Khachmaz District

Khachmaz is one of administrative divisions of Azerbaijan. It is about 10 km from the Caspian Sea, below Khudat, to the east of Quba. Khachmaz is 170 kilometres north of the capital Baku; the Khachmaz rayon borders the Republic of Dagestan of the Russian Federation. The villages of Uryanoba and Kharakhoba were exclaves belonging to Russian Federation, Republic of Dagestan. Khachmaz is one of the border districts of Azerbaijan in the north of the republic; the district was established on August 1930 as an administrative territory. It was a town-type settlement during 1936-1937. In 1963, Khachmaz region was abolished and its territory included to Guba and Gusar districts. In 1995 the district was restored; the most northeastern region of Azerbaijan, Xaçmaz is between the Caucasus Mountains in Quba and Qusar, regions to the west, the Caspian Sea to the east. The southern border greets the region stretches north to Russia. Khachmaz city is located toward the bottom third of the region, it is about 10 km from the border to Devechi.

About half that distance to the Quba border to Khachmaz's west. It is greater distance to the northern border. According to the State Statistical Committee of the country, in 2000, the total number of population of the region was 145,6. In 2018, this figure increased by about 30,000. There are 123 secondary schools, 25 preschools, 2 out-of-school institutions, one vocational high school and one vocational school in the region; the climate is moderate to warm, humid temperate and subtropical, Khachmaz sees an average yearly precipitation of 1300–1350 mm and average temperatures of 25-30 °C in July and 1-2 °C in January. The Khachmaz region is rich with monuments of history and architecture; some of the most significant are Sarkartapa, the ancient city-fortress Khudat, a 4th-century Albanian church, the 16th-century mosque-madrasa of Shah Abbas of the 15th-16th century in Garaqurtlu, a village in Khachmaz, ancient settlements and the barrows of the Bronze Age, the famous “Iron gate” of Derbent fortress becoming a symbol of its inaccessibility.

The fortifications “Baba-al-Abvat” were constructed in 8th-7th centuries B. C and protected from invasion the northern boundaries of Azerbaijan. Today Khachmaz borders with Russia here. In the village of Shykhlar the tourists can see the earliest monument of the mausoleum of the Middle Ages- a mosque of Sheikh Yusif. At the top of the mountain Galadag the ruins of Gaurgala fortress have been kept. Regional Ethnography Museum: this museum is located in the city center; the museum is rich with over 4,000 archaeological findings from the different periods of Khachmaz's history. Of especial interest are the original scientific works of the orientalist Abuabdullah Mahammad-bin Albukhari contained in the "Aljazaily sani" as well as the "Classification of Koran," authored by the mathematician, philosopher from Chilaqyr Hajaly Efendi. Veteran's Museum: 8,739 Khachmaz residents fought in World War II for the Red Army and some 2,800 of them perished; this museum remembers 230 people who died in the ethnic conflict with Armenia during the early 1990s.

Heydar Aliyev's Museum: a personality cult shrine` to independent Azerbaijan's first ruler. The Museum of Prominent Figures: open-air museum in a park filled with fountains and numerous statues of prominent Azerbaijanis. Carpet Museum: contains many ancient carpets along with carpet weaving implements, dolls dressed in ancient national style, a picture gallery. Heydar Aliyev Park: contains trees, fountains, lights and tea-houses; the Heydar Aliyev Museum, the Khazar Cinema-Clubare all located in this park. Park of Culture and Rest: contains statues of different animals, artificial ponds stocked with colorful fish and fountains. Khachmaz city library, Carpet Museum, Post Office, several cafes are located within the park. Administrative divisions of Azerbaijan


Tintara is an Australian winery located in McLaren Vale, South Australia within the McLaren Vale wine region. The winery was established in 1861 and incorporated in the 1862 as the Tintara Vineyard Company by Alexander Kelly, a medical physician and winemaker who wrote the early Australian winemaking and viticultural text Winegrowing in Australia and The Vine in Australia. Several prominent figures in the early history of South Australia and McLaren Vale were initial investors in the winery including the founder of the University of Adelaide, Walter Watson Hughes, landowner Samuel Davenport and politician Thomas Elder. Today the winery holds the distinction of producing the oldest surviving bottle of Australian wine—an 1867 Tintara Vineyard claret; the Tintara wine earned the distinction when the previous record holder, an 1864 bottle of Pewsey Vale Cabernet Sauvignon, was accidentally broken by an office cleaner at Christie's auction house. Dr. Alexander Charles Kelly, MD LRCS was born in Dunbar and qualified at Edinburgh in 1832.

He emigrated to South Australia aboard Baboo, arriving in March 1840. In May 1841 he was appointed to the Adelaide Hospital as honorary medical officer in 1846 was sent to London to lecture on emigration to the Colony, returning aboard Lady Macnaghten in October 1847 and settled at Morphett Vale. Being intrigued at the potential for grape growing in the McLaren Vale, he planted in 1845 the first vines in the area, naming the vineyard "Trinity", his medical practice now took a distant second place to his interest in oenology. In 1854 he married Annie Frances Worthington. In 1861 Kelly's book The Vine in Australia went on sale; that same year he established Tintara winery, one of the first commercial wineries in the McLaren Vale area, in 1862 founded Tintara Vineyard Company with prominent South Australian investors Thomas Elder, Samuel Davenport and Walter Hughes. The initial planting included 210 acres and was followed with a second wave of plantings in 1864. Among the grape varieties planted were Mataro, Shiraz and Carignan.

In 1863 he sold "Trinity" to concentrate on the Tintara business. Around 1871 Kelly entered into a three-year contract with P. B. Burgoyne extended another year, to take on the business of importing and bottling Tintara wines for the British market, working from offices and cellars at 50 Old Broad Street. Around August 1877 Thomas Hardy purchased the property and 27,000 imperial gallons of wine from Kelly, he purchased a nearby flour mill, with the intention of adapting it for wine production. Around 1888 Thomas Hardy's company became Thomas Sons. Tintara Winery holds the distinction of being the producer of the oldest surviving bottle of Australia wine; the bottle, a Bordeaux style blend labeled as a claret, dates back to the 1867 vintage. Its existence was unknown until it resurfaced in the 1970s. In 1977, the wine was sold to a private collector by Sotheby's auction house. In 2003 the Hardy Wine Company, owners of Tintara Winery and now in the Accolade Wines portfolio, purchased the bottle for an undisclosed five-figure sum.

It became the oldest bottle of Australian wine following the accidental destruction of the previous record holder, an 1864 bottle of Cabernet Sauvignon from Pewsey Vale. That bottle was owned by collector Len Evans who purchased the wine in the 1970s. Evans left the wine in care of Christie's senior director of wine, Michael Broadbent, for safe keeping. While at Christie's in Broadbent's office, an office cleaner accidentally knocked over the bottle while dusting, causing it to fall and break on the floor. Today, Tintara Winery is a brand in the Accolade Wines portfolio; the winery is located in the McLaren Vale wine region with the vineyard influenced by the climate and geography of the nearby Gulf St Vincent and Mount Lofty Ranges. Among the wines produced by Tintara are varietal bottlings of Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon as well as blended wines. South Australian wine 35°12′44″S 138°32′17″E