Hawkesbury is a town in Eastern Ontario, Canada, on the Ottawa River, near the Quebec-Ontario border. It lies on the south shore of the Ottawa River about halfway between Downtown Ottawa and Downtown Montreal in United Counties of Prescott and Russell; the Long-Sault Bridge links it to Quebec, to the north. It is located 25 km west of Quebec. Hawkesbury is touted as the third most bilingual town in Ontario, with about 70% of its inhabitants being fluent in English and French, the two official languages of Canada. 89% of the population is made up of French speaking Franco-Ontarians. Founded in 1798, Hawkesbury was named after Baron Hawkesbury. Thomas Mears and David Pattee, two Americans, entered into a partnership in 1805 to harness the power of the lower Ottawa River and built the first sawmill on the Upper Canada side of the river; the town of Hawkesbury developed around this mill. Mears built the Union, the Ottawa River's first steamer. Demand for timber during the Napoleonic Wars created a boom.
The mill complex continued to grow for at least the next half century, by 1870 it included 145 different saws and created over 35 million board feet of lumber per year. Timber and pulp-and-paper industries have been supplanted by textiles, synthetic fibres, metal extrusions, steel and plastics. Hawkesbury has become the business and service centre of the county of Prescott-Russell, although Rockland has become the largest community; the Grenville Canal on the Quebec side of the Ottawa River opposite Hawkesbury is an important link in the river's transportation system. The only interprovincial bridge between Ontario and Quebec east of Ottawa is located here. Part of Hawkesbury was submerged by the Carillon Hydro-Québec dam built between 1950 and 1962, which called for the demolition of over 300 houses in and around Hawkesbury. New developments today are happening due to baby boomers from Ottawa and area purchasing some of the many new condos in town. Hawkesbury and area are served by local media, media from Montreal and by media from Ottawa.
The town does, have two radio stations which broadcast at least from local studios in Hawkesbury. Le Carillon is a French-language newspaper that covers Hawkesbury and the Prescott-Russell region and is published by the Edition André Paquette Group. La/The Tribune Express is a bilingual French/English language newspaper that covers Hawkesbury and the Prescott-Russell region and is published by the Edition André Paquette Group; the Review is an English-language weekly newspaper that covers the Glengarry-Prescott-Russell area, which includes Hawkesbury. FM 88.9 - CIMF-1 FM 102.1 - CHPR FM 107.7 - CKHK Channel 39: CHLF-TV-2, TFO Channel 48: CICO-TV-96, TVOntario Cogeco cable 11: TVCogeco Hawkesbury is located along Prescott and Russell County Road 17, a former routing of Highway 17 and the Trans-Canada Highway with connects with Highway 417 eastwards to Montreal. Hawkesbury connects to Highway 417 westward to Ottawa through a 17-kilometer spur of Highway 34; the Long Sault Interprovincial Bridge between Hawkesbury and Grenville, Quebec means that Hawkesbury is within minutes of Highway 50 and Route 148.
The town is served by two small airports: Hawkesbury Airport Hawkesbury Airport The 2006 census found that French was the mother tongue of 77% of the population, while English was the mother tongue of 16%. A high percentage claim both French and English as their mother tongues. In 2006, this was the highest proportion in Canada. According to the 2011 census, the percentage of the population declaring French as a mother tongue grew to 78.6% while the proportion of the population declaring English as a mother tongue declined to 15.3%. The percentage claiming both French and English as their mother tongues declined below 2.00% by 2011. In parallel to the responses to the census question about ethnocultural ancestries, which are shown below, 1.0% of the population reported having an Aboriginal identity, while 3.1% reported having a visible minority status. Single responses: 42.4% of respondents gave a single response of'Canadian', while a further 25.3% identified with both'Canadian', one or more other ancestries.
13.4% of respondents gave a single response of French, 1.9% gave a single response of Irish, 1.9% gave a single response of English and 1.1% gave a single response of North American Indian. Multiple responses: Counting both single and multiple responses, the most identified ethnocultural ancestries were: Percentages are calculated as a proportion of the total number of respondents and may total more than 100% due to dual responses. All ethnocultural ancestries of more than 1% are listed in the table above according to the exact terminology used by Statistics Canada. Hawkesbury hosts many establishments in the field of education, from elementary schools to colleges and an adult campus. Elementary Schools: Paul VI* Nouvel Horizon* Secondary Schools:ESCRH* Le Sommet* Post-secondary Establishments:La Cité collégiale*elearnnetwork.ca And other educational-based establishments:Adult Campus of Hawkesbury Linda Cardinal, political scientist Dominique Demers, writer Brian Greenway, guitarist for Canadian rock bands Mashmakhan and April Wine.
Judith Guichon, Lieutenant-governor of British Columbia Bob Hartley, professional ice hockey head coach, former NHL coach. The municipal arena bears his name. Yvan Joly, former NHL player Richard Nadeau, Former federal MP of the Bloc québécois Stephen Warren, member of the Wisconsin State Assembly List of francophone communities in Ontario Town of Hawkesbury Hawkesbury Citizens' Associat
The Prior of St Andrews was the head of the property and community of Augustinian canons of St Andrews Cathedral Priory, St Andrews, Scotland. It was established by King David I in 1140 with canons from West Yorkshire, it is possible that at least, the prior of St Andrews was subordinate to the bishop as abbot, but by the 13th century the canons of St Andrews were given freedom by the bishop to elect their prior. By the end of the 13th century, the abbacy of the native canons was no longer there to challenge the position of the priory, the native canons themselves had been formed into a collegiate church; the position of prior became secularized and the priory itself carved up into lordships in the 16th century, although the core and title remained into the 17th century. The following is a list of known priors and commendators: Robert I, 1140x1144-1160 Walter I, 1160-1195 Gilbert I, 1198 Walter I, 1198x1199 Thomas I, 1199-1211 Simon, 1212-1225 Henry de Norham, x 1228-1236 John White, 1236-1258 Gilbert, 1258-1264 John de Haddington, 1264-1304 Adam Mauchan, 1304-1313 John de Forfar, 1313-1321 John de Cowrie, 1321-1340 William de Lothian, 1340-1354 Thomas Biset, 1354-1363 Stephen de Pa, 1363-1386 Robert de Montrose, 1386x1387-1394 James Biset, 1394-1416 William de Camera, 1416-1417 John Bullock, 1417-1418 James de Haldeston, 1417-1443 John Litstar, 1417-1418 William Bonar, 1443-1462 David Ramsay, 1466-1469 Walter Monypenny, 1467-1468 William Cameron, 1469-1482 Walter Monypenny, 1469 John Wallace, 1469-1471 Thomas Ruch, 1475 Walter Monypenny, 1483-1486 John Hepburn, 1483-1526 Patrick Hepburn, 1524-1538 James Stewart, 1538-1570 Robert Stewart, 1570-1586 Ludovic, Duke of Lennox, 1586-1624 Bishop of St Andrews Barrow, G.
W. S. "The Clergy at St Andrews", in G. W. S. Barrow, The Kingdom of the Scots, pp. 189–202 Cowan, Ian B. & Easson, David E. Medieval Religious Houses: Scotland With an Appendix on the Houses in the Isle of Man, Second Edition, p. 96 Duncan, A. A. M. "The Foundation of St Andrews Cathedral Priory, 1140", in The Scottish Historical Review, vol 84, pp. 1–37 Watt, D. E. R. & Shead, N. F; the Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland from the 12th to the 16th Centuries, The Scottish Records Society, New Series, Volume 24, pp. 187-92
The Standard Steam Car was an American steam car manufactured by the Standard Engineering Company of St Louis, Missouri from 1920 until 1921. Known as the Scott-Newcomb, it featured a front condenser that resembled a Rolls-Royce-shaped radiator and was similar in appearance to the Roamer; the car used kerosene for fuel. The boiler pressure was stated as 600psi but it was claimed to be able to raise a full head of steam within a minute. One touring car is known to have been built. A 3-page article from 1920 on technical aspects of the Standard Steam Car appears in Floyd Clymer's Historical Motor Scrapbook, Steam Car Edition, published in 1945. David Burgess Wise, The New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Automobiles
Mike Kernaghan is a lawn bowls competitor for New Zealand. In 2016 he won a bronze medal with Shannon McIlroy at the World Bowls Championship in the Men's Pairs competition in Christchurch before winning a gold medal in the fours with Blake Signal, Mike Nagy and Ali Forsyth. In 2020 he was selected for the 2020 World Outdoor Bowls Championship in Australia, he won a bronze medal in the men's singles at the 2002 Commonwealth Games. He competed at the 1994 Commonwealth Games, was a coach at the 1998 Commonwealth Games. Kernaghan has won four medals at the Asia Pacific Bowls Championships, including double silver in the triples and fours at the 2019 Asia Pacific Bowls Championships in the Gold Coast, Queensland, he won the 2001, 2002 and 2014/15 singles titles, the 2007 pairs title and 2013/14 fours title at the New Zealand National Bowls Championships when bowling for the Kaikorai Bowls Club
Healthy San Francisco is a health access program launched in 2007 to subsidize medical care for uninsured residents of San Francisco, California. The program's stated objective is to bring universal health care to the city. Healthy San Francisco is not a true insurance program, as it does not cover services such as dental and vision care, only covers services received in the city and county of San Francisco; the program itself acknowledges its limitations, has stated that "insurance is always a better choice." Healthy San Francisco represents the first time a local government has attempted to provide health insurance for all of its constituents. The program is open to low-income city residents over the age of 18 who do not qualify for other public coverage, who have had no insurance for at least 90 days. Eligibility is not conditional on citizenship, employment or health status; the program only pays providers within San Francisco. By July 2010 90% of the uninsured adults in San Francisco — over 50,000 people — had enrolled in Healthy San Francisco.
Prior to the implementation of Healthy San Francisco, the city's safety net health care system for the low-income and uninsured consisted of several community health clinics, a public hospital, a citywide managed care plan. In Mayor Gavin Newsom's first term, he worked to extend the city-funded health insurance program, started under Mayor Brown, to young adults, a program, offered only to children. Newsom's more ambitious plan on healthcare began to take shape in 2007. In his budget proposal for fiscal year 2007-2008, Newsom announced his intention to provide universal health care for all city residents, based on long-time City Supervisor Tom Ammiano's plan; the care would be provided through the San Francisco Health Access Plan known as Healthy San Francisco. The system planned to improve coordination between the current health care safety net, focus on preventive care, implement information technology through the use of electronic enrollment and referrals. Newsom's proposal has prompted Oakland mayor Ron Dellums and San Mateo County's Board of Supervisors to look into possibilities for providing their own taxpayer-subsidized health care.
Healthy San Francisco mandated large businesses to provide health insurance for their employees, or instead either pay into a citywide healthcare fund or contribute to employees' health savings accounts. The Golden Gate Restaurant Association filed a lawsuit seeking to overturn this policy, claiming the employer mandate conflicted with ERISA; the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals rejected their arguments in May 2009, an appeal to the U. S. Supreme Court was declined on June 29, 2010 clearing the program for continued existence for the foreseeable future; the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was implemented in 2010 and health care exchanges were established in 2013. The 2010 Affordable Care Act removed categorical eligibility for Medicaid, thus expanding the number of people who could enroll in the public insurance program; as a result, many who did not qualify for Medicaid and instead relied on Healthy San Francisco could enroll in Medi-Cal. Half of Healthy San Francisco's 60,000 patients enrolled in 2013 became eligible for Medi-Cal due to this expansion.
Another 10,000 or so Healthy San Francisco enrollees were predicted to get health insurance through the Covered California health exchange, created as part of the Affordable Care Act. A 2011 report found that the passage of the ACA could reduce Healthy San Francisco enrollment by up to 60%. Although the ACA led to many people becoming insured, there were still millions who were left without health coverage. Today in San Francisco, these patients are still eligible for Healthy San Francisco; these remaining patients include undocumented immigrants, people who have lived in the city for less than 5 years and are thus ineligible for Covered California, people whose incomes are too high above the Federal Poverty Line to qualify for Medi-Cal but not enough to afford private health insurance. Healthy San Francisco is funded by the city, the federal government, patient co-payments, fees imposed on San Francisco businesses whose owners do not follow the mandate to provide health coverage for their employees.
The Health Care Security Ordinance included a requirement that employers with more than 20 workers spend at least a minimum amount towards employee health coverage. The minimum payment for 2014 ranges depending on firm size. Employers can elect to satisfy this requirement by paying into Healthy San Francisco, in which case their workers may apply for the program; as of early May 2008, over 700 employers had decided to participate in the program. Early evidence suggest that employers are spending more on health benefits, but some are raising prices and cutting back on hiring. Healthy San Francisco costs about $140 million per year, expected to go down as the 2013-2014 health exchanges start. 94% of surveyed Healthy San Francisco enrollees reported that they were somewhat or satisfied with the health access program. More than 90% would recommend it to a friend, but only 40% of participants said their care was better since joining the program. Usage of primary and specialty care services among Healthy San Francisco enrollees was similar to that of the uninsured across the state of California.
Much of Healthy San Francisco's positive reception stems from the city's uniquely structured health care safety-net network, consisting of a conglomerate of both public and private hospit
S. John Launer, was an American television and film actor. Launer was born in Cleveland, United States. Launer appeared in 89 films and television programs between 1943 and 1977 and most of his films list him as un-credited, his first acting role was in the television series Meet Corliss Archer and his career ended with the film Billionaire Boys Club. In 1956, he performed in Calder Willingham's play End as a Man at the Players Ring Gallery in West Hollywood. A review by Jerry Pam in the Valley Times said Launer's performance was "at times, too philosophical" but that he seemed at home with children and that his end speech was "exciting". Launer's film credits include The Werewolf, I Was a Teenage Werewolf, Jailhouse Rock, The Crowded Sky and Pendulum, his television credits include Father Knows Best, The Ford Television Theatre, The George Sanders Mystery Theater, State Trooper, Dr. Kildare, The Twilight Zone, Harry O, he acted in the Gunsmoke episode "Robin Hood." Launer was injured in a stagecoach accident on the set of Laramie in 1960.
Launer, riding inside the stagecoach, received lacerations, while another actor, Bert Spencer, was harmed to the point that one of his legs required amputation. His most famous role was his nine years as a criminal court judge on Perry Mason, he was a no-nonsense judge who would put District Attorney Hamilton Burger in his place when Burger would object to Perry's line of questioning. Launer's Judge would say, "I disagree Mr. Burger. I want to hear what the witness has to say." S. John Launer at Find a Grave S. John Launer on IMDb