The Heisman Memorial Trophy, is awarded annually to the outstanding player in NCAA football. Winners epitomize great ability combined with diligence and hard work, it is presented by the Heisman Trophy Trust in early December. The award was created by the Downtown Athletic Club in 1935 to recognize "the most valuable college football player east of the Mississippi," and was first awarded to University of Chicago halfback Jay Berwanger. After the death in October 1936 of the Club's athletic director, John Heisman, the award was named in his honor and broadened to include players west of the Mississippi. Heisman had been active in college athletics as a football player, it is the oldest of several overall awards in college football, including the Maxwell Award, Walter Camp Award, the AP Player of the Year. The Heisman and the AP Player of the Year honor the outstanding player, while the Maxwell and the Walter Camp award recognizes the best player, the Archie Griffin Award recognizes the most valuable player.
The most recent winner of the Heisman Trophy is Louisiana State University quarterback Joe Burrow. The trophy itself, designed by sculptor Frank Eliscu, is modeled after Ed Smith, a leading player in 1934 for the now-defunct New York University football team; the trophy is made out of cast bronze, is 13.5 inches tall, 14 inches long, 16 inches in width and 45 pounds. Eliscu had asked Smith, his former George Washington High School classmate, to pose for a commissioned sculpture of a football player. Smith did not realize until 1982; the Downtown Athletic Club presented Smith with a Heisman Trophy of his own in 1985. From its inception in 1935, the statue was cast by Dieges & Clust in New York until 1980, when Dieges and Clust was sold to Herff Jones. For a time until at least 2008, the statues were cast by Roman Bronze Works in New York. Since 2005 the trophy has been made by MTM Recognition in Oklahoma. Only players east of the Mississippi were eligible, but since 1936 all football players playing in all divisions of college football nationwide are eligible for the award, though winners represent Division I Football Bowl Subdivision schools.
There are three categories of eligible voters for the award winner: Sports journalists: Heisman.com states that sports journalists are to be the determinants of the award since they are "informed and impartial." There are 870 media voters: 145 voters from each of six regions. Previous Heisman winners. According to Heisman.com there are 57 prior winners eligible to vote and, thus, 57 potential votes. Fans: As the Premier Partner of the Heisman Trophy, Nissan has a vote and gives this to the fans. Fan voting done through a survey collected by ESPN on NissanHeismanHouse.com. This constitutes one Heisman vote. Except for the one vote based on the fan voting, the balloting is based on positional voting, whereby each voter identifies three selections, ranking them in order; each first-place selection is awarded three points, each second-place selection is awarded two points, each third-place selection is awarded one point. Voters must make three selections and cannot duplicate a selection, else the ballot is invalid and none of the selections count.
The accounting firm Deloitte is responsible for the tabulation of votes, which has moved exclusively to online voting since 2007. Larry Kelley and Clint Frank of Yale were the first teammates to win the Heisman Trophy, in 1936 and 1937. Nile Kinnick of Iowa was the only Heisman Trophy winner to have a stadium named after him. In 1972, the University of Iowa renamed its football complex Kinnick Stadium. Kinnick is the only winner to die in military service of the United States, his death in 1943 made him the first Heisman Trophy winner to die. Doc Blanchard was the first junior to win the Heisman Trophy when he led Army to the national title in 1945. In 1946, Army played Notre Dame in the Game of the Century; the game is notable in that it had four players who won or would go on to win the Heisman Trophy: Army’s Doc Blanchard, Glenn Davis, Notre Dame’s Johnny Lujack, Leon Hart. Paul Hornung was the only player to win the Heisman Trophy as a player for a losing team, he took the award at Notre Dame 1956.
Ernie Davis was the first African American player to win the Heisman Trophy. He attended Syracuse University was drafted first overall in 1962, yet never played a game in the NFL as he was diagnosed with leukemia and died in 1963. Terry Baker was the only player to win the Heisman Trophy and play in the Final Four in the NCAA Basketball Tournament in the same school year. Archie Griffin of Ohio State is the only player to receive the award twice, winning it as a junior in 1974 and a senior in 1975. Steve Spurrier, the 1966 recipient as a Florida Gator, became the first Heisman Trophy winner to coach a winner in 1996. Charles Woodson of the University of Michigan is the only defensive player to win the award, beating out favorite Peyton Manning, quarterback for the University of Tennessee, in 1997, he was a standout cornerback, but occasionally played as a wide receiv
Abigail "Abbie" B. Bakan was chair of the Department of Humanities, Social Sciences and Social Justice Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto from 2013 to 2018 and after the end of her term remains a professor in the department, her research focuses on employment equity, Marxist theory and "anti-oppression politics". From 1998 to 2013, she was Professor of Political Studies at Queen's University, Ontario, Canada after being an associate and assistant professor at the university from 1985 until 1998. From 2011 to 2013 she served as Head of the Department of Gender Studies at Queen's. In a protest held in Toronto on July 29, 2006, Bakan criticized the Government of Prime Minister Stephen Harper for supporting "Israel's illegal action against the Lebanese and Palestinian people." In a debate held at York University on May 11, 2009, Bakan and Ryerson University professor Alan Sears spoke in support of a boycott of Israeli academic institutions. The York's Excalibur newspaper reported that Bakan's comments were interpreted by some as calling for a boycott of individual Israeli academics.
Bakan argues that condemning academic sanctions on the grounds that it politicizes a free and objective learning space is futile because institutions are inherently political. Bakan argued that there is no other option but to boycott on an academic platform because boycotts allow us to "hear a voice, completely suppressed in Western world democracies. In the tradition of civil rights, we have to hear that call."Educated at York University, Bakan has written and edited several books including: Negotiating Citizenship: Migrant Women in Canada and the Global System, co-authored with Daiva Stasiulis, University of Toronto Press, 2005. Critical Political Studies: Debates and Dialogues from the Left, co-edited with Eleanor MacDonald, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003, ISBN 0-7735-2252-2 Not One of the Family: Foreign Domestic Workers in Canada, co-edited with Daiva Stasiulis, University of Toronto Press, 1997, ISBN 0-8020-7595-9 Imperial Power and Regional Trade: The Caribbean Basin Initiative, co-edited with David Cox and Colin Leys, Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-88920-220-6 Ideology and Class Conflict in Jamaica: The Politics of Rebellion, McGill-Queen's University Press, 1990, ISBN 0-7735-0745-0Bakan is the daughter of psychologist and academic David Bakan and philosopher and academic Mildred Bakan.
South West Yorkshire Partnership NHS Foundation Trust is a NHS Trust which provides mental health, learning disability and community health care services in Calderdale, Kirklees and Barnsley. The Trust provides some of the medium secure forensic services for the Yorkshire and the Humber region; the Trust's headquarters is located at Fieldhead Hospital in Wakefield, a psychiatric and learning disabilities hospital. The Trust was formed in 2002 when mental health services in the southern half of West Yorkshire were re-organised and brought together the service provisions from the districts of Calderdale and Wakefield; the Trust was called South West Yorkshire Mental Health NHS Trust with the headquarters based at Fieldhead Hospital in Wakefield. The new Trust inherited a large estate from the previous three predecessor Trusts such as the Sycamores Community Unit for the Elderly in Ossett. On 31 March 2009, the Trust became a NHS Foundation Trust and was renamed South West Yorkshire Partnership NHS Foundation Trust.
In 2013 when the Primary Care Trusts were abolished as part of the Health and Social Care Act 2012 the Trust took over the mental health services and community health care provisions from Barnsley PCT and as such the Trust's footprint expanded to cover two counties. The Trust's estate expanded once again to include Kendray Hospital and Mount Vernon Hospital with a number of health centres and offices within the Barnsley district; the Trust's structure is based upon six Business Delivery Units: Calderdale Kirklees Barnsley Wakefield Forensic Specialist ServicesLike most mental health trusts, the Trust has reduced the number of beds in order to release resources for care at home. Child and adolescent mental health services in Calderdale and Kirklees delivered by Calderdale and Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust were transferred to South West Yorkshire Partnership Foundation Trust in 2013. Locala won a tender for the Care Closer to Home contract worth £284.9m over 7 years from Greater Huddersfield and North Kirklees Clinical Commissioning Groups in June 2015, delivered in a partnership with the Trust, a local hospice and other third sector organisations.
On 1 September 2017 the Trust launched a new Perinatal Mental Health Service, based in Dewsbury and operates across the Trust. The Trust was required to give undertakings in consideration of the Information Commissioner's Office not exercising its powers to serve an enforcement notice after it had sent patient data to the wrong address on a number of occasions; the Trust was named by the Health Service Journal as one of the top hundred NHS trusts to work for in 2015. At that time it had 4235 full time equivalent staff and a sickness absence rate of 4.81%. 63 % of staff recommend it as a place for 56 % recommended it as a place to work. List of NHS trusts