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Hebei

Hebei is a coastal province in Northern China. The modern province was established in 1911 as Chihli Province, its capital and largest city is Shijiazhuang. Its one-character abbreviation is "冀", named after Ji Province, a Han dynasty province that included what is now southern Hebei; the name Hebei means "north of the river", referring to its location to the north of the Yellow River. The modern province "Chili Province" was formed in 1911, when the central government dissolved the central governed area of "Chihli", which means "Directly Ruled" until it was renamed as "Hebei" in 1928. A common alternate name for Hebei is Yānzhào, after the state of Yan and state of Zhao that existed here during the Warring States period of early Chinese history. Beijing and Tianjin Municipalities, which border each other, were carved out of Hebei; the province borders Liaoning to the northeast, Inner Mongolia to the north, Shanxi to the west, Henan to the south, Shandong to the southeast. Bohai Bay of the Bohai Sea is to the east.

A small part of Hebei, Sanhe Exclave, consisting of Sanhe, Dachang Hui Autonomous County, Xianghe County, an exclave disjointed from the rest of the province, is wedged between the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin. With a population of over 74 million people, Hebei is China's sixth most populous province; the Han majority comprise 96% of the population, followed by a minority of Manchu and Mongol peoples. Plains in Hebei were the home of Peking man, a group of Homo erectus that lived in the area around 200,000 to 700,000 years ago. Neolithic findings at the prehistoric Beifudi site date back to 7000 and 8000 BC. During the Spring and Autumn period, Hebei was under the rule of the states of Yan in the north and Jin in the south. During this period, a nomadic people known as Dí invaded the plains of northern China and established Zhongshan in central Hebei. During the Warring States period, Jin was partitioned, much of its territory within Hebei went to Zhao; the Qin dynasty unified China in 221 BC.

The Han dynasty ruled the area under two provinces, You Prefecture in the north and Ji Province in the south. At the end of the Han dynasty, most of Hebei came under the control of warlords Gongsun Zan in the north and Yuan Shao further south. Hebei came under the rule of the Kingdom of Wei, established by the descendants of Cao Cao. After the invasions of northern nomadic peoples at the end of the Western Jin dynasty, the chaos of the Sixteen Kingdoms and the Northern and Southern dynasties ensued. Hebei in North China and right at the northern frontier, changed hands many times, being controlled at various points in history by the Later Zhao, Former Yan, Former Qin, Later Yan; the Northern Wei reunified northern China in 440, but split in half in 534, with Hebei coming under the eastern half, which had its capital at Ye, near modern Linzhang, Hebei. The Sui dynasty again unified China in 589. During the Tang dynasty, the area was formally designated "Hebei" for the first time. During the earlier part of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, Hebei was fragmented among several regimes, though it was unified by Li Cunxu, who established the Later Tang.

The next dynasty, the Later Jin under Shi Jingtang, posthumously known as Emperor Gaozu of Later Jin, ceded much of modern-day northern Hebei to the Khitan Liao dynasty in the north. During the Northern Song dynasty, the sixteen ceded prefectures continued to be an area of hot contention between Song China and the Liao dynasty; the Southern Song dynasty that came after abandoned all of North China, including Hebei, to the Jurchen Jin dynasty after the Jingkang Incident in 1127 of the Jin–Song wars. The Mongol Yuan dynasty did not establish Hebei as a province. Rather, the area was directly administrated by the Secretariat at capital Dadu; the Ming dynasty ruled Hebei as "Beizhili", meaning "Northern Directly Ruled", because the area contained and was directly ruled by the imperial capital, Beijing. When the Manchu Qing dynasty came to power in 1644, they abolished the southern counterpart, Hebei became known as "Zhili", or "Directly Ruled". During the Qing dynasty, the northern borders of Zhili extended deep into what is now Inner Mongolia, overlapped in jurisdiction with the leagues of Inner Mongolia.

The Qing dynasty was replaced by the Republic of China. Within a few years, China descended with regional warlords vying for power. Since Zhili was so close to Peking, the capital, it was the site of frequent wars, including the Zhiwan War, the First Zhifeng War and the Second Zhifeng War. With the success of the Northern Expedition, a successful campaign by the Kuomintang to end the rule of the warlords, the capital was moved from Peking to Nanking; as a result, the name of Zhili was changed to Hebei to reflect the fact that it had a standard provincial administration, that the capital had been relocated elsewhere. During the Second World War, Heb

Astrid Johannessen

Astrid Hitland Johannessen is a Norwegian former footballer who played as a goalkeeper for the Norway women's national football team. She was understudy to Bente Nordby on the Norwegian team that hosted UEFA Women's Euro 1997 and finished fourth at the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup in the United States. Johannessen won the Toppserien league with her club Asker in 1998 and 1999, she signed for professional English club Fulham in August 2001, agreeing to join in an initial loan deal after the 2001 Norwegian season. Fulham won the treble in season 2002–03, but Johannessen and several other players left when the women's team lost its professional status. In August 2010 Johannessen kept goal for Amazon Grimstad in their 4–1 Cup quarter-final defeat by Røa IL. Astrid Hitland Johannessen at the Norwegian Football Federation NFF profile at Archive-It

Jean Gabilou

Jean Gabilou is a Tahiti based singer who represented France in the 1981 Eurovision Song Contest. Born into a family of ten children, he grew up in Papeete, Tahiti until the age of 13, before moving to Faa'a with his family, he is of Polynesian descent. In 1963, a friend, Raoul Robert, asked him to sing a melody at the Matavai Hotel, he interpreted two waltzes and the religious song "When The Saints Go Marching In" in rock version. The same evening he received his first contract, for 60 francs an hour, he first worked with the Vernaudon brothers for two years started performing at the Pitate Club with the Hars Brothers for another two years. Laughlin was approached by Petiot, a guitarist for a group called The Barefoot Boys, which he joined at the age of 23. However, in 1968, Laughlin left the group. Following his departure from the Barefoot Boys, Laughlin founded the Banjo Boys, a group formed with his friends Kitty Salmon, Jacky Bougues, Marius Charles and Michael Garcia, their song "Little Sacred Island" was sold 54,000 copies.

In 1971, he sang at the hotel Tahara'a and was noticed by a lady named Paulette Vienot who, during that year, gets Laughlin signed for a contract in Paris with Eddie Barclay compiling the song "Moi girls". Which did not meet the expected success, hoped. In 1979, he moved to the United States. Two years he was contacted to represent France in the 1981 Eurovision Song Contest with the song "Humanahum", he finished third with 125 points, seven points behind Germany's Lena Valaitis and eleven points behind the United Kingdom's Bucks Fizz, who won the contest. In 1983, he celebrated his twenty-year career in Papeete. In 1985, he married Moeata Sasson, an accomplished dancer for the Tahitian dance troupe "Tamari'i Fautaua. A few years Moeata staged her own dance troupe "Tamari'i Poerava", whose dancers began performing alongside Gabilou. In early 2018, he recorded the song "Source de ma vie" in a duet with New Caledonian singer Claudia Haustien. In 1993 he returned on stage with "Hei No". However, in 1995, feeling ill, Gabilou went to a medical clinic in Papeete where he was diagnosed with having paralyzed vocal cords.

Despite the bad news, he fought to regain his voice and left for France where he met speech therapist Dr Veil. After attending numerous rehabilitation sessions he regained his voice and released the album "Rohipehe" In 2000 Gabilou decided to produce his own songs together with his friend and singer Andy Tupaia. Along with John Marote Mariassouce, the song "Fakateretere" featured on the album with the same name, was produced, it continues to be recognised throughout the Pacific as his signature song. Gabilou continues to perform on stage. In 2001 and 2002 he was invited to Rarotonga, Cook Islands where he had lived to sing in front of 3500 people. In 2003 he performed at the Oscars of Polynesian music. On 6 June 2003 he celebrated his 40th year in the industry with a concert in Pape'ete's To'ata Square in front of a full crowd, with guest Tahitian performers such as Yvon Arai, Esther Tefana, Coco Mamatui, Andy Tupaia, Kitty Salmon, Théo Sulpice, his niece and nephew Sabrina and Tapuarii as well as former Miss Tahiti/Miss France 91 Mareva Georges.

2007 - Le Fafaru 2006 - Avini Ute 2005 - Homai-Heiatea 2004- Keanu 2003 - Poerava 2001 - Fakateretere 1999 - Barefoot, en souvenir de Joe Garbutt 1997 - Rohipehe 1996 - Na oe Vairea 1994 - Mama Ella 1992 - Hei No Tamatoa 1990 - Nohoarii 1989 - Hianau 1988 - Esther et Gabilou, leurs plus grands succès http://www.last.fm/music/Jean+Gabilou