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Henrik Ibsen

Henrik Johan Ibsen was a Norwegian playwright and theatre director. As one of the founders of modernism in theatre, Ibsen is referred to as "the father of realism" and one of the most influential playwrights of his time, his major works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People and Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, The Wild Duck, When We Dead Awaken and The Master Builder. He is the most performed dramatist in the world after Shakespeare, A Doll's House was the world's most performed play in 2006. Ibsen's early poetic and cinematic play Peer Gynt has strong surreal elements. After Peer Gynt Ibsen wrote in realistic prose. Several of his dramas were considered scandalous to many of his era, when European theatre was expected to model strict morals of family life and propriety. Ibsen's work examined the realities that lay behind the facades, revealing much, disquieting to a number of his contemporaries, he had a critical eye and conducted a free inquiry into the conditions of life and issues of morality.

In many critics' estimates The Wild Duck and Rosmersholm are "vying with each other as rivals for the top place among Ibsen's works. Ibsen is ranked as one of the most distinguished playwrights in the European tradition. Richard Hornby describes him as "a profound poetic dramatist—the best since Shakespeare", he is regarded as the foremost playwright of the nineteenth century. He influenced other playwrights and novelists such as George Bernard Shaw, Oscar Wilde, Arthur Miller, James Joyce, Eugene O'Neill, Miroslav Krleža. Ibsen was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1902, 1903, 1904. Ibsen wrote his plays in Danish and they were published by the Danish publisher Gyldendal. Although most of his plays are set in Norway—often in places reminiscent of Skien, the port town where he grew up—Ibsen lived for 27 years in Italy and Germany, visited Norway during his most productive years. Born into a patrician merchant family, the intertwined Ibsen and Paus family, Ibsen shaped his dramas according to his family background and modelled characters after family members.

He was the father of Prime Minister Sigurd Ibsen. Ibsen's dramas had a strong influence upon contemporary culture. Ibsen was born into an affluent merchant family in the wealthy port town of Skien in Bratsberg, his parents were Marichen Altenburg. Henrik Ibsen wrote that “my parents were members on both sides of the most respected families in Skien,” explaining that he was related with “just about all the patrician families who dominated the place and its surroundings.”His parents, though not related by blood, had been raised as something that resembled social siblings. Knud Ibsen's biological father, ship's captain Henrich Ibsen, died at sea when he was newborn in 1797 and his mother married captain Ole Paus the following year; some Ibsen scholars have claimed that Henrik Ibsen was fascinated by his parents’ “strange incestuous marriage. When Henrik Ibsen was around seven years old, his father's fortunes took a significant turn for the worse, the family was forced to sell the major Altenburg building in central Skien and move permanently to their large summer house, Venstøp, outside of the city.

Henrik's sister Hedvig would write about their mother: "She was a quiet, lovable woman, the soul of the house, everything to her husband and children. She sacrificed herself time again. There was no bitterness or reproach in her." The Ibsen family moved to a city house, owned by Knud Ibsen's half-brother, wealthy banker and ship-owner Christopher Blom Paus. His father's financial ruin would have a strong influence on Ibsen's work. Ibsen would both name characters in his plays after his own family. A central theme in Ibsen's plays is the portrayal of suffering women, echoing his mother Marichen Altenburg. At fifteen, Ibsen was forced to leave school, he began writing plays. In 1846, when Ibsen was 18, he had a liaison with Else Sophie Jensdatter Birkedalen which produced a son, Hans Jacob Hendrichsen Birkdalen, whose upbringing Ibsen paid for until the boy was fourteen, though Ibsen never saw Hans Jacob. Ibsen went to Christiania intending to matriculate at the university, he soon rejected the idea.

His first play, the tragedy Catilina, was published under the pseudonym "Brynjolf Bjarme", when he was only 22, but it was not performed. His first play to be staged, The Burial Mound, received little att

Tell Your Friends (song)

"Tell Your Friends" is a song by Canadian singer The Weeknd, from his second studio album Beauty Behind the Madness. The song was written by Abel Tesfaye, Kanye West, Christopher Pope, Carlo Montagnese, Carl Marshall and Robert Holmes, it was produced by Che Pope, Kanye West, Omar Riad, Mike Dean, Noah Goldstein and The Weeknd. The song contains. A live remix of the song with American rapper Nas was performed at the 2016 Met Gala Ball; the music video for "Tell Your Friends", directed by Grant Singer, was released on August 24, 2015. The music video features another track from Beauty Behind the Madness, "Real Life", played at the end of the video while The Weeknd is driving out into the night; as of September 2019, the video has surpassed over 60 million views. Synopsis The video begins with The Weeknd walking into foreground holding a shovel, he appears to be burying himself. We see The Weeknd bury himself, he sticks the shovel in the sand and starts to walk away from where he is buried while performing to the song.

A weird looking skinny man approaches his direction before getting shot by The Weeknd. The Weeknd looks down at the body and shoots him again. Another song "Real Life" plays at the end of the video; the Weeknd gets into the car and starts driving out into the night. The original version of the song, titled "When I See It", was released by Kanye West to SoundCloud on October 19, 2015. Alongside a remix of his 808s & Heartbreak track "Say You Will" featuring Caroline Shaw. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

The Clown and Automobile

Automaboulisme et Autorité, released in the United States as The Clown and Automobile and in the United Kingdom as The Clown and Motor Car, is an 1899 French silent film directed by Georges Méliès. It is numbered 194 -- 195 in its catalogues; the film was presumed lost until 2011, when a hand-colored fragment on nitrate film was found among a collection donated to the Cinémathèque Française. Though the print rediscovered in 2011 only comprises fragments of the original, Méliès's film catalogues provide a summary of the complete film: shows the interior of a garden in which arrive two clowns on an automobile. After many pranks of a laughable character, which follow in rapid succession, they throw the waiter into the well, from which he is rescued with much difficulty and in a dilapidated condition. In order to escape the consequences for this rough usage, they jump upon their automobile and endeavor to get away, but many obstructions are placed in their path. A film full of action and of a humorous nature.

When writing about his childhood, the filmmaker Jean Renoir described a short silent film he saw as a child in 1902, featuring a clown called "Automaboul." The film made a vivid impression on Renoir, who said in 1938 that he "would give anything to see that program again. That was real cinema, much more than the adaptation of a novel by Georges Ohnet or a play by Victorien Sardou can be." The film scholar Alexander Sesonske has suggested that the film Renoir remembered was Méliès's Automaboulisme et Autorité


Thomsonfly was a British charter and scheduled airline. Thomsonfly was the first stage of TUI AG's plans to expand its business within TUI UK prior to September 2007. After TUI UK merged with First Choice Holidays in September 2007, it became part of TUI Travel PLC; the new holiday company continued with both in-house airlines through Winter 2007 and Summer 2008 until the two were merged on 1 November 2008 as Thomson Airways. Thomsonfly Limited held a United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority Type A Operating Licence permitting it to carry passengers and mail on aircraft with 20 or more seats; as part of a wider reorganisation of TUI's UK operations in September 2004, it was announced that Britannia would be rebranded as Thomsonfly. Thomsonfly Limited changed its name to Thomson Airways in October 2008. In October 2008, the Thomsonfly fleet comprised: It operated Boeing 737-500s during operations, but they were retired before the merger. Hover over each photo to view label detail Best Leisure Airline 2011 AUC Crown Awards: Most Punctual Charter Carrier - Summer 2004 Travel & Tourism Web Awards: Best Airline - 2004 Telegraph Travel Awards: Best Charter Airline - 2003 Thomson Flights - Official website TUI Travel PLC - Official website TUI Group - Official website Thomsonfly Fleet now back in service

Charging station

An electric vehicle charging station called EV charging station, electric recharging point, charging point, charge point, electronic charging station, electric vehicle supply equipment, is an element in an infrastructure that supplies electric energy for the recharging of plug-in electric vehicles—including electric cars, neighborhood electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids. For charging at home or work, some electric vehicles have converters on board that can plug into a standard electrical outlet or a high-capacity appliance outlet. Others either require or can use a charging station that provides electrical conversion, monitoring, or safety functionality; these stations are needed when traveling, many support faster charging at higher voltages and currents than are available from residential EVSEs. Public charging stations are on-street facilities provided by electric utility companies or located at retail shopping centers and parking places, operated by a range of private companies. Charging stations provide a range of heavy duty or special connectors that conform to the variety of standards.

For common DC rapid charging, multi-standard chargers equipped with two or three of the Combined Charging System, CHAdeMO, AC fast charging has become the de facto market standard in many regions. Charging stations fall into four basic categories: Residential charging stations: An EV owner plugs into a standard receptacle when he or she returns home, the car recharges overnight. A home charging station has no user authentication, no separate metering, but may require wiring a dedicated circuit to have faster charging; some portable chargers can be wall mounted as charging stations. Charging while parked – a private or commercial venture for a fee or free, sometimes offered in partnership with the owners of the parking lot; this charging may be slow or high speed and encourages EV owners to recharge their cars while they take advantage of nearby facilities. It can include parking for an organization's own employees, parking at shopping malls, small centers, public transit stations. AC Type1 / Type2 plugs are used.

Fast charging at public charging stations >40 kW, capable of delivering over 60-mile of range in 10–30 minutes. These chargers may be at rest stops to allow for longer distance trips, they may be used by commuters in metropolitan areas, for charging while parked for shorter or longer periods. Common examples are J1772, Type 2 connector, Combined charging system, CHAdeMO, Tesla Superchargers. Battery charges in under 15 minutes. A specified target for CARB credits for a zero-emission vehicle is adding 200 miles to its range in under 15 minutes. In 2014, this was not possible for charging electric vehicles, but it is achievable with EV battery swaps, it intends to match the refueling expectations of regular drivers and give crane mobile support for discharged vehicles where there is no charging station. Battery capacity and the capability of handling faster charging are both increasing, methods of charging have needed to change and improve. New options have been introduced; the differing needs and solutions of various manufacturers has slowed the emergence of standard charging methods, in 2015, there is a strong recognition of the need for standardization.

The charging time depends on the charging power. In simple terms, the time rate of charge depends on the charging level used, the charging level depends on the voltage handling of the batteries and charger electronics in the car; the U. S.-based SAE International defines Level 1 as the slowest, Level 2 in the middle and Level 3 as the fastest. Level 3 charge time can be as fast as 30 minutes for an 80% charge, although there has been serious industry competition about whose standard should be adopted. Charge time can be calculated using the formula: Charging Time = Battery Capacity / Charging Power The usable battery capacity of a first-generation electric vehicle, such as the original Nissan Leaf, is about 20 kWh, giving it a range of about 100 mi. Tesla was the first company to introduce longer range mass production electric vehicles releasing their Model S with battery capacities of 40 kWh, 60 kWh and 85 kWh, with the latter having an estimated range of about 480 km. Plug-in hybrid vehicles have capacity of 3 to 5 kWh, for an electrical range of 20 to 40 kilometers, but the gasoline engine ensures the full range of a conventional vehicle.

For normal charging, car manufacturers have built a battery charger into the car. A charging cable is used to connect it to the electrical network to supply 230 volt AC current. For quicker charging, manufacturers have chosen two solutions: Use the vehicle's built-in charger, designed to charge from 3 to 43 kW at 230 V single-phase or 400 V three-phase. Use an external charger, which converts AC current into DC current and charges the vehicle at 50 kW or more; the user finds charging an electric vehicle as simple as connecting a normal electrical appliance. In 2017, Tesla gave the owners of its Model S and Model X cars a credit that gives 400 kWh for free at a Supercharger. After that credit is used, drivers using Tesla S

USS Tallahatchie County (LST-1154)

This article is about the tank landing ship. A fictitious Cold War submarine tender named USS Tallahatchie County appears in the 1986 novel To Kill the Potemkin by Mark Joseph. USS Tallahatchie County was the second of only two Talbot County-class tank landing ships built for the United States Navy just after World War II. Named after Tallahatchie County, she was the only U. S. Navy vessel to bear the name. LST-1154 was laid down on 4 August 1945 at the Boston Navy Yard. From her commissioning until 1962, LST-1154 alternated assignments for the Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet along the east coast of the United States with assignment to the 6th Fleet during periodic deployments to the Mediterranean, she was redesignated USS Tallahatchie County on 1 July 1955. She was decommissioned at Charleston Naval Shipyard in 1960 in preparation for conversion to AVB-2. On 3 February 1962 her conversion was completed to an Advance Aviation Base Ship and redesignated USS Tallahatchie County Her aft superstructure was extended forward and her forecastle built up.

As an AVB, Tallahatchie County was designed to provide command and logistic facilities to a squadron of P-2 Neptune or P-3 Orion antisubmarine patrol planes operating from an improvised land base in Souda Bay, Crete. Squadron equipment was carried in mobile vans, transported in Tallahatchie County's tank deck, landed over her bow ramp. For the remainder of her career, Tallahatchie County provided support to aviation units in the Mediterranean, she was decommissioned on 3 January 1970 and struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 15 July 1970. Tallahatchie County was sold for scrapping to Contieri Navali Santa Maria of Genoa, Italy in July 1970; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. "LST-1154". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Retrieved 19 June 2007. "LST-1154 / AVB-2 Tallahatchie County". Amphibious Photo Archive. Retrieved 19 June 2007. USS Talbot County List of United States Navy LSTs