Hatuey Hatüey, was a Taíno cacique from the island of Hispaniola, who lived in the early sixteenth century and fled to Cuba during the Spanish conquest. He has attained legendary status for leading a group of natives in a fight against the invading Spaniards, thus becoming one of the first fighters against colonialism in the New World, he is celebrated as "Cuba's First National Hero". The 2010 film Even the Rain includes a cinematic account of Hatuey's execution. In 1511, Diego Velázquez set out from Hispaniola to conquer the island of Cuba to steal gold and Taíno as slaves. Velázquez was preceded, however, by Hatuey, who fled Hispaniola with a party of four hundred in canoes and warned some of the Native people of eastern Cuba about what to expect from the Spaniards. Bartolomé de Las Casas attributed the following speech to Hatuey, he showed the Taíno of Caobana a basket of gold and jewels, saying: Here is the God the Spaniards worship. For these they kill, they tell us, these tyrants, that they adore a God of peace and equality, yet they usurp our land and make us their slaves.

They speak to us of an immortal soul and of their eternal rewards and punishments, yet they rob our belongings, seduce our women, violate our daughters. Incapable of matching us in valor, these cowards cover themselves with iron that our weapons cannot break... The Taino chiefs in Cuba did not respond to Hatuey's message, few joined him to fight. Hatuey resorted to guerrilla tactics against the Spaniards, was able to confine them for a time, he and his fighters were able to kill at least eight Spanish soldiers. Using mastiffs and torturing the Native people for information, the Spaniards succeeded in capturing him. On February 2, 1512, he was tied to a stake and burned alive at Yara, near the present-day City of Bayamo. Before he was burned, a priest asked Hatuey if he would go to heaven. Las Casas recalled the reaction of the chief:, thinking a little, asked the religious man if Spaniards went to heaven; the religious man answered yes... The chief said without further thought that he did not want to go there but to hell so as not to be where they were and where he would not see such cruel people.

This is the honor that God and our faith have earned. The town of Hatuey, located south of Sibanicú in the Camagüey Province of Cuba, was named after the Taíno hero. Hatuey lives on in as a beer brand name. Beer has been brewed in Santiago de Cuba and sold under the Hatuey brand name since 1927 by the native Cuban company, Compañia Ron Bacardi S. A.. After nationalization of industry in 1960, brewing was taken over by Empresa Cerveceria Hatuey Santiago. Beginning in 2011, the Bacardi family again began making beers in the United States to market under the Hatuey label. Hatuey is a brand of a type of sugary, non-alcoholic malt beverage called Malta. Hatuey is a brand of soda cracker. In a 2010 film shot in Bolivia, Even the Rain, Hatuey is a main character in the film-within-the-film; the logo of the Cuban cigar and cigarette brand Cohiba is a picture of Hatuey. List of Taínos Taíno people "Hatuey". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1892


Unbowed is a 2011 South Korean courtroom drama film starring Ahn Sung-ki and Park Won-sang. It was inspired by the true story of Kim Myung-ho, a math professor, arrested for shooting a crossbow at the presiding judge of his appeal against wrongful dismissal; this was director Chung Ji-young's first film after a 13-year hiatus and it received a 13-minute ovation at its 2011 Busan International Film Festival premiere. Unbowed was produced and distributed by Aura Pictures on a low budget of ₩1.5 billion which included marketing and ₩500 million for production. Ji-yeong said making the film would not have been possible without the actors' willingness to work for little pay, commending their passion. After it was released in theaters on January 18, 2012, the outrage resonated with South Korean viewers, word of mouth turned it into an unexpected box office hit with 3.4 million tickets sold. In 1995, an untenured professor of mathematics named Kim exposes an error in the College Scholastic Ability Test, leading to the humiliation of the professors who drafted it.

A few years he is denied tenure and forced to resign despite the high quality of his research. Kim relocates to the United States for a time, but flies back to South Korea after the laws are amended to allow rejected professors to file wrongful dismissal law-suits. In 2007, with his case lost and his appeal dismissed, Kim decides to confront the appeals judge at the entrance of the judge's apartment, he brings his sporting cross-bow, which he fires at a cross-bow range as a hobby. A physical struggle ensues and Kim is arrested. However, the judge, who appears uninjured, disappears from the scene and comes out a few minutes with a minor puncture in his abdomen, is taken to the hospital. An assault against a judge is a serious crime. Meanwhile, Park, a lawyer in debt, is approached by Kim's wife to adopt the case, but the latter changes her mind when she notices that Park is an alcoholic. Kim's trial proceeds with a different lawyer but Kim pleads No Contest in response to the trial judge's apparent prejudice and dishonesty.

Now in prison, Kim hires Park on the advice of Jang, a journalist. To Park's amazement, Kim has extensively studied the law on his own and argues over how to present the case; as the appeals hearings continue, Kim confronts the judge and prosecutor over their signs of dishonesty, cites relevant laws and passages of the constitution which they have violated. With Park and Jang's assistance, he points out several loop-holes in the prosecutor's evidence and the victim's testimony; the appeals judge resigns rather than show favor to Kim's side. He is replaced by another appeals judge who does everything possible to obstruct the proceedings and protect the prosecutor though it is clear at this point that Kim never shot the victim. Rather, the victim stabbed himself minutes after Kim's arrest, his family members procured the blood-stained clothes well after he was taken to the hospital; this explains why the police never found the arrow which punctured the victim. Some citizens begin to riot and protest for Kim's innocence, while on the other hand, a judges' association demands the opposite verdict.

Park, who gives up hope, decides to pour water on the appeal's judge as a protest, which would lead to his own imprisonment, but Jang confiscates the water bottles. Around this time, Kim is raped during the night by another male inmate; the appeal is denied but Kim is given the more lenient sentence of 4 years as opposed to 10. While in prison, he continues to cite the law and to argue with the prison guards, upon his release becomes a life-long activist for judicial transparency. Ahn Sung-ki - Professor Kim Kyung-ho Park Won-sang - Lawyer Park Jun Na Young-hee - Kim Kyung-ho's wife Kim Ji-ho - Journalist Jang Eun-seo Moon Sung-keun - Judge Shin Jae-yeol Lee Geung-young - Judge Lee Tae-woo Kim Eung-soo - Judge Park Bong-joo Jin Kyung - Park Jun's wife Kim Joon-bae - Section chief Lee Park Soo-il - Prosecutor Shim Joon-bok Jung Won-joong - Park Jae-ki Han Ki-joong - President of foundation Park Gil-soo - Chairman Choi Lee Seung-hoon - Lawyer Lee When Unbowed was released on January 18, 2012, it was shown in 245 screens, the second lowest number among films released that day.

But thanks to its steady popularity, by January 24 the film was shown on 456 screens before the number decreased to 389 the next day. By January 26, the film had attracted 1.4 million admissions. According to data provided by Korean Film Council it was the third most-watched film in South Korea in the first quarter of 2012, with a total of 3.4 million admissions. The film ranked #2, but rose to #1 in the second week, grossed ₩6.8 billion in its first week of release, grossed a total of ₩24 billion after five weeks of screening. 2012 48th Baeksang Arts Awards Best Film Best Actor - Ahn Sung-ki Nomination - Best Director - Chung Ji-young Nomination - Best Screenplay - Chung Ji-young, Han Hyun-geun2012 21st Buil Film Awards Nomination - Best Actor - Ahn Sung-ki2012 32nd Korean Association of Film Critics Awards Best Actor - Ahn Sung-ki2012 49th Grand Bell Awards Nomination - Best Film Nomination - Best Director - Chung Ji-young Nomination - Best Actor - Ahn Sung-ki2012 33rd Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Director - Chung Ji-young Nomination - Best Film Nomination - Best Actor - Ahn Sung-ki2013 4th KOFRA Film Awards Best Director - Chung Ji-young Official website Unbowed on IMDb Unbowed at the Korean Movie Database Unbowed at HanCinema

Ron Stein

Ronald Arthur "Ron" Stein was an American athlete who competed at the inaugural Summer Paralympic Games held in Rome in 1960. Stein, the only child of Arthur and Edith Stein, was born on 27 September 1937 in East St. Louis, he lived in Illinois throughout his life. He attended O'Fallon Township High School, from where he graduated in 1955. During his time at school he played basketball and baseball, participated in track and field events. Following high school, Stein planned to begin workouts with the Chicago White Sox continue his education at Northwestern University. While training with the White Sox, Stein became ill with polio, he entered a rehabilitation program at the University of Illinois in 1956 and became involved in competitive wheelchair sports, including basketball and football. Stein was part of the United States team that travelled to Rome, Italy, to take part in the 1960 Summer Paralympics, the first Paralympic Games, he competed in three individual athletics events and was a part of the US wheelchair basketball squad.

Stein won gold medals in his three athletic events (club throw C, open pentathlon and shot put C. His wheelchair basketball team won a gold medal. Stein competed at the Tokyo Paralympics in 1964. In addition to defending the pentathlon, shot put and club throw titles he won in Rome, Stein set world records upon winning the javelin, with a throw of 26.70 metres, the discus, with a distance of 36.98 metres. He took gold in the wheelchair dash below T10 event, he was inducted into the Wheelchair Sports USA Hall of Fame in 1970 and the National Wheelchair Basketball Hall of Fame in 1982. He was married to Janet Stein from September 5, 1959 until his death, had three children