Hecuba was a queen in Greek mythology, the wife of King Priam of Troy during the Trojan War, She had 19 children, who included major characters of Homer's Iliad such as the warriors Hector and Paris and the prophetess Cassandra. Two of them and Troilus are said to have been born as a result of Hecuba's love to the god Apollo. Ancient sources vary as to the parentage of Hecuba. According to Homer, Hecuba was the daughter of King Dymas of Phrygia, but Euripides and Virgil write of her as the daughter of the Thracian king Cisseus; the mythographers Pseudo-Apollodorus and Hyginus leave open the question which of the two was her father, with Pseudo-Apollodorus adding a third alternative option: Hecuba's parents could as well be the river god Sangarius and Metope. Some versions from non-extant works are summarized by a scholiast on Euripides' Hecuba: according to those, she was a daughter of Dymas or Sangarius by the Naiad Euagora, or by Glaucippe the daughter of Xanthus. A scholiast on Homer relates that Hecuba's parents were either Dymas and the nymph Eunoe or Cisseus and Telecleia.
According to Suetonius in The Twelve Caesars, the emperor Tiberius pestered scholars with obscure questions about ancient mythology, with one of his favorites being "Who was Hecuba's mother?" Hecuba appears six times in the Iliad. In Book 6.326–96, she meets Hector upon his return to the polis and offers him the libation cup, instructing him to offer it to Zeus and to drink of it himself. Taking Hector's advice, she chooses a gown taken from Alexander's treasure to give as an offering to the goddess and leads the Trojan women to the temple of Athena to pray for help. In Book 22, she pleads with Hector not to fight Achilles, for fear of "never get to mourn you laid out on a bier." In Book 24.201–16, she is stricken with anxiety upon hearing of Priam's plan to retrieve Hector's body from Achilles' hut. Further along in the same episode, at 24.287–98, she offers Priam the libation cup and instructs him to pray to Zeus so that he may receive a favourable omen upon setting out towards the Achaean camp.
Unlike in the first episode in which Hector refuses her offer of the cup, Priam accepts and is rewarded with the requested omen. She laments Hector's death in a well-known speech at 24.748–59. Stesichorus states that after the sack of Troy, Hecuba's former lover, took her to safety and placed her in Lycia; the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus states that Hecuba had a son named Troilus with the god Apollo. An oracle prophesied. Troilus is killed by Achilles. Hecuba is a main character in two plays by Euripides: Hecuba; the Trojan Women describes the aftermath of the fall of Troy, including Hecuba's enslavement by Odysseus. Hecuba takes place just after the fall of Troy. Polydorus, the youngest son of Priam and Hecuba, is sent to King Polymestor for safekeeping, but when Troy falls, Polymestor murders Polydorus. Hecuba learns of this, when Polymestor comes to the fallen city, Hecuba, by trickery, blinds him and kills his two sons. Another story says that when she was given to Odysseus as a slave, she snarled and cursed at him, so the gods turned her into a dog, allowing her to escape.
In another tradition, Hecuba went mad upon seeing the corpses of her children Polydorus and Polyxena. Dante described this episode, which he derived from Italian sources: —Inferno XXX: 13–20 Hecuba is referenced in classical literature, in many medieval and modern works. Among the works which are about Hecuba are: Hecuba and The Trojan Women, plays by Euripides The Trojan War Will Not Take Place, play by Jean Giraudoux King Priam, novel by David Park Cortege of Eagles, ballet by Martha Graham Trojan Barbie, play by Christine Evans The House of Hades, novel by Rick Riordan Troy: Fall of a City a miniseries in which Hecuba is portrayed by Frances O'ConnorHecuba is referenced in other works: Hamlet, play by William Shakespeare. In Act 2, scene 2, the character Hamlet marvels at the skill of an actor he has just watched perform the role of Hecuba with convincing grief as she witnesses Priam's death: "What's Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba, / That he should weep for her?" Hamlet criticizes himself for grieving his father less authentically than the actor does on behalf of the imaginary Hecuba and Priam.
Virgil, Aeneid III.19–68 Homer, Iliad XIV.717–718 Solinus, De vita Caesarum X.22 Lactantius, Divinae institutions I.22 Pomponius Mela, De chorographia II.26 Ovid, Metamorphoses XIII.423–450, 481–571 Euripides, Trojan Women Euripides, Hecuba Tsotakou-Karveli. Lexicon of Greek Mythology. Athens: Sokoli, 1990. "Hecuba". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920
Mameria is an area of high-altitude jungle to the northeast of the Paucartambo range in southeast Peru, drained by the Mameria river, an affluent of the Nistrón river. Until the 1960s this remote and sparsely populated area would have been considered a part of the Callanga jungle area. Machiguenga peoples, fleeing the slavery that they were subject to along the Yavero river, fled to this area which acquired its current name from the Machiguenga observing that "mameri," which means "there are none," regarding the lack of fish in the river. Mameria has pre-Columbian stone ruins that are the remains of ancient Incan coca plantations, some of which were sacked by the Peruvian helicopter-borne General Ludwig Essenwanger in 1980, a year after the area was first brought to the attention of the outside world by the helicopter-borne expedition made by French-Peruvian explorers Herbert and Nicole Cartagena, guided by Peruvian campesino/adventurer Goyo Toledo; the Cartagena's book, dernier refuge des Incas recounts their expedition of their search for the lost city of Paititi.
In 1980 Goyo Toledo returned—on foot—to Mameria, the first known person since the ancient Incans to do so. The next year his brother Gabino, Guillermo Mamani, made their way to Mameria to look for, find, Goyo. In 1983 an architect/adventurer from Cusco, César Vilchez, his nephew César Medina, Carlos Cartagena, Manuel Guevarra found their way to Mameria in a grueling two-month journey during which they nearly perished from hunger. Between 1984 and 1989 the American explorer Gregory Deyermenjian made five expeditions to Mameria—for three of which he was accompanied by Peruvian explorer Paulino Mamani H.—conducting anthropological as well as archaeological research concerning the area's Machiguenga inhabitants and ancient archaeological remains. In the mid-1990s the Peruvian adventurer Darwin Moscoso made a long journey to Mameria producing a fine map of the area. An in-depth review of the history and archaeology of Mameria can be found in Deyermenjian's article Mameria: An Incan Site Complex in the High-Altitude Jungles of Southeast Peru, in the Volume 3 Number 4 issue of Athena Review.
Deyermenjian sees Mameria as having functioned as an Incan frontier settlement, providing coca to the Incas of the highlands in pre-Conquest times, which became forgotten after the fall of the highland Incas to the Spaniards, protected until now by its remote location, difficulty of access, the difficulty of life there
Nuestra Voz is a Catholic Spanish-language monthly newspaper based in Brooklyn, New York published by DeSales Media Group. Its first issue was published on September 3, 2011. Nuestra Voz runs a daily digital news operation. Since May 2015, Jorge I. Domínguez-López has been the Editor in Chief; the mission of Nuestra Voz is to evangelize by delivering religious information and news of interest to Hispanic Catholics. Its goal is to assist and empower the diverse Hispanic community by highlighting the multiple resources available to them within the Catholic Church and all the religious events they can enjoy in the diocese. In the late 1970s, The Tablet had a pullout called “Suplemento en Español.” There was a steady audience for it, so it evolved into a freestanding publication called Nuevo Amanecer which lasted into the 1990s. On April 23, 2011, an early version of Nuestra Voz was published as an insert in its sister English language publication The Tablet, under the title ‘La Reconciliación’. Five months in September 2011, Nuestra Voz was launched and has been published uninterrupted since then.
The website associated with the newspaper was www.netspanol.net. By September 2013, the website URL was changed to nuestra-voz.org. The paper’s motto, “Your faith in your language,” appeared on the front page under the nameplate until the newspaper underwent a major redesign of layout and sections in November 2016 in the issue Year VI, No. 3. Nuestra Voz is a Catholic-driven journalism force created to showcase a rich faith and the power that its community holds; because the Diocese of Brooklyn is half Hispanic and one-fourth multilingual, its mission is to do more to inform and empower. Nuestra Voz addresses contemporary issues affecting Hispanic Catholics in the diocese and beyond, including local and national news, health, immigration and religion. Nuestra Voz includes “Columna del editor” written by Jorge Dominguez-Lopez, “Remar mar adentro” written by the bishop of the Diocese of Brooklyn, Bishop Nicholas DiMarzio, “En la diócesis” written by multiple writers which contains stories about events happening in the Hispanic community of the diocese, “Comunidad Religiosa” written by Darío López-Capera which features a different protest or religious sister every month, “Derecho y Vida” written by Monsignor Jonas Achacoso which features straight answers about the Catholic perspective to questions and problems Catholics face in their daily lives, “Humor” written by the contemporary Cuban humor writer Enrique Del Risco, or "Enrisco,", a funny yet deep reflection about social and political issues affecting the Hispanic community.
Nuestra Voz distributes 18,000 copies monthly. Online, Nuestra Voz gets 46,000 unique visitors monthly. Nuestra Voz is owned by DeSales Media. DeSales Media has responded to the changing face of the diocese by reaching a new audience of Latinos with the information they can use for the betterment of their communities and their Catholic faith. Bishop Nicholas DiMarzio, the seventh bishop of the Diocese of Brooklyn and Queens, is the founder and current publisher of Nuestra Voz. Monsignor Kieran Harrington, the Vicar for Communications for the Diocese of Brooklyn and president and chairman of DeSales Media Group, is the founding and current Associated Publisher. Nathalia Ortiz Daniel Arias Álvarez Darío López Capera Jorge I. Domínguez-López The paper has won more than 60 Catholic Press Association Awards in 2018, including ‘Editor of the Year,’ ‘Videographer/Video Producer of the Year,’ ‘Spanish Staff Writer of the Year,’ ‘Best News Writing: National/International Event,’ ‘Best Editorial Page,’ ‘Best Coverage of Pro-Life Issues,’ ‘Best Interview,’ ‘Best Essay Reflecting on Faith Formation,’ and Second place ‘Publication of the Year in 2016.
On Friday, June 21st, at the Catholic Press Association of the United States and Canada Catholic 2019 Media Conference and CPA Press Awards, that took place in St. Petersburg, Nuestra Voz was honored with the Spanish Publication of the Year Award. Official website