click links in text for more info

Henry II, Duke of Austria

Henry II, called Jasomirgott, a member of the House of Babenberg, was Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1140 to 1141, Duke of Bavaria and Margrave of Austria from 1141 to 1156, the first Duke of Austria from 1156 until his death. Henry was the second son of Margrave Leopold III of Austria, the first from his second marriage with Agnes of Waiblingen, a sister of the last Salian emperor Henry V. Leopold himself was expected to stand as a candidate in the 1125 election as King of the Romans. Among Henry's younger brother were Conrad II of Salzburg, his sister Judith became the wife of Marquess William V of Montferrat. Henry's nickname, was first documented during the 13th century in the form of Jochsamergott, the meaning of, unclear. According to one theory, it is derived from a spoofed Arab word bearing a connection to the Second Crusade where Henry participated in 1147. According to a popular etymology, it is derived from the Middle High German form of oath joch sam mir got helfe; when Margrave Leopold III died in 1136, he was succeeded by his third-born son Leopold IV.

In April 1140, the Hohenstaufen king Conrad III of Germany enfeoffed him with the County Palatine of the Rhine, which he ruled only for a short time until being appointed Bavarian duke and Margrave of Austria when his younger brother Leopold IV unexpectedly died in October 1141. Leopold had received the Duchy of Bavaria in 1139, after King Conrad had deposed Duke Henry the Proud in the course of the dispute between the Welf and Hohenstaufen dynasties. Henry took his residence in the Bavarian capital Regensburg. In May 1142 he married Gertrude of Supplinburg, the daughter of Emperor Lothair and widow of Henry the Proud, she died after less than one year. The duke remained a loyal follower of the Hohenstaufens and in May 1147 accompanied King Conrad on the Second Crusade; when they suffered a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Dorylaeum against the Seljuk Turks in October, Henry narrowly escaped together with Conrad's nephew, young Frederick Barbarossa. On their way home, Henry stayed at the court of the Byzantine emperor Manuel I Komnenos, where he married his niece Theodora in late 1148.

Elected King of the Romans in 1152, Frederick Barbarossa tried to reach a compromise with the Welfs and endowed the son of the late Henry the Proud, Henry the Lion, with the Bavarian duchy in 1156. A replacement had to be found for the Babenberg family, namely by the Privilegium Minus, by which Frederick elevated Henry's Margraviate of Austria to a duchy with complete independence from Bavaria. Unlike his father, who resided in Klosterneuburg most of the time, Henry moved his residence to Vienna in 1145. Only by this act could the modern Austrian capital surpass cities such as Krems, Melk or Klosterneuburg. Since it has remained the capital of the country. In 1147, the St. Stephen's Church was completed, which became a visible landmark of the city, showing its prominence. In 1155, Henry founded the Schottenstift monastery in Vienna, in the courtyard of which a statue of him stands to this day. In November 1176, while his Austrian land were campaigned by the forces of Duke Soběslav II of Bohemia, Henry II with his horse fell from a rotten bridge near Melk and suffered a femoral neck fracture.

Henry II succumbed to his injuries on 13 January 1177 in Vienna. According to his last will, he was buried in the Schottenstift monastery; until 1143, Henry II was married to Gertrude of Süpplingenburg, the daughter of Emperor Lothair II. In 1148 he married Theodora Komnene, niece of the Byzantine emperor Manuel I. Both marriages are an expression of the importance of the Babenberg dynasty in Central Europe in that period. Henry had three children by Theodora Komnene: Agnes of Austria, married to King Stephen III of Hungary, secondly married to Duke Herman of Carinthia Leopold V, Duke of Austria Henry I, Duke of Mödling, married Richeza, daughter of Duke Vladislav II of Bohemia. Heinrich II. Jasomirgott at AEIOU


Waterboarding is a form of torture in which water is poured over a cloth covering the face and breathing passages of an immobilized captive, causing the person to experience drowning. In the most common method of waterboarding, the captive's face is covered with cloth or some other thin material and immobilized on his/her back at an incline of 10 to 20 degrees. Torturers pour water onto the face over the breathing passages, causing an immediate gag reflex and creating a drowning sensation for the captive. Water is poured intermittently to prevent death. However, if the water is poured uninterruptedly it will lead to death by asphyxia called dry drowning. Waterboarding can cause extreme pain, damage to lungs, brain damage from oxygen deprivation, other physical injuries including broken bones due to struggling against restraints, lasting psychological damage. Adverse physical effects can last for months, psychological effects for years; the term "water board torture" appeared in press reports as early as 1976.

Waterboarding has been used in diverse places and at various points in history, including the Spanish and Flemish Inquisitions, by the United States military during the Philippine-American War, by U. S. law enforcement, by Japanese and German officials during World War II, by the French in the Algerian War, by the U. S. during the Vietnam War, by the Pinochet regime in Chile, by the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, by the British Army in Northern Ireland, by South African police during the apartheid era. While there is international debate over whether waterboarding constitutes torture, many 21st century authorities assert that it is; the use of waterboarding became a matter of public controversy in the United States during the War on Terror in the 2000s. In December 2005, the United States passed the Detainee Treatment Act, which banned U. S. military from using torture. However, the law did not affect the CIA's use of waterboarding. In late 2007, it was reported that the United States Central Intelligence Agency had waterboarded extrajudicial prisoners and that the Office of Legal Counsel, Department of Justice, had authorized the procedure.

In 2008, the CIA confirmed having waterboarded three Al-Qaeda suspects: Abu Zubaydah, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, in 2002 and 2003. When Congress passed a bill restricting the use of waterboarding by the CIA in 2008, President Bush vetoed it. In January 2009, U. S. President Barack Obama signed Executive Order 13491, which banned the use of waterboarding and other forms of torture in interrogations of detainees by any government agency. While the technique has been used in various forms for centuries, the term water board was recorded first in a 1976 UPI report: "A Navy spokesman admitted use of the'water board' torture... to'convince each trainee that he won't be able to physically resist what an enemy would do to him.'" The verb-noun waterboarding dates from 2004. First appearance of the term in the mass media was in a New York Times article on 13 May 2004: In the case of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, a high-level detainee, believed to have helped plan the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, C.

I. A. Interrogators used graduated levels of force, including a technique known as'water boarding', in which a prisoner is strapped down, forcibly pushed under water and made to believe he might drown. U. S. attorney Alan Dershowitz is reported to have shortened the term to a single word in a Boston Globe article two days later: "After all, the administration did approve rough interrogation methods for some high valued detainees. These included waterboarding, in which a detainee is pushed under water and made to believe he will drown unless he provides information, as well as sensory deprivation, painful stress positions, simulated dog attacks". Dershowitz told the New York Times columnist William Safire that, "when I first used the word, nobody knew what it meant."Techniques using forcible drowning to extract information had hitherto been referred to as "water torture", "water treatment", "water cure" or "torture". Professor Darius Rejali of Reed College, author of Torture and Democracy, speculates that the term waterboarding has its origin in the need for a euphemism.

There is a special vocabulary for torture. When people use tortures that are old, they alter them a wee bit, they invent new words to mask the similarities. This creates an inside club important in work where secrecy matters. Waterboarding is a jailhouse joke, it refers to surfboarding"– a word found as early as 1929– "they are attaching somebody to a board and helping them surf. Torturers create names that are funny to them." Webster's Dictionary first included the term in 2009: "n interrogation technique in which water is forced into a detainee's mouth and nose so as to induce the sensation of drowning." Waterboarding was characterized in 2005 by former CIA director Porter J. Goss as a "professional interrogation technique". According to press accounts, a cloth or plastic wrap is placed over or in the person's mouth, water is poured onto the person's head. Press accounts differ on the details of this technique – one article describes "dripping water into a wet cloth over a suspect's face", while another states that "cellophane is wrapped over the prisoner's face and water is poured over him".

The United States' Office of Legal Counsel in August 2002 responded to the request by the CIA for a legal opinion regarding the use of certain interrogation techniques. It included the following account of the CIA's definition of waterboarding in a Top Secret 2002 memorandum as follo

Paul Steinberg

Jacob Paul "Twister" Steinberg was a professional football player in the early 1900s. As a member of the first National Football League, he played with the Philadelphia Athletics in the first professional night game in history, he won the first, only, two series of the first World Series of Football with the Syracuse Athletic Club and the Franklin Athletic Club. Steinberg was the first Jewish professional basketball player. Harry March, dubbed the "Father of Pro Football", referred to Steinberg as, "one of the most elusive, slickest and clean backs of the century." Steinberg's professional career began after he was discharged from the army in 1900. He first played pro football with the Syracuse Athletic Association. While with Syracuse, Paul played for the club's pro basketball team, making him the first Jewish basketball player. In 1902, Paul signed with Philadelphia Athletics baseball team, managed by Connie Mack, he remained with the team from 1902 -- 1904. However, in 1902 Mack organized and coached a professional football team called the Philadelphia Athletics.

Steinberg played halfback for the Athletics, which won the Philadelphia city title, before losing the league championship to the Pittsburgh Stars. After the season, he joined the Syracuse Athletic Club in the first World Series of Football. Syracuse won the tournament held at Madison Square Garden. Steinberg joined the Franklin Athletic Club, located in Pennsylvania; the team was backed by the head of the Carnegie Steel Company was so good that they had difficulty finding opponents. That year Franklin went on to win the Pennsylvania state title. After their championship win Franklin, traveled to New York City and won the second World Series of Football. In 1905, Paul moved to Canton and played that year with the pre-National Football League version of the Canton Bulldogs known as the Canton Athletic Club. In canton, Steinberg experienced the huge rivalry between the Massillon Tigers. In 1905, Massillon defeated Steinberg and Canton for the championship and Canton vowed to claim the title the following year.

By 1906, Steinberg became known as the Bulldogs' best-known player and remained with Canton as one of the team's top backs. After both Canton and Massillon defeated their regular season opponents, a two-game championship was set up between the two teams. Canton won the first game, 10-5, for the team's biggest victory but Massillon recovered to win the second game, 13-6, claiming the Ohio State Championship for the fourth consecutive year. After the games, rumors existed that some Canton players had thrown the game. Disgusted by the allegations, Steinberg quit professional football. List of select Jewish football players Franklin's Hired Guns The First Football World Series Jews in Sports Paul Steinberg Bio Pigskin The Early years of Pro Football

Omar Lulu

Omar Abdul Vahab, professionally credited as Omar Lulu or Omar, is an Indian film director who works in Malayalam cinema. He made his directorial debut in 2016 with Happy Wedding, his debut film Happy Wedding starring Sharafudheen, Soubin Shahir, Siju Wilson, Justin John had a good run at the Kerala box-office and crossed 100 days run, it grossed ₹13.7 crore at the box office. His second film, starring Honey Rose and Balu Varghese, released on August 2017 and was a commercial success as well and collecting ₹21 crore at the box-office. Dhamaka was his last movie released new movies in planning is Babu Antony Starring Powerstar and freshers LoveYathra. Omar on IMDb Omar Lulu on Facebook

2015 ICC Europe Division One

The 2015 ICC Europe Division One was a cricket tournament held in Jersey from 9–13 May 2015. The tournament was organised by ICC Europe, featured the top six associate members in that region – Denmark, Guernsey, Italy and Norway. Ireland, the Netherlands, Scotland had qualified for the World Twenty20 Qualifier, while England qualify for the World Twenty20 automatically; the host, won the tournament on net run rate from Denmark, its first title. The leading runscorer at the tournament was Danish batsman Freddie Klokker, while the leading wicket taker was Italian bowler Carl Sandri. By winning the tournament, Jersey qualified for the 2015 World Twenty20 Qualifier in Ireland and Scotland; the top six teams at that tournament, where matches will have full Twenty20 status, will qualify for the 2016 ICC World Twenty20 in India. Squads for the tournament were announced on 27 April 2015. Jersey's preparation for the tournament consisted of three twenty-over fixtures against Dutch teams, all played at the VRA Ground in Amstelveen in late April.

They defeated a Netherlands A side by 62 runs, played matches against the two Dutch sides in the North Sea Pro Series, defeating the Hurricanes by 68 runs and losing to the Seafarers by seven wickets. France's preparation included twenty-over fixtures against the Hurricanes and the Seafarers, both played on 2 May at Sportpark Maarschalkerweerd, Utrecht, they defeated the Hurricanes by 14 runs, lost to the Seafarers in a super over, necessitated after an initial tie. Denmark, coached by former Irish international Jeremy Bray, played several fixtures in Ireland in mid-April, they lost to the Irish under-19 side by seven wickets and lost both games against Leinster Lightning, but did win a fixture against The Hills Cricket Club by seven runs. Guernsey, coached by former South African international Nic Pothas, attended a training camp at the County Ground and subsequently played fixtures against a Sussex County Cricket Club academy team and a Sussex Cricket League representative team. Source: Cricket Europe The top five run scorers are included in this table.

Source: CricHQ The top five wicket takers are listed in this table, listed by wickets taken and by bowling average. Source: CricHQ Along with the Twenty20 tournament, two teams and Norway played each other in one-off 50-over match for a qualification spot in 2015 ICC World Cricket League Division Six. Series home at ESPN Cricinfo

Cynewulf of Wessex

Cynewulf was the King of Wessex from 757 until his death in 786. He ruled for about 29 years, he was a direct male descendant of Cerdic. Cynewulf became king after his predecessor, was deposed, he may have come to power under the influence of Æthelbald of Mercia, since he was recorded as a witness to a charter of Æthelbald shortly thereafter. However, it was not long before Æthelbald was assassinated and as a consequence, Mercia fell into a brief period of disorder as rival claimants to its throne fought. Cynewulf took the opportunity to assert the independence of Wessex: in about 758 he took Berkshire from the Mercians. Cynewulf was often at war with the Welsh. In 779, Cynewulf was defeated by the new King of Mercia, Offa, at the Battle of Bensington, Offa retook Berkshire, also London. Despite this defeat, there is no evidence to suggest. In 786, Cynewulf was the victim of a surprise attack at his mistress's house in Merton by Cyneheard, brother of the deposed Sigeberht. Both Cynewulf and Cyneheard were killed.

Cynewulf was buried at Winchester. Entry for the year 755 AD in The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle A. D. 755. This year Cynewulf, with the consent of the West-Saxon council, deprived Sebright, his relative, for unrighteous deeds, of his kingdom, except Hampshire. Cynewulf drove him to the forest of Andred, where he remained, until a swain stabbed him at Privett river, revenged the alderman, Cumbra; the same Cynewulf fought many hard battles with the Britons. But he having understood that the king was gone, thinly attended, on a visit to a lady at Merton, rode after him, beset him therein; when the king found this, he went out of doors, defended himself with courage. Were they all fighting against the king, until they had slain him; the king's warriors were alerted by the woman's cries to the tumult and, whosoever became ready fastest, ran to where the king lay slain. The etheling offered them life and riches; when the king's thanes that were behind heard in the morning that the king was slain, they rode to the spot, Osric his alderman, Wiverth his thane, the men that he had left behind previously.

The gates, were locked against them, which they attempted to force. To which they answered, that no relative could be dearer to them than their lord, that they would never follow his murderer, they offered that their relatives may have safe passage. They replied, that the same request was made to their comrades that were with the king, they continued fighting at the gates, till they penetrated it, slew the etheling and all the men that were with him. This same Cynewulf reigned thirty winters, his body lies at Winchester, that of the etheling at Axminster. Their proper paternal ancestry goes in a direct line to Cerdic. House of Wessex family tree Cynewulf 4 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England