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Head-mounted display

A head-mounted display is a display device, worn on the head or as part of a helmet, that has a small display optic in front of one or each eye. An HMD has many uses including gaming, aviation and medicine. Virtual reality headsets are HMDs combined with IMUs. There is an optical head-mounted display, a wearable display that can reflect projected images and allows a user to see through it. A typical HMD has one or two small displays, with lenses and semi-transparent mirrors embedded in eyeglasses, a visor, or a helmet; the display units are miniaturized and may include cathode ray tubes, liquid-crystal displays, liquid crystal on silicon, or organic light-emitting diodes. Some vendors employ multiple micro-displays to increase total field of view. HMDs differ in whether they can display only computer-generated imagery, or only live imagery from the physical world, or combination. Most HMDs can display only a computer-generated image, sometimes referred to as virtual image; some HMDs can allow a CGI to be superimposed on real-world view.

This is sometimes referred to mixed reality. Combining real-world view with CGI can be done by projecting the CGI through a reflective mirror and viewing the real world directly; this method is called optical see-through. Combining real-world view with CGI can be done electronically by accepting video from a camera and mixing it electronically with CGI. An optical head-mounted display uses an optical mixer, made of silvered mirrors, it can reflect artificial images, let real images cross the lens, let a user look through it. Various methods have existed for see-through HMD's, most of which can be summarized into two main families based on curved mirrors or waveguides. Curved mirrors have been used by Laster Technologies, by Vuzix in their Star 1200 product. Various waveguide methods have existed for years; these include diffraction optics, holographic optics, polarized optics, reflective optics. Major HMD applications include military and civilian-commercial. In 1962, Hughes Aircraft Company revealed the Electrocular, a compact CRT, head-mounted monocular display that reflected a TV signal in to transparent eyepiece.

Ruggedized HMDs are being integrated into the cockpits of modern helicopters and fighter aircraft. These are fully integrated with the pilot's flying helmet and may include protective visors, night vision devices, displays of other symbology. Military and firefighters use HMDs to display tactical information such as maps or thermal imaging data while viewing a real scene. Recent applications have included the use of HMD for paratroopers. In 2005, the Liteye HMD was introduced for ground combat troops as a rugged, waterproof lightweight display that clips into a standard U. S. PVS-14 military helmet mount; the self-contained color monocular organic light-emitting diode display replaces the NVG tube and connects to a mobile computing device. The LE has see-through ability and can be used as a standard HMD or for augmented reality applications; the design is optimized to provide high definition data under all lighting conditions, in covered or see-through modes of operation. The LE has a low power consumption, operating on four AA batteries for 35 hours or receiving power via standard Universal Serial Bus connection.

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency continues to fund research in augmented reality HMDs as part of the Persistent Close Air Support Program. Vuzix is working on a system for PCAS that will use holographic waveguides to produce see-through augmented reality glasses that are only a few millimeters thick. Engineers and scientists use HMDs to provide stereoscopic views of computer-aided design schematics. Virtual reality, when applied to engineering and design, is a key factor in integration of the human in the design. By enabling engineers to interact with their designs in full life-size scale, products can be validated for issues that may not have been visible until physical prototyping; the use of HMDs for VR is seen as supplemental to the conventional use of CAVE for VR simulation. HMDs are predominantly used for single-person interaction with the design, while CAVEs allow for more collaborative virtual reality sessions. Head Mounted Display systems are used in the maintenance of complex systems, as they can give a technician a simulated x-ray vision by combining computer graphics such as system diagrams and imagery with the technician's natural vision.

There are applications in surgery, wherein a combination of radiographic data is combined with the surgeon's natural view of the operation, anesthesia, where the patient vital signs are within the anesthesiologist's field of view at all times. Research universities use HMDs to conduct studies related to vision, balance and neuroscience; as of 2010, the use of predictive visual tracking measurement to identify mild traumatic brain injury was being studied. In visual tracking tests, a HMD unit with eye tracking ability shows an object moving in a regular pattern. People without brain injury are able to track the moving object with smooth pursuit eye movements and correct trajectory. Low-cost HMD devices are available for use with entertainment applications. One of the first commercially available HMDs was the Forte VFX1, announced at Consumer Electronics Show in 1

Julio César Benítez

Julio César Benítez Amodeo was an Uruguayan footballer, known for his time in FC Barcelona from 1961 until his surprising death in 1968. Benítez was a defender, appreciated for his physical strength, technique with the ball and powerful shot, his rivalry with Francisco Gento, Real Madrid player, helped. Benítez started his football career at the age of 16, in Racing Club de Montevideo playing in the Uruguayan first division. In 1959 he played for Real Valladolid, a year he moved to Real Zaragoza. In his time with these teams he established himself as a great player. Benítez moved to FC Barcelona in August 1961. In Barcelona he played in several positions in midfield and in attack, but he became fixated as a fullback after a short while. With Barcelona he won Copa del Generalísimo in 1963 and Inter Cities Fairs Cup in 1966, he died on April 6, 1968 in Barcelona, three days before a critical game in the Camp Nou against Real Madrid. The cause of his death was eating spoiled seafood, which resulted in gastroenteritis and his death.

His death attracted huge attention to Spanish football in general and Barcelona in particular. 150,000 fans of FC Barcelona were present at his funeral in the Camp Nou, two days before the game. Benítez was buried in a cemetery near Camp Nou in April 8; the Royal Spanish Football Federation decided not to cancel the game, but just put if off by two days. Benítez's last words were "Come on friends, let's win Madrid 2-0!". However, his teammate could not cope psychologically with his death and devote him a win in the game, the game ended in a 1-1 draw. On July 11, 1968 Barcelona beat Real Madrid in the cup final, the win was dedicated in memory of Benítez; the cup title was included in the list of titles won by Benítez, as a dedication to his contribution to the team. "Forty years since the passing of Benítez", at the official website of FC Barcelona

Fulco Luigi Ruffo-Scilla

Fulco Luigi Ruffo-Scilla was a Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church. He was elevated in 1891. Ruffo-Scilla was born in Sicily, he was the son of Fulco Ruffo, 9th Prince of Scilla, Eleonora Galletti. He was educated at the Roman Seminary where he received a licentiate in theology on 3 September 1860, he was ordained a priest of 20 September 1892 in Rome. He continued his studies, receiving a licentiate in utroque iure on 15 July 1864, he was appointed a Domestic prelate of His Holiness on 13 March 1868 by Pope Pius IX. He was advanced to the level of Protonotary apostolic ad instar participantium on 26 March 1873, he was appointed as archbishop of Chieti-Vasto. He was consecrated on 6 January 1878, he was named an Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, on 21 June 1881. He was transferred to the titular see of Petra and appointed nuncio to the Kingdom of Bavaria on 23 May 1887, he was created and proclaimed Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Traspontina in the consistory of 14 December 1891 by Pope Leo XIII, he was appointed as Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, succeeding Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro on 18 May 1894, holding the post until 18 March 1895.

He died at the age of 55 on 29 May 1895

Know India Programme

Know India Programme abbreviated as KIP is a government initiative by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India for the Indian diaspora between the age group of 18 to 30 years. It was launched on 8 January 2014, on the occasion of Pravasi Bharatiya Divas in New Delhi; the purpose of the Know India Programme is to help Persons of Indian Origin youths familiarize with their roots and contemporary India and provide them an exposure to the country of their origin. From 2016, six KIPs a year are being organised; the substance of the programme broadly includes the following: Presentations on India, political process, developments in various sectors Interaction with faculty and students at a prestigious University/College/Institute Presentation on the industrial development and visits to some Industries Visit a village to better understand the typical village life of India Exposure to Indian media Interaction with non-governmental organizations and organizations dealing with women affairs Visit places of historical importance and monuments Taking part in Cultural programmes Exposure to Yoga Call on high dignitaries, which may include President of India, Chief Election Commissioner of India and Auditor General of India, Ministers in-charge of The Ministry, Youth Affairs and Sports Visit a select state in India for 10 days Official website Government Introduces "Know India Programme" for NRI and PIO Youth on Press Information Bureau

Leitchville Gunbower Football Club

The Leitchville Gunbower Football Club, known as the Bombers, is an Australian Rules Football club which has competed in the HDFL since 2010. The Bombers won their first HDFL premiership in 2017, defeating North Bendigo, after losing the two preceding grand finals to the Bulldogs. In 1995 the Leitchville Maroons merged with the Gunbower Demons to form the Leitchville Gunbower Football Club. Both clubs had a long association in the Cohuna base Northern District Football League. In 1990 the Northern Districts FL merged with the Echuca FL to form the Northern and Echuca Football League; this league lasted for seven seasons before disbanding. In 1997 the club moved to the North Central Football League. After their five year agreement was up they left for the geographically closer Central Murray Football League, their time in the CMFL was not successful as they made the finals only once in 2007. The club searched for another competition, a step down to what they had been competing in. In 2010 the club joined the HDFL, success was not having collected the Wooden Spoon in 2012 but improvement occurred.

Leitchville Gunbower competed in four consecutive grand finals in 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018, winning its first premiership in the 2017 season since joining the HDFL in 2010, beating North Bendigo. In 2018 the Bombers made it back-to-back premierships; because of the small sized football league rivalries are few and far between and most teams aren't overly aggressive towards another team, however One of Leitchville Gunbower's biggest rivals has to be Lockington Bamawm United as they are the close geographically to LG but they have been in the league a short time as well. One of their other big rivals is North Bendigo. Grand Finals History of Football in the Bendigo District – John Stoward – ISBN 978-0-9805929-1-7

Diary of a Housewife

Diary of A Housewife is a short film directed by Vinod Sukumaran. The screenplay is by Mohan Raghavan; the cinematographer of the film is Santosh Thundiyil, one of India's top cinematographers today. The film won the National Film Award for Best First Non-feature Film of a Director in 2002; this film focuses on philosophical crisis of war. Through a young wife, it deals with philosophy of war, the hopes and expectations related with it; the film evolves around three female characters. Inaugural Film of Indian Panorama at International Film Festival of India held in New Delhi. Asian Cinema Section of Commonwealth Film Festival, Manchester River to River Florence-India Film Festival in Italy 2002 Competition Section of Mumbai International Film festival World Cinema Section of International Film Festival of Kerala National Film Festival organized by Kerala State Chalachitra Academy