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Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Luitpold Himmler was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel, a leading member of the Nazi Party of Germany. Himmler was one of a main architect of the Holocaust; as a member of a reserve battalion during World War I, Himmler did not see active service. He studied agronomy in university, joined the Nazi Party in 1923 and the SS in 1925. In 1929, he was appointed Reichsführer-SS by Adolf Hitler. Over the next 16 years, he developed the SS from a mere 290-man battalion into a million-strong paramilitary group, following Hitler's orders, set up and controlled the Nazi concentration camps, he was known for good organisational skills and for selecting competent subordinates, such as Reinhard Heydrich in 1931. From 1943 onwards, he was both Chief of German Police and Minister of the Interior, overseeing all internal and external police and security forces, including the Gestapo. Himmler had a lifelong interest in occultism, interpreting Germanic neopagan and Völkisch beliefs to promote the racial policy of Nazi Germany, incorporating esoteric symbolism and rituals into the SS.

On Hitler's behalf, Himmler built extermination camps. As facilitator and overseer of the concentration camps, Himmler directed the killing of some six million Jews, between 200,000 and 500,000 Romani people, other victims. Most of them were Soviet citizens. Late in World War II, Hitler appointed him a military commander and Commander of the Replacement Army and General Plenipotentiary for the administration of the entire Third Reich, he was given command of the Army Group Upper Rhine and the Army Group Vistula. Realising the war was lost, Himmler attempted to open peace talks with the western Allies without Hitler's knowledge, shortly before the end of the war. Hearing of this, Hitler ordered his arrest. Himmler attempted to go into hiding, but was detained and arrested by British forces once his identity became known. While in British custody, he committed suicide on 23 May 1945. Heinrich Luitpold Himmler was born in Munich on 7 October 1900 into a conservative middle-class Roman Catholic family.

His father was Joseph Gebhard Himmler, a teacher, his mother was Anna Maria Himmler, a devout Roman Catholic. Heinrich had Gebhard Ludwig and Ernst Hermann. Himmler's first name, was that of his godfather, Prince Heinrich of Bavaria, a member of the royal family of Bavaria, tutored by Gebhard Himmler, he attended a grammar school in Landshut. While he did well in his schoolwork, he struggled in athletics, he had poor health, suffering from other ailments. In his youth he exercised to become stronger. Other boys at the school remembered him as studious and awkward in social situations. Himmler's diary, which he kept intermittently from the age of 10, shows that he took a keen interest in current events, "the serious discussion of religion and sex". In 1915, he began training with the Landshut Cadet Corps, his father used his connections with the royal family to get Himmler accepted as an officer candidate, he enlisted with the reserve battalion of the 11th Bavarian Regiment in December 1917. His brother, served on the western front and saw combat, receiving the Iron Cross and being promoted to lieutenant.

In November 1918, while Himmler was still in training, the war ended with Germany's defeat, denying him the opportunity to become an officer or see combat. After his discharge on 18 December, he returned to Landshut. After the war, Himmler completed his grammar-school education. From 1919–22, he studied agronomy at the Munich Technische Hochschule following a brief apprenticeship on a farm and a subsequent illness. Although many regulations that discriminated against non-Christians—including Jews and other minority groups—had been eliminated during the unification of Germany in 1871, antisemitism continued to exist and thrive in Germany and other parts of Europe. Himmler was antisemitic by the time not exceptionally so, he remained a devoted Catholic while a student, spent most of his leisure time with members of his fencing fraternity, the "League of Apollo", the president of, Jewish. Himmler maintained a polite demeanor with him and with other Jewish members of the fraternity, in spite of his growing antisemitism.

During his second year at university, Himmler redoubled his attempts to pursue a military career. Although he was not successful, he was able to extend his involvement in the paramilitary scene in Munich, it was at this time that he first met Ernst Röhm, an early member of the Nazi Party and co-founder of the Sturmabteilung. Himmler admired Röhm because he was a decorated combat soldier, at his suggestion Himmler joined his antisemitic nationalist group, the Bund Reichskriegsflagge. In 1922, Himmler became more interested in the "Jewish question", with his diary entries containing an increasing number of antisemitic remarks and recording a number of discus

Mary Hallaren

Mary Agnes Hallaren was an American soldier and the third director of the Women's Army Corps at the time that it became a part of the United States Army. As the director of the WAC, she was the first woman to join the U. S. Army. Born in Lowell, the daughter of John Joseph Hallaren and Mary Kenney Hallaren, she graduated in 1925 from Lowell High School and attended Boston University and graduated from Lowell State Teachers College. She taught junior high school for 15 years in Lexington, spending her summers on vigorous walking tours, which she called vagabonding throughout the United States, Mexico and Europe. In 1942 Hallaren entered the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, which became the WAC. A recruiter asked the diminutive Hallaren, she replied, "You don't have to be six feet tall to have a brain that works."In 1943, as a captain, she commanded the first women's battalion to go overseas. She served as director of WAC personnel attached to the 8th and 9th Air Forces, by 1945, as a lieutenant colonel, she commanded all WAC personnel in the European theater.

On 7 May 1947, Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson promoted Hallaren to full colonel and appointed her the third director of the WAC. On June 12, 1948, when the WAC was integrated into the Army, she became the first woman to serve as a regular Army officer, she received Army serial number L–1. By the end of 1952, Hallaren had completed six years as director of the WAC, she had led the effort to obtain Reserve status for WACs. She had directed the procedures for assimilating WACs into the regular and reserve components between 1948 and 1950. After leaving the directorship, she served on active duty for another seven years before retiring in 1960 at age 53, she was awarded the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star, the Army Commendation Medal. She served in the United States Department of Labor as director of the Women in Community Service division, she continued to serve in an advisory capacity. In the 1990s, she was a leading proponent of the Women In Military Service For America Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery, dedicated in 1997.

She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1996 and was featured by Tom Brokaw in his book The Greatest Generation. She died at the Arleigh Burke Pavilion, an assisted living facility for retired military personnel in McLean, Virginia, she is buried in Saint Patrick Cemetery in Massachusetts. Legion of Merit Bronze Star Medal Croix de Guerre National Women's Hall of Fame citation Women's International Center biography Women in the U. S. Army This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History

Execution (album)

Execution is the first full-length album by Tribuzy. "Execution" - 7:15 "Forgotten Time" - 4:19 "The Attempt" - 4:08 "Divine Disgrace" - 5:25 "Absolution" - 9:36 "Web of Life" - 4:47 "Nature of Evil" - 7:42 "Lake of Sins" - 4:17 "Beast in the Light" - 6:01 "Aggressive" - 6:01 "The Means" The bandRenato Tribuzy - vocals Kiko Loureiro - lead guitar on all songs except "Absolution", "Web of Life", "The Means" Gustavo Silveira - rhythm guitar, acoustic guitar on "The Means" Chris Dale - bass on all songs except for "Nature of Evil" and "The Means" Sidney Sohn - keyboards Marcos Barzo - drumsGuest MusiciansFrank Schieber - acoustic guitar on "The Means" Bruce Dickinson - vocals on "Beast in the Light" Michael Kiske - vocals on "Absolution" Mat Sinner - vocals on "Nature of Evil" Ralf Scheepers - vocals on "Nature of Evil" Dennis Ward - bass on "Nature of Evil" Roland Grapow - lead guitar on "Absolution" and "Web of Life" Roy Z - guitar solo on "Beast in the Light"Technical staffRenato Tribuzy - production Marcelo Sabóia - audio engineering Pablo Vitori - audio engineering Fernando Fischgold - vocal audio engineering Sidney Sohn - guitar/keyboard audio engineering Enio Moisés - bass guitar audio engineering Achim Köhler - drum audio engineering Dennis Ward - mixing, mastering Gustavo Sazes - artwork