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Hautes-Pyrénées is a department in southwestern France. It is part of the Occitanie region; the area broadly covered by the département was known as Bigorre, a territory at times independent but part of Gascony province. Large parts of the area were held by the English after the Treaty of Brétigny, 1360. In the 16th century, it was part of the Huguenot domain of the monarchs of Navarre, brought to France by Henri IV. For its early history, see Bigorre and Gascony; the département of Hautes-Pyrénées was created at the time of the French Revolution, on 4 March 1790, through the influence of Tarbes politician Bertrand Barère, a member of the Convention. Population development since 1801: Hautes-Pyrénées consists of several distinct geographical areas; the southern portion, along the border with Spain, consists of mountains such as the Vignemale, the Pic du Midi de Bigorre, the Neouvielle and Arbizon ranges. A second area consists of low-altitude rolling hills; the Northern part of the département consists of flat agricultural land.

Hautes-Pyrénées has two small territorial exclaves—a remnant from the Middle Ages—located within the neighboring département of Pyrenees-Atlantiques. The greater Tarbes area is the economic and administrative focus of the département, while Lourdes, the second-biggest city in Hautes-Pyrénées, is dedicated exclusively to the religious pilgrimage industry. Other towns of note are Bagnères-de-Bigorre, Argelès-Gazost, Vic-en-Bigorre, Rabastens-de-Bigorre and Lannemezan; the Western Pyrenees National Park covers a significant area, includes well-known attractions such as the Cirque de Gavarnie and the Pont d'Espagne. The entire area is a favorite destination of hikers and mountain enthusiasts; the area has been known since Antiquity for its hot springs, several towns were built around these, most notably Cauterets, Luz-Saint-Sauveur and Bagnères-de-Bigorre. A notable lake in the area is Lac Bleu d'Ilhéou, southwest of Cauterets There are a number of popular ski resorts in Hautes-Pyrénées such as Barèges-La Mongie, Luz-Ardiden, Hautacam, Piau-Engaly and Saint-Lary-Soulan.

The area is a nearly-permanent fixture on the Tour de France's itinerary, with difficult passes such as the Tourmalet, the Aubisque and the Soulor. The region's premier avant-garde jazz festival is held each year in Luz-Saint-Sauveur: Jazz a Luz. Tarbes hosts an annual horse festival, a Tango festival, Tarbes en Tango. Cantons of the Hautes-Pyrénées department Communes of the Hautes-Pyrénées department Arrondissements of the Hautes-Pyrénées department Tourism & culture in Hautes-Pyrenees General Council of Hautes-Pyrénées website Prefecture website Western Pyrenees National Park Jazz a Luz Equestria Photography Panoramics 360° website


Nobottle is a hamlet in the Daventry district of the county of Northamptonshire in England. The population is included in the civil parish of Brington, it borders the Althorp estate. Nobottle used to have a 600yd rifle range, now shut by the MOD some 20 years; the Midshires Way long distance footpath passes through Nobottle. A Roman building was excavated here in 1927-9 and a hoard of 814 coins found, spanning several hundred years, but of the late 4th century. With only 13 houses, about 1/2 a mile long, Nobottle is one of the smallest hamlets in England. However, Nobottle gave its name to a Saxon Hundred, which at the time of the Domesday Book was the location of the hundred court. In 1849 the Nobottle Hundred comprised 18 parishes, with 9,000 inhabitants, though the hamlet itself only had 99 inhabitants. Nobottle is a place name in the north west corner of the map on the front endpapers of The Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien, although it is not known if the author borrowed the unusual name from the Northamptonshire hamlet

2015 Big Ten Football Championship Game

The 2015 Big Ten Football Championship Game was a college football game, played on December 5, 2015 at Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis, Indiana. It was the fifth annual Big Ten Football Championship Game and it determined the 2015 champion of the Big Ten Conference; the game featured the Michigan State Spartans, champions of the East Division, the Iowa Hawkeyes, champions of the West Division. Michigan State defeated Iowa 16–13 to win its second Big Ten Championship in three years; the winner advanced to the four-team championship playoffs. The 2015 Championship Game was the fifth in the Big Ten's 120-year history, the second to feature the conference's East and West division alignment. Iowa made its first appearance in the conference championship game, while Michigan State made its third appearance. To date, this game holds the Big Ten Football Championship Game attendance record. Iowa came into the Big Ten Championship Game with a 12–0 record and a #4 ranking in the College Football Playoff.

The Hawkeyes were led by junior QB C. J. Beathard and 2015 Big Ten Defensive Back of the Year, junior CB Desmond King, who tied the school record and led the Big Ten with 8 INT; the Hawkeyes sat atop the Big Ten West division standings wire-to-wire. They opened conference play with a hard-nosed 10-6 victory over the Wisconsin Badgers in Madison, overwhelmed the Northwestern Wildcats 40-10 in Evanston two weeks later. Iowa clinched the Big Ten West division by defeating the Purdue Boilermakers 40-20 in the home finale at Kinnick Stadium, completed an unbeaten regular season by defeating the Nebraska Cornhuskers 28-20 in Lincoln. Head coach Kirk Ferentz was named Big Ten Coach of the Year for the fourth time after guiding Iowa to its first unbeaten regular season in 93 years. Michigan State entered the Big Ten Championship Game with an 11–1 record and a #5 ranking in the College Football Playoff. On offense, the Spartans were led by Big Ten QB of the Year Connor Cook and Big Ten Receiver of the Year Aaron Burbridge.

In the trenches, Jack Allen and Jack Conklin anchored the offensive line, while Shilique Calhoun and Malik McDowell led an imposing, stingy defensive unit. The Spartans survived a dramatic regular season to capture the Big Ten East division title. On October 17, they scored on the final play of the game at rival Michigan to win 27-23. Three weeks Michigan State lost its only regular season game 39-38 at Nebraska. In a de facto East division title game, the Spartans defeated defending National champion and No. 2 Ohio State in Columbus 17-14, as kicker Michael Geiger drilled a 41-yard field goal as time expired. Michigan State, ranked fifth in the College Football Playoff rankings heading into the game, jumped to third behind Alabama. Alabama beat then-No. 18 Florida 29–15 in the SEC Championship Game on the same day. As a result, Michigan State received a bid to the national semifinal against second-seeded Alabama in the Cotton Bowl Classic. Alabama defeated Michigan State 38–0 and defeated No. 1 Clemson in the National Championship game.

Iowa fell to fifth in the CFP rankings and received a bid to the Rose Bowl where they were defeated by Stanford 45–16. List of Big Ten Conference football champions

Howard Penman

Howard Latimer Penman was a British meteorologist. He formulated Penman’s Formula, used worldwide by meteorologists and agricultural scientists to assess evaporation rates in different setups and locations in the world. With John Monteith he formulated the Penman–Monteith equation, used to calculate evapotranspiration and the need for crop irrigation. Penman was a distinguished Rothamsted Research scientist and government advisor, a well-known local figure in Harpenden. Howard Penman was born in County Durham and studied at Durham University where he graduated in Physics in 1930. While working for the British Cotton Research Association in Manchester he worked on his thesis for his Ph. D., awarded by Durham University in 1938. Bored by the work on cotton dyes he applied in 1937 for a post in the Soil Physics Department at Rothamsted Research, headed by Bernard Keen, for a salary of £320 per annum, he became interested in the records of the drain gauges, their relationship with rainfall, from these was able to estimate the rate at which water evaporated from bare soil.

From these beginnings some of his major contributions would follow. When war broke out he was recruited by the Admiralty and worked on the sound output of ships and submarines in connection with the development of acoustic mines. In 1944 he was recalled to Rothamsted to work on the physics of wet soil in preparation for the land campaign, where the progress of military vehicles would be vital. After the war he continued work on water-related topics, including irrigation needs worldwide, seasonal water balances for each catchment area in Britain. R. K. Schofield succeeded Bernard Keen in 1947, but in 1954 Schofield became head of the Chemistry Department and Penman was appointed head of the separate Physics Department. Several members of his staff were involved in meteorological projects in Africa, scientists came to be trained before taking posts in Nigeria and Uganda and elsewhere, working on the needs of tropical crops. In 1961 he served as President of the Royal Meteorological Society, he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1965.

He served on many academic and government bodies, travelled advising on reservoir projects and water needs, was awarded the O. B. E, he retired from Rothamsted in 1974, but continued to take an interest in scientific and international issues until his death in 1984. Besides his work Penman used to write humorous and satirical sketches; as a person he had a keen intellect and questioning temperament, but a fine sense of humour which showed itself in many ways, such as at the Christmas pantomimes at Rothamsted where he wrote some of the satirical sketches. With his wife Nan he was much involved with the United Nations Association and the need for international cooperation to solve the long term problems of peace and development. John Monteith in his Royal Society obituary article wrote: “By showing how classical physics can be used to solve environmental problems, Howard Penman made a unique contribution to agricultural meteorology and hydrology, his finest memorial is the formula which bears his name.”

José Augusto Delgado

José Augusto Delgado is a Brazilian Justice. Delgado was born in São José do Campestre, RN, the son of João Batista Delgado and Neuza Barbosa, he married Maria José Costa, had three sons: Magnus Augusto, Federal Judge of Rio Grande do Norte, Liane Maria and Ângelo Augusto. A graduate in law of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, he specialised in Civil Law and Commercial Law at the same university, in partnership with the Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo. Besides having been lawyer, he was: Judge Election Judge Federal Judge in Rio Grande do Norte State He has been member of Tribunal Regional Eleitoral of that State, where he has been Corregedor member of the Tribunal Regional Federal of the 5th Region, being its President, Vice-President and Corregedor member of the Tribunal Federal de Recursos Finally Justice of the Superior Tribunal de Justiça, of the Tribunal Superior Eleitoral, he was professor of Criminal Law and assistant professor of Administrative Law, Procedural Law and Tax Law of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte and professor of the Universidade Católica de Pernambuco.

Nowadays he teaches in UNICEUB at post-graduate level. Ação de Repetição de Indébito. Vox Legis,v. 14, n. 167, p. 37 – 40, nov 1982. Ação Declaratória e Medida Cautelar. Jurisprudência Brasileira, Cível e Comércio, n.89, p. 39-42, 1984. Revista da Amagis, v.2, n.3, p. 153-157, 1984. Revista Trimestral de Jurisprudência dos Estados, v.8, n.27, p. 25-29, abr./jun. 1984. Revista dos Tribunais, São Paulo, v.73, n.587, p. 273-276, set. 1984. Revista da Faculdade de Direito da UFG, v.7, n.1/2, p. 65-69, jan./dez. 1983. Revista Jurídica Lemi, n.207, p. 03-07, fev. 1985. Ação Ordinaria de Repetição de Indébito. Revista Trimestral de Jurisprudência dos Estados, v.10, n.41, p. 53-66, nov./dez.1986. Ação Ordinária de Reintegração de Posse Cumulada com a Anulação de Registro de Escrituras Públicas. Revista Trimestral de Jurisprudência dos Estados, v.44, p. 65-85, maio. 1985. Accesso à Justiça um Direito da Cidadania. Informativo Jurídico da Biblioteca Ministro Oscar Saraiva,v. 9, n. 1, p. 11 - 32, jan/jun 1997. Accesso à Justiça: Informatização do Poder Judiciário.

Boletim de Direito Administrativo, v. 12, n. p. 118-124, mar.. 1996. Accesso à Justiça e Celeridade Processual, Direito da Cidadania. Revista da OAB, Seccional Paraíba, n. 02, p. 45-61, 1988. A Administração Pública Indireta na Constituição Federal de 1988: Alguns Aspectos. Revista dos Tribunais, São Paulo, v.77, n.635, p. 56-64, set 1988. Boletim de Direito Administrativo, v.5, n.6, p. 239-248, jun 1989. Revista Trimestral de Jurisprudência dos Estados, v.13, n.60, p. 9-23, jan.1989. Paraná Judiciário, v.28, p. 13-22, 1988. Revista do Curso de Direito da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, v. n. 1/2, p. 163-177, dez. 1989. Revista Forense, v.85, n.306, p. 97-104, abr./jun. 1989. Revista AJUFE, v.8, n.24, p. 27-28, 30, 32-33, 35-37, mar./abr. 1989. Síntese Trabalhista, v. 7, n. p. 7-19, jan.. 1996. Agência Executivas, Agência Reguladoras e Organizações Sociais: Natureza Jurídica, características e distinções destes novos entes: Contratos de Gestão conferindo maior autonomia gerencial, orçamentária e financeira.

Boletim de Direito Administrativo, v. 16, n. p. 801-802, nov.. 2000. Boletim de Direito Municipal, v.16, n.12, p. 745-766, dez. 2000. Notas: Palestras, Intervenções e Debates no 6.º Seminário Nacional de Direito Administrativo Realizado em São Paulo – SP, no dia 11.11.99, promovido pela Editora NDJ Ltda. Algumas controvérsias na aplicação do processo de execuçãoO. Revista de Processo, v.7, n.27, p. 144-154, jul./set. 1982. Jurídica Vox Legis, v.15, n. 177, p. 3–12, ago. 1982. Alguns Aspectos Controvertidos no Processo de Conhecimento. Revista Trimestral de Jurisprudência dos Estados, v.14, n.83, p. 29-39, dez. 1990. Revista dos Tribunais, São Paulo, v. 80, n. p. 27-33, fev. 1991. Jurisprudência Brasileira, Cível e Comércio, n.161, p. 17-24, 1991. Revista Forense, v.86, n.311, p. 27-32, jul./set. 1990. Aplicação da Norma Constitucional. Revista da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil. Seção do Distrito Federal, n. 10, p. 119 a 131, 1981. Vox Legis, v. 13, n. 152, p. 25 a 40, ago 1981. Revista Forense, v. 78, n. 277, p. 383 a 390, jan/mar 1982.

Revista da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil: Seção do Distrito Federal, n.10, 119-131, 1981. Apreciação do Mérito dos Atos Administrativos pelo Poder Judiciário. Revista de Atualidades Forenses – 1979. A Arbitragem: Direito Processual da Cidadania. Jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça, v. n. 3, p. 15-35, mar.. 1999. A Arbitragem no Brasil: Evlução Histórica e Conceitual. Revista de Direito Renovar, n.17, p. 1-24, maio/ago. 2000. Decisório Trabalhista: Jurisprudência Trabalhista, n.113, p. 9-32, dez. 2003. Revista da Fundação Escola Superior do Ministério Público do Distrito Federal e Territórios, v.11, n.22, p. 115-147, jul./dez. 2003. Revista Forense, v.100, n.374, p. 127-142, jul./ago. 2004. Aspectos Controvertidos da Substituição Processual. Revista de Julgados, Tribunal de Alçada do Estado de Minas Gerais, v. 11, n.24/25, p. 37–51, jul./dez. 1985. Revista Forense, v. 83, n.298, p. 61–67, abr. / jun. 1987. Revista Processo, v.12, n.47, p. 7–16, jul./set. 1987. Jurisprudência Brasileira, Cível e Comércio, n.114, p. 13-21, 1986.

Revista Trimestral de Jurisprudência dos Estados, v.12, n.51, p. 15-28, abr. 1988. Aspectos Constitucionais do Direito Ambiental; as Vertentes do Direito Constitucional Contemporâneo: Estudos em Homenagem a Manoel Gonçalves Ferreira Filho, Rio de Janeiro: América Jurídica, p. 197–227, 2002. Aspectos do. Vox Legis, v.14, n.165, p. 31-41, set. 1982. Vox Juris Trabalhista, n.116, p. 3-14, ago. 1981. Revista Legislação do Trabalho e Previdência Social, v.4

Allied Chinese Ships

The terms Allied Chinese Ships and Allied China Fleet refer to 32 vessels of the Hong Kong-based China Navigation Company requisitioned by the Royal Navy and the Royal Australian Navy during World War II. Following the Battle of Singapore in early 1942, many of the requisitioned ships joined the Allied retreat to Australia. Six were acquired by the Royal Australian Navy. HMS Anking – Requisitioned 1941 as depot ship, sunk 4 March 1942 by gunfire from Japanese cruisers while evacuating to Australia. HMS Changteh – Requisitioned 1941 as a minesweeper, sunk 14 February 1942 by heavy Japanese air attack while evacuating RAF personnel to Indragiri River, with the loss of over 100 lives. Tug Chuting – Requisitioned 1941 as a minesweeper, sunk 15 February 1942 in Singapore. RFA Shengking – Requisitioned December 1941 by the Ministry of War Transport for service with the Royal Fleet Auxiliary as a supply ship in the Indian Ocean. HMS Wuchang – Requisitioned by Ministry of War Transport in Shanghai 1940, moved to Singapore for use by the RAF as a floating munitions depot.

On 11 February 1942, with Japanese forces nearing the harbour, Wuchang raised steam to evacuate her load of munitions and making for the Dutch East Indies capital of Batavia. At Batavia they took on fuel, supplies and 435 Army and RAF personnel and set out for Colombo, Ceylon. Refurbished as a RN submarine depot ship and commissioned on 12 May 1942, Wuchang served at Trincomalee until returned China Navigation Company in 1946. MV Wusueh – Requisitioned April 1941 by the Ministry of War Transport for service transporting troops around the Malayan coast. In Autumn 1941 Wusueh was converted to a hospital ship in Singapore, with its fall moved to Calcutta and was employed transporting wounded in Indian and Burmese waters, supporting the Allied effort during the Burma Campaign. Returned to CNC in 1946 and employed as a ferry in Hong Kong, it was purchased by the RN in 1950. Wusueh was renamed HMS Ladybird and refitted with extensive communications facilities at the RN Dockyard in order to undertake the role of RN HQ Ship at Sasebo, Japan during the Korean War.

With the armistice in 1953 it was once again handed back to CNC. SS Hoihow – Requisitioned 1943 as stores transport servicing Indian Ocean islands. On 2 July 1943, she was sunk 103 nautical miles north west of Mauritius by the German U-Boat U-181, killing 145 of the 149 people on board. SS Kiungchow – Requisitioned 1941. A fire broke out while unloading fuel at Tobruk on 28 November 1942 and the ship had to be scuttled in shallow water to extinguish the flames, before being raised and towed to Alexandria for repairs. Acquired by the Ministry of War Transport, the China Navigation Company continued to act as the ship's managers. SS Liangchow – Requisitioned 1941, the Liangchow was blown ashore during a storm on 8 January 1943 and wrecked at Benghazi. SS Shuntien – Requisitioned 1941 by the Ministry of War Transport for use as a Defensively Equipped Merchant Ships. On 23 December 1941, Shuntien arrived at Tobruk with supplies, before leaving for Alexandria as a part of Convoy TA5 with four escorts.

As well as her 70 crew and 18 Royal Artillery gunners manning her weapons, Shuntien carried 850–1100 German and Italian POWs. At 1910 hours, 100 nautical miles west of Alexandria, Shuntien was hit by a single torpedo fired by U-559 which blew off the stern section; the ship sank within five minutes and with her bow high in the air, preventing any boats from being launched or a distress call being sent. Over 100 survivors were picked up by HMS Salvia, another 19 were picked up by HMS Heythrop. Just over six hours at 0135 hours, HMS Salvia was hit by a torpedo fired by U-568 and broke in two, sinking a few minutes and taking all 58 crew members and all the survivors she had picked up. MV Siushan – Requisitioned May 1941 in Shanghai and towed to Singapore in October; the Siushan was lost to enemy action 15 February 1942 during the evacuation of Singapore. CommissionedHMAS Ping Wo HMAS Poyang HMAS Whang Pu HMAS YunnanVictualing Supply Issuing ShipsVSIS Changte VSIS Taipang CharteredSS ChungkingEscaped to Australia 1941, chartered to the SSSWA 1942.

Second Sino-Japanese War Wildy, Merv. "Allied Chinese Ships WWII". Archived from the original on 29 October 2003. Retrieved 24 October 2010