible moment". With the tour abandoned the remaining fixtures were all cancelled but while awaiting a ship home permission was given for the game against Dewsbury to take place on 9 September.

Despite being announced at short notice the game was watched by 6,200 and the tourists won 22–10 to end the tour with a 100% winning record. Through the intervention of the New Zealand High Commissioner in London, Bill Jordan, the team were able to return to New Zealand on-board the Ranititki – the same ship they had arrived on and arrived back in Auckland in late October; the New Zealand Rugby League established that the curtailment of the tour had led to a net loss of £3,827 to the League. The schedule of games in Britain was agreed in June 1939 and the French fixtures were to be arranged while the British part of the tour was in progress. Had the tour continued there would have been 21 games against English club sides, representative matches against Yorkshire and Cumberland, a test match against Wales and a three-test series against Great Britain

Takatōriki Tadashige

Takatōriki Tadashige is a former sumo wrestler and professional wrestler from Kobe, Japan. He made his professional debut in 1983, reaching the top division in 1990, his highest rank was sekiwake. Known for his great fighting spirit, he won 14 tournament prizes, including a record ten Kantō-shō, earned nine gold stars for defeating yokozuna ranked wrestlers, he wrestled for the successful Futagoyama stable. He was twice runner-up in top division tournaments and in March 2000, from the maegashira ranks, he unexpectedly won the yūshō or championship, he retired in 2002 and became the head coach of Ōtake stable, having married the daughter of the previous owner of the heya, the great yokozuna Taihō. However, he was dismissed from the Sumo Association in 2010 for his role in an illegal gambling scandal; as a young boy Takatōriki idolised Takanohana Kenshi and stayed with the former ōzeki and his family in Tokyo for a while. He joined Takanohana's Fujishima stable in March 1983 after leaving junior high school, where he had done judo.

Fighting under his own surname of Kamakari, he rose up the ranks rather finally becoming a sekitori in May 1989 after six years in the unsalaried divisions. Takatōriki reached the top makuuchi division in September 1990, along with future yokozuna Akebono and Wakanohana III, he won eleven bouts and the Fighting spirit prize in his top division debut, in his next tournament he defeated his first yokozuna, Ōnokuni. He had a successful year in 1991, becoming the only man in the top division to achieve a winning record in every tournament that year. On the third day of the May 1991 tournament, he defeated yokozuna Chiyonofuji, who announced his retirement that night. In July 1991 he was promoted to sekiwake, the highest rank, he won special prizes in his career, the fourth best ever. He earned seven kinboshi from Akebono, a record against one yokozuna, he was runner-up in the tournaments of March 1994 and September 1996. Towards the end of his career, in March 2000 at the age of 32, he won his only top division yūshō, or tournament title.

This win was considered a great upset as two poor performances had sent him down to maegashira 14 in the rankings, Takatōriki faced demotion from makuuchi altogether. He won his first twelve matches, though he was defeated by yokozuna Akebono and Musashimaru, he clinched the championship by beating Miyabiyama to finish on 13–2. After his final bout, confirming his tournament win, Takatōriki was visibly shaken, he was awarded his tenth Fighting Spirit Prize and third Outstanding Performance Award, was promoted to a san'yaku rank for the final time for the May 2000 tournament. In total he spent 15 tournaments at 11 at komusubi. Takatōriki fell into the jūryō division in 2001 and announced his retirement in September 2002, he did not miss a single bout during his 19-year career, finishing with 703 losses. His 1456 consecutive career matches place him third on the all-time list, after Aobajō and Fujizakura. Takatōriki's fighting style was fierce, he relied on initial powerful face slaps to stun his opponents.

He was a tsuki-oshi wrestler, thrusting to fighting on the mawashi or belt. His most common winning technique push out. However, due to his background in judo he was adept at throws, some rarely seen in the top division, he employed nichonage, the body drop down, on three occasions in makuuchi, once pulled off the spectacular amiuchi, or fisherman's net casting throw. Having married the third daughter of Taihō, Takatōriki took over the running of the former yokozuna's stable in February 2003, it was renamed Ōtake stable. It was the home of the Russian top division wrestler Rohō until he was banned from sumo in September 2008 for testing positive for marijuana. Along with five other oyakata, he was forced to leave the Nishonoseki ichimon or group of stables in January 2010 after declaring his support for his former stablemate Takanohana's unsanctioned bid to be elected to the board of directors of the Sumo Association. In June 2010 he admitted that he had been gambling illegally on baseball, after an investigation by the Sumo Association and Tokyo police prompted by articles in the tabloid weekly Shukan Shincho.

It subsequently emerged that he had been borrowing large amounts of money from ōzeki Kotomitsuki to pay gambling debts. He was gambling on a much larger scale than others implicated in the scandal, betting tens of millions of yen, knew that a bookmaker used in the gambling had links to a crime syndicate, he was expelled from the Sumo Association at a special meeting on July 4, apologised for his actions at a press conference. He received. Ōtake stable was spared having to close and was taken over by another coach at the stable, the former Dairyū. Takatoriki's status as Taihō's adopted son was voided and he divorced Taihō's daughter, he announced in September 2010 that he was opening up a yakiniku restaurant in Tokyo. In March 2011 prosecutors announced that Ōtake, as well as Kotomitsuki and 25 others involved in the scandal, would be spared indictment over gambling due to lack of implicating evidence. In 2017 Takatoriki spoke out against the controversial plan to bring casinos to Japan, he said he had become addicted to casino gambling after a foreign sumo tour and would visit foreign casinos more than ten times a year, losing nearly five mil