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Hengistbury Head

Hengistbury Head is a headland jutting into the English Channel between Bournemouth and Mudeford in the English county of Dorset. It is a site of international importance in terms of its archaeology and is scheduled as an Ancient Monument. Declared a Local Nature Reserve in 1990, the head and its surroundings form part of the Christchurch Harbour Site of Special Scientific Interest, it is a Special Area of Conservation, Special Protection Area, an Environmentally Sensitive Area and a Site of Nature Conservation Interest. The name "Hengistbury Head" refers to the immediate area. There has been human activity on the site since the Upper Palaeolithic. During the Victorian era, it was quarried, in recent years tourism has become significant – it receives more than one million visitors annually; the various habitats on the Head provide a home for many plants and insects, some of them rare and critically endangered. Erosion remains a threat to the site, although long-term projects are intended to secure it for the future.

Hengistbury Head is a sandstone headland forming part of Southbourne, a suburb of the town of Bournemouth to the west. It is the most easterly part of the Borough of Bournemouth, marks the most easterly point of Poole Bay. Part of Hampshire, the Local Government Act 1972 designated the area a part of Dorset; the northern slope of the hill tailing off towards the sea forms Mudeford spit, the sand bar closing Christchurch Harbour from the south. The spit is home to more 300 owned beach-huts, which are some of the UK's most expensive. In 2015 five of the huts were put on the market for a combined asking price of £1 million. On average the huts measure around five by three metres, have no running water, the occupants may only stay overnight from March to October. Despite the relative lack of amenities, the area has become one of the UK's most desirable; the Black House, a local landmark, stands at the end of the spit, opposite Mudeford Quay, site of the Battle of Mudeford in 1784. Built in 1848, it is now rented out to holidaymakers.

It has served a variety of functions over the years, is associated with the area's smuggling past. Mentioned as Hednesburia in a church deed of the early 12th century, referred to as Hynesbury Head in the 17th, Hengistbury only took on its current spelling in the 19th century, during a period of what archaeologist Barry Cunliffe calls "antiquarian romanticism". Many prehistoric sites around this time were renamed to link them with historical figures, it was thought at the time that the legendary Anglo-Saxon leader Hengist could be buried here, as he was said to have been laid to rest in an unlocated mound. Twentieth-century excavations have established that the tumuli at Hengistbury Head date to the Bronze Age however. Hengistbury Head is home to a plethora of nationally and internationally significant archaeological sites, with features dating from the Late Upper Palaeolithic to the Roman settlement of Britain, earning the site Scheduled Ancient Monument status. Interest in the site declined throughout the Dark Ages, until extensive development took place in Christchurch around 890 AD, when the Head may have been used as a lookout post.

The area was quarried during the Victorian period and nowadays receives over a million visitors annually. Several archaeological digs have revealed. There is evidence of an open settlement of the Creswellian culture on the hill in the middle of the headland dating to around 14,100 years ago. With over 13,000 lithic artefacts it is the largest site of the period. Most interesting were several blades found at Upper Paleolithic sites across Europe, but seen outside of caves in the UK, where open air sites of this age are rare. People at the Head were involved with the production of blades, further excavations identified 649 tools, dominated by backed blades and burins. At the time the Warren Hill would have overlooked a large river valley, to become the English Channel. Once the sea had inundated the surrounding valley, Mesolithic hunter gatherers exploited the site. Pollen analysis of peat from the Solent bed suggest a wooded headland free of close-knit undergrowth during this period, an ideal habitat for game.

In Bronze Age Britain this was an important seaport. Eleven Bronze Age Britain round barrows sit on the promontory with two more a little further inland. Eleven of the round barrows were excavated. Two appear to be undisturbed. Numerous finds including Early Bronze Age axes and cremation urns were recovered from these tumuli, which have been found to be between 3500 and 4000 years old. One of the barrows contained a high status cremation of a woman of about twenty years in age, accompanied by an incense cup, a halberd-style pendant made from amber and copper alloy, two gold cones that would have covered buttons of an organic material; the burial-goods recovered are similar to those of the Wessex culture, the Wilsford and Dorset Ridgeway series in particular. An urn from one of the barrows to have been made between 1700 and 1500 B. C. has been identified as Trevisker ware, a type found throughout Devon and Cornwall, transported east in lesser amounts, this find being one of the easternmost discovered.

In Iron Age Britain around 700 BC, a settlement on the Head was established.

List of UK Independent Singles Chart number ones of 2012

The UK Indie Chart is a chart that ranks the biggest-selling singles which are released in the United Kingdom on independent labels. The chart is compiled by the Official Chart Company and is based on both physical and digital sales of tracks, released independently of any major record labels; the year opened to British singer Adele resuming her reign atop the independent releases chart with the number-one single, "Someone Like You". The song topped the chart for eleven non-consecutive weeks in 2011, including a nine-week run from February to April. Marking her twelfth week atop the chart with "Someone Like You", Adele was dethroned by singer James Vincent McMorrow and his cover of the Steve Winwood song "Higher Love" - which rose to success following its inclusion on the 2011/2 LoveFilm advertisement. 15 January saw American singer Lana Del Rey climb to the chart summit with "Video Games", although it was limited to a week at the summit following its exclusion from the independent releases chart.

On 22 January, Charlene Soraia returned to the chart summit with her rendition of The Calling's "Wherever You Will Go", having spent nine consecutive weeks at the top with the track. The track spent four weeks at the summit, bringing its total to thirteen, before DJ Fresh and the Rita Ora-assisted "Hot Right Now" debuted at number-one on the chart, UK Singles Chart and UK Dance Chart - having sold an incredible 127,998 copies in the seven-day period. A – The single was number-one on the singles chart. List of number-one singles of 2012 List of UK Dance Chart number-one singles of 2012 List of UK Indie Chart number-one albums of 2012 List of UK Official Download Chart number-one singles of 2012 List of UK Rock Chart number-one singles of 2012 List of UK R&B Chart number-one singles of 2012

Jim Coburn

James B. Coburn is an American entrepreneur, former New Hampshire state representative, the 2006 Republican nominee for Governor of New Hampshire, he was born in Boston, but moved to Chester, New Hampshire when he was seven years old to live with his grandmother after his mother died of cancer. Coburn graduated from Pinkerton Academy in Derry, New Hampshire, worked in a shoe factory before joining the United States Air Force, he was stationed in West Germany. It was there that he met Christa. Settling in Chester with his wife, after leaving the service, he worked for Digital Equipment Corporation for 21 years. In 1994, he and a partner left Digital to start Valco Data Systems, which makes software to archive medical records. Coburn’s wife died in 2004 after a lengthy battle with multiple sclerosis; when she was diagnosed, he promised her that he would not put her in a nursing home or let her become bedridden. He promised he would not enter politics as long as she lived, he has said. Soon after his wife's death, Coburn entered politics.

He won a seat in the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 2004 representing Windham. His voting record as a state representative has reflected a conservative position on taxes and opposition to gay marriage. In March, 2006, he hired the Manchester firm Meridian Communications to handle his upcoming gubernatorial campaign, on June 14, 2006, filed his candidacy for governor at the statehouse in Concord, he is a member of the National Rifle Association, Gun Owners of New Hampshire, Pelham Fish & Game Club, the New Hampshire Historical Society. On May 30, 2006 in the Concord Monitor, he stated his support for a gas tax as part of a comprehensive State energy plan promoting diesel and other, more efficient, fuel sources for motor vehicles Edited for accuracy and completeness. Coburn was an underdog against Democratic incumbent, John Lynch, who in 2006 one of the most popular governors in the country. Results of the 2006 New Hampshire elections showed Lynch defeating Coburn by a landslide. Coburn has three grandchildren.

There was some speculation that Coburn might seek the Republican nomination for New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district to challenge incumbent Democrat Paul Hodes, but he did not endorsing Jennifer Horn for the position. Coburn: Businessman Turned Politician, The Boston Globe, June 11, 2006. Coburn Makes Gubernatorial Run Official, New Hampshire Union Leader, June 14, 2006. For Jim Coburn, governor's race is all according to plan, New Hampshire Union Leader column, May 24, 2006. Coburn for Governor Campaign website

Castelnovo ne' Monti

Castelnovo Monti is a town and comune in the province of Reggio Emilia, central Italy. Along with every other town and village in the Apennines, Castelnovo is an approved area for the production of Parmesan cheese, it is home to the only hospital in the area. It is situated in the Reggiano Apennines mountains. Castelnovo is best known for the Pietra di Bismantova spur; the pietra can be spotted from a distance of 30 kilometres as it stands at around 1,047 metres above sea level. The rock is a favourite climbing and abseiling destination throughout Italy and is considered a difficult climb due to its outward-curving wall; the rock was mentioned by the Italian poet Dante Alighieri in the Divine Comedy. Other geographical landmarks include the Triassic chalk formations of the Gessi Triassici and the river Secchia which, together with the Pietra of Bismantova, are part of the National Park of the Appennino Tosco-Emiliano. Bellaria, Berzana, Bora del Musso, Burano, Ca' del Cavo, Ca' del Grosso, Ca' di Magnano, Ca' di Scatola, Capanna, Ca' Pavoni, Casa della Carità, Case di Sopra, Case Perizzi, Castagnedolo, Chiesa, Colombaia, Costa de' Grassi, Eremo Bismantova, Felina, Frascaro, Gatta, Maro, Monchio di Villaberza, Monte Castagneto, Monticello, Noce, Pietrebianche, Pregheffio, Regnola, Rivolvecchio, Ronchi, Schiezza, Terminaccio, Vigolo, Vologno di Sotto, Zugognago.

Castelnovo is connected to Reggio Emilia by a bus service run by ACT. Roads include SS 63 State road, the SS 513 state road, the SP 7 and SP 15 provincial roads. Castelnovo ne' Monti is twinned with: Fivizzano, Italy Illingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany Voreppe, France Official website

N. John Habraken

N. John Habraken is a Dutch architect and theorist, his theoretical contributions are in the field of user participation in mass housing, the integration of users and residents into the design process. The visual result of his theory is the architecture of lively variety. Habraken is the initiator of the international "Participation movement" in architecture, his book "Supports: An Alternative to Mass Housing", first published in 1961, is the manifesto and starting point of this movement. The theme "Resident or user participation" has been linked to Open building. Habraken studied architecture at Delft Technical University, the Netherlands from 1948-1955. From 1965 to 1975, he was Director of SAR in the Netherlands and developing methods for the design and construction of adaptable housing. In his seminal book "Supports" Habraken proposes the separation of "Supports" or base buildings from "Infills" in residential construction and design as a means of giving inhabitants a meaningful participative role in the design process.

According to Habraken the implementation of his theory into practice is left to the decision of "the architects". In 1960, Habraken designed the WOBO for Alfred Heineken; the WOBO is a stackable beer bottle. Developed in response to the lack of affordable building materials and the inadequate living conditions that beset Curaçao's lower class, the WOBO is a pioneering example of industrialized recycling and adaptive reuse of materials. In 1967 Habraken was appointed professor at Eindhoven University of Technology, charged with the responsibility to set up its new Department of Architecture and serve as its first chairperson. From 1975 to 1981 Habraken served as Head of the Department of Architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, he taught at MIT until his retirement as Professor Emeritus in 1989. Habraken remains occupied with methods and theory of urban design, he has lectured on these topics worldwide and is the author of a vast number of books, research reports, many articles.

His book "The Structure of the Ordinary" is an investigation of laws governing the built environment as revealed by patterns of transformation. His most recent book, "Palladio’s Children" is an attempt to explain why architects do not know how to deal with everyday environment. Habraken lives in the Netherlands. Habraken is recipient of the 1988 Creative Achievement Award of the Association of Collegiate Schools in the US, he is honorary member of the Architectural Institute of Japan, Knight of the Royal Order of the Dutch Lion 2003, Recipient of the 2003 "Kubus Award for Advancing the Standing of Architecture", by the BNA, Dutch Association of Architects. 2012, Almere housing estate Homeruskwartier, "Mix of styles", master plan and coordination by OMA. The houses are designed by various residents; because the Homeruskwartier has different architectural styles and building ensembles, it could be interesting for the discussion about "Possibilities and Limitations", see References below. In the map Almere, the participatory project is on a circular plan.

2013, The Hague housing estate Bomenbuurt, participatory project with buildings by famous architects. The residential area Bomenbuurt was planned by Berlage in 1908. Hundred years municipal officials launched a participatory project; as a result and architects protested against "unaesthetic" extensions on buildings and in private gardens of this area with a special cultural value. Soportes: Vivienda y Ciudad / Supports: Housing and City, N. John Habraken & Andrés Mignucci, Essays on Supports, Thematic Design and architectural education as part of the Laboratorio de Vivienda del Siglo XXI at ETSAB Barcelona School of Architecture. Introduction by Josep Maria Montaner and Zaida Muxí, Barcelona: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTECH, 2009. Palladio's Seven essays on the everyday environment and the architect. Edited by Jonathan Teicher and Francis, New York, 2005; the Structure of the Ordinary, London, MIT Press, 1998 The Appearance of the Form, Awater Press,1985. Private edition. Second ed. 1988.

Transformations of the Site, Awater Press, 1983. Private edition. Second ed. 1988. The Grunsfeld Variations: A demonstration project on the coordination of a design team in urban design. N. John Habraken with J. A. Aldrete-Haas, R. Chow, T. Hille, P. Krugmeier, M. Lampkin, A. Mallows, A Mignucci, Y. Takase, K. Weller, T. Yokouchi. Cambridge, MIT Laboratory for Architecture and Planning, 1981. General Principles about the Way Built Environments Exist, Open House BCB series, SAR, Eindhoven, 1979. Variations, the Systematic Design of Supports, with J. T. Boekholt, A. P. Thyssen, P. J. M. Dinjens: MIT Laboratory for Architecture and Planning. English translation by W. Wiewel and Sue Gibbons from the original Dutch publication: Denken in Varianten, Alphen a/d Rijn, Samson, 1974. Three R's for Housing, Scheltema & Holkema, 1970. XX, no 1, 1966. Supports - An Alternative to Mass Housing, London 1972. Manifesto of the participation movement. First edition in Dutch: De dragers en

Erika Metzger

Erika Metzger was a German international table tennis player. She lived in Berlin. In 1929 she and Mona Rüster won the first place medal for Germany in doubles in the Table Tennis World Championships. Leading up to this win, Metzger won the 1927 International German Championships, she would control the first-place position in the German rankings in both 1928 and 1929. Her three World Championship medals included a gold medal in the doubles with Mona Rüster at the 1929 World Table Tennis Championships, she won two English Open titles. Table Tennis World Championships 1928 in Stockholm: 2nd place singles, 2nd place mixed doubles with Daniel Pecsi. Quarterfinal doubles 1929 in Budapest: 1st place doubles with Mona Rüster, Quarterfinal singles, quarterfinal mixed International German Championships 1927 Berlin 1st place singles, 2nd place doubles with Wirz, 2nd place mixed with Daniel Pecsi 1928 Krefeld 2nd place singles, 1st place mixed with Daniel Pecsi International Championships 1928 England 1st place singles, 1st place mixed with Daniel Pecsi 1929 Switzerland 1st place singles, 1st place double with Ingeborg Carnatz.

List of table tennis players List of World Table Tennis Championships medalists