Eli Houston Murray
Eli Houston Murray was Governor of Utah Territory between 1880 and 1886. The city of Murray, Utah was named for him. Murray had served in the Union Army during the American Civil War as colonel of the 3rd Kentucky Cavalry Regiment, he was brevetted to the rank of brigadier general. In the next year he was appointed U. S. Marshal for Kentucky and stayed on that post for 10 years. Murray was appointed Governor of Utah Territory in 1880; the newly appointed anti-Mormon territorial governor supported the Liberal Party of Utah. Thus, the 1880 territory-wide election for a congressional delegate unexpectedly proved the closest that the Liberal Party got to sending a representative to Washington, D. C; the Liberal candidate, Allen G. Campbell – with 1357 votes – lost resoundingly to Mormon General Authority George Q. Cannon who had 18,567 votes. However, before Governor Murray certified the election, a protest on behalf of Campbell was filed; the protest listed a dozen claims, chiefly that Cannon, born in Liverpool, was an un-naturalized alien.
The protest claimed that Cannon's practice of polygamy was incompatible with the law and a delegate's oath of office. Murray issued certification to Campbell in spite of his poor showing. Cannon, in Washington at the time, argued that only Congress could decide on a member's qualifications, he furthermore received a certificate from sympathetic territorial election officials which stated he had received the most votes. This document convinced the House of Representatives clerk to enter Cannon's name on the roll, so Cannon began drawing delegate's salary. Both Murray and Campbell traveled to Washington to dispute the seat; each side battled over the position for over a year through the assassination and eventual death of President James Garfield. On February 25, 1882, the House of Representatives rejected both candidates; the House refused Cannon his seat not for his practice of polygamy. The entire ordeal brought unfavorable national attention to Utah regarding the "Mormon Question". Biography of Murray at a Utah government website "Eli Houston Murray".
Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-08-11
Jon Huntsman Jr.
Jon Meade Huntsman Jr. is an American businessman, diplomat and the current Ambassador of the United States to Russia, serving since October 2017. Huntsman was the U. S. Ambassador to Singapore from 1992 to 1993, the Governor of Utah from 2005 to 2009, the U. S. Ambassador to China from 2009 to 2011, he has served in the administrations of five Presidents and was a candidate for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination. In January 2014, Huntsman was named Chair of the Washington-based foreign policy think-tank the Atlantic Council. Huntsman has served in every presidential administration since the presidency of Ronald Reagan, he began his career as a White House staff assistant for Ronald Reagan, was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary of Commerce and United States Ambassador to Singapore by George H. W. Bush; as Deputy U. S. Trade Representative under George W. Bush, he launched global trade negotiations in Doha in 2001 and guided the accession of China into the World Trade Organization, he served as CEO of his family-owned Huntsman Corporation and chair of the Huntsman Cancer Foundation.
In 2009, he was appointed United States Ambassador to China by Barack Obama. While Governor of Utah, Huntsman was named Chair of the Western Governors Association and joined the Executive Committee of the National Governors Association. Under his leadership, Utah was named the best-managed state in America by the Pew Center on the States. During his tenure, Huntsman was one of the most popular governors in the country, won reelection in a landslide in 2008, winning every single county, he left office with approval ratings over 80 percent and was succeeded by Lieutenant Governor Gary Herbert. Huntsman was born March 1960, in Redwood City, California, his mother is Karen Huntsman, daughter of LDS Church apostle David B. Haight, his father was billionaire businessman and philanthropist Jon Huntsman Sr. of the Huntsman Corporation. Through his father, Huntsman Jr. is the great-great-great-grandson of early LDS Church leader Parley P. Pratt. At age 15 in 1975, Huntsman earned the rank of Eagle Scout, the highest rank of the Boy Scouts of America.
Huntsman attended Highland High School in Salt Lake City but dropped out before graduating to pursue his passion as a keyboard player in a rock band called Wizard. Huntsman obtained a G. E. D. and enrolled at the University of Utah, where he became, like his father, a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity. Huntsman served as a missionary for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints in Taiwan for two years and transferred to the University of Pennsylvania, where he received a Bachelor of Arts in international politics in 1987. While visiting the White House in 1971 during his father's service as special assistant to the president, Henry Kissinger confided in the 11-year-old Huntsman that he was secretly traveling to China, he worked as a White House staff assistant in President Ronald Reagan's administration in 1983. From 1987 to 1988, Huntsman and his family worked in Taipei, Taiwan. During the 1988 presidential election, he was a state delegate at the 1988 Republican National Convention. Under President George H. W. Bush, Huntsman was deputy assistant secretary in the International Trade Administration from 1989 to 1990.
He subsequently served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Commerce for trade development and commerce for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, serving from 1990 to 1991. In June 1992, Bush appointed Huntsman to become U. S. ambassador to Singapore, which he was unanimously confirmed by the United States Senate in August. When questioned by U. S. Sen. Paul Sarbanes, he said that he had been the chairman of Utah's presidential fundraising committee and had donated $2,000 to the Bush campaign, an amount that Sarbanes described as "not a large amount really". At 32 years old, he became the youngest U. S. Ambassador to serve in over 100 years. In January 2001, after George W. Bush took office as president, The Washington Post reported there was a strong possibility Huntsman would be appointed to be the new United States Ambassador to China. In March, he turned down the nomination to be the U. S. Ambassador to Indonesia. On March 28, Bush appointed Huntsman to be one of two Deputy United States trade representatives in his administration.
In March 2003, Huntsman resigned his post in the Bush administration. In mid-August, three-term incumbent Gov. Mike Leavitt, whom Huntsman supported, decided not to run for re-election in order to become the administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency in the Bush administration. Shortly thereafter, Huntsman filed papers to run for Governor of Utah. In the June 2004 Republican primary, Huntsman defeated State Rep. Nolan Karras 66–34%. In November 2004, Huntsman was elected governor with 58% of the vote, defeating Democratic Party nominee Scott Matheson Jr. In 2008, Huntsman won re-election with 77.7% of the vote, defeating Democratic nominee Bob Springmeyer. Huntsman maintained high approval ratings as governor of Utah, he left office with his approval ratings over 80%. Utah was named the best managed state by the Pew Center on the States. Following his term as governor, Utah was named a top-three state to do business in; the 2006 Cato Institute evaluation gave Huntsman an overall fiscal policy grade of "B".
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Current Population Survey, Utah was ranked number one in the nation in job growth during Huntsman's tenure, a rate of 5.9% between 2005 and 2009. However, according to the Bureau's Current Employment Statistics survey, Utah ranked number four in the country in job creation, with 4.8% growth. Utah trailed Te
Scott M. Matheson
Scott Milne Matheson Jr. was an American politician who served as the 12th Governor of Utah from 1977 to 1985. He is the most recent Democrat to serve in that position. Matheson was born on January 8, 1929, in Chicago to Latter-day Saint parents Scott Milne and Adele Adams Matheson. Soon after his birth, the family moved to Utah, settling first in Parowan, before moving to Salt Lake City, when his father became a federal prosecutor. Matheson graduated from Salt Lake City's East High School in 1946, earned a bachelor's degree in political science from the University of Utah in 1950, a law degree from Stanford University in 1952, he operated a private law practice in Iron County, for five years before taking a position with Union Pacific Railroad in 1958. At the railroad he rose to the position of general counsel before making his 1976 run for governor. During his term as governor, Matheson was named the defendant in the U. S. Supreme Court case of H. L. v. Matheson, which upheld state law requiring parental consent for a teenage girl to obtain an abortion.
In 1951, he married Norma Louise Warenski, the couple had four children. One is former U. S. Congressman Jim Matheson. Another son, Scott Matheson Jr. was the 2004 Democratic nominee for Governor of Utah, was appointed as a federal judge in 2010. On October 7, 1990, Matheson died of a rare form of cancer. Fowler, Glenn, "Scott Matheson, 61, Ex-Governor And Leading Democrat in Utah", The New York Times: D10 McCormick, John, "Matheson, Scott M.", in Powell, Allan Kent, Utah History Encyclopedia, Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah Press, ISBN 0874804256, OCLC 30473917 Media related to Scott M. Matheson at Wikimedia Commons
Alfred Cumming (governor)
Alfred Cumming was appointed governor of the Utah Territory in 1858 replacing Brigham Young following the Utah War, when President James Buchanan wanted a non-Mormon governor. He was born in Georgia. Cumming served as mayor of Augusta, sutler to Zachary Taylor during the Mexican War and at Jefferson Barracks in Missouri, superintendent of the Upper Missouri Indian Superintendency Cumming was a Democrat and was appointed by President Buchanan, he served as governor until 1861 and returned to Washington, D. C, his wife Elizabeth died in 1867. He was the brother of Henry Harford Cumming, the uncle of his son, brigadier general Alfred Cumming
James Duane Doty
James Duane Doty was a land speculator and politician in the United States who played an important role in the development of Wisconsin and Utah Territory. Born in Salem, New York, in 1799, Doty was less than three years old when his family moved to Martinsburg, New York, founded by his mother's brother General Walter Martin. Doty attended the Lowville Academy several miles north of Martinsburg in New York. In 1818, Doty moved to Detroit, the capital of Michigan Territory, where he became an apprentice to Charles Larned, the attorney general. On November 20, 1818, he was admitted to the bar in Michigan Territory, he practiced law until September 29, 1819, when he was appointed clerk of court for Michigan Territory. In June 1820 he resigned the clerkship in order to serve as secretary to the Lewis Cass expedition, a summer-long exploration of the part of Michigan Territory lying west of Lake Michigan as far as the headwaters of the Mississippi River. Upon his return to Detroit, Doty resumed his legal practice.
In the winter of 1822 Doty traveled to Washington, D. C. where on March 13, with the sponsorship of Henry Wheaton, he was admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the United States. In 1823, a new federal judicial district was created for northern and western Michigan Territory, covering what is now the state of Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Doty was appointed as the federal judge for the district by President James Monroe. Before taking up his new duties, on April 14, 1823, Doty married Sarah Collins at Whitesboro, New York; because he was required to live within his district and his new wife moved from Detroit to Prairie du Chien in 1823. Doty held court at Prairie du Chien, Green Bay, Mackinac, he served as the first postmaster of Prairie du Chien from 1823 to 1824. In 1824, Doty moved to Green Bay, where he lived until 1841. Doty remained the district judge until he was replaced by David Irvin in 1832. Following his career as a judge, Doty served as a member of the Michigan Territorial Council from 1834 to 1835, representing the western part of the territory.
In this capacity Doty argued for the creation of a new territorial government for Wisconsin, sending petitions to Congress in favor of splitting Michigan Territory into two parts, one east and one west of Lake Michigan. Doty had supported this idea as early as 1824, argued that the growing number of residents in Wisconsin were not adequately provided for by the territorial government in Detroit, hundreds of miles away from any settlement in Wisconsin. Doty claimed that votes sent by residents west of Lake Michigan could not be sent to Detroit in time to be counted, that the residents in Lower Michigan cared little about the affairs west of the lake. In 1835, his wishes were granted when the Governor of Michigan Territory created a separate legislature to govern the western part of the territory as Michigan prepared for statehood. In 1835, Doty campaigned to represent western Michigan Territory as a delegate in Congress, but he lost in a three-way election to George Wallace Jones. Both Doty and Jones were running as Democrats, but Doty had little true loyalty to any political party.
He was conservative in view and aligned himself with whichever people were most popular at any given time. After losing the election, Doty turned to land speculation and bought thousands of acres of land across the state, some of which he began developing into the city of Madison, Wisconsin. In 1836, Wisconsin Territory was created. Doty hoped to be the territorial governor, but President Andrew Jackson appointed Henry Dodge, Doty's longtime political rival, to the post. With no public title, Doty worked to improve his land holdings in what would become the city of Madison. Doty had this land surveyed and platted, made plans to create a city on the isthmus between lakes Mendota and Monona. To gain recognition for the planned city, Doty lobbied the new territorial legislature to select his proposed city as the capital of Wisconsin. A temporary capital had been established at Belmont, but its distance from Milwaukee and Green Bay coupled with the dissatisfaction of many legislators towards the facilities at Belmont made it that the capital would be moved.
Doty used numerous tactics to ensure that Madison would be made capital city, wooing legislators with plans for canals and railroads and offering legislators who voted to make Madison the capital choice lots in the new city. Madison was declared permanent capital in November, 1836, construction at the new city began in 1837. In 1838, Doty was elected as Wisconsin Territory's congressional delegate, defeating George W. Jones in a rematch of the 1835 election. Despite being elected as a Democrat, Doty formed personal friendships with several Whigs in Washington, D. C. including Henry Clay. In 1840, Whig Party candidate William Henry Harrison was elected president, he made plans to appoint Doty to the governorship of Wisconsin Territory despite Doty's status as a Democrat. Harrison died before he could make the appointment, but vice president John Tyler fulfilled Harrison's desire after ascending to the presidency in 1841. Doty was unsuccessful as territorial governor, the Dodge supporters in the territorial legislature rejected most of the legislation Doty supported, Doty failed on four separate occasions to get public support for Wisconsin statehood.
Doty's term ended in 1844, he was not reappointed by Tyler, who instead selected Nathaniel P. Tallmadge to the post; this left Doty to once again return to his private life. In 1846, Doty returned to politics, this time as a delegate to the First Wisconsin Constitutional Convention. Doty came to the convention as an independent, but s
George Henry Dern was an American politician, mining man, businessman. He is best remembered for co-inventing the Holt–Dern ore roasting process, as well as for his tenure as United States Secretary of War from 1933 to his death in 1936, he served as the sixth Governor of Utah for eight years, from 1925 to 1933. Dern was a progressive politician who fought for tax reform, public education, social welfare, he was an exceptional public speaker, able to captivate and entertain his audience, whether they were Progressives, Democrats, or Republicans. George Henry Dern was born in Dodge County, Nebraska on September 8, 1872, he was the son of John Dern, a pioneering Nebraska farmer, mine operator, industrialist, Elizabeth, whose maiden name was the same as her married name, Dern. His parents were German immigrants. John was president of the Mercur Gold Mining and Milling Company and no doubt had a profound influence on George, who would follow in his father’s footsteps when he entered the mining business.
Dern graduated from Nebraska's Fremont Normal College of Midland University in 1888 and from 1893 to 1894 attended the University of Nebraska. Dern was a talented athlete, serving as the University’s football captain during that time. In 1894 he accompanied his family to Salt Lake City, joining the Mercur Gold Mining and Milling Company, which his father served as president. Rising from bookkeeper to company treasurer, he was promoted in 1901 to general manager of the company, reorganized as the Consolidated Mercur Gold Mines Company. Dern was co-inventor of the Holt-Dern roaster, a furnace for carrying out the Holt-Christenson roasting process, a technique for recovering silver from low-grade ores. Mercur Gold Mining and Milling shut down in 1913, however Dern’s experience and passion for mining would be reflected on in his political career. On June 7, 1899, in Fremont, Dodge County, Nebraska, he married Charlotte "Lottie" Brown and had six living children altogether: (Mary J. John H. William B.
Margaret and James G. all were married up until the time of his death in 1936. Lottie died on September 5, 1952 in Chicago, is buried in Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Salt Lake City, Utah. Dern entered politics in 1914, running on a Democratic and Progressive fusion ticket in a Utah state senate district encompassing Salt Lake County, he was elected in 1914, serving until 1923 in the state senate, where he was twice selected as Democratic floor leader. His tenure there was marked by strong advocacy of progressive legislation, including a landmark mineral leasing act that leased, rather than sold, Utah's mineral rights to private concerns. Dern gained the Democratic nomination for governor in 1924, during the campaign he received backing from the Utah Progressive party and an endorsement from Progressive presidential candidate Robert La Follette. Challenging incumbent Republican governor Charles R. Mabey, Dern ran on the catchy slogan "We want a Dern good governor, we don't mean Mabey." At the time, Utah was Republican oriented.
This was due to the high concentration of Mormons having conservative Republican viewpoints, living in the area. Although George Dern was neither a Republican nor a Mormon, he won by a plurality of 10,000 votes, 81,308 to 72,127, while the Republicans carried all the other statewide offices by a margin of 30,000 votes. Dern had an incredible knack for reaching across party lines, a skill, desirable when running in a minority party. Dern’s ability in this area can be attributed to his outgoing, open-minded and empathetic personality; as governor, Dern focused on using Utah's rich natural resources to develop the state economy and devoted himself to education, social welfare, tax reform, thus further embroidering his reputation as a progressive. Arguing that the general property tax was unfair as the sole source of state revenue, Dern secured the adoption of a state income tax and a corporate franchise tax against strong opposition, he took a leading role in resolving important interstate problems related to the building of the Boulder Dam on the Colorado River.
Dern, whose state had the disadvantage of being upstream from the dam, staunchly defended the theory that, with the exception of navigation, the waters of western streams were state rather than federal resources. This controversy brought him into direct conflict with U. S. secretary of commerce Herbert Hoover, attempting to mediate the dispute for the Calvin Coolidge administration. In yet another demonstration of Dern’s appeal to Republican voters, Dern was reelected governor in 1928 by a landslide 31,000 votes despite the fact that Utah voted for the Republican National ticket by a margin of 14,000 votes, he subsequently served from 1929 to 1930 as chair of the National Governors' Conference, where he worked with New York governor Franklin D. Roosevelt. Dern's record as a progressive western governor commended him to Roosevelt, who after the November 1932 election to the presidency considered Dern for a cabinet position during his second term, he subsequently appointed Dern as his Secretary of War.
Roosevelt wanted Dern for the post of Secretary of the Interior but settled on appointing him to the War Department. Although he had no military experience and was reputed to have pacifist leanings, Dern won the support of military circles by promoting greater efficiency and readiness, calling for a military structure that could be expanded and in a crisis. Dern initiated a five-year plan to equip the army with newer airplanes, more tanks, semiautomatic rifles, modernized artillery, he advocated increased strength for the army Air Corps and i
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U. S. state of Utah. With an estimated population of 190,884 in 2014, the city is the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,153,340. Salt Lake City is further situated within a larger metropolis known as the Salt Lake City–Ogden–Provo Combined Statistical Area, a corridor of contiguous urban and suburban development stretched along a 120-mile segment of the Wasatch Front, comprising a population of 2,423,912, it is one of only two major urban areas in the Great Basin. The world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is located in Salt Lake City; the city was founded in 1847 by followers of the church, led by Brigham Young, who were seeking to escape persecution that they had experienced while living farther east. The Mormon pioneers, as they would come to be known, at first encountered an arid, inhospitable valley that they extensively irrigated and cultivated, thereby establishing the foundation to sustain the area's present population.
Salt Lake City's street grid system is based on the north-south east-west grid plan developed by early church leaders, with the Salt Lake Temple constructed at the grid's starting point. Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lake, the city was named Great Salt Lake City. In 1868, the 17th Utah Territorial Legislature dropped the word "Great" from the city's name. Immigration of international members of the church, mining booms, the construction of the first transcontinental railroad brought economic growth, the city was nicknamed the Crossroads of the West, it was traversed by the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway, in 1913. Two major cross-country freeways, I-15 and I-80, now intersect in the city. Salt Lake City has developed a strong outdoor recreation tourist industry based on skiing, the city hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics, it is the industrial banking center of the United States. Before settlement by members of the LDS Church, the Shoshone and Paiute had dwelt in the Salt Lake Valley for thousands of years.
At the time of Salt Lake City's founding, the valley was within the territory of the Northwestern Shoshone. One local Shoshone tribe, the Western Goshute tribe, referred to the Great Salt Lake as Pi'a-pa, meaning "big water", or Ti'tsa-pa, meaning "bad water"; the land was treated by the United States as public domain. The first American explorer in the Salt Lake area was Jim Bridger in 1825, although others had been in Utah earlier, some as far north as the nearby Utah Valley. US Army officer John C. Frémont surveyed the Great Salt Lake and the Salt Lake Valley in 1843 and 1845; the Donner Party, a group of ill-fated pioneers, had traveled through the Great Salt Lake Valley in August 1846. The valley's first permanent settlements date to the arrival of the Latter-day Saints in July 1847, they had traveled beyond the boundaries of the United States into Mexican Territory seeking a secluded area to safely practice their religion away from the violence and the persecution they experienced in the Eastern United States.
Upon arrival at the Salt Lake Valley, president of the church Brigham Young is recorded as stating, "This is the right place, drive on." Brigham Young claimed to have seen the area in a vision prior to the wagon train's arrival. They found. Four days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young designated the building site for the Salt Lake Temple; the Salt Lake Temple, constructed on the block called Temple Square, took 40 years to complete. Construction started in 1853, the temple was dedicated on April 6, 1893; the temple serves as its centerpiece. In fact, the southeast corner of Temple Square is the initial point of reference for the Salt Lake meridian, for all addresses in the Salt Lake Valley; the pioneers organized a state called State of Deseret, petitioned for its recognition in 1849. The United States Congress rebuffed the settlers in 1850 and established the Utah Territory, vastly reducing its size, designated Fillmore as its capital city. Great Salt Lake City replaced Fillmore as the territorial capital in 1856, the name was shortened to Salt Lake City.
The city's population continued to swell with an influx of converts to the LDS Church and Gold Rush gold seekers, making it one of the most populous cities in the American Old West. Explorer and author Richard Francis Burton traveled by coach in the summer of 1860 to document life in Great Salt Lake City, he was granted unprecedented access during his three-week visit, including audiences with Brigham Young and other contemporaries of Joseph Smith. The records of his visit include sketches of early city buildings, a description of local geography and agriculture, commentary on its politics and social order, essays and sermons from Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and other leaders, snippets of everyday life such as newspaper clippings and the menu from a high-society ball. Disputes with the federal government ensued over the church's practice of polygamy. A climax occurred in 1857 when President James Buchanan declared the area in rebellion after Brigham Young refused to step down as governor, beginning the Utah War.
A division of the United States Army, comman