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Heaven's Gate (film)

Heaven's Gate is a 1980 American epic Western film written and directed by Michael Cimino. Loosely based on the Johnson County War, it portrays a fictional dispute between land barons and European immigrants in Wyoming in the 1890s; the film features an ensemble cast, including Kris Kristofferson, Christopher Walken, Isabelle Huppert, Jeff Bridges, John Hurt, Sam Waterston, Brad Dourif, Joseph Cotten, Geoffrey Lewis, David Mansfield, Richard Masur, Terry O'Quinn, Mickey Rourke, Willem Dafoe and Nicholas Woodeson, the last two in their first film roles. It is notable for being one of the biggest box office bombs of all time, losing the studio an estimated $37 million. There were major setbacks in the film's production due to cost overruns, endless retakes, negative press and rumors about Cimino's authoritarian directorial style. Cimino had an expensive and ambitious vision, pushing the film nearly four times over its planned budget, its resulting financial problems and United Artists' consequent demise led to a move away from the 1970s period of director-driven film production in the American film industry, back toward greater studio control of films, as had been predominant in Hollywood until the late 1960s.

In the decades since the release, general assessment of Heaven's Gate has become more positive. The 1980 re-edit has been characterized as "one of the greatest injustices of cinematic history" and re-edits have received critical acclaim; the BBC ranked Heaven's Gate 98th on their 100 greatest American films of all-time list. In 1870, two young men, Jim Averill and Billy Irvine, graduate from Harvard College; the Reverend Doctor speaks to the graduates on the association of "the cultivated mind with the uncultivated" and the importance of education. Irvine, brilliant but intoxicated, follows this with his opposing, irreverent views. A celebration is held, after which the male students serenade the women present, including Averill's girlfriend. Twenty years Averill is passing through the booming town of Casper, Wyoming, on his way north to Johnson County, where he is now a marshal. Poor European immigrants new to the region are in conflict with wealthy, established cattle barons organized as the Wyoming Stock Growers Association.

Nate Champion – a friend of Averill and an enforcer for the stockmen – kills a settler for suspected rustling and dissuades another from stealing a cow. At a board meeting, the head of the Association, Frank Canton, tells members, including a drunk Irvine, of plans to kill 125 named settlers, as thieves and anarchists. Irvine leaves the meeting, encounters Averill, tells him of the Association's plans; as Averill leaves, he exchanges bitter words with Canton. Canton and Averill quarrel, Canton is knocked to the floor; that night, Canton recruits men to kill the named settlers. Ella Watson, a Johnson County bordello madam from Quebec, who accepts stolen cattle as payment for use of her prostitutes, is infatuated with both Averill and Champion. Averill and Watson skate in a crowd dance alone, in an enormous roller skating rink called "Heaven's Gate,", built by local entrepreneur John L. Bridges. Averill receives a copy of the Association's death list from a baseball-playing U. S. Army captain and reads the names aloud to the settlers, who are thrown into terrified turmoil.

Cully, a station master and friend of Averill's, sees the train with Canton's posse heading north and rides off to warn the settlers but is murdered en route. A group of men come to Watson's bordello and rape her. Averill kills all but one of them. Champion, realizing that his landowner bosses seek to eliminate Watson, goes to Canton's camp, shoots the remaining rapist refuses to participate in the slaughter. Canton and his men encounter one of Champion's friends leaving a cabin with Champion and his friend Nick inside, a gunfight ensues. Attempting to save Champion, Watson arrives in her wagon and shoots one of the hired guns before escaping on horseback. Champion and his two friends are killed in a merciless barrage. Watson warns the settlers of Canton's approach at another huge, chaotic gathering at "Heaven's Gate." The agitated settlers decide to counterstrike. With the hired invaders now surrounded, both sides suffer casualties. Watson and Averill return to Champion's charred and smoking cabin, discover his corpse, along with a handwritten letter documenting his last minutes alive.

The next day, Averill reluctantly joins the immigrant settlers, with their cobbled-together siege machines and explosive charges, in an attack against Canton's men and their makeshift fortifications. Again, there are heavy casualties on both sides, before the U. S. Army, with Canton in the lead, arrives to stop the fighting and save the remaining besieged mercenaries. At Watson's cabin, Bridges and Averill prepare to leave for good, but they are ambushed by Canton and two others who shoot and kill Bridges and Watson. After killing Canton and his men, a grief-stricken Averill holds Watson's body in his arms. In 1903 – about a decade

Pickering Brook, Western Australia

Pickering Brook is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Kalamunda. Prior to 1949 it was a stopping place on the Upper Darling Range Railway, it was named after nearby Pickering Brook. The brook is named after an early settler, Captain Edward Picking whose name was sometimes recorded as Pickering; the suburb of Pickering Brook was created on 12 January 1973. Part of it was known as Carilla. Like nearby areas such as Karragullen, Pickering Brook is made up of various family-run orchards; the suburb was under threat in December 2001 from a bushfire. In June 2008 - the named Pickering Brook National Park - associated with the locality - was named Korung National Park. Darling Scarp

The Small Meadows in Spring, By

The Small Meadows in Spring, By is an 1881 painting by Alfred Sisley, on loan from Tate Britain to the National Gallery since 1997. The location it shows is now paved, but was a wooded path along the left bank of the Seine linking the villages of Veneux-les-Sablons and By, with Champagne-sur-Seine in the right background and a young girl just left of centre the artist's twelve-year-old daughter Jeanne; the same path appears in mirror-image in Stormy Weather. In 1880 financial difficulties forced Sisley to leave Sèvres and in 1882 he set up home in Moret-sur-Loing to the south-east of Paris, where he spent the rest of his life. Before definitively settling in Moret, he painted several works in the area around Veneux-les-Sablons; this marked a turning-point in his oeuvre, giving his landscapes a vitality and incomparable freshness. It was catalogue number 35 in an anonymous sale at the Hôtel Drouot, curated by Paul Durand-Ruel and the commissaire-priseur Paul Chevalier/, it was owned by Erwin Davis, before being bought back on 14 April 1899 in New York by Durand Ruel.

In 1931 it was owned by Arthur Tooth & Sons, before being presented to the National Gallery in 1936 in memory of Roger Fry. In 1953 the National Gallery assigned it to Tate Britain, which loaned in back to the National Gallery in 1997