The Head Of The Charles Regatta known as HOCR, is a rowing head race held on the penultimate complete weekend of October each year on the Charles River, which separates Boston and Cambridge, Massachusetts. It is the largest 2-day regatta in the world, with 11,000 athletes rowing in over 1,900 boats in 61 events. According to the Greater Boston Convention & Visitors Bureau, the two-day event brings 225,000 people to the Greater Boston area and $72 million to the local economy; the last races of the Regatta are the most prestigious: Championship 4s, Championship 8s. Championship sculling events race on Saturday afternoon; the Championship events include U. S. National Team athletes, as well as national team athletes from other top rowing nations; the competitive field includes individual and team competitors from colleges, high schools, clubs from nearly all American states and various countries. The 2006 field included rowers from China, South Africa, Croatia and the Netherlands; the age of athletes spans from 14 to 85 years old with experience levels from novice to Olympic.
In 2007 10% of the field was international. Regattas such as the Head of the Charles in Boston and the Head of the Schuylkill in Philadelphia are to the rowing world what the New York Marathon and the Boston Marathon are to running; the course is 3 miles long and stretches from the start at Boston University's DeWolfe Boathouse near the Charles River Basin to the finish just after the Eliot Bridge and before Northeastern University's Henderson Boathouse. The course is renowned for being challenging for crews to navigate without penalty; the course contains 6 bridges, which appear in this order from the start: The Weeks and Eliot Bridges fall at sharp turns in the course, collisions occur here more than any other part of the course. Crews start the race at 15-second intervals; the starting order is based on the crew's finishing time in the previous year, with the top finisher from the prior year leaving first, the second finisher leaving second, so on. Crews that did not compete in the prior year are seeded after all prior year entrants in a random order, although race organizers have some discretion in the seeding process.
Having faster crews start ahead of slower crews reduces the amount of passing boats must make during the race, reducing the potential for boating accidents. However, passing always occurs, penalties are imposed on crews that do not follow passing regulations, such as failing to yield to a boat that closes to within one boat length of open water; the Head of the Charles Regatta was first organized in 1965 by Cambridge Boat Club members D'Arcy MacMahon, Howard McIntyre, Jack Vincent. The members of the boat club thought that a fall regatta would be an entertaining way to break up the monotony of the training season for colleges and boat clubs in the area. D'Arcy MacMahon had been the captain of the University of Pennsylvania's lightweight varsity three seasons earlier, they had little hope the regatta would be a success, it was the wrong time of year and it wasn't expected to draw any spectators. Harvard University sculling instructor Ernest Arlett provided the idea for the head race. George Ernest Arlett came to the US.
When Arlett brought Northeastern University's rowing team to Henley Royal Regatta and the team members were invited, the team entered by the front door and Mr. Arlett still had to enter by the rear or servants door. Class snobbery or pedigree was still in force. Despite their reservations, the founders of the regatta were determined to see it become a success. In an interview with New York Times, Jerry Olrich and MacMahon identified that this regatta was "destined to become a classic"The Regatta expanded to a two-day event in 1997. In 1991, Frederick V. Schoch was appointed Executive Director of the Regatta, he continues to oversee the event. Since 1998, the Head of the Charles Regatta's Charity Program has generated over $1,000,000 for its official charities, which include Cambridge Community Foundation and Community Rowing, Inc; the Charity Program allows competitors to gain an automatic entry into the Regatta in exchange for raising $1250 per person, per entry. Under official rules, any single, four, or eight is eligible to enter.
First place medals are awarded to winning competitors in each event category of the race. The first place medals are struck bronze medallions, they show a single sculler from above on the front, are engraved with the year and event on the back. Only the first place medals are distributed at the Regatta on Saturday and Sunday evenings following the races. Medals for second and third place medallions are of the same design, but are 1.75 inches in diameter. The Regatta issues additional medals according to the number of entries in the race as well. For instance, in a race with 50 competitors, 5 medals are issued. Special medals are issued to the most competitive Youth scullers. Head of the Charles Regatta Row2k Head of the Charles coverage Live Video Webcasts of the Head of the Charles Regatta on NESports.tv a division of Bullpen Media HOCR and The Rowing Channel
Peter MacNeill is a Canadian film and television actor and voice-over artist who has starred in numerous television series and films. His film credits have included The Hanging Garden, Geraldine's Fortune, Dog Park, Open Range, A History of Violence, Regression. On television, he has had roles in Queer as Folk and Dog, The Eleventh Hour, PSI Factor: Chronicles of the Paranormal Call Me Fitz and, The Good Witch series, he is a two-time Gemini Award winner. Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell: Blacklist as Secretary of Defense 1994 Gemini Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role: Gross Misconduct: The Life of Brian Spencer 1997 Genie Award for Best Supporting Actor: The Hanging Garden 1998 Gemini Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Featured Supporting Role in a Dramatic Program of Miniseries: Giant Mine 2003 Gemini Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role: The Eleventh Hour 2008 Gemini Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Featured Supporting Role in a Dramatic Program of Miniseries: Victor 2011 Gemini Award Best Performance by an Actor in a Featured Supporting Role or Guest Role in a Comedic Series: Call Me Fitz 2011 Gemini Award Best Ensemble Performance in a Comedy Program or Series: Call Me Fitz 2015 Canadian Screen Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Featured Supporting Role or Guest Role in a Comedic Series: Call Me Fitz Peter MacNeill on IMDb
La Lechuga is a monstrance constructed, between 1700 and 1707, by José de Galaz. La Lechuga was made for the San Ignacio Church of Bogotá, paid for by a group of jesuits in order to hide the gems from the Spanish Crown. La Lechuga is owned by the Bank of the Republic and it is on display at Bogotá's Colección de Arte del Banco de la Republica; the making of the monstrance took three goldsmiths. It is believed that a group of Jesuits ordered La Lechuga to be sculpted in order to hide the gemstones from Spanish Crown during the New Kingdom of Granada; the Jesuits contracted the Spaniard José de Galaz who, with the help of two other goldsmiths, was able to build the monstrance between 1700 and 1707 at a price of $1,100 Reales, $100,000 USD in today's currency. When José de Galaz finished smithing La Lechuga on 16 July 1707, he estimated its price to be $20,000 Reales, or $2,000,000 USD, its name comes from the large amount of emeralds built into the monstrance, as the structure when completed, looked as green as a lettuce.
La Lechuga was held by the San Ignacio Church until 1767 until King Charles III of Spain ordered all Spanish possessions to be removed back to Spain. In an effort to avoid La Lechuga from falling to the Kingdom of Spain, the monstrance was taken into hiding by a group of Jesuits. Much is unknown throughout the time of its concealment, it was not until 1985, that La Lechuga was seen again in public after Colombia's central bank, Banco de la Republica, bought it for $3,500,000 USD. Today, La Lechuga can be found on display at Bogotá's Colección de Arte del Banco de la Republica; the first time La Lechuga left the country was in 2015 where it was displayed at Spain's Museo del Prado between March 3 and May 31 of that same year. Between September 20, 2017 and January 15, 2018, the monstrance is on exhibition in the Louvre in Paris, alongside a statue of Pedro Laboria representing Saint Barbara; the heliocentric treasure is a leading example of gold and silver eucharistic objects made for church altars in Catholic churches in South America from colonial times.
It functioned to present the "host" consecrated to the faithful, as part of the liturgical ritual where it is carried in procession during the Feast of Corpus Christi for adoration by the faithful. As a sculpture, it has both low relief modeling; as a typical monstrance in form, the ornate La Lechuga comprises a cross-crowned disc making a circular frame for the wafer, supported by an angel and knobbed stem for holding aloft, allowing the faithful to see the sacrament. The whole item weighs 4.9 kilograms. The main disc is an elaborate circular form with undulating rays symbolizing the sun. From the centre outwards, baroque pearls surround the space for the host in turn surrounded by waved gold spikes and four tiers of square-cut emeralds. A thick garland of green enamelled vineleaves with amethyst grapes festoon 20 more undulating rays, each topped by a pearl. Interspersing these, 22 major sunbeams end in radiating sun discs in gold and emeralds; the whole circular schema is topped by an emerald cross and below is supported by an angelic "Atlas" figure in a tunic and flowing drapery in celestial blue and green enamel.
The angel sports golden Caligae, above its head on the front is the single yellow sapphire. Knobbed for a secure hand grip, the stem is styled like a fountain dripping emerald streams, to an amethyst-studded base supported on an eight-lobed, footed stand. Zoomorphic forms are densley packed low relief gold modelling resembling a paradise. According to the current owners, it is considered one of the "richest and most beautiful religious jewels" in Spanish America, testifies to an interpretation of the Baroque in the "land of goldsmiths". Further, it shows how this artistic style found new dimensions in a territory where gold and emeralds were abundant, while it was still possible to display indigenous culture while the foremost goldsmith of the continent was still alive. Besides the main frame being composed of 8,850.3 grams of 18 carat gold, La Lechuga contains the following gemstones: 1,485 emeralds from Muzo, Colombia 168 amethysts from India 62 baroque pearls from Curaçao 28 diamonds from South Africa 13 rubies from Dutch Ceylon, today Sri Lanka 1 yellow sapphire from Thailand
The McMillan Plan is a comprehensive planning document for the development of the monumental core and the park system of Washington, D. C. the capital of the United States. It was written in 1902 by the Senate Park Commission; the commission is popularly known as the McMillan Commission after its chairman, Senator James McMillan of Michigan. The McMillan Plan proposed eliminating the Victorian landscaping of the National Mall and replacing it with a simple expanse of grass, narrowing the Mall, permitting the construction of low, Neoclassical museums and cultural centers along the Mall's east–west axis; the plan proposed constructing major memorials on the western and southern anchors of the Mall's two axes, reflecting pools on the southern and western ends, massive granite and marble terraces and arcades around the base of the Washington Monument. The plan proposed tearing down the existing railroad passenger station on the National Mall and constructing a large new station north of the United States Capitol building.
Additionally, the McMillan Plan contemplated the construction of clusters of tall, Neoclassical office buildings around Lafayette Square and the Capitol building, as well as an extensive system of neighborhood parks and recreational facilities throughout the city. Major new parkways would connect these parks as well as link the city to nearby attractions. Never formally adopted by the United States government, the McMillan Plan was implemented piecemeal in the decades after its release; the location of the Lincoln Memorial, Ulysses S. Grant Memorial, Union Station, U. S. Department of Agriculture Building are due to the McMillan Plan. Proposals to construct Arlington Memorial Bridge received a major boost from the plan as well; the McMillan Plan continues to guide urban planning in and around Washington, D. C. into the 21st century, has become a part of the federal government's official planning policy for the national capital. Beginning around 1880, a series of articles appeared in the local D.
C. and national press which were critical of the mediocre architecture and poor-quality public spaces and accommodations in the District of Columbia. In addition, a influential meeting of the American Institute of Architects was held in Washington in December 1900, during which not only were the city's shortcomings extensively discussed but plans proposed for rectifying them; the plan presented at that meeting by Washington-based architect Paul J. Pelz anticipates several decisions in the eventual McMillan Plan, including the grouping of Congressional office buildings around the Capitol, the development of Federal Triangle, the location of the National Archives Building; the Senate Park Commission was formed by the United States Senate on March 8, 1901, to reconcile competing visions for the development of Washington, D. C. and the National Mall and nearby areas. McMillan Commission members included architect Daniel Burnham, landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. and architect Charles F. McKim.
Charles Moore, Senator McMillan's chief aide, became secretary of the commission. Sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens joined the commission as its last member in August 1901 at the suggestion of McKim; the commission members and Moore departed for Europe on June 13, 1901, to tour the continent's great manor homes and urban landscapes. By the time the commission returned to the United States on August 1, Moore had become a de facto member of the commission; the commission sponsored a major exhibit about their proposals at the Corcoran Gallery of Art on January 15, 1902, the same day the report was released to the public. President Theodore Roosevelt attended the exhibit's opening; the exhibit was dominated by two vast models of the District of Columbia, one showing it as it existed in 1901 and the other showing the changes proposed by the Senate Park Commission. Seventy-one of the report's pages discussed proposals for the National Mall, while the remaining 100 pages discussed improvements for the park system in and around the city.
The proposals for the National Mall received the greatest attention from the commission, were the most detailed. The proposals for the city's parks and recreational facilities were treated in more general ways. Scattered throughout the plan were references to streets, boulevards and various other connections between District and regional parks and the District and the surrounding cities and undeveloped areas; the report proposed turning the National Mall into the core of the growing city. A cruciform design for the Mall was proposed; the United States Capitol building anchored the east end of the east–west axis, the White House the north end of the north–south axis. In the center was the Washington Monument; the completed West Potomac Park would be the anchor for the west end of the east–west axis. The commission suggested the authorized Lincoln Memorial be sited in the park, while proposing that the Ulysses S. Grant Memorial be moved to a new plaza to be constructed directly west of the Capitol.
The created East Potomac Park would anchor the southern end of the north–south axis, be occupied by a vast complex of recreational facilities as well as a possible new memorial. Andrew Jackson Downing's winding Victorian landscape design on the National Mall would be replaced with an open vista of grass flanked by formal rows of trees similar to the landscape design at Vaux-le-Vicomte and the Palace of Versailles in France; the width of the Mall, determi
Operation Thor was a U. S. combined arms operation against People's Army of Vietnam positions around, Mũi Lay, North Vietnam from 1-8 July 1968. On 24 March 1968 3rd Marine Division commander MG Rathvon M. Tompkins proposed a combined arms operation against the area around Mũi Lay to reduce PAVN infiltration and destroy artillery, targeting the Cửa Việt and Đông Hà bases and supporting PAVN infantry operations south of the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone; the operational area would extend from the southern edge of the DMZ 14km north to Mũi Lay and 25km inland from the coast. The plan was submitted to III Amphibious Force and to LG Richard G. Stilwell's Provisional Corps and MACV for approval. On 21 June, after consulting with representatives from III MAF, 7th Fleet and 7th Air Force, COMUSMACV General Creighton Abrams approved the plan with a start date of 1 July. On 28 June reconnaissance aircraft from VMCJ-1 and the 7th Fleet began photo-reconnaissance of the target area and these were used by Provisional Corps to develop the target lists.
5 Marine artillery batteries moved east along Route 9 to new firing positions south of the DMZ, while large quantities of ammunition were brought in to support the artillery. On 1 July the 7th Air Force controlled bombing campaign began and 114 B-52 sorties and 664 Air Force and Navy attack aircraft sorties delivered over 4000 tons of bombs on the target area over 2 days. On 3 July, 61 guns from 13 Marine and Army artillery batteries and 2 Navy cruisers and 6 destroyers began the artillery bombardment of the target area together with the ongoing airstrikes, delivering over 12,000 rounds on the first day; the North Vietnamese appeared to be unprepared for the assault with Navy ships able to approach to within 10km of the coast without provoking PAVN shore batteries. By 5 July antiaircraft fire had been so reduced in the target area that O-1 artillery observation aircraft were able to operate over the area without sustaining any hits. By 6-7 July the Marine/Army artillery was firing 4000 rounds into the target area, while the Navy was firing 3000 rounds and the air elements were dropping over 2000 tons of bombs.
On 8 July the artillery began to return to their pre-operation positions and control over the target sector returned to the 7th Air Force. The operation was regarded as a success due as it was followed by a sharp decline in artillery fire across the DMZ and reduced antiaircraft fire from the target area.179 artillery positions containing 19 guns, 789 anti-aircraft sites containing 63 weapons, 143 bunkers and storage areas were destroyed, including 2 SAM-2 sites. 352 secondary explosions and 236 secondary fires were observed. PAVN personnel losses were estimated at 125 dead. In over 2000 sorties B-52s had dropped a total of 5156 tons of bombs while Air Force and Navy attack aircraft dropped a total of 3207 tons with 3 aircraft shot down and 1 crewman killed. Marine/Army units fired 23,187 rounds of 175 mm and 8in artillery. Navy ships fired 19,022 rounds of 6in and 8in artillery; this article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps
Sherborne Castle is a 16th-century Tudor mansion southeast of Sherborne in Dorset, within the parish of Castleton. It stands in a 1,200-acre park. Sherborne Old Castle is the ruin of a 12th-century castle in the grounds of the mansion; the castle was built as the fortified palace of Roger de Caen, Bishop of Salisbury and Chancellor of England, still belonged to the church in the late 16th century. After passing through Sherborne on the way to Plymouth, Sir Walter Raleigh fell in love with the castle, Queen Elizabeth relinquished the estate, leasing it to Raleigh in 1592, Rather than refurbish the old castle, Raleigh decided to construct a new lodging for temporary visits, in the compact form for secondary habitations of the nobility and gentry architecturally sophisticated, known as a lodge; the new house, Sherborne Lodge, was a four-storey, rectangular building completed in 1594. The antiquary John Aubrey remembered it as "a delicate Lodge in the park, of Brick, not big, but convenient for its bignes, a place to retire from the Court in summer time, to contemplate, etc."
It had four polygonal corner turrets with angled masonry as if they were to serve for military defence, which Nicholas Cooper suggests "may be an obeisance to the old building". Its most progressive feature for its date was the entrance, disguised in one of the corner towers so as not to spoil the apparent symmetry of the facade, centred on a rectangular forecourt; the entrance vestibule contained a winder stairwell and gave directly on the hall. During Raleigh's imprisonment in the Tower, King James leased the estate to Robert Carr and sold it to Sir John Digby, 1st Earl of Bristol in 1617. In the 1620s, the Digby family, in order to suit the lodge to a more permanent seat, added four wings to the house in an architectural style similar to the original, retaining the original corner towers. In the Civil War Sherborne was Royalist, the old castle was left in ruins by General Fairfax of the Parliamentary forces in 1645; the name "Sherborne Castle" was applied to the new house, though today the term Sherborne New Castle is used to refer to it, in the same manner as "Sherborne Old Castle" is used for the ruins.
Through the early and mid-18th century William, 5th Lord Digby, who laid out the grounds praised by Alexander Pope, his heirs Edward, 6th Lord Digby, who inherited in 1752, Henry, 7th Lord, created Earl Digby, laid out the present castle gardens. Features include the 1753 lake designed by Capability Brown, which separates the old and new castles; the ruins of the old castle are part of the gardens, being conspicuous amongst the trees across the lake. King George III visited the house and gardens in 1789, shortly before awarding Henry Digby with a peerage; when Edward, 2nd and last Earl Digby, died in 1856 the house was passed to the Wingfield Digby family, who still own the house. The house was modernised by the architect Philip Charles Hardwick. In the First World War the house was used by the Red Cross as a hospital and in the Second World War as the headquarters for the commandos involved in the D-Day landings; the newer house and the ruins of the old castle were designated as Grade I listed in 1951.
Three outbuildings of the house, built in ashlar and stone, are Grade II* listed: the stables. The gardens are Grade I listed in the National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens; the gardens are open to the public much of the year, the house is open to the public most Saturdays. The estate hosts special events, such as concerts and firework displays; the old castle is now separate from the rest of the estate. Castles in Great Britain and Ireland List of castles in England Stroud, Dorothy. Capability Brown. ISBN 0-571-10267-0. ISBN 0-571-13405-X. Waymark, Janet, "Sherborne, Dorset" Garden History 29.1, pp 64–81. Official website Sherborne Castle Garden - information on garden history Sherborne Old Castle at English Heritage