Heilongjiang is a province in Northeast China. The province is bordered by Jilin to Inner Mongolia to the west, it shares a border with Russia to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the province is Harbin. Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous; the province takes its name from the Heilong River, which marks the border between the People's Republic of China and Russia. Heilongjiang contains China's northernmost easternmost point. Heilongjiang has significant agricultural production, raw materials, such as timber and coal. "Heilongjiang" means Black Dragon River, the Chinese name for the more well known western name, Amur. The one-character abbreviation is 黑; the Manchu name of the region is Sahaliyan ula, from which the name of Sakhalin is derived, the Mongolian name with the same meaning is Qaramörin. It is sometimes spelt "Heilungkiang" in older English texts. Ancient Chinese records and other sources state that Heilongjiang was inhabited by people such as the Sushen, the Mohe and the Khitan.
Mongolic Donghu people lived in the western part of Heilongjiang. Some names are Mongolian; the eastern portion of Heilongjiang was ruled by the kingdom of Balhae between the 7th and 10th centuries. The Jurchen Jin dynasty that subsequently ruled much of north China arose within the borders of modern Heilongjiang. Heilongjiang as an administrative entity was created in 1683, during the Kangxi era of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, from the northwestern part of the Jilin province; this Heilongjiang Province only included the western part of today's Heilongjiang Province, was under the supervision of the General of Heilongjiang, whose power extended, according to the Treaty of Nerchinsk, as far north as the Stanovoy Mountains. The eastern part of what's today Heilongjiang remained under the supervision of the General of Jilin, whose power reached the East Sea of Korea; these areas deep in Manchuria were closed off to Han Chinese migration. The original seat of the Military Governor of Heilongjiang, as established in 1683, was in Heilongjiang City, located on the Amur River.
However in 1690 the seat of the governor was transferred to Nenjiang on the Nen River, and, in 1699, further south to Qiqihar. According to modern historians, the moves may have been driven by supply considerations: Nenjiang and Qiqihar are connected by a convenient waterway with southern Manchuria, whereas accessing Aigun would require either sailing all the way down the Sungari River until its confluence with the Amur and up the Amur to Heihe, or using a portage over the Lesser Xing'an Mountains between the Nen River valley and the Amur valley. An additional advantage of Qiqihar may have been its location at the junction of a northbound road and a westbound one, enabling its garrison to defend both against the Russians and the Ölöt Mongols. Little Qing Military presence existed north of Aigun. According to the 18th- and early-20th-century European sources, the reports of the Russians in the 1850s, the farthest Qing "advance guard" post was at Ulusu-Modon, near the Amur River's famous's'-shaped meander.
In 1858 and 1860, the Qing government was forced to give up all land beyond the Amur and Ussuri Rivers to the Russian Empire, cutting off the Qing Empire from the Sea of Japan and giving Heilongjiang its present northern and eastern borders. At the same time, Manchuria was opened to Han Chinese migration by the Qing government. By the early twentieth century, due to the Chuang Guandong, the Han Chinese had become the dominant ethnic group in the region. In 1931, Japanese forces invaded Heilongjiang. In 1932, the Japanese completed their conquest of the province, which became part of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo. In 1945, Japanese forces in Manchuria were defeated by the Soviet Army. During the Chinese Civil War, Soviet forces aided the Chinese communists. Heilongjiang became the first province to be controlled by the communists and Harbin the first major city to be controlled by them. At the beginning of communist rule, Heilongjiang included only the western portion of the present-day province, had its capital at Qiqihar.
The remaining area was the province of Songjiang. In 1954, these two provinces were merged into present-day Heilongjiang. During the Cultural Revolution, Heilongjiang was expanded to include Hulunbuir League and some other areas in Inner Mongolia. Heilongjiang is a land of varied topography. Much of the province is dominated by mountain ranges such as the Greater Khingan Range and Lesser Khingan Range, Zhangguangcai Mountains, Laoye Mountains, Wanda Mountains; the highest peak is Mount Datudingzi at 1,690 metres, located on the border with Jilin province. The Greater Khingan Range contains China's largest remaining virgin forest and is an important area for China's forestry industry
Grand Army Plaza is a local station on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line of the New York City Subway. It is located in Park Slope, underneath Flatbush Avenue at its intersection with Plaza Street West and St. Johns Place, on the northwest side of Grand Army Plaza, it is served by the 2 at all times, the 3 at all times except late nights, the 4 train during late nights. The Bergen Street, Grand Army Plaza, Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum stations opened on October 9, 1920. Service on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line had been extended from Atlantic Avenue to Utica Avenue in August 1920, but the three stations were not ready to open with the rest of the line; this extension was part of an expansion of the subway system known as the Dual Contracts which built not only IRT lines in Brooklyn but those for the BMT. The BMT Brighton Line was in use at the time but used trackage, now part of the Franklin Avenue Shuttle; the construction of the station and tunnels resulted in the removal of Frederic W. Darlington's 1897 Electric Fountain from the center of Grand Army Plaza, dug up for the cut-and-cover construction and replaced with a grass oval.
Construction began on a new fountain, known as the Bailey Fountain, in 1928, it was completed in 1932. During the 1964–1965 fiscal year, the platforms at Grand Army Plaza, along with those at four other stations on the Eastern Parkway Line, were lengthened to 525 feet to accommodate a ten-car train of 51-foot IRT cars. At platform level, Grand Army Plaza has a simple island platform layout with two tracks. Southbound trains use track E1 while northbound trains use track E4. Underneath the platform are four tracks, the center two, A4 and A3 carrying the BMT Brighton Line with tracks E2 and E3 carrying southbound and northbound express IRT Eastern Parkway Line trains on either side of the Brighton Line tracks, respectively; these track designations are only displayed on small emergency placards on either end of the platform for use by train and emergency personnel. The only mosaic in the Grand Army Plaza station is a small "P". A permanent art installation in the station's entrances and mezzanine entitled Wings for the IRT: The Irresistible Romance of Travel was created in 1995 by Jane Greengold, who used the station when she lived in Park Slope.
The bronze and terra cotta pieces of art are modeled on the original Interborough Rapid Transit Company logo, references the Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch in the plaza above with its Winged Victories. The MTA's Arts for Transit program held an opening ceremony for the artwork on June 19, 1997; the station has four entrances and exits, all of which are staircases: 2 on the northeast corner of Flatbush Avenue and Plaza Street East 1 on the southwest corner of Flatbush Avenue and Plaza Street West 1 on the southeast corner of Flatbush Avenue and Plaza Street West www.nycsubway.org: Brooklyn IRT: Grand Army Plaza Brooklyn IRT: Map 2, Brooklyn IRT Dual Contracts Wings for the IRT, The Irresistable Romance of Travel Artwork by Jane Greengold Station Reporter — 2 Train Station Reporter — 3 Train The Subway Nut — Grand Army Plaza Pictures MTA's Arts For Transit — Grand Army Plaza Plaza Street entrance from Google Maps Street View Platform from Google Maps Street View
Martín Vellisca González is a Spanish retired footballer who played as a left winger. He played 220 La Liga matches in representation of Salamanca and Zaragoza. After starting playing football with amateurs CF Valdepeñas, Vellisca began his professional career at local Getafe CF, before joining UD Salamanca in 1993. From the start he was an undisputed first-choice, never playing in less than 34 games while experiencing two La Liga promotions and as many relegations to the second division. From 1999 to 2004, Vellisca played with Real Zaragoza, totalling 104 league matches with eight goals in his first three seasons. After helping the Aragonese to a 2003 return to the top level, he was only a fringe player in the following campaign, left the side with two Copa del Rey trophies. Vellisca retired in 2008 at the age of nearly 37, after having spent two seasons each with UD Almería and lowly Logroñés CF. Zaragoza Copa del Rey: 2000–01, 2003–04 Martín Vellisca at BDFutbol
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Mandi or locally known as JNV Pandoh is a boarding, co-educational school in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh state in India. Navodaya Vidyalayas are funded by the Indian Ministry of Human Resources Development and administered by Navodaya Vidyalaya Smiti, an autonomous body under the ministry; the school was established on 11 September 1986, is a part of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya schools. The permanent campus of this school is located at Mandi; this school is monitored by Chandigarh regional office of Navodaya Vidyalaya Smiti. Admission to JNV Mandi at class VI level is made through selection test conducted by Navodaya Vidyalaya Smiti; the information about test is disseminated and advertised in the district by the office of Mandi district magistrate, chairperson of Vidyalya Management Committee. JNV Mandi is affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education with affiliation number 640003, following the curriculum prescribed by CBSE. List of JNV schools Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Sirmaur Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Bilaspur Official Website of JNV Mandi
Glendale Technology High School is a government-funded co-educational comprehensive secondary day school, located in Glendale, a suburb of Lake Macquarie, in the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia. Established in 1970 as Glendale High School, the school enrolled 780 students in 2018, from Year 7 to Year 12, of whom 14 percent identified as Indigenous Australians and five percent were from a language background other than English; the school is operated by the NSW Department of Education. Glendale High School became a Technology High School in 1990; the Glendale Industry Academy, training students in skills shortage areas, is delivered at the school in partnership with TAFE NSW and local industries. Broadcaster and writer John Doyle taught at the school in the 1980s. List of government schools in New South Wales Education in Australia Glendale Technology High School NSW Schools website
X Neural Switcher, or xneur, is a free software computer program for automatic keyboard layout changing in the X Window System, runs on all flavours of Linux and BSD. It is used to change between Russian and English, but supports Ukrainian, French, Romanian and German; the program monitors user input. If an entered character sequence is uncommon in the current user input language xneur changes the keyboard layout, rewrites the word in the more appropriate language. For example, the incorrect "Dbrbgtlbz" will be changed into the Russian "Википедия", vice versa, "фззду" will become "apple". Here, the transliteration was made between most popular keyboard layouts: English QWERTY and Russian ЙЦУКЕН; the user can add new words or character sequences into the program's dictionary, can manually change languages with a keyboard shortcut. Automatic detection can be disabled. X Neural Switcher is divided into two parts: xneur server works as a daemon in a basic X Window System graphical frontend gxneur and kxneur X Neural Switcher was added to ALT Linux, Russian SuSE club, some FreeBSD ports and some Russian Ubuntu repositories.
Punto Switcher Keyboard Ninja RuSwitcher Project home page