click links in text for more info

Henri Becquerel

Antoine Henri Becquerel was a French engineer, Nobel laureate, the first person to discover evidence of radioactivity. For work in this field he, along with Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie, received the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics; the SI unit for radioactivity, the becquerel, is named after him. Becquerel was born in Paris into a wealthy family which produced four generations of physicists: Becquerel's grandfather and son. Henri started off his education by attending the Lycée Louis-le-Grand school, a prep school in Paris, he studied engineering at the École des Ponts et Chaussées. In 1874, Henri married Lucie Zoé Marie Jamin, who would die while giving birth to Jean. In 1890 he married Louise Désirée Lorieux. In Becquerel's early career, he became the third in his family to occupy the physics chair at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in 1892. On in 1894, Becquerel became chief engineer in the Department of Bridges and Highways before he started with his early experiments. Becquerel's earliest works centered on the subject of his doctoral thesis: the plane polarization of light, with the phenomenon of phosphorescence and absorption of light by crystals.

Early in his career, Becquerel studied the Earth's magnetic fields. Becquerel's discovery of spontaneous radioactivity is a famous example of serendipity, of how chance favors the prepared mind. Becquerel had long been interested in phosphorescence, the emission of light of one color following a body's exposure to light of another color. In early 1896, there was a wave of excitement following Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen's discovery of X-rays on 5 January. During the experiment, Röntgen "found that the Crookes tubes he had been using to study cathode rays emitted a new kind of invisible ray, capable of penetrating through black paper". Learning of Röntgen's discovery from earlier that year during a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences caused Becquerel to be interested, soon "began looking for a connection between the phosphorescence he had been investigating and the newly discovered x-rays" of Röntgen, thought that phosphorescent materials, such as some uranium salts, might emit penetrating X-ray-like radiation when illuminated by bright sunlight.

By May 1896, after other experiments involving non-phosphorescent uranium salts, he arrived at the correct explanation, namely that the penetrating radiation came from the uranium itself, without any need for excitation by an external energy source. There followed a period of intense research into radioactivity, including the determination that the element thorium is radioactive and the discovery of additional radioactive elements polonium and radium by Marie Skłodowska-Curie and her husband Pierre Curie; the intensive research of radioactivity led to Henri publishing seven papers on the subject in 1896. Becquerel's other experiments allowed him to research more into radioactivity and figure out different aspects of the magnetic field when radiation is introduced into the magnetic field. "When different radioactive substances were put in the magnetic field, they deflected in different directions or not at all, showing that there were three classes of radioactivity: negative and electrically neutral."As happens in science, radioactivity came close to being discovered nearly four decades earlier in 1857, when Abel Niépce de Saint-Victor, investigating photography under Michel Eugène Chevreul, observed that uranium salts emitted radiation that could darken photographic emulsions.

By 1861, Niepce de Saint-Victor realized that uranium salts produce "a radiation, invisible to our eyes". Niepce de Saint-Victor knew Henri Becquerel's father. In 1868, Edmond Becquerel published La lumière: ses causes et ses effets. On page 50 of volume 2, Edmond noted that Niepce de Saint-Victor had observed that some objects, exposed to sunlight could expose photographic plates in the dark. Niepce further noted that on the one hand, the effect was diminished if an obstruction were placed between a photographic plate and the object, exposed to the sun, but " … d'un autre côté, l'augmentation d'effet quand la surface insolée est couverte de substances facilement altérables à la lumière, comme le nitrate d'urane … ". Describing them to the French Academy of Sciences on 27 February 1896, he said: One wraps a Lumière photographic plate with a bromide emulsion in two sheets of thick black paper, such that the plate does not become clouded upon being exposed to the sun for a day. One places on the sheet of paper, on the outside, a slab of the phosphorescent substance, one exposes the whole to the sun for several hours.

When one develops the photographic plate, one recognizes that the silhouette of the phosphorescent substance appears in black on the negative. If one places between the phosphorescent substance and the paper a piece of money or a metal screen pierced with a cut-out design, one sees the image of these objects appear on the negative... One must conclude from these experiments that the phosphorescent substance in question emits rays which pass through the opaque paper and reduce silver salts, but further experiments led him to doubt and abandon this hypothesis. On 2 March 1896 he reported: I will insist upon the following fact, which seems to me quite important and beyond the phenomena which one could expect to obse

Love Yourself: Tear

Love Yourself 轉'Tear' is the third Korean studio album by South Korean boy band BTS. The album was released on May 2018 by Big Hit Entertainment, it contains eleven tracks, with "Fake Love" as its lead single. The concept album explores themes relating to the sorrows of separation. On May 27, 2018, the album debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, earning 135,000 album-equivalent units becoming BTS' highest-charting album in a Western market, as well as the first Korean album to top the US albums chart and the highest-charting album by an Asian act. Love Yourself: Tear was first announced on April 16, 2018, following the release of a nine-minute short film entitled "Euphoria: Theme of Love Yourself 起 Wonder" on April 5; the video included a new single named "Euphoria", recorded as a solo by member Jungkook. The song was produced by DJ Swivel, Candace Nicole Sosa, Melanie Fontana, Bang Si-hyuk, Supreme Boi, BTS' leader RM, was complimented for its synth-pop style and tropical house elements.

Tear was designed as a follow-up to BTS' 2017 EP Love Yourself: Her, with "Euphoria" serving to connect the two releases. On May 6, the trailer for the album, featuring a new song entitled "Singularity", was released; the neo-soul solo was performed by member V, serves as the intro track for the album. "Singularity" was produced by British composer Charlie J. Perry, with lyrics provided by RM; the trailer was described as having a sensual, dream-like atmosphere, was praised for its use of symbolism and contrast. Blanca Méndez of Spin called V's performance in the video "rich" and "expressive", describing it as having a "quiet confidence"; the song itself was described as having a haunting tune, containing jazz elements and themes of desperation. Promotional concept photos presenting four different themes were released on May 8, for the "O" and "R" versions, May 10 for the "Y" and "U" versions; the official track list of eleven songs was released on May 13, revealing a second collaboration with Steve Aoki, as well as a track titled "Airplane pt.2", said to be an extension of J-Hope's song "Airplane" from his mixtape Hope World.

The song "Anpanman" is based on the Japanese manga superhero of the same name. On May 14, the first video teaser for what was revealed to be the first single, "Fake Love", was released via Big Hit's official YouTube channel; the song has been described as "an emo, hip hop genre track with a grunge rock guitar sound & groovy trap beat that creates an odd gloominess", lyrics that "clearly represent the theme of the album by realizing that a love, thought to be fated was a lie". The Billboard Music Awards released a short, sneak peek clip from the music video on May 15, which showed part of the new choreography and teased a line from the song's chorus, "I'm so sick of this fake love". Big Hit released the second and final video teaser on May 16. On May 18, the album was released, along with the music video for "Fake Love". On May 18, 2018, two hours prior to the album's release, a "Comeback Preview Show" was broadcast live from Los Angeles on Naver's V LIVE broadcasting site featuring BTS discussing the new music.

"Fake Love" made its worldwide television debut on May 20, when BTS performed it live at the 2018 Billboard Music Awards. This marked the first time; as was done for Love Yourself: Her, a special "BTS Comeback Show", hosted by Mnet, was broadcast live worldwide on May 24, featuring performances of "Fake Love" and several B-side songs from the album. The group revealed behind the scenes images of comeback preparations and presented a special video for their fans; the show was broadcast online via Mnet Japan, YouTube and Joox. BTS performed "Fake Love" on The Ellen DeGeneres Show on May 25, marking their second appearance on the program; the group held a press conference at the Lotte Hotel in Jung-gu, Seoul, on May 24, 2018 to promote the album. During the following two weeks, BTS performed the songs "Fake Love", "Airplane pt. 2", "Anpanman" on various South Korean music shows, including Music Bank, Show! Music Core, Show Champion, M Countdown. In an interview with Billboard some of the producers that helped with the album recalled their thought processes and aims for the album.

For the intro "Singularity", Charlie J. Perry recalled that the song started out as a poem and it was built up from there, they wanted it to have a Daniel Caesar/D'Angelo type of vibe in the realm of neo-soul. For "The Truth Untold", Jake Torrey said they wanted to play with some cooler chords and at one point had the feel of a Sam Smith ballad; the person who helped write "Airplane pt. 2", Ali Tamposi who co-wrote the hit "Havana" by Camila Cabello, stated she wanted the song to have a similar feel to "Havana". In an interview with TV Report in Korea writer MNEK discussed the track "Paradise", it was supposed to be called "Mouth" and was about a breakup and having a broken heart. The lyrics changed a bit after sending it to BTS."Anpanman" is based off the Japanese hero Anpanman, the world's weakest hero and made out of red bean bread. The character gives parts of his face to hungry people and in the lyrics BTS compare themselves to him stating they desire to give people hope through their music and performances.

"Outro: Tear" begins with a fast rap, the lyrics describing the regret of a breakup, “134340” is named after the minor planet designation of the former planet Pluto. It talks about being turned away by a former lover and being seen as something insignificant."Magic Shop" was created by Jungkook and is a song dedicated to their fans. It showcases catchy beats and electronic drops

Maryland Route 422

Maryland Route 422 is a state highway in the U. S. state of Maryland. Known as Bayard Road, the highway runs 3.04 miles from Polling House Road near Lothian east to MD 2 and MD 408 at Lothian in southern Anne Arundel County. MD 422 was constructed in the late 1920s. MD 422 begins at Polling House Road west of Lothian. Bayard Road continues west as a county highway through the hamlet of Bayard to Sands Road, which parallels the Patuxent River. MD 422 heads east as a two-lane undivided road through farmland. After passing South Polling House Road, which meets Polling House Road in Harwood, the highway turns southeast toward its terminus at a four-legged roundabout in the village of Lothian. MD 2 heads northeast in the direction of Annapolis. MD 422 was constructed as a gravel road in 1929 and 1930 from Polling House Road to Lothian, known as Mount Zion; the Lothian roundabout was installed in 1995. The entire route is in Anne Arundel County. Maryland Roads portal MDRoads: MD 422


Fenalår, in Norway, is a salted and cured leg of lamb or year old, young mutton. Curing time is about three months, but the fenalår may be matured for a year or more. In some parts of the region in the Voss area the leg is slightly smoked before curing to prevent any mould-related problems that may occur when drying meat in a humid, mild climate, it is still quite common for many Norwegians to cure the meat at home. The finished meat is dark red to brown in color. Fresh cut slices of high quality fenalår are smooth and somewhat shiny, but not moist; the taste is sweetish and not too salty. The meat must have a pronounced, but never rancid, taste of mutton. Fenalår is a popular dish in Norway, is served with other preserved food at a Christmas buffet or at Norwegian Constitution Day; the meat is served as thin slices, but it is common—at informal gatherings—to send the leg around the table with a sharp, stubby knife. The guests slice the leg themselves. Thus, in western Norway fenalår is called spikkekjøtt "whittle-meat", but this name may originate from the word speke, to cure.

Fenalår is sometimes served with rømmegraut. Scrambled eggs, a dill and double cream based, lukewarm potato salad and oven baked Bergen-style "water-pretzels" are other typical combinations. Most Norwegians prefer to drink beer with an akvavit chaser to the meat. A more modern twist is to serve fenalår "italian style" with pasta or in salads, just like cured ham. Norwegian Food Blog - Make Norwegian Fenalår - Cured leg of a lamb from scratch

William Gaminara

William Gaminara is an Italian-English actor and screenwriter best known for playing pathologist Professor Leo Dalton on the television series Silent Witness, from 2002–2013. Gaminara contracted polio as a child. Gaminara was educated at Winchester College, Hants. UK followed by Lincoln College at the University of Oxford, he is married to English actress, Kate Lock, together they have two sons and Fred. They live in London. Gaminara plays Dr Richard Locke in The Archers, he voices audiobooks, including Bernard Cornwell's Sharpe novels. His other television credits include Dr Andrew Bower in Casualty. Away from acting, he wrote the screenplay for the BBC adaptation of Rachel Morris's novel and the Mothers, his most notable role was Professor Leo Dalton in the BBC crime drama series Silent Witness, playing the part from 2002 until the death of his character in 2013. He played the part once more in 2017 in the final episode of series 20. In 2015, Gaminara appeared as Samuel Harrogate in the BBC TV series Father Brown episode 3.13 "The Paradise of Thieves".

The Archers as Dr Richard Locke Casualty as Dr. Andrew Bower Soldier Soldier as Major Harry, "Dickie" Bird The Bill as Insp. Bruce / Dr. Anthony Perry Dangerfield in "Games" as Matthew Davidson Rag Nymph in "Episodes 2.1 & 2.2" as Mr. Quinton The Moth as Mr. Quinton The Broker's Man in "Pensioned Off" as Supt Staples Hope & Glory as Colin Ward The Law as Alan Vine Attachments as Will Newman People Like Us in "The Airline Pilot" as Captain Paul Connors The Gist as Phillip Boden Spooks in "Spiders" as Victor Gleeson Silent Witness as Professor Leo Dalton Father Brown in "The Paradise of Thieves" as Samuel Harrogate The Tunnel Vengeance series 3 as Wesley Polonger William Gaminara and his wife, Kate Lock, have two sons and Fred actors. Joe Gaminara followed his father in the role of junior doctor Eddie McAllister. Freddie Gaminara appeared as William Mitchell in feature film Red Joan, according to IMDb. William Gaminara on IMDb BBC profile

Gabi (footballer, born 1983)

Gabriel Fernández Arenas, known as Gabi, is a Spanish professional footballer who plays for Qatari club Al Sadd SC as a defensive midfielder. He made 429 La Liga appearances in two spells at Atlético Madrid interspersed with a period at Zaragoza, winning domestic and European silverware with the former. During his ten-year stint at the Vicente Calderón Stadium, he amassed competitive totals of 414 matches and ten goals, he competed professionally in Qatar, with Al Sadd. Gabi represented Spain at youth level. Gabi was born in Madrid. A product of Atlético Madrid's youth system, he was used during his debut season with the Colchoneros' first team. After a loan to another club in the capital, Getafe CF, he would amass 52 La Liga appearances for the club from 2005 to 2007, scoring his only goal in a 1–1 away draw against RCD Espanyol on 9 April 2006. In early February 2007, Gabi joined Real Zaragoza on a €9 million transfer, agreeing to a four-year contract effective as of July, he was an undisputed starter in his first year, but the Aragonese were relegated from the top flight.

Defensive-minded Gabi netted four times in 35 games in the 2008–09 campaign, as Zaragoza regained its lost status. In the following season he again was an automatic first-choice, helping his team to a final 14th position. Again a starter in the 2010–11, only missing matches due to suspension, Gabi scored a career-best eleven goals as Zaragoza again escaped relegation, six from penalties – he was their captain. On 12 March 2011, he scored twice from the spot in a 4–0 home win against Valencia CF. On 1 July 2011, Gabi returned to Atlético Madrid on a transfer fee of around €3 million, he scored his first goal for the team on 4 December, in a 3–1 home win against Rayo Vallecano – adding one in his own net– and started most of his first season in his second spell, partnering fellow youth graduate Mario Suárez in defensive midfield. Gabi played 45 official matches in the 2012–13 campaign, including seven in the club's victorious run in the Copa del Rey, the first in 17 years, he was selected by manager Diego Simeone as the new captain.

On 17 May 2014, in the away match to FC Barcelona, the last of the season, Gabi took a 49th-minute corner kick, headed in by Diego Godín to equalise 1–1, give Atlético its first league title since 1996. On 4 July, he signed a new contract that kept him at the club until 2017. In the second leg of a domestic cup quarter-final against Barcelona on 28 January 2015, Gabi was sent off in the tunnel at the end of the first half, his midfield partner Suárez was dismissed on, in an eventual 2–3 home defeat. On 7 October 2016 the 33-year-old inked a new contract until June 2018, commenting on the deal: "I always say that playing with Atlético de Madrid was my childhood dream, so I cannot ask for more than what I am living these years."Gabi scored his first goal of the season – from 49 appearances – on 16 May 2018, netting from close range after an assist from Koke in the last minute of the Europa League final against Olympique de Marseille, a 3–0 win in Lyon. Gabi moved abroad for the first time on 2 July 2018, with the 34-year-old signing a two-year contract at Qatar Stars League club Al Sadd SC.

He partnered veteran compatriot Xavi in midfield, won the league in their first season together. Gabi was selected in José Ufarte's Spain squad at the 2003 FIFA U-20 World Cup in the United Arab Emirates, finishing as runners-up to Brazil, he scored the first goal of a 2 -- 1 loss to Argentina in Sharjah. Known for his tackling ability as well as his combativeness and hard work, Gabi could both break down opposition attack and dictate play with the ball with equal effectiveness, he was known to be proficient when in possession, capable of delivering through balls and distributing the ball at both long and short lengths. As of match played 20 May 2018 Atlético Madrid La Liga: 2013–14 Copa del Rey: 2012–13 Supercopa de España: 2014.