Ivan Logginovich Goremykin was a conservative Russian politician who served as Prime Minister in 1906, from 1914–1916, during World War I. He was the last person to have the civil rank of 1st class, he was born on 8 November 1839 into a noble family. In 1860 he completed studies at the Imperial School of Jurisprudence and became a lawyer in Saint Petersburg. In the Senate Goremykin became responsible for agriculture in Congress Poland. In 1866 he was appointed as 1869 in Kielce. In 1891 he was appointed as deputy minister of justice, considered being an expert on the "peasant question". Within a year he moved to the Ministry of the Interior, becoming Minister from 1895-1899. A self-described "man of the old school" who viewed the Tsar as the "anointed one, the rightful sovereign", Goremykin was a loyal supporter of Nicholas II as autocrat and accordingly pursued conservative policy, he was well liked by the Empress Alexandra.. In 1897 Vladimir Chertkov, a leading member of the Tolstoyan movement, was banned by Goremykin or his ministry.
While heading the Interior Ministry he submitted a proposal to the Tsar advocating administrative reform and the expansion of the zemstvo program and representation within the existing Zemstvos. Faced with opposition to the program, he left the position in 1899. In April 1906, Sergei Witte, a reformist, was succeeded by Goremykin. In the Russian Constitution of 1906 the Tsar, regretting his'moment of weakness' when signing the October Manifesto, retained the title of autocrat and maintained his unique dominating position in relation to the Russian Church. Goremykin's unwavering opposition to the political reform demanded by the First Duma left him unable to work with that body and he resigned in July 1906 after a conflict about ministerial responsibility and rejecting radical agrarian reforms proposed by Duma, he was replaced by the younger and more forceful Peter Stolypin. Called back to service by the Tsar, he again served as Chairman of the Council of Ministers from April 1914 to February 1916.
Vladimir Kokovtsov was replaced by the decrepit and absent-minded Goremykin, Bark as Minister of Finance. "Seventy-five years of age, a conservative, a life-long bureaucrat, he was, in his own words, ‘pulled like a winter coat out of mothballs,’ to lead the government... The hostility expressed toward him by members of both the State Duma and the Council of Ministers impaired the effectiveness of his government; when Nicholas II decided to take direct command of the army and Alexander Krivoshein begged the Tsar not to lead the army and leave the capital. All the ministers realized that the change would put the Empress and Rasputin in charge and threatened to resign. Goremykin urged the Council to endorse the decision; when they refused, Goremykin told the Tsar that he was not fitted and asked to be replaced with "a man of more modern views". He held a hostile attitude towards the Progressive Bloc. In January 1916 Rasputin was opposed to the plan to send the old Goremykin away, he told the old Goremykin it was not right not to convene the Duma as all were trying to cooperate.
His wish for retirement was granted at the beginning of February 1916, when he was replaced by Boris Stürmer. Stürmer was not opposed to the convening of the Duma, as Goremykin had been, he would launch a more liberal and conciliatory politic. After the February Revolution in 1917, he was arrested and interrogated before the "Extraordinary Commission of Inquiry for the Investigation of Illegal Acts by Ministers and Other Responsible Persons of the Czarist Regime". In May Kerensky agreed on condition that he retired to his dacha in Sochi. On 24 December 1917 he was murdered in a robbery raid, together with his wife, his daughter, father-in-law. Goremykin's conservatism and inability to function in a semi-parliamentary system made him unsuitable for the position of head of government during the last years of Imperial Russia. Goremykin was despised by parliamentarians and revolutionaries and desired only to retire, the ineffectiveness of his last government contributed to the instability and ultimate downfall of the Romanov dynasty.
"The Emperor can't see that the candles have been lit around my coffin and that the only thing required to complete the ceremony is myself." "To me, His Majesty is the rightful sovereign. He personifies the whole of Russia, he is forty-seven and it is not just since yesterday that he has been reigning and deciding the fate of the Russian people. When the decision of such a man is made and his course of action is determined, his faithful subjects must accept it whatever may be the consequences, and let God's will be fulfilled. These views I have held all my life and with them I shall die." Fuhrmann, Joseph T.. Rasputin: The Untold Story. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 978-1-118-17276-6. Massie, Robert K. Nicholas and Alexandra. New York: Ballantine, 1967, 2000. ISBN 978-0-345-43831-7 (pp. 216, 220, 319, 347, 349–350, 526 Moe, Ronald C.. Prelude to the Revolution: The Murder of Rasputin. Aventine Press. ISBN 1593307128. Ferdinand Ossendowski. Witte and Goremykin. Translated by F. B. Czarnomski.
It was republished in vol. XXVIII, no. 1, pp. 1351–1355. Me
Revelle College is the oldest residential college at the University of California San Diego in La Jolla, California. Founded in 1964, it is named after UC San Diego founder Roger Revelle. UC San Diego—along with Revelle College—was founded at the height of the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union; as a result, the initial class of 181 undergraduates comprised only 30 non-science majors. Revelle College focuses on developing "a well-rounded student, intellectually skilled and prepared for competition in a complex world." Revelle's general education requirements are rigorously structured in the tradition of a classical liberal arts college. Revelle's stated goal of creating "Renaissance scholars" is reflected in these requirements, which ensure that a graduate has experience in humanities, physical science, social science, a fine art, a foreign language. Revelle College's core writing course, Humanities, is a challenging Western Civilization course that incorporates writing and other social science requirements into a five-quarter sequence through which students examine the greater social and literary developments throughout Western culture.
In 2014, the college celebrated its fiftieth anniversary. The same year, UCSD Housing and Dining opened a new dining commons named "64 Degrees" to replace the old Plaza Cafe and Incredi-Bowls food truck. Most of the Revelle residential campus was renovated from 2009 to 2015. Much of Revelle College's initial history mirrors that of UC San Diego itself, as the development of the first undergraduate college was instrumental in founding the university; the Institute of Technology and Engineering was established in 1958 on a ridge northeast of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. The Institute, soon renamed to the School of Science and Engineering, was housed at Scripps and headed by Roger Revelle. Ninety-nine faculty were planned to instruct 450 graduate students in earth sciences, physics, chemistry and mathematics. Roger Revelle and several recruited professors, including Keith Brueckner, James R. Arnold, David Bonner, began to aggressively recruit professors from across the country to their new university.
In 1961, construction began on the first permanent building at the new campus. Buildings A and B, now Urey Hall and Mayer Hall housed laboratories, office space, lecture halls, they were completed and inaugurated in 1963. In 1963, Chancellor Herbert York began to implement the 1959 master plan as visualized by Revelle and University of California President Clark Kerr; the plan called for the creation of twelve loosely related undergraduate colleges, the first of which York formed by renaming the School of Science and Engineering to The First College. York created the Division of Letters and Science to handle the nascent university's academics; the first undergraduates enrolled in late 1964. The First College continued to grow to accommodate increasing undergraduate and graduate enrollment at the university. In early 1965, the Regents of the University of California voted to rename the college in Roger Revelle's honor. Revelle had resigned his posts as UCSD Dean of Research and SIO Director to become director of the Center for Population Studies at Harvard University.
Revelle College remains the only undergraduate college at UCSD named for a living honoree. By the start of the 1965-1966 school year, Revelle College had grown to loosely resemble the modern campus, surrounding a central plaza; the completion of the sixth academic building, Building F, marked the end of its growth and the beginning of the establishment of John Muir College. In addition to a library in Building E, the college was equipped to house 440 undergraduates in the newly constructed Fleet residence halls. An 800-seat cafeteria, the Plaza Cafe, was constructed to replace the canteen in the basement of Building C. Blake and Argo Halls were added in 1968; the Revelle College grounds encompass the southwest corner of the UC San Diego campus. Revelle is bounded to the west by North Torrey Pines Road, to the north by Muir College's athletic facilities and the Old Student Center, to the east by Gilman Drive and the School of Medicine, to the south by Scholars Drive South and the Theater District.
The college's buildings are laid around a central plaza, with the residential buildings west of the plaza and the academic buildings surrounding the remaining three sides. The southern section of Revelle College is occupied by two large parking lots and grassy hills, the administration building sits in a grove in the southeast corner. Revelle Plaza is the centerpiece of Revelle College, has served as an important space for campus activities and socialization since its creation. During the mid-to-late sixties, Revelle Plaza was the location of many protests; the May 1970 Peace Memorial in its southeast corner commemorates the anti-war self-immolation of Revelle student George Winne, Jr. The adjacent fountain was donated by Pacific Southwest Airlines in 1965; the residential section of the Revelle College campus is located to the west of the plaza. Blake and Argo Halls are between the courtyard containing the Anchor. North of this courtyard lies the Revelle Commons complex. In addition to four conference rooms, this complex houses Roger's Market and the Revelle dining commons, 64 Degrees.
64 Degrees serves burgers, Chinese-inspired plates, salads and American cuisine. In 2015, a full-service restaurant called 64 North was opened to com