Hawthorne is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, United States. As of the 2010 US census, it had a population of 84,293. In 2018, the population was estimated at 86,965; the city was founded in 1905 as the "Hawthorne Improvement Company" by B. L. Harding and H. D. Lombard. Harding's daughter shared her birthday—the 4th of July, American Independence Day—with New England author Nathaniel Hawthorne, a decision was made to name the city after him. Hawthorne was once a "whites only" settlement called a sundown town. During the 1930s, signs warned African-Americans to be out of Hawthorne by sundown. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 6.1 square miles, over 99% of it land. To the north of Hawthorne is the unincorporated community of Lennox and the city of Inglewood. To the east is the unincorporated community of Athens and the city of Gardena. To the south is the unincorporated community of El Camino Village, the cities of Lawndale and Redondo Beach. Manhattan Beach is at the southwest corner of Hawthorne.
To the west is the city of El Segundo, the Los Angeles neighborhood of Westchester is to the northwest of Hawthorne. The unincorporated community of Del Aire is surrounded on three sides by the city of Hawthorne; the Century Freeway runs along the northern boundary of Hawthorne, with the LACMTA Green Line light rail line running down the center of the Century Freeway. The San Diego Freeway runs along the western boundary of Hawthorne. Major east–west streets in Hawthorne include Rosecrans Avenue, El Segundo Boulevard, Imperial Highway. Major north–south streets include Aviation Boulevard, Inglewood Avenue, Hawthorne Boulevard, Prairie Avenue, Crenshaw Boulevard, Van Ness Avenue. Hawthorne is five miles from the Los Angeles International Airport. Hawthorne comprises ZIP codes 90250 and 90251, it is in the 310 area code, except for a small portion of northeastern Hawthorne, located in the 323 area code. Hawthorne, like the rest of the Los Angeles basin, has a Mediterranean climate: On average, the warmest month is August.
The highest recorded temperature was 111 °F in 1961. On average, the coolest month is January; the lowest recorded temperature was 15 °F in 1963. Most rainfall occurs during spring. Hawthorne has a Mediterranean climate or dry-summer subtropical, enjoying plenty of sunshine throughout the year, with an average of 263 sunshine days and only 35 days with measurable precipitation annually; the period of April through November is warm to hot and dry with average high temperatures of 71–79 °F and lows of 50–62 °F. Due to the moderating effect of the ocean, temperatures are cooler than more inland areas of Los Angeles, where temperatures exceed 90 °F and reach 100 °F; the Los Angeles area is subject to the phenomena typical of a microclimate. As such, the temperatures can vary as much as 18 °F between inland areas and the coast, with a temperature gradient of over one degree per mile from the coast inland. California has a weather phenomenon called "June Gloom or May Grey", which sometimes brings overcast or foggy skies in the morning at the coast, but gives way to sunny skies by noon, during late spring and early summer.
The Los Angeles region averages 15 inches of precipitation annually, which occurs during the winter and spring with light rain showers, but sometimes as heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. On November 6, 1966, the first documented tornado touched down within city limits, it caused significant damage, ran for about one-half mile, from 132nd Street and Ramona Avenue to 140th Street and Ramona Avenue. Snowfall is rare but not impossible in the city basin; the 2010 United States Census reported that Hawthorne had a population of 84,293. The population density was 13,835.7 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Hawthorne was 27,678 White, 23,385 African American, 565 Native American, 5,642 Asian, 974 Pacific Islander, 22,127 from other races, 3,922 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44,572 persons; the Census reported that 83,754 people lived in households, 208 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 331 were institutionalized. There were 28,486 households, out of which 12,330 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,833 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,369 had a female householder with no husband present, 2,357 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 2,309 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 191 same-sex married couples or partnerships. Of the households, 7,125 were made up of individuals and 1,430 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older; the average household size was 2.94. There were 19,559 families; the population was spread out with 23,157 people under the age of 18, 9,487 people aged 18 to 24, 27,035 people aged 25 to 44, 18,395 people aged 45 to 64, 6,219 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males. There were 29,869 housing units at an average density of 4,902.7 per square mile, of which 7,623 were owner-occupied, 20,863 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%.
The Most Wonderful Moment is a 1957 Italian drama film directed by Luciano Emmer. This drama deals with natural childbirth, was described as "clinically pure, edifying and, on occasion, tenderly dramatic". Pietro, a young champion of natural childbirth, is in love with a nurse. Worried that marriage will affect his career, she participates in breathing exercises, physical training and lectures explaining the physiology of parturition. Marcello Mastroianni - Pietro Valeri Giovanna Ralli - Luisa Morelli Marisa Merlini - Margherita Rosati Bice Valori - Carla Memmo Carotenuto - Ticket collector Ernesto Calindri - Director of clinic Riccardo Garrone - Dr. Benvenuti Emilio Cigoli - Morelli Giuliano Montaldo - Don Grazini Sergio Bergonzelli - Mister Mancini Vittorio André - Prof. Grimaldi Clara Bindi - Matilde Fontana Edda Soligo - Head of home Roswita Schmidt - Marcella Novelli Franco Orsini - Dr. Redi Rolfo Micalizzi - Anselmo Masucci The Most Wonderful Moment on IMDb
Seikosha was a branch of the Japanese company Seiko that produced clocks, shutters, computer printers and other devices. It was the root of the manufacturing companies of the Seiko Group. 1881 — Kintarō Hattori opens the watch and jewelry shop "K. Hattori" in the Ginza area of Tokyo, Japan. 1892 — Seikosha is established in Tokyo as the clock manufacturing arm of K. Hattori. 1917 — K. Hattori becomes a company. 1937 — The watch production division of Seikosha is split off as Daini Seikosha Co. Ltd.. 1942 — Daiwa Kogyo, Ltd. is founded in Suwa, Nagano by Hisao Yamazaki. 1943 — Daini Seikosha establishes a factory in Suwa for manufacturing watches with Daiwa Kogyo. 1959 — Daiwa Kogyo and the Suwa Plant of Daini Seikosha merge to form Suwa Seikosha Co. Ltd. 1961 — Shinshu Seiki Co. Ltd. is established as a subsidiary of Suwa Seikosha. 1970 — Seikosha is split off from K. Hattori & Co. Ltd. and Seikosha Co. Ltd. is incorporated. 1982 — K. Hattori & Co. Ltd. is renamed Hattori Seiko Co. Ltd. 1982 — Shinshu Seiki is renamed Epson Corporation.
1983 — Daini Seikosha is renamed Seiko Instruments & Electronics Ltd. 1985 — Suwa Seikosha and Epson merge to form Seiko Epson Corporation. 1990 — Hattori Seiko Co. Ltd. is renamed Seiko Corporation. 1996 — Seikosha Co. Ltd. is divided into Seiko Precision Inc. and Seiko Clock Inc. 1997 — Seiko Instruments & Electronics is renamed Seiko Instruments Inc. 2007 — Seiko Corporation is renamed Seiko Holdings Corporation. 1 October 2009 — Seiko Instruments becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of Seiko Holdings. Seikosha website Seiko Holdings Corporation Seiko Clock Inc. Seiko Precision Inc. Seiko Instruments Inc. Seiko Epson Corporation