The head louse is an obligate ectoparasite of humans that causes head lice infestation. Head lice are wingless insects spending their entire lives on the human scalp and feeding on human blood. Humans are the only known hosts of this specific parasite, while chimpanzees host a related species, Pediculus schaeffi. Other species of lice infest most orders of mammals and all orders of birds, as well as other parts of the human body. Lice differ from other hematophagic ectoparasites such as fleas in spending their entire lifecycle on a host. Head lice cannot fly, their short, stumpy legs render them incapable of jumping, or walking efficiently on flat surfaces; the non-disease-carrying head louse differs from the related disease-carrying body louse in preferring to attach eggs to scalp hair rather than to clothing. The two subspecies are morphologically identical, but do not interbreed, although they will do so in laboratory conditions. From genetic studies, they are thought to have diverged as subspecies about 30,000–110,000 years ago, when many humans began to wear a significant amount of clothing.
A much more distantly related species of hair-clinging louse, the pubic or crab louse infests humans. It is visually different from the other two species and is much closer in appearance to the lice which infest other primates. Lice infestation of any part of the body is known as pediculosis. Head lice have been, still are, subject to various eradication campaigns. Unlike body lice, head lice are not the vectors of any known diseases. Except for rare secondary infections that result from scratching at bites, head lice are harmless, they have been regarded by some as a cosmetic rather than a medical problem. Head lice infestations may be beneficial in helping to foster a natural immune response against lice which helps humans in defense against the far more dangerous body louse, capable of transmission of dangerous diseases. Like other insects of the suborder Anoplura, adult head lice are small, dorsoventrally flattened, wingless; the thoracic segments are fused, but otherwise distinct from the head and abdomen, the latter being composed of seven visible segments.
Head lice are grey in general, but their precise color varies according to the environment in which they were raised. After feeding, consumed blood causes the louse body to take on a reddish color. One pair of antennae, each with five segments, protrudes from the insect's head. Head lice have one pair of eyes. Eyes are present in all species within the Pediculidae, but are reduced or absent in most other members of the Anoplura suborder. Like other members of the Anoplura, head lice mouth parts are adapted for piercing skin and sucking blood; these mouth parts are retracted into the insect's head except during feeding. Six legs project from the fused segments of the thorax; as is typical in the Anoplura, these legs are short and terminate with a single claw and opposing "thumb". Between its claw and thumb, the louse grasps the hair of its host. With their short legs and large claws, lice are well adapted to clinging to the hair of their host; these adaptations leave them incapable of jumping, or walking efficiently on flat surfaces.
Lice can climb up strands of hair quickly, allowing them to move and reach another host. Seven segments of the louse abdomen are visible; the first six segments each have a pair of spiracles. The last segment contains the genitalia. In male lice, the front two legs are larger than the other four; this specialized pair of legs is used for holding the female during copulation. Males are smaller than females and are characterized by a pointed end of the abdomen and a well-developed genital apparatus visible inside the abdomen. Females are characterized by two gonopods in the shape of a W at the end of their abdomens. Like most insects, head lice are oviparous. Females lay about four eggs per day. Louse eggs or nits, are attached near the base of a host hair shaft. Egg-laying behavior is temperature dependent and seeks to place the egg in a location that will be conducive to proper embyro development. In cool climates, eggs are laid within 3–5 mm of the scalp surface. In warm climates, the tropics, eggs may be laid 6 inches or more down the hair shaft.
To attach an egg, the adult female secretes a glue from her reproductive organ. This glue hardens into a "nit sheath" that covers the hair shaft and large parts of the egg except for the operculum, a cap through which the embryo breathes; the glue was thought to be chitin-based, but more recent studies have shown it to be made of proteins similar to hair keratin. Each egg about 0.8 mm in length. They are bright and tan to coffee-colored so long as they contain an embryo, but appear white after hatching. Head lice hatch six to nine days after oviposition. After hatching, the louse nymph leaves behind its egg shell, still attached to the hair shaft; the empty egg shell remains in place until physically removed by abrasion or the host, or until it disintegrates, which may take 6 or more months. The term nit refers to young louse. With respect to eggs, this rather broad definition includes the following: Accordingly, on the head of an infested individual, these eggs could be found: Viable eggs that will hatch Remnants of already-hatched eggs
Flemming Delfs is a former Danish badminton player who won Danish national and international championships from the early 1970s to the early 1980s. Delfs is noteworthy for winning men's singles at the first IBF World Championships held in Malmö, Sweden in 1977, he dominated that same 1976/1977 season by winning nearly all other noteworthy tournaments, including the All-England Championships. Delfs won three consecutive European men's singles titles in 1976, 1978, 1980, he played on all four Danish Thomas Cup teams between 1972 and 1982, two of which reached the championship round before losing to Indonesia. Tall, with an elegant style and powerful backhand, Delfs was a impressive player at his best, but had difficulty in the hot, humid conditions he encountered in the Far East. After ending his active career, Delfs became CEO and co-owner of Patrick Skandinavia A/S. Flemming Delfs's Profile - Badminton.dk
The Western Big 6 Conference is a high school conference in western central Illinois. The conference participates in activities in the Illinois High School Association; the conference comprises public high schools with large enrollments, as well a private school, in the Illinois Quad Cities, Galesburg and Quincy, Illinois. Sources:IHSA Conferences and IHSA Member Schools Directory The Western Big 6 Conference was established in 1969; the conference consisted of four schools from the Quad Cities area, one from Quincy, one from Galesburg. The charter members were Moline High School, Rock Island High School, Rock Island Alleman High School, United Township High School, Quincy Senior High School, Galesburg High School. Enrollments have ranged from over 2000 students, to Alleman, the league's only private school, with just under 500. Prior to the advent of the Western Big 6 Conference, the schools of the present day conference are known to have participated in several other conferences: Quincy participated in Mississippi Valley Conference from 1922-1923 along with Macomb, Fort Madison and Pittsfield.
Quincy participated in the Tri State Conference from 1932-1935 along with Macomb, Fort Madison, Keokuk, Kirksville. Canton, East Moline, Kewanee and Rock Island participated in football at various times in the early 1950s under the Northwest Conference banner. 1956 was the final season for the conference. East Moline and Rock Island participated in the Quad Cities Metro Conference, along with Davenport Central and Davenport West, throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Rock Island Alleman joined in 1969; the 1977-1978 school year was the last for the competition in this conference. Simultaneous with the Quad Cities Metro Conference, East Moline and Rock Island were members of the Mississippi Valley Conference. In addition to Davenport Central and Davenport West, Iowa schools from Cedar Rapids and Dubuque were part of this conference. More of an association than a league or conference for football, the Illini Conference organization featured Bartonville, Canton, East Peoria, Kewanee, Peoria Richwoods, Peoria Woodruff at various times in the 1950s and 1960s.
The league's members never played a complete round robin schedule in football and most played concurrently in other conferences. The final season for football in the Illini was 1971. Starting in 2019-2020 season Geneseo High School and Sterling High School joined the conference in all activities; the present day Western Big 6 Conference has won 38 state championships in IHSA sponsored athletics and activities. Through the 2010-2011 season the conference has won Illinois state titles in: Boys Baseball Boys Basketball Boys Cross Country Boys Golf Boys Soccer Boys Tennis Boys Track and Field Boys Wrestling Chess Drama Fishing Girls Basketball Girls Bowling Girls Golf Girls Softball Girls Track and Field Music Sweepstakes Scholastic Bowl Western Big Six Conference Web Site Alleman Galesburg Moline Quincy Rock Island United Township
Adam Wielomski is a Professor at the University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce, where he teaches in the Institute of Social Sciences and Security of the Faculty of Humanities. Wielomski is the author and co-author of several books on Spanish and French counter-revolutionary political thought, he is the editor-in-chief of quarterly journal Pro Fide Rege et Lege and a columnist for Najwyższy Czas!. He is a leader of Klub Zachowawczo-Monarchistyczny a right wing lobby, was a former contributor to the Łodzian Ruch Narodowy „Szczerbiec”. Wielomski identifies as a Traditionalist Catholic and conservative, but objects to the rising affiliation of Traditionalist Catholicism with the Völkisch movement and Neo-Nazism in Poland
Live at the Village Vanguard is a Tom Harrell album recorded for RCA with Harrell's quintet and released in 2002. The band included Jimmy Greene on tenor sax, Ugonna Okegwo on bass, Xavier Davis on piano and Quincy Davis on drums; this is Harrell's first live album. A JazzTimes review called the album "a worthy addition to the library of recordings made at the Vanguard". With the exception of the 1940 standard "Everything Happens to Me", the album consists of new compositions. Credits adapted from AllMusic. Tom Harrell – trumpet Jimmy Greene – tenor saxophone Xavier Davis – piano Ugonna Okegwo – bass Quincy Davis – drums Tom Harrell, Official Website
Akshayakalpa is the first organic milk brand in India. The company manufactures and sells organic milk, organic milk products; the organic products include farm fresh Milk, A2 Milk, ghee, butter and artisan Cheese under the Akshayakalpa brand. Genesis of Akshayakalpa dates to years 2001-2009, where the Youva Chethna program led by Dr. G. N. S. Reddy from Bharatiya Agro Industries Foundation encouraged like-minded people from urban areas to contribute in kind and cash to train young people and women in need in rural regions to take up agriculture/farming as a vocation of choice. Nine Techies, including Akshayakalpa co-founder Shashi Kumar and his friends Venkatesh Seshasayee, Ranjith Mukundan, Ravishankar Shiroor, Ramakrishna Adukuri, Praveen Nale, Giridhar Bhat, Ramkumar Iyer and Mohammed Ashraf working with Wipro Technologies, were some of the earliest contributors to the Youva Chethana Program; the idea of young people being trained to take up agriculture/farming as a vocation of choice was transformed into idea of rural entrepreneurship model under Akshayakalpa in the year 2010, when the above-mentioned techies seed funded Akshayakalpa in November the same year.
The initiative was crowdfunded by several other employees of Wipro Technologies. The organization was born as a farmer entrepreneurship initiative where young farmers who had discontinued farming operations due to economic non-viability are identified and groomed to relocate back to farming by providing bank linkages, farmers outreach and technical services and access to markets. Akshayakalpa handholds the farmer on a continuous basis and ensures economic viability of the farming operations. Akshayakalpa's aspiration is to help a farmer family earn a net income of Rs 1 lakh a month; the founding team was known to defy corruption, common in Indian bureaucracy and refused to pay bribes at various levels while seeking clearances and licenses to begin operations. Today, the company is working with farmers in and around Tiptur and grooming them to be entrepreneurs by transforming their farming operations from livelihood focused to wealth creation opportunity. Akshayakalpa works with farmers to set up small organic dairy farms that are owned and looked after by farmer families.
The farms are optimally self-sustained. The company has stringent guidelines regarding the maintenance of the cattle; the cows are fed on green fodder grown without chemical inputs. No hormones are injected or oil cakes fed to boost milk production, it takes about 18 months to induct a new farmer into the Akshayakalpa model, starting with growing organic fodder. Each farm invests Rs. 21 lakhs, financed by Akshayakalpa partner banks, utilized to build the farms. The farms are made up of twenty-five cows, automatic milking systems, a bio gas plant, a bio-digester, fodder choppers and a chilling unit among other facilities that enhance productivity. After a research of over a year, Akshayakalpa came up with the ideal size for a dairy farm – twenty-five cows. “Less than 25 cows won’t give the required output to gain profit after investing, it is not possible to give personal attention to each cow if there are more than twenty-five cows,” says the CEO and co-founder Shashi Kumar. The farms associated with Akshayakalpa have the same design.
They are steel-roofed sheds, with rubber mats on cemented floor for animal comfort. The cows and calves are stall-fed but not tethered, they are free to graze. The emphasis is on cleanliness; the dung has to be promptly cleared. It is flushed into a digester attached to balloons of biogas, used as cooking fuel and for producing electricity; the slurry from the digester is pumped into fields. The milking is chilled on site; this is dairying designed to take out drudgery. The farmers are taught drudgery free farming operations; this is important for women. It is meant to persuade youth to stay in villages. Akshayakalpa ensures stress-free housing for the animals, they are on a grass-based diet, regular veterinary check-ups are done so the cows can produce milk, antibiotic and hormone free. Chilling the milk is mandatory at the farm level; the milk is chilled to 4 degree Celsius to ensure high quality. The system sends the data to the central server. Milk is kept in chilling units. Due to this automation system, manual labour has been reduced on the farm.
Cattle dung and urine are sent to a bio-gas plant. The gas is used to operate a generator; the material is enough to run irrigation other machinery on the farm. Further, the slurry from the bio-gas plant is led to a bio-digester; the filtrate is pumped out through a sprinkler system to the farm. The cultivation is organic, avoiding chemical fertilizers; the company works with the goal of enabling rural entrepreneurship and wealth creation among farmers in and around Tiptur, Channarayapatna, Chikkanayakana Halli and Holenarasipura