Henry Dunant known as Henri Dunant, was a Swiss humanitarian and social activist. He was the promoter and co-founder of the Red Cross. During a business trip in 1859, Dunant was witness to the aftermath of the Battle of Solferino in modern-day Italy, he recorded his memories and experiences in the book A Memory of Solferino which inspired the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1863. The 1864 Geneva Convention was based on Dunant's idea for an independent organisation to care for wounded soldiers. Dunant was the founder of the Swiss branch of the Young Men's Christian Association YMCA. In 1901 he received the first Nobel Peace Prize together with Frédéric Passy, making Dunant the first Swiss Nobel laureate. Dunant was born in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1828 as the first son of businessman Jean-Jacques Dunant and Antoinette Dunant-Colladon, his family had significant influence in Geneva society. His parents stressed the value of social work, his father was active helping orphans and parolees, while his mother worked with the sick and poor.
Dunant grew up during the period of religious awakening known as the Réveil, at age 18 he joined the Geneva Society for Alms giving. In the following year, together with friends, he founded the so-called "Thursday Association", a loose band of young men that met to study the Bible and help the poor, he spent much of his free time engaged in prison visits and social work. On 30 November 1852, he founded the Geneva chapter of the YMCA and three years he took part in the Paris meeting devoted to the founding of its international organization. In 1849, at age 21, Dunant left the Collège de Genève due to poor grades, he began an apprenticeship with the money-changing firm Lullin et Sautter. After its successful conclusion, he remained as an employee of the bank. In 1853, Dunant visited Algeria and Sicily, on assignment with a company devoted to the "colonies of Setif". Despite little experience, he fulfilled the assignment. Inspired by the trip, he wrote his first book with the title An Account of the Regency in Tunis, published in 1858.
In 1856, he created a business to operate in foreign colonies, after being granted a land concession by French-occupied Algeria, a corn-growing and trading company called the Financial and Industrial Company of Mons-Djémila Mills. However, the land and water rights were not assigned, the colonial authorities were not cooperative; as a result, Dunant decided to appeal directly to French emperor Napoléon III, with his army in Lombardy at the time. France was fighting on the side of Piedmont-Sardinia against Austria, who had occupied much of today's Italy. Napoleon's headquarters were located in the small city of Solferino. Dunant wrote a flattering book full of praise for Napoleon III with the intention to present it to the emperor, traveled to Solferino to meet with him personally. Dunant arrived in Solferino on the evening of 24 June 1859, on the same day a battle between the two sides had occurred nearby. Twenty-three thousand wounded and dead remained on the battlefield, there appeared to be little attempt to provide care.
Shocked, Dunant himself took the initiative to organize the civilian population the women and girls, to provide assistance to the injured and sick soldiers. They lacked sufficient materials and supplies, Dunant himself organized the purchase of needed materials and helped erect makeshift hospitals, he convinced the population to service the wounded without regard to their side in the conflict as per the slogan "Tutti fratelli" coined by the women of nearby city Castiglione delle Stiviere. He succeeded in gaining the release of Austrian doctors captured by the French. After returning to Geneva early in July, Dunant decided to write a book about his experiences, which he titled Un Souvenir de Solferino, it was printed at Dunant's own expense. In the book, he described the battle, its costs, the chaotic circumstances afterwards, he developed the idea that in the future a neutral organization should exist to provide care to wounded soldiers. He distributed the book to many leading military figures in Europe.
Dunant began to travel through Europe to promote his ideas. His book was positively received, the President of the Geneva Society for Public Welfare, jurist Gustave Moynier, made the book and its suggestions the topic of the 9 February 1863 meeting of the organization. Dunant's recommendations were positively assessed by the members, they created a five-person Committee to further pursue the possibility of their implementation and made Dunant one of the members. The others were Moynier, the Swiss army general Henri Dufour, doctors Louis Appia and Théodore Maunoir, their first meeting on 17 February 1863 is now considered the founding date of the International Committee of the Red Cross. From early on, Moynier and Dunant had increasing disagreements and conflicts regarding their respective visions and plans. Moynier considered Dunant's idea to establish neutrality protections for care providers unfeasible and advised Dunant not to insist upon this concept. However, Dunant continued to advocate this position in his travels and conversations with high-ranking political and military figures.
This intensified the personal conflict between Moynier, who took a rather pragmatic approach to the project, Dunant, the idealist among the five. In Octobe
The Laura W. Bush Institute for Women's Health within the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center was established in 2007 to promote research specific to women's health, to provide advanced sex and gender specific education to health care professionals, to enrich the lives of women and girls through community programs and cancer prevention. In ten years, more than 60,000 women and girls have been served through inspiring programs, resources and cancer screenings. Over a period of 8 years, the Laura W. Bush Institute provided scientists over $2.5 million for groundbreaking research unique to women’s health. They award grants to faculty and students within Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center schools of Health Professions, Nursing and Biomedical Sciences. Understanding that scientific research on women lags far behind men, they expect this new data to lead to more accurate diagnosis and treatments for women; as new information regarding women’s health is published, online curriculum translate science into practice by updating students and practitioners with new data regarding sex and gender differences that are not common knowledge.
At their website www.sexandgenderhealth.org the Laura W. Bush Institute’s slide library, teaching modules, video library are tailored to health care professors to assi st in teaching sex and gender differences across many diseases; the Laura W. Bush Institute for Women’s Health hosts one signature fundraising event in these Texas cities each year: Abilene, Dallas, Permian Basin, San Angelo. By 2018, over $4 million had fueled important programs. For middle school girls there are messages of personal safety, anti-bullying, good nutrition and self-care through events called GiRL Power. For college women, there are messages of self-defense, healthy relationships, self-determination, mental and physical health at Girls Night Out and Women’s Night at the Rec; the Institute hosts coffees and luncheons for women that provide updates on cancer, heart disease, stem cells, mental health and many other topics. As of 2018, the community events have touched the lives of over 85,000 Texans across all regions of west Texas.
Multi-year Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas grants have provided over $7.5 million and directly affected more than 25,000 women with education and screenings. By 2018, the Institute facilitated 8,000 mammograms and diagnostic services, which diagnosed 132 cancers and provided 6,500 HPV vaccinations; the Laura W. Bush Institute for Women’s Health has become an integral part of the cities served, all of which have Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center medical, pharmacy, or biomedical science schools, it serves the underinsured in many rural communities that have limited resources. The Institute work continues thanks to the generosity of people who share their mission to improve the lives and health of women and families; the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center supports eighty percent of expenses to allow the majority of funds raised to be directed to the mission. "I joined this effort because of my advocacy for the good health of women worldwide and my lifelong affection for my home, west Texas."
Mrs. Laura Bush Executive Director Connie Tyne Chief Scientific Officer Marjorie Jenkins, MD Co-Director of Curriculum Cynthia Jumper, MD Co-Director of Curriculum Simon Williams, PhD Laura W. Bush Institute for Women's Health Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
Yuji Shimada is a Japanese mixed martial arts and professional wrestling referee, as well as professional wrestling booker, authority figure and occasional wrestler. He has refereed more than 1,000 contests in major MMA promotions including Pride Fighting Championships, One, M-1 Global, Deep, Super Fight League and Rizin Fighting Federation, where he works, he was the head referee and head of the rules committee for Icon Sport. He started his career in combat sports when he moved to United States to learn catch wrestling after graduating from Tokyo University. Shimada trained under Masami Soranaka, Karl Gotch's student and son-in-law, who taught him the job of refereeing. After returning to Japan, he started his referee career for Soranaka's promotion Pro Wrestling Fujiwara Gumi, moving to Battlarts after its demise. Around this time, he worked for K-1, Fighting Network Rings and All Japan Pro Wrestling. With the establishing of Pride in 1997, Shimada became its main referee, he became known for his personal style, which included gesticulating and yelling his orders, demanding aggression from the fighters at all times, asking insistently "give up?"
Every time one of them attempted a submission move. He was booed in every introduction. Shimada appeared in professional wrestling promotion Hustle from its starting in 2004. Playing a villainous character, he was introduced as a staff officer and spokesperson for the heel faction Takada Monster Army, he appeared along with Commander An Jo and Generalissimo Takada, who ordered him to make plans against the heroic faction Hustle Army. After many failures, Shimada was demoted to private in February 2005. During this period, in order to save himself from dishonor, he claimed not to be Shimada himself, but a relative of his named Yuzo Shimada, he got to be chosen as Hustle's general manager in September 2008, passing his role as a soldier to Private Shoji, but he left the promotion in storyline due to a loss against Genichiro Tenryu in a special match. Shimada stopped working for Hustle shortly after. List of bouts refereed by Yuji Shimada on Tapology