Hendrik Merkus, Baron de Kock was a Dutch general and nobleman who served in the Batavian Navy as Lieutenant Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1826 to 1830. He was Minister of the Interior of the Netherlands from 1836 to 1841. Hendrik Merkus de Kock was born on 25 May 1779 in Heusden in the Republic of the United Netherlands, his father was Johannes Conradus de Kock, a banker, his mother was Maria Petronella Merkus. In 1801, he joined the Batavian Navy, by 1807 was posted to the Dutch East Indies. In 1821 he commanded a military expedition to Palembang to suppress a local uprising; as Lieutenant Governor-General, De Kock led the fight against Prince Diponegoro in the Java War. The triumphant commander was declared a baron in 1835, served in the Dutch Government as Minister of the Interior from 1836 to 1841, he was Minister of State from 1841 to 1845. He remained a member of the First Chamber of parliament until his death, he died in The Hague on 12 April 1845. Knight in the Order of the Union Commander in the Order of the Union Commander in the Order of the Reunion Knight 3rd Class Military William Order Commander Military William Order Grand Cross Military William Order Grand Cross Order of the Netherlands Lion Media related to Hendrik Merkus Baron de Kock at Wikimedia Commons
The ATP Finals is the second highest tier of annual men's tennis tournament after the four Grand Slam tournaments. A week-long event, the tournament is held annually each November at the O2 Arena in London, United Kingdom. In 2021 it will move to Italy; the ATP Finals are the season-ending championships of the ATP Tour and feature the top eight singles players and doubles teams of the ATP Rankings. The tournament was first held in 1970. Roger Federer holds the record for the most singles titles with six, while Peter Fleming and John McEnroe hold the record for the most doubles titles with seven. In the current tournament, winners are awarded up to 1500 ranking points; the event is the fourth evolution of a championship which began in 1970. It was known as the Masters Grand Prix and was part of the Grand Prix Tennis Circuit, it was organised by the International Lawn Tennis Federation. It ran alongside the competing WCT Finals; the Masters was a year-end showpiece event between the best players on the men's tour, but did not count for any world ranking points.
In 1990, the Association of Tennis Professionals took over the running of the men's tour and replaced the Masters with the ATP Tour World Championship. World ranking points were now at stake, with an undefeated champion earning the same number of points they would for winning one of the four Grand Slam events; the ITF, who continued to run the Grand Slam tournaments, created a rival year-end event known as the Grand Slam Cup, contested by the 16 players with the best records in Grand Slam competitions that year. In December 1999, the ATP and ITF agreed to discontinue the two separate events and create a new jointly-owned event called the Tennis Masters Cup; as with the Masters Grand Prix and the ATP Tour World Championships, the Tennis Masters Cup was contested by eight players. However, player, ranked number eight in the ATP Champion's Race world rankings does not have a guaranteed spot. If a player who wins one of the year's Grand Slam events finishes the year ranked outside the top eight but still within the top 20, he is included in the Tennis Masters Cup instead of the eighth-ranked player.
If two players outside the top eight win Grand Slam events, the higher placed player in the world rankings takes the final spot in the Tennis Masters Cup. In 2009, the Masters was held at The O2 in London; the contract ran through 2013, but was extended up to 2015 in 2012, another time until 2018 in 2015. In 2017 the event was renamed the ATP Finals and the contract with the O2 Arena was extended to 2020. In December 2018 it was announced that London, along with Manchester, Singapore and Turin were on a shortlist of five cities which made the cut from an initial list of 40 to host the event from 2021. In April 2019 the ATP announced that Turin is going to host the ATP finals from 2021 to 2025. For many years, the doubles event was held as a separate tournament the week after the singles competition, but more they have been held together in the same week and venue. For most of its history, the event has been considered as the most important indoor tennis tournament on the world tour, allowing for controlled conditions of play, regarding both surface type and illumination system.
In recent years it has been played on indoor hard courts, indoor carpet has featured for many editions previously. Once when Melbourne hosted it in 1974 the grass courts of Kooyong Stadium were used and occurred a few weeks before the 1974 Australian Open, which were played on grass. Apart from 1974, all tournaments have been on a hard court variant, which has prompted calls from Rafael Nadal to feature a mix of surfaces and include clay courts. However, this has drawn criticism as well as suggestions to reduce the number of clay court tournaments in the season and the ATP are not keen to change this aspect of the tournament. There are eight players or teams, playing is mandatory except for injury or other good cause. Qualification is as follows: the top seven players in the ATP rankings up to two grand slam winners ranked between 8 and 20 the next players in the ATP rankings, until the quota of eight is reached; the ATP Finals rewards the following points and prize money, per victory: 1 Prize money for doubles is per team.
There is an appearance fee of $215,000 singles, $103,000 per doubles team. The two alternates are paid $116,000 and $40,000. An undefeated champion would earn the maximum 1,500 points, $2,871,000 in singles or $533,000 in doubles. In addition, prizes include the Barclays ATP Singles and Doubles World Tour Finals Trophies and the ATP Tour World No.1 Trophy, all made by London-based silversmiths Thomas Lyte. Unlike all other singles events on the men's tour, the ATP Finals is not a straightforward knock-out tournament. Eight players are divided into two groups of four and play three round-robin matches each against the other players in their group; the two players with the best records in each group progress to the semifinals, with the winners meeting in the final to determine the champion. Though it is theoretically possible to advance to the semi-finals of the tournament with two round-robin losses no player in the history of the singles tournament has won the title after losing more than one round-robin match.
The current round robin format of two groups of four players progressing to a semifinal and final, has been in place for all editions of the tournament except the follo
SpinMedia was an American digital publisher which owned a number of pop culture websites, including Spin, Stereogum and The Frisky. Buzz Media was founded by Anthony Batt, Marc Brown, Kevin Woolery, Steve Haldane under the name Buzznet. Batt and Brown started a blog in 1999, by 2006 Buzznet had a total of nine people in the Los Angeles, California area; the Buzz media name was created as the company started to acquire music blogs. The company announced on March 19, 2009, it raised US$12.5 million in funding from venture capitalists that include companies that had invested in the company, such as Anthem Ventures, New Enterprise Associates, Redpoint Ventures, Sutter Hill Ventures, as well as new investor Focus Ventures. It acquired Spin Media, publisher of Spin magazine in July 2012. After shutting down the print version of the magazine, reducing its staff to about 200, focusing on advertising, it rebranded itself as SpinMedia in March 2013. At that time, Steve Hansen became its chief executive.
In April 2013, it acquired Vibe magazine. In 2014, M/C Partners became the primary owner of SpinMedia after an assignment for benefit of creditors; that year Buzz Media acquired music sites Property of Zack, AbsolutePunk.net, Punknews.org. In September 2016, SpinMedia sold Buzznet and PureVolume to startup corporation Hive Media. In December 2016, Eldridge Industries acquired Spin, Vibe and Death and Taxes via the Hollywood Reporter-Billboard Media Group for an undisclosed amount. Celebuzz, The Frisky, The Superficial were sold to CPX Interactive. Official website