The Knockouts are a Swedish rock band from Stockholm, Sweden that formed in 1996. The current line-up consists of Kennet Stone and Ted Jergelind; the band achieved success in 2010 after the release of the album Among the Vultures. They have released one EP compilation in Sweden and Europe. Performing many packed and sold-out shows, The Knockouts have a reputation for a "cocky punk rock" sound with an aggressive rockabilly technique. In 2013 and 2014, The Knockouts have worked to rehearse and release the newest studio album ‘’’5000 Miles from Louisville’’, having signed with Swedish Booking Agency MTA Production AB, In 2012, The Knockouts worked on new material for an upcoming album. During that time, touring schedules to a minimum, the band directed work to the new release, they held a special event in September 2012 at Sweden. Slim Jim Phantom from the Stray Cats and Jonny Bowler from the Guana Batz flew from Los Angeles to join The Knockouts on stage in a special sold out show that celebrated Johan Frandsen´s 30th birthday.
In 2011, The Knockouts supported Brian Setzer on the'Brian Setzer´s Rockabilly Riot tour 2011'. The European summer started with a performance with Brian Sezter on the premiere night of his tour at the 10-year celebration of the Azkena Rock Festival on the 25 June, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain to crowds of over 50,000 people onto sold out dates throughout Germany in Berlin and Cologne; the tour was sold out through Scandinavia, with dates in Copenhagen, Stockholm and Helsinki. A highlight of the tour was an encore performance at the Helsinki Ice Hall on the last night of the tour; the Knockouts frontman Johan Frandsen joined Brian Setzer and Slim Jim Phantom on stage with a special rendition of "Seven Nights to Rock". Setzer called Frandsen to the stage and handed his white Brian Setzer Hot Rod signature Gretsch guitar to Frandsen to conclude the tour in Scandinavia; the Knockouts' tours have included dates throughout Europe including countries such as, Finland, Germany, Czech Republic and Spain. They have played at festivals such as the West Coast Riot and The Peace and Love Festival, alongside Brian Setzer, Social Distortion and The Living End.
They supported The Living End in 2009 on their first Scandinavian tour date for the Raise the Alarm World Tour in Stockholm, Sweden. Frontman Johan Frandsen has played with members of the Stray Cats, Guana Batz, Mad Sin and gave the Swedish rockabilly band The GoGetters an injection of energy in over 300 gigs. Formed by Johan Frandsen in 1996, their energetic and hard fought beginnings were captured with the release of their 1998 self-titled debut 7 inch single "The Knockouts", produced by Thomas Skogsberg 1999 to 2001 was spent touring and preparing to record the full length promotional album Skyline Supernova, recorded in Sunlight Studio and released in summer 2000, various compilation recordings, including A Fistfull of Rock, Devil Doll Records; the success of their album scored them national support and the slot on the Hultsfred Festival, playing in the same year as bands such as Iggy Pop and Rocket from the Crypt. After devouring two year's worth of gigs, with a different way of looking at the Swedish punk rock scene, following from the success of Skyline Supernova, in 2003 the trio went onto solidify its sound with the introduction of longtime drummer Ted Jergelind In early 2004, they went into the studio and recorded the four track EP self-titled The Knockouts.
While writing new material during 2004–2006 for their second full-length album and touring Sweden, Spain, Johan Frandsen toured over 300 dates with internationally respected Swedish rockabilly band, The GoGetters. The tour included shows all over Europe and the USA—headlining at the Viva Las Vegas, supporting Stray Cats members, playing with members of Mad Sin and Guana Batz. In the midst of a relentless touring schedule between 2006–2008, they wrote new songs for what became the album El Fin de la Guerra. Recorded October 2007 and released 1 Feb 2008 the band supported the new album with a Europe and USA tour that included planned dates in Sweden, Czech Republic and the West Coast of the United States. Endorsement deals led to a trademark white guitar on stage at the start of 2009 and Johan Frandsen appearing at national and international guitar conventions, they were busy on the festival circuit in the summer of 2009, including playing Earth Hour in Stockholm with The Living End and Social Distortion at The Westcoast Riot festival, the Peace and Love Festival.
Among the Vultures, was recorded and produced in six days at The Panic Room, Sweden. This full-length album is receiving multiple reviews; this album won´t leave lovers of quality rock unmoved. It is just so tight, messy, powerful, explosive... The official single, "Under the Light" attracted radio play and reviews both in Scandinavia, USA and Europe; the song "Heat for the Hunted" was third on Sweden's National Radio Program, Håkan Persson's Sveriges Radio P3 as the best top ten songs for 2009 2012 to 2013 saw the band working on the newest album. 5000 Miles From Louisville, was recorded and mixed in ten days in February 2013 at Park Studio, Sweden. It was produced by Stefan Boman, of Johan Frandsen; this album received radio reviews. The official single, "...'Days Long Gone" hurtles out of the speakers with a confidence and energy that tells me everything I need to know about this record and, it's going to comp
Motörhead were an English rock band formed in June 1975 by bassist and songwriter Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister, the sole constant member, guitarist Larry Wallis and drummer Lucas Fox. The band are considered a precursor to the new wave of British heavy metal, which re-energised heavy metal in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Though several guitarists and drummers have played in Motörhead, most of their best-selling albums and singles feature the work of Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor on drums and "Fast" Eddie Clarke on guitars. Motörhead released 22 studio albums, 10 live recordings, 12 compilation albums, five EPs over a career spanning 40 years. A power trio, they had particular success in the early 1980s with several successful singles in the UK Top 40 chart; the albums Overkill, Ace of Spades, the live album No Sleep'til Hammersmith cemented Motörhead's reputation as a top-tier rock band. The band are ranked number 26 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock; as of 2016, they have sold more than 15 million albums worldwide.
Motörhead are classified as heavy metal, their fusion of punk rock into the genre helped to pioneer speed metal and thrash metal. Their lyrics covered such topics as war, good versus evil, abuse of power, promiscuous sex, substance abuse, most famously, the latter theme being the focus of their hit song "Ace of Spades". Motörhead has been credited with being part of and influencing numerous musical scenes, thrash metal and speed metal especially. From the mid-1970s onward, Lemmy insisted that they were a rock and roll band, he has said that they had more in common with punk bands, but with their own unique sound, Motörhead is embraced in both punk and metal scenes. Lemmy died on 28 December 2015 from cardiac arrhythmia and congestive heart failure, after being diagnosed with prostate cancer. Drummer Mikkey Dee and guitarist Phil Campbell both confirmed that Motörhead would not continue as a band. By 2018, all three members of Motörhead's classic line-up had died. Lemmy was dismissed from Hawkwind in May 1975 after being arrested in Canada for drug possession.
Now on his own, Lemmy decided to form a new band called Motörhead, the name inspired by the final song he had written for Hawkwind. Lemmy wanted the music to be "fast and vicious, just like the MC5", his stated aim was to "concentrate on basic music: loud, city, arrogant, speedfreak rock n roll... it will be so loud that if we move in next door to you, your lawn will die". He recruited guitarist Larry Wallis on the recommendation of Mick Farren, based on Wallis' work with Steve Peregrin Took's band Shagrat, Lucas Fox on drums. According to Lemmy, the band's first practice was at the now defunct Sound Management rehearsal studios, in Kings Road, Chelsea in 1975. Sound Management leased the basement area of furniture store The Furniture Cave, located in adjacent Lots Road. Kilmister has said, their first engagement was supporting Greenslade at The Roundhouse, London on 20 July 1975. On 19 October, having played 10 gigs, they became the supporting act to Blue Öyster Cult at the Hammersmith Odeon.
The band were contracted to United Artists by Andrew Lauder, the A&R man for Lemmy's previous band, Hawkwind. They recorded sessions at Rockfield Studios in Monmouth with producer Dave Edmunds, during which Fox proved to be unreliable and was replaced by drummer Phil "Philthy Animal" Taylor, a casual acquaintance of Lemmy's, their record label was dissatisfied with the material and refused to release it, although it was subsequently issued as On Parole in 1979 after the band had established some success. In March 1976, deciding that two guitarists were required, the band auditioned an acquaintance of drummer Taylor's named "Fast" Eddie Clarke. Wallis, continuing to tour with a reformed Pink Fairies, quit after the auditions and Clarke remained as the sole guitarist; this trio of Lemmy/Clarke/Taylor is today regarded as the "classic" Motörhead line-up. In December, the band recorded the "Leaving Here" single for Stiff Records, but United Artists intervened to prevent its general release as the band were still under contract to them, despite the label's refusal to issue their debut album.
Initial reactions to the band had been unfavourable. By April 1977, living in squats and with little recognition and Clarke decided to quit the band, after some debate, they agreed to do a farewell show at the Marquee Club in London. Lemmy had become acquainted with Ted Carroll from Chiswick Records and asked him to bring a mobile studio to the show to record it for posterity. Carroll was unable to get the mobile unit to the Marquee Club, but showed up backstage after the engagement and offered them two days at Escape Studios with producer Speedy Keen to record a single; the band took the chance, instead of recording a single they laid down 11 unfinished tracks. Carroll gave them a few more days at Olympic Studios to finish the vocals and the band completed 13 tracks for release as an album. Chiswick issued the single "Motorhead" in June, followed by the album Motörhead in August, which spent one week in the UK Albums Chart at number 43; the band toured the UK supporting Hawkwind in June from late July they commenced the "Beyond the Threshold of Pain" tour with The Count Bishops.
In August, Tony Secunda took over the management of the band, their cohesiveness became so unstable that by March 1978, Clarke and Taylor had formed and were performing as The Muggers with Speedy Keen and Billy Rath. In July 1978, the band returned to the manag
Finland the Republic of Finland, is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, Russia to the east. Finland is situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia; the capital and largest city is Helsinki. Other major cities are Espoo, Tampere and Turku. Finland's population is 5.52 million, the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. 88.7% of the population is Finnish and speaks Finnish, a Uralic language unrelated to the Scandinavian languages. Finland is the eighth-largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union; the sovereign state is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital city of Helsinki, local governments in 311 municipalities, one autonomous region, the Åland Islands. Over 1.4 million people live in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which produces one third of the country's GDP. Finland was inhabited when the last ice age ended 9000 BCE.
The first settlers left behind artefacts that present characteristics shared with those found in Estonia and Norway. The earliest people were hunter-gatherers; the first pottery appeared in 5200 BCE. The arrival of the Corded Ware culture in southern coastal Finland between 3000 and 2500 BCE may have coincided with the start of agriculture; the Bronze Age and Iron Age were characterised by extensive contacts with other cultures in the Fennoscandian and Baltic regions and the sedentary farming inhabitation increased towards the end of Iron Age. At the time Finland had three main cultural areas – Southwest Finland and Karelia – as reflected in contemporary jewellery. From the late 13th century, Finland became an integral part of Sweden through the Northern Crusades and the Swedish part-colonisation of coastal Finland, a legacy reflected in the prevalence of the Swedish language and its official status. In 1809, Finland was incorporated into the Russian Empire as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland.
In 1906, Finland became the first European state to grant all adult citizens the right to vote, the first in the world to give all adult citizens the right to run for public office. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, Finland declared itself independent. In 1918, the fledgling state was divided by civil war, with the Bolshevik-leaning Red Guard supported by the new Soviet Russia, fighting the White Guard, supported by the German Empire. After a brief attempt to establish a kingdom, the country became a republic. During World War II, the Soviet Union sought to occupy Finland, with Finland losing parts of Karelia, Kuusamo and some islands, but retaining their independence. Finland established an official policy of neutrality; the Finno-Soviet Treaty of 1948 gave the Soviet Union some leverage in Finnish domestic politics during the Cold War era. Finland joined the OECD in 1969, the NATO Partnership for Peace in 1994, the European Union in 1995, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in 1997, the Eurozone at its inception, in 1999.
Finland was a relative latecomer to industrialisation, remaining a agrarian country until the 1950s. After World War II, the Soviet Union demanded war reparations from Finland not only in money but in material, such as ships and machinery; this forced Finland to industrialise. It developed an advanced economy while building an extensive welfare state based on the Nordic model, resulting in widespread prosperity and one of the highest per capita incomes in the world. Finland is a top performer in numerous metrics of national performance, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life, human development. In 2015, Finland was ranked first in the World Human Capital and the Press Freedom Index and as the most stable country in the world during 2011–2016 in the Fragile States Index, second in the Global Gender Gap Report, it ranked first on the World Happiness Report report for 2018 and 2019. A large majority of Finns are members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, freedom of religion is guaranteed under the Finnish Constitution.
The earliest written appearance of the name Finland is thought to be on three runestones. Two have the inscription finlonti; the third was found in Gotland. It dates back to the 13th century; the name can be assumed to be related to the tribe name Finns, mentioned at first known time AD 98. The name Suomi has uncertain origins, but a candidate for a source is the Proto-Baltic word *źemē, meaning "land". In addition to the close relatives of Finnish, this name is used in the Baltic languages Latvian and Lithuanian. Alternatively, the Indo-European word * gʰm-on "man" has been suggested; the word referred only to the province of Finland Proper, to the northern coast of Gulf of Finland, with northern regions such as Ostrobothnia still sometimes being excluded until later. Earlier theories suggested derivation from suomaa or suoniemi, but these are now considered outdated; some have suggested common etymology with saame and Häme, but that theory is uncertain
Rammstein are a German Neue Deutsche Härte band from Berlin, formed in 1994. Throughout their existence, their six-man lineup has remained unchanged — lead vocalist Till Lindemann, lead guitarist Richard Z. Kruspe, bassist Oliver "Ollie" Riedel, rhythm guitarist Paul H. Landers, keyboardist Christian "Flake" Lorenz and drummer Christoph "Doom" Schneider. All band members hail from the former East Germany. Prior to their formation, some members were involved with certain bands such as Feeling B, First Arsch, Die Firma. After winning a contest for amateur bands, Rammstein were able to record demo tapes and send them to different record labels. Working with producer Jacob Hellner, they released Herzeleid, their debut album, in 1995. Though it didn't sell well, they gained popularity through their live performances, their rise led to the release of their second album, two years later. It resulted in a worldwide tour that lasted nearly four years; the album spawned the successful singles "Engel" and "Du hast" and live album Live aus Berlin.
Following the expansive tour, Rammstein recorded and released Mutter in 2001. Six singles were released from all charting in multiple countries throughout Europe; the lead single, "Sonne", reached number two in Germany. After signing with major label Universal Music, they released Reise, Reise in 2004 and had two more singles reach number two in Germany; the following year saw the release of their fourth album, a live release, Völkerball, one year after. The band released their sixth album, Liebe ist für alle da, in 2009, with its lead single, "Pussy", becoming their first number-one hit in Germany, despite having a controversial music video. Afterward, the band entered a recording hiatus and instead toured for several years, releasing the Made in Germany greatest hits album as well as the Rammstein in Amerika and Rammstein: Paris live albums. Rammstein returned with new music in 2019 with the song "Deutschland", which debuted at number one in Germany, their untitled seventh album is due for release in May 2019.
Rammstein were one of the first Neue Deutsche Härte bands. Their style of music has had a positive reception from music critics. Commercially, the band have been successful, earning many number-one albums as well as gold and platinum certifications in countries around the world, their grand live performances, which feature pyrotechnics, have played a part in their popularity growth. Despite success, the band have been subject to some controversies, their overall image has been subject to criticism, the music video for "Pussy" was interspersed with scenes of hardcore pornography, the song "Ich tu dir weh" forced Liebe ist für alle da to be re-released in Germany with the song removed from the album due to its graphic lyrics about sex. In 1989, East German guitarist Richard Z. Kruspe escaped to West Berlin and started the band Orgasm Death Gimmick. At that time, he was influenced by American music that of rock group Kiss. After the Berlin Wall came down, he moved back home to Schwerin, where Till Lindemann worked as a basket-weaver and played drums in the band First Arsch.
At this time, Kruspe lived with Oliver Riedel of the Inchtabokatables and Christoph "Doom" Schneider of Die Firma. Kruspe had come to realize that the music he had created did not suit him, he envisioned something as well as the sound of hard guitars. Kruspe and Schneider started working together on a new project in 1993. Finding it difficult to write both music and lyrics, Kruspe persuaded Lindemann, whom he had overheard singing while he was working, to join the fledgling group; the band called. Guitarist Paul H. Landers said the spelling of Ramstein with the extra "m". After the band became popular, the bandmembers denied the connection to the air show disaster and said that their name was inspired by the giant doorstop-type devices found on old gates, called Rammsteine; the extra "m" in the band's name makes it translate as "ramming stone". A contest was held in Berlin for amateur bands in 1994, the winner of which would receive access to a professional recording studio for a whole week. Kruspe, Riedel and Lindemann entered and won the contest with a 4-track demo tape with demo versions of songs from Herzeleid, written in English.
This sparked Landers' attention. To complete their sound, Rammstein attempted to recruit Christian "Flake" Lorenz, who had played with Landers in Feeling B. Though hesitant, Lorenz agreed to join the band. Rammstein were signed by Motor Music. Rammstein began to record their first studio album, Herzeleid, in March 1995 with producer Jacob Hellner, they released their first single "Du riechst so gut" that August and released the album in September. That year, they toured with Clawfinger in Warsaw and Prague. Rammstein headlined a 17-show tour of Germany in December, which did much to boost the band's popularity and establish them as a credible live act, they went on several tours throughout early 1996, releasing their second single titled "Seemann" on 8 January. On 27 March 1996, Rammstein performed on MTV's Hanging Out in London, their first performance in the UK. Rammstein's first major boost in popularity outside Germany came when music director Trent Reznor chose two Rammstein songs, "Heirate mich" and "Rammstein", for Da
Dire Straits were a British rock band formed in London in 1977 by Mark Knopfler, David Knopfler, John Illsley, Pick Withers. They were active from 1977 to 1988 and again from 1991 to 1995; the band became one of the world's best-selling music artists, with album sales of over 100 million. Their first hit single "Sultans of Swing", from their self-titled debut album released in 1978, reached the top ten in the US chart and became a top ten hit in the UK the following year; the band released several hit singles in the 1980s, such as "Romeo and Juliet", "Private Investigations", "Twisting by the Pool", "Money for Nothing", "Walk of Life". Their most commercially successful album was Brothers in Arms, which has sold more than 30 million copies and was the first album to sell a million copies on the compact disc format. Dire Straits' sound was drawn from a wide variety of musical influences including jazz and country, as well as the blues-rock of J. J. Cale and Eric Clapton, their stripped-down sound contrasted with punk rock and demonstrated a roots rock influence that emerged from pub rock.
According to the Guinness Book of British Hit Albums, Dire Straits have spent over 1,100 weeks on the UK albums chart, ranking fifth all-time. Brothers in Arms is the eighth-best-selling album in UK chart history, their career spanned 15 years. They split up in 1988, reformed in 1991, disbanded again in 1995 after Mark Knopfler launched his solo career full-time. There were several changes in personnel over both periods, with Mark Knopfler and Illsley the only members who remained throughout the band's career. Dire Straits won four Grammy Awards, three Brit Awards, two MTV Video Music Awards, various other music awards; the band were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2018. Brothers Mark and David Knopfler, from Newcastle in northeast England, friends John Illsley and Pick Withers, both from Leicester in the east midlands of England, formed the band in London in 1977. Withers a 10-year music business veteran, was the most seasoned of the quartet, having been a session drummer for Dave Edmunds, Gerry Rafferty, Magna Carta and others through the 1970s, as well as having been part of the group Spring which recorded an album for RCA in 1971.
At the time of the band's formation, Mark Knopfler was working as a teacher at art college, John Illsley was studying at Goldsmiths' College, David Knopfler was a social worker. Mark Knopfler and Withers had both been part of the pub rock group Brewers Droop at different points in around 1973. Known as the Café Racers, the name Dire Straits was given to the band by a musician flatmate of Withers thought up while they were rehearsing in the kitchen of a friend, Simon Cowe, of Lindisfarne. In 1977, the group recorded a five-song demo tape which included their future hit single, "Sultans of Swing", as well as "Water of Love" and "Down to the Waterline". After a performance at The Rock Garden in 1977, they took a demo tape to MCA in Soho but were turned down, they went to DJ Charlie Gillett, who had a radio show called "Honky Tonk" on BBC Radio London. The band wanted advice, but Gillett liked the music so much that he played "Sultans of Swing" on his show. Two months Dire Straits signed a recording contract with the Vertigo division of Phonogram Inc.
In October 1977, the band recorded demo tapes of "Southbound Again", "In the Gallery" and "Six Blade Knife" for BBC Radio London. The group's first album, Dire Straits, was recorded at Basing Street studios in Notting Hill, London in February 1978, at a cost of £12,500. Produced by Muff Winwood, the album was first released in the United Kingdom on Vertigo Records a division of Phonogram Inc; the album came to the attention of A&R representative Karin Berg, working at Warner Bros. Records in New York City, she felt that it was the kind of music audiences were hungry for, but only one person in her department agreed at first. Many of the songs on the album reflected Mark Knopfler's experiences in Newcastle and London. "Down to the Waterline" recalled images of life in Newcastle. That same year, Dire Straits began a tour as opening band for Talking Heads after the re-released "Sultans of Swing" started to climb the UK charts; this led to a United States recording contract with Warner Bros. Records.
They received more attention in the US, but arrived at the top of the charts in Canada and New Zealand. Dire Straits went top 10 in every European country; the following year, Dire Straits embarked on their first North American tour. They played 51 sold-out concerts over a 38-day period. "Sultans of Swing" scaled the charts to number four in the United States and number eight in the United Kingdom. The song became a fixture in the band's live performances. Bob Dylan, who had seen the band play in Los Angeles, was so impressed that he invited Mark Knopfler and drummer Pick Withers to play on his next album, Slow Train Coming. Recording sessions for the group's second album, Communiqué, took place in December 1978 at Compass Point Studios in Nassau, Bahamas. Released in June 1979, Communiqué was produced by Jerry Wexler and Barry Beckett and went to No. 1 on the German album charts, with the debut album Dire S
Guns N' Roses
Guns N' Roses abbreviated as GNR, is an American hard rock band from Los Angeles, formed in 1985. When they signed to Geffen Records in 1986, the band comprised vocalist Axl Rose, lead guitarist Slash, rhythm guitarist Izzy Stradlin, bassist Duff McKagan, drummer Steven Adler; the current lineup consists of Rose, Slash, McKagan, keyboardist Dizzy Reed, guitarist Richard Fortus, drummer Frank Ferrer and keyboardist Melissa Reese. Guns N' Roses' debut album, Appetite for Destruction, reached number one on the Billboard 200 a year after its release, on the strength of the Top 10 singles "Welcome to the Jungle", "Paradise City", "Sweet Child o' Mine", the band's only single to reach number one on the Billboard Hot 100; the album has sold 30 million copies worldwide, including 18 million units in the United States, making it the country's bestselling debut album and eleventh-bestselling album. Their next studio album, G N' R Lies, reached number two on the Billboard 200, sold ten million copies worldwide, included the Top 5 hit "Patience".
Use Your Illusion I and Use Your Illusion II, recorded and released in 1991, debuted at number two and number one on the Billboard 200 and have sold a combined 35 million copies worldwide, including 14 million units in the United States. The Illusion albums included the lead single "You Could Be Mine", covers of "Live and Let Die" and "Knockin’ on Heaven’s Door", a trilogy of ballads, which featured notably high-budget music videos; the Illusion records were supported by the extensive Use Your Illusion Tour, a world tour that lasted from 1991-1993. "The Spaghetti Incident?", an album of covers, was the band's last studio album to feature Slash and McKagan. Work on a follow up album stalled due to creative differences between band members. After a more than a decade of work and several lineup changes, Guns N' Roses's long-awaited sixth studio album Chinese Democracy, was released. At an estimated $14 million in production costs, it is the most expensive rock album in history, it debuted at number three on the Billboard 200, but undersold industry expectations despite positive critical reception.
Slash and McKagan rejoined the band in 2016 for the Not in This Lifetime... Tour, which became the second-highest-grossing concert tour on record, grossing over $562 million by December 2018. In their early years, the band's hedonism and rebelliousness drew comparisons to the early Rolling Stones and earned them the nickname "the most dangerous band in the world." The band's classic lineup, along with members Reed and drummer Matt Sorum, was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2012, its first year of eligibility. Guns N' Roses have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, including 45 million in the United States, making them the 41st-bestselling artist in history. In 1984, Hollywood Rose member Izzy Stradlin was living with L. A. Guns member Tracii Guns; when L. A. Guns needed a new vocalist, Stradlin suggested Hollywood Rose singer Axl Rose. Months Guns N' Roses was formed in March 1985 by Rose, rhythm guitarist Stradlin, along with L. A. Guns founders lead drummer Rob Gardner and bassist Ole Beich.
The band coined its name by combining the names of both previous groups. Rejected names for the band included "Heads of Amazon" and "AIDS", their first show, promoted as "L. A. Guns and Hollywood Rose presents Guns N Roses", was on March 26, 1985. After this show, Beich was replaced by Duff McKagan. Around this time, the band planned to release an EP with "Don't Cry", a cover of "Heartbreak Hotel", "Think About You" and "Anything Goes". However, plans for the release fell through, as Guns left the band after an argument with Rose leading to his replacement by Rose and Stradlin's one-time Hollywood Rose bandmate, Slash. Gardner was replaced by another former Hollywood Rose member, Steven Adler. Slash had previously played with McKagan and Adler in Road Crew; the band's "classic" lineup was finalized on June 4, 1985 when Adler and Slash joined. After two days of rehearsals, the band played their first show with the lineup on June 6, 1985. Two days the band embarked on a short, disorganized tour of the West Coast, from Sacramento, California, to McKagan's hometown of Seattle, Washington.
The band drove in a separate van and had to abandon their gear when both vans broke down on the way to Seattle, forcing them to hitch-hike up the coast and back home to LA with only their guitars. The so-called "Hell Tour" settled the band's first stable lineup, with McKagan commenting, "This trip had set a new benchmark for what we were capable of, what we could and would put ourselves through to achieve our goals as a band."Through the band's increasing presence on the Hollywood club scene – playing famed bars such as The Troubadour and The Roxy – Guns N' Roses drew the attention of major record labels. The group signed with Geffen Records in March 1986, they had turned down an offer from Chrysalis Records, nearly double Geffen's, due to Chrysalis wanting to change the band's image and sound and Geffen offering full artistic freedom. In December of that year, the group released the four-song EP Live?!*@ Like a Suicide, designed to keep interest in the band alive while the group withdrew from the club scene to work in the studio.
The EP release was designed to sooth over the label, who felt the band didn't have enough songs to record an album. The EP contained covers of Ro
Judas Priest are an English heavy metal band formed in West Bromwich in 1969. The band has sold over 50 million copies of their albums to date, they are ranked as one of the greatest metal bands of all time. Despite an innovative and pioneering body of work in the latter half of the 1970s, the band struggled with indifferent record production and lack of major commercial success or attention until 1980, when they adopted a more simplified sound on the album British Steel, which helped shoot them to rock superstar status; the band's membership has seen much turnover, including a revolving cast of drummers in the 1970s, the temporary departure of singer Rob Halford in the early 1990s. The current line-up consists of Halford, bassist Ian Hill, guitarists Glenn Tipton and Richie Faulkner, drummer Scott Travis; the band's best-selling album is 1982's Screaming for Vengeance with their most commercially successful line-up, featuring Hill, Tipton, guitarist K. K. Downing, drummer Dave Holland. Tipton and Hill are the only two members of the band to appear on every album.
Halford's operatic vocal style and the twin guitar sound of Downing and Tipton have been a major influence on metal and have been adopted by many bands. Their image of leather and other taboo articles of clothing were influential during the glam metal era of the 1980s; the Guardian referred to British Steel as the record. Despite a decline in exposure during the mid 1990s, the band has once again seen a resurgence, including worldwide tours, being inaugural inductees into the VH1 Rock Honors in 2006, receiving a Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 2010, their songs featured in video games such as Guitar Hero and the Rock Band series. Judas Priest formed in 1969 in industrial West Bromwich, in the Black Country, by vocalist Al Atkins and bassist Brian "Bruno" Stapenhill, with John Perry on guitar and John "Fezza" Partridge on drums. Perry soon died in a road accident, amongst the replacements the band auditioned were future Judas Priest guitarist Kenny "K. K." Downing. Stapenhill came up with the name Judas Priest from Bob Dylan's song "The Ballad of Frankie Lee and Judas Priest" on the album John Wesley Harding.
No member of that early line-up lasted long enough to play on the band's recordings, though several songs co-written by Atkins appeared on their first two albums. The band gained a three-album recording contract with the label Immediate in late 1969 after a gig in Walsall, but the label went out of business before an album could be recorded, the band split in 1970. Late in the year, Atkins found a heavy rock band rehearsing without a singer called Freight, made up of K. K. Downing on guitar, his childhood friend Ian "Skull" Hill on bass, drummer John Ellis, he joined them, they took on Atkins' defunct band's name. Their first gig was on 6 March 1971. Ellis quit that year and was replaced with Alan Moore. Early shows included Hendrix and Quatermass covers, in 1972 the set list included the originals "Never Satisfied", "Winter", the show-closer "Caviar and Meths". Moore left and was replaced with Christopher Louis "Congo" Campbell, the band joined Black Sabbath guitarist Tony Iommi's management agency Iommi Management Agency.
Atkins continued to write material for the band—including "Whiskey Woman", which became the base for the Judas Priest staple "Victim of Changes"—but as finances were tight and he had a family to support, he played his last gigs with the band in December 1972. Campbell left soon afterwards, the band enlisted two members of the band Hiroshima: drummer John Hinch and vocalist Rob Halford, the brother of Hill's girlfriend. Judas Priest made their first tour of continental Europe in early 1974 and returned to England that April to sign a recording deal with the label Gull. Gull suggested adding a fifth member to fill in the band's sound. A precursor of The Flying Hat Band called Shave'Em Dry featured future Starfighters drummer Barry Scrannage, who had played with original Priest members Ernest Chataway and Bruno Stapenhill in the band Bullion. Judas Priest went into the studio in June–July 1974 with Black Sabbath producer Rodger Bain; the band released their debut single "Rocka Rolla" that August and followed in September with an album of the same name.
The album features a variety of styles—straight-up rock, heavy riffing, progressive. Technical problems during the recording contributed to the poor sound quality of the record. Producer Rodger Bain, whose resume included Black Sabbath's first three albums as well as Budgie's first album, dominated the production of the album and made decisions with which the band did not agree. Bain chose to leave fan favourites from the band's live set, such as "Tyrant", "Genocide" and "The Ripper", off the album and he cut the song "Caviar and Meths" from a 10-minute song down to a 2-minute instrumental; the tour for Rocka Rolla was Judas Priest's first international tour with dates in Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark including one show at Hotel Klubben in Tønsberg, one hour from Oslo, which scored them a somewhat negative review in the local press. The album flopped upon release. Priest attempted to secure a deal with Gull Records to get a monthly pay of 50 pounds, because Gull Records were struggling as well, they declined.
Rocka Rolla has been for the most part dismissed by the band and none of its songs were played live after 1976 except for "Neve