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Henley Royal Regatta

Henley Royal Regatta is a rowing event held annually on the River Thames by the town of Henley-on-Thames, England. It was established on 26 March 1839, it differs from the three other regattas rowed over the same course, Henley Women's Regatta, Henley Masters Regatta and Henley Town and Visitors' Regatta, each of, an separate event. The regatta lasts for five days ending on the first weekend in July. Races are head-to-head knock out competitions, raced over a course of 1 mile 550 yards; the regatta attracts international crews to race. The most prestigious event at the regatta is the Grand Challenge Cup for Men's Eights, awarded since the regatta was first staged; as the regatta pre-dates any national or international rowing organisation, it has its own rules and organisation, although it is recognised by both British Rowing and FISA. The regatta is organised by a self-electing body of Stewards, who are former rowers themselves. Pierre de Coubertin modelled elements of the organisation of the International Olympic Committee on the Henley Stewards.

The regatta is regarded as part of the English social season. As with other events in the season, certain enclosures at the regatta have strict dress codes; the Stewards’ Enclosure has a strict dress code of lounge suits for men. Entries for the regatta close at 6:00 pm sixteen days before the Regatta. In order to encourage a high quality of racing, create a manageable race timetable and to ensure that most crews race only once a day, each event has a limited number of places. Qualifying races are held on the Friday before the regatta; the regatta's Committee of Management decides at its absolute discretion which crews are obliged to qualify. The qualifying races take the form of a timed processional race up the regatta course, with the fastest crews qualifying. Times are released for non-qualifying crews only; this does not stop an enthusiastic band of unofficial timers with synchronised watches working out how fast their first round opposition might be. If it is apparent that there are a number of outstanding crews in an event, they may be'selected' by the Stewards, to prevent them from meeting too early in the competition.

The regatta insists that selection is not the same as seeding, the main difference being that there is no'rank order' as is the case in, for example, a tennis tournament. The draw is a public event that takes place in the Henley town hall at 3 pm on the Saturday before the regatta. For each event the names of all selected crews are placed on pieces of paper which are drawn at random from the Grand Challenge Cup; these crews are placed on pre-determined positions on the draw chart, as far apart as possible. The remaining qualifying crews are drawn from the cup, filling in from the top of the draw chart downwards, until all places have been filled; each event in the regatta takes the form of a knockout competition, with each race consisting of two crews racing side by side up the Henley course. The course is marked out by two lines of booms, which are placed along the river to form a straight course 2,112 metres long; the course is wide enough to allow two crews to race down with a few metres between them.

As such it is not uncommon for inexperienced steersmen or coxswains to crash into the booms costing their crew the race. The race begins at the downstream end of Temple Island, where the crews attach to a pair of pontoons; the race umpire will call out the names of the two crews and start them when they are both straight and ready. Each crew is assigned to row on either the'Bucks' or'Berks' side of the race course; the coxswains or steersmen are expected to keep their crew on the allocated side of the course at all times during the race, else they risk disqualification. The only exception is when a crew leads by a sizeable margin and is not deemed by the umpire to be impeding the trailing crew. There are several progress markers along the course. Intermediate times are recorded at two of them – "the Barrier" and "Fawley", in addition to the time to the finish; the regatta has official commentary, announced at these points along the course. The commentary is renowned for being unemotional and factual, with the commentator only allowed to announce the rate of striking, which crew is leading, the distance between the crews, the progress marker which the crews are passing.

Henley Royal Regatta has always been raced over a distance of ‘about one mile and 550 yards’ from Temple Island upstream towards Henley Bridge. However, four distinct courses have been used over the regatta's history, with smaller changes being made incrementally. Changes to the course have all been aimed at improving the prospects for safe racing; this ran from a point just upstream of Temple Island. At the first regatta in 1839, the finish line was Henley Bridge itself, but it was quickly realised that this had inherent problems. From 1840 onward the finish was moved downstream slightly. A grandstand was erected for their guests outside the Red Lion. Other spectators could watch from the adjacent roadway while those with carriages surveyed the scene from a vantage p

1985 China v Hong Kong football match

China v Hong Kong was a 1986 FIFA World Cup qualification match played on 19 May 1985, noteworthy in that the surprise result caused deep dissatisfaction and hooliganism among Mainland Chinese football fans, leading to the match being immortalized as the May 19 Incident or 5.19 incident. Due to this controversy, the match rates as one of the most notable matches in the rivalry of the China national football team and the Hong Kong national football team; the game resulted in a 2–1 win to Hong Kong, with goals from Cheung Chi Tak in the 19th minute and Ku Kam Fai in the 60th minute. Indian referee Melvyn D'Souza officiated the match, described by commentators at the time as being played in an unusually intense manner. Disgruntled home fans rioted in Workers' Stadium after the match, People's Armed Police were needed to restore order. China were the runners-up of the 1984 AFC Asian Cup and was by far the strongest team in its 1986 FIFA World Cup qualification AFC Zone B first round group. China and Hong Kong had met earlier in the tournament, playing out a scoreless draw in Hong Kong.

Heading into the final match, China was the leader of the group. After 12 May 1985, the group 3 table was as follows: If China at least draws with Hong Kong China will qualify for next round. If Hong Kong wins against China Hong Kong will qualify for next round. Hong Kong qualifies for the next round after the dramatic upset victory where they would fall to the Japan national football team 5 – 1 in a two legged home and away matchup. Japan advanced to 5 -- 1 on aggregate score. For China, the result represented another frustration in their quest to qualify for their first FIFA World Cup, it would not be until the 2002 FIFA World Cup that China would qualify for their first FIFA World Cup. This match led to "the first football hooliganism in the People's Republic of China's history". Disgruntled home fans rioted in Workers Stadium after the match, People's Armed Police were needed to restore order. 127 people were arrested in Beijing. Zeng Xuelin, manager of the Chinese national team, Li Fenglou, chairman of the Chinese Football Association, both resigned after the incident.

资料:中国足球“519惨案” Database

Banco de Ponce (building)

The Banco de Ponce building, a historic building in Ponce, Puerto Rico, was the first and main office of Banco de Ponce until the company merged with Banco Popular in 1990. Though its headquarters had moved to a presumptuous building in Hato Rey's Milla de Oro by Banco de Ponce continued to consider this building its main office, until the company merged with Banco Popular in 1990; the building was listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places on June 25, 1987, it was built in 1924. The building is located facing Plaza Degetau; the large structure occupies a small city block. It is bounded by Mayor, Francisco Parra Duperon and Amor streets. Amor street was called Callejon Amor, or Amor Alley. In 1991, Amor street was converted into a promenade and renamed Paseo Antonio Arias Ventura, after the long-time employee of the bank who started as a custodian and rose to become the bank's general manager; the building's architect was Francisco Porrata Doria. The Banco de Ponce building is concrete structure.

As it is set in a narrow triangular lot defined by near-parallel Amor and Comercio Streets, the architect's solution to the lot's footprint geometry was the development of a continuous facade enveloping these two streets and the narrow front to Plaza Las Delicias. The predominant style is related to the Beaux art neoclassical, with three horizontal bands defining this wraparound facade; the base is made of a pinkish stone extracted from a quarry close to the city. This stone has been used in other Ponce buildings; the second and third floors house bank office. "These are rendered in elaborate plasterwork with square Corinthian columns, brackets and panels between the structural beams ornamented with paterae. Naturalistic motifs are ubiquitous." For a while, the building's third floor was used as a ballroom for Ponce's old casino. In 1990, at the time of the merger between Banco de Ponce and Banco Popular, Banco de Ponce continued to operate at this building as Banco de Ponce, but the BanPonce Corporation branded all of its branches with the Banco Popular name.

Subsequently, the building was sold to Scotiabank, the Canadian concern, but Banco Popular switched with Scotiabank the Banco de Ponce building, Banco Popular has been using it since as its downtown Ponce branch. Today, the first floor of the building houses a branch of Banco Popular; the fourth floor houses the Commercial Banking Center. Banco de Ponce Banco Crédito y Ahorro Ponceño National Register of Historic Places photographic file

Peter McGauran

Peter John McGauran, Australian politician, was a National Party member of the Australian House of Representatives representing the Division of Gippsland in Victoria, from 5 March 1983 to 9 April 2008. He is the brother of former Senator Julian McGauran, he was born in Yallourn and was educated at the Jesuit Xavier College in Melbourne and the University of Melbourne. He was a solicitor before entering politics. McGauran was appointed Minister for Science and Technology in the Howard government in 1996, however, on 26 September 1997, he was forced to resign his position due to Ministerial impropriety in relation to the "Travel Rorts" affair, he returned to the ministry in 1998, as Minister for the Arts and the Centenary of Federation 1998–2001, Minister for Science 2001–04, Minister for Citizenship and Multicultural Affairs 2004–05. In July 2005 he was promoted to Cabinet and became Minister for Agriculture and Forestry, a position he held until 3 December 2007, the Howard Government having been defeated by the Australian Labor Party under Kevin Rudd at the 24 November election.

After the resignation of Nationals leader Mark Vaile, McGauran was expected to seek the leadership, however he dropped out of the race, stating that it was time for younger members to contribute to the party, that he looked forward to using his experience to help them. On 4 April 2008, McGauran announced he would shortly be resigning from parliament, citing plans to pursue interests in the thoroughbred racing industry, his resignation was effective on 9 April. He was succeeded by Darren Chester in the resulting June 2008 by-election. After announcing his resignation, he revealed events that occurred in 1996, where he was physically assaulted by Alphonse Gangitano, an underworld figure, murdered. In January 2018, McGauran was appointed by Trade Minister Steven Ciobo as the Consul-General of Australia in Houston, Texas. Newspaper article on Peter McGauran


Carbenicillin is a bactericidal antibiotic belonging to the carboxypenicillin subgroup of the penicillins. It was marketed as Pyopen, it has Gram-negative coverage which includes Pseudomonas aeruginosa but limited Gram-positive coverage. The carboxypenicillins are susceptible to degradation by beta-lactamase enzymes, although they are more resistant than ampicillin to degradation. Carbenicillin is more stable at lower pH than ampicillin; the antibiotic is soluble in water and is acid-labile. A typical lab working concentration is 50 µg per ml, it is a semi-synthetic analogue of the occurring benzyl-penicillin. Carbenicillin at high doses can cause bleeding. Use of carbenicillin can cause hypokalemia by promoting potassium loss at the distal convoluted tubule of the kidney. In molecular biology, carbenicillin may be preferred as a selecting agent because its breakdown results in byproducts with a lower toxicity than analogous antibiotics like ampicillin. Carbenicillin is more stable than ampicillin and results in fewer satellite colonies on selection plates.

However, in most situations this is not a significant problem so ampicillin is sometimes used due to its lower cost. Carbenicillin has been shown to be effective against bacteria responsible for causing urinary tract infections including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, some Proteus species; the following represents carbenicillin susceptibility data for a few medically significant organisms. This is not representative of all species of bacteria susceptible to carbenicillin exposure. Escherichia coli 1.56 μg/ml - 64 μg/ml Proteus mirabilis 1.56 μg/ml - 3.13 μg/ml Pseudomonas aeruginosa 3.13 μg/ml - >1024 μg/ml Basker MJ, Comber KR, Sutherland R, Valler GH. "Carfecillin: antibacterial activity in vitro and in vivo". Chemotherapy. 23: 424–35. Doi:10.1159/000222012. PMID 21771. Pawełczyk E, Zajac M, Knitter B, Mikołajczak P. "Kinetics of drug decomposition. Part 66. Kinetics of the hydrolysis of carphecillin in aqueous solution". Polish journal of pharmacology and pharmacy. 33: 373–86. PMID 7322950

Idle, West Yorkshire

Idle is a residential suburban area in the city of Bradford, West Yorkshire, in England and was a separate village, before that it was the Manor of Idle. Idle is loosely bordered by the areas of Eccleshill, Thackley, Apperley Bridge, Greengates, in the north-east of the city; the Manor of Idle contained the villages of Idle and Windhill and hamlets of Thackley, Thorpe-Green, Cross-Keys and Wrose. The Manor of Idle was bounded by the River Aire in the north and in the east Pighill Beck up to Blakehill Tongue and across westwards down a small beck to Bradford Beck; the name is thought to be a corruption of Idlawe meaning Ide's Hill, where Ida is supposed to be an Anglo Saxon settler. Idle was once part of the parish of Calverley but in 1584 a chapel of ease was built on Town Lane and in 1630 rebuilt on the same site; the building is now known as Old Chapel. In a school was added to the western end of Old Chapel and in 1836 was rebuilt as Round Steps School; the school building contained a lockup and the town's offices, was used by the Mechanics Institute.

It was demolished in the late 19th century. In 1914 there was a move to demolish Old Chapel to widen the road to improve access however there was a successful campaign to oppose this and preserve the Old Chapel. In 1717 Upper Chapel was built on Westfield Road by dissenters, rebuilt in 1790 and rebuilt again in 1850; this was demolished in 1953 and rebuilt again becoming the United Reformed Church in 1972. The Primitive Methodist Church was established on Town Lane in 1861; the property was used by the Idle branch of the YMCA but was demolished and housing build on the site. Thorpe Methodist Chapel was built in 1814 and a new chapel built in 1871 demolished circa 1981 and a modern chapel built on the site. Holy Trinity Church was built off Town Lane in 1830 and the graveyard was extended into land between the church and The Grange occupied by Church Farm. In 1858 the Unitarian Church was built on Highfield Road but was demolished. St John's Church was built on Cavendish Road but this has now been demolished.

The Idle Baptist Chapel was built on Bradford Road in 1810 and the Idle Baptist Church was built in 1875 but was demolished in 1983. The Salvation Army took up residence in the Old Green Mill in Idle Green. In 1890 the foundations were laid for the present Idle Citadel Salvation Army Worship Hall on Walter Street: the builders were Messrs Obank & sons of Thackley; the hall was opened in April 1893. In 1999 a new community hall was built adjoining the main hall over the site of the old air-raid shelter; the Idle Spiritualist Church was established on Highfield Road in the former premises of the White Hart Inn. Idle's early local industry was based on quarrying. Stone was exported using the canal and on the railway. Mills in the Idle area include Old Green Mill, Butt Lane Cotton Mill, Union Mills, Simpson Green Mill or Castle Mill, New Mill and Albion Mill. Idle was served at different periods by two railway stations firstly the Idle railway station in Thackley on the Leeds and Bradford line during 1847-48, the Idle railway station in central Idle on the Great Northern Laisterdyke—Shipley line between 1875 and 1968.

The railway opened to goods in 1874 and to passengers in 1875. Idle's workhouse was on Windhill Old Road in Thackley. Watmough's printers had premises on High Street; the business closed and the buildings demolished to make way for housing. A tram service operated from Bradford to Thorpe Garth from 1901 to 1931 after which a trolley bus service started. Jowett Cars Ltd had a car factory in Bradford Road, Idle until 1954. Jowett sold the factory to International Harvester who made tractors at the site until the early 1980s; the factory was demolished after International Harvester closed it, the site is now occupied by Enterprise 5, a retail complex consisting of independent units, McDonald's and a Morrisons supermarket. Rank Leak Wharfedale had a site on Highfield Road manufacturing Hi-Fi equipment; the Idle Picture Palace opened in 1912 located in existing buildings on The Green. Circa 1930 sound was installed and in 1955 a wide screen, but it closed in 1959 to reopen as a Bingo hall but the building was demolished in 1970/71.

In more modern times there was a Hillards Supermarket off Idlecroft which became Dunnes Stores. The premises remained unoccupied after Dunnes closed in 2015; the site is now split between Home Bargains and Aldi. The borders between the village and its neighbouring areas are not well defined, but there are three distinct areas in the village: the working class area of Thorpe Edge to the south east of the village. To the extreme west of the village on the border with the area of Wrose, is the rural Idle Moor; this is a hilly area of the village and provides views over the River Aire valley towards Shipley and Baildon. The village centre consists of a small village green, around which are various shops, banks, a pubs and eateries, including most of the village's fast food outlets. In the area leading away from the village centre towards Leeds Road, there is a recreational area including football fields, tennis courts, a bowling green and a children's play area; this is known locally as the Idle Rec.

Idle and The Green is a conservation area. The village of Idle was included in Bradford when it became a city in 1899. Today the village is located in the ward of Thackley; the village is located in