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Henry John Stephen Smith

Prof Henry John Stephen Smith FRS FRSE FRAS LLD was a mathematician and amateur astronomer remembered for his work in elementary divisors, quadratic forms, Smith–Minkowski–Siegel mass formula in number theory. In matrix theory he is visible today in having his name on the Smith normal form of a matrix. Smith was first to discover the Cantor set. Smith was born in Dublin, the fourth child of John Smith, a barrister, who died when Henry was two, his mother, Mary Murphy from Bantry Bay soon afterwards moved the family to England. He had thirteen siblings, including Eleanor Smith, he lived in several places in England as a boy. His mother did not send him to school but educated him herself until age 11, at which point she hired private tutors. At age 15 Smith was admitted in 1841 to Rugby School in Warwickshire, where Thomas Arnold was the school's headmaster; this came about. At 19 he won an entrance scholarship to Oxford, he graduated in 1849 with high honours in both classics. Smith was fluent in French having spent holidays in France, he took classes in mathematics at the Sorbonne in Paris during the 1846–7 academic year.

He was unmarried and lived with his mother until her death in 1857. He brought his sister, Eleanor Smith, to live with him as housekeeper at St Giles. Smith remained at Balliol College as a mathematics tutor following his graduation in 1849 and was soon promoted to Fellow status. In 1861, he was promoted to the Savilian Chair of Geometry at Oxford. In 1873, he was made the beneficiary of a fellowship at Corpus Christi College and gave up teaching at Balliol. In 1874 he became Keeper of the University Museum and moved to the Keeper's House on South Parks Road in Oxford. On account of his ability as a man of affairs, Smith was in demand for academic administrative and committee work: he was Keeper of the Oxford University Museum, he died in Oxford on 9 February 1883. He is buried in St Sepulchre's Cemetery in Oxford. An overview of Smith's mathematics contained in a lengthy obituary published in a professional journal in 1884 is reproduced at NumberTheory. Org; the following is an extract from it. Smith's two earliest mathematical papers were on geometrical subjects, but the third concerned the theory of numbers.

Following the example of Gauss, he wrote his first paper on the theory of numbers in Latin: "De compositione numerorum primorum formæ 4 n + 1 ex duobus quadratis." In it he proves in an original manner the theorem of Fermat---"That every prime number of the form 4 n + 1 is the sum of two square numbers." In his second paper he gives an introduction to the theory of numbers. In 1858, Smith was selected by the British Association to prepare a report upon the Theory of Numbers, it was prepared in five parts, extending over the years 1859–1865. It is neither a history nor a treatise; the author analyzes with remarkable clearness and order the works of mathematicians for the preceding century upon the theory of congruences, upon that of binary quadratic forms. He returns to the original sources, indicates the principle and sketches the course of the demonstrations, states the result adding something of his own. During the preparation of the Report, as a logical consequence of the researches connected therewith, Smith published several original contributions to the higher arithmetic.

Some were in complete form and appeared in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. One of the latter, entitled "On the orders and genera of quadratic forms containing more than three indeterminates," enunciates certain general principles by means of which he solves a problem proposed by Eisenstein, the decomposition of integer numbers into the sum of five squares, it was indicated that the four and eight-square theorems of Jacobi and Liouville were deducible from the principles set forth. In 1868, Smith returned to the geometrical researches. For a memoir on "Certain cubic and biquadratic problems" the Royal Academy of Sciences of Berlin awarded him the Steiner prize. In February, 1882, Smith was surprised to see in the Comptes rendus that the subject proposed by the Paris Academy of Science for the Grand prix des sciences mathématiques was the theory of the decomposition of integer numbers into a sum of five squares, he wrote to M. Hermite calling his attention to. According to the rules each manuscript bears a motto, the corresponding envelope con

Landhi Dairy Colony

Landhi Dairy Colony, is the largest buffalo colony, located in Bin Qasim Town in Karachi, Pakistan. The New Zealand Agency for International Development funded a pilot scheme to turn animal waste into energy and fertilizer. According to the NZAID website, the project is "designed to bring substantial economic and environmental benefits to the people of Landhi"; the purpose of the project was not only to curb the "pollution problem caused by animal waste, but to lift the living standards and improve the environment of the local people." The Landhi Dairy Colony is located in the suburbs of Karachi. It was established in 1958 within an area of 752 acres for 15,000 animals. Today, it has about 1,500 farms spread over 1,600 acres, it has a dairy animal population of about 400,000, with a daily yield of about four million litres of milk and 7,200 tones of dung, making it world's largest dairy colony. Buffaloes are the biggest source of milk here. Individual farmers own up to 200 animals each; the majority of the milking animals in LDC are kept only for one lactation phase and approximately 10 to 12 percent of the population is replaced every month.

After the lactation period, the majority of the animals are sold to breeders or for slaughter and only a few are kept by the dairy farmers for re-breeding. Most of the animals are brought to and from the animal rich districts of Sindh; the first gobar gas-fired power plant in Landhi Bhains Colony is on the cards. This will not only take care of a part of the colony's dung - turning a negative feature into a positive one - but yield 1,500 tons of natural fertilizer daily; the project will resolve a significant environmental problem and produce badly needed electricity in the city of Karachi, an immediate and pressing need. The importance and scale of the project is underscored by the inauguration of the project by H. E. Mr. Phil Goff, Minister for Trade of the Government of New Zealand together with the Karachi City Nazim, Syed Mustafa Kamal. On 15 April 2007, the inauguration of a project to convert the animal waste to fuel and fertilizer took place; the cattle produce 7,200 tons of waste per day.

The project prevented the dumping of waste in the sea and instead used the dung to produce methane gas for power generation as well as producing 1,400 tons of dried fertilizer per day. Syed Feroz Shah, the director of the National Engineer Corporation in a joint briefing with Tony Woods and Ann McLean of Empower Consultants said it was the second Carbon credit project for Pakistan; the project started in 2005. According to Phil Goff, after the inauguration of the project in April 2007, the "New Zealand organisations and others that have played a central role in developing this important project can be justly proud of their achievement and the project will add another important dimension to our growing bilateral relationship with Pakistan” Al-Momin Dairy Farming Society, Gadap Town Nagori Cattle Colony, Super Highway Surjani Cattle Colony, New Karachi Town Bilal Cattle Colony, Korangi Industrial Area Saif Cattle Colony, Gulshan-e-Hadeed. Dairy industry awaits modern inputs - Engineering Review Rainy season linked disease in LDC - Daily Times Waste to energy' project launched in Pakistan - NewZAID

Kanawha River Railroad

The Kanawha River Railroad is a common-carrier railroad in the United States. A subsidiary of Watco Transportation Services, the company leases 309 miles of track in the US states of Ohio and West Virginia from the Class I Norfolk Southern Railway; the KNWA operates an additional 6 miles of track on the southern side of the Kanawha River, where the railroad breaks down and rebuilds coal trains before handing them off to CSX Transportation. The railroad uses rebuild SD45s and SD60s for manifest trains, GP39-2s for switching and local duties, their fleet of SD60s as helper power on coal trains, with leased power from Norfolk Southern leading the coal trains; the railroads roster includes 3 GP-39-2s, No.s 3901, 3902, 3921. 3 SD45s, mechanically rebuilt into SD40-2s, No.s 4211, 4213, 4221. 13 SD60s, No.s 6000-6012

Destiny Etiko

Destiny Etiko is a Nigerian actress who won the City People Movie Award for Most Promising Actress of the Year at the City People Entertainment Awards in 2016. Etiko was born in Udi, a village located in Enugu state, a southeastern geographical area of Nigeria occupied predominantly by the igbo people of Nigeria. Etiko received both her primary and secondary school education in Enugu State where she obtained her First School Leaving Certificate and the West African Senior School Certificate. Etiko in bid to obtain a university degree relocated to Anambra state applied to study Theater Arts In Nnamdi Azikiwe University located in Awka. Etiko was accepted and granted admission and graduate with a degree in Theater Arts. Etiko described in an interview with Vanguard, a Nigerian print media, that after registering with the Actors Guild of Nigeria she ventured into the Nigerian movie industry known as Nollywood in 2011 and described her experience as a difficult one because she had to combine her acting career with her school recruitments as she was still a student at the time.

Etiko’s career received prominence after she featured in a movie titled Idemili, produced in 2012 by Ernest Obi but was not released until 2014. Her role in the movie earned her a City People Entertainment Awards nomination. Before her role in the movie titled Idemili, Etiko had appeared in other movies although did not receive prominent roles in them. Etiko won the City People Movie Award for Most Promising Actress of the Year at the City People Entertainment Awards in 2016. In 2019, Etiko became a brand ambassador for Kesie Virgin Hair organization. Unlike what has become the norm in the Nigerian movie industry, relocating to Lagos state in order to succeed as a creative, Etiko, born in Enugu state, still resides there and has been living there throughout the course of her acting career. Etiko in an interview affirmed that she had been a victim of sexual harassment against women by male movie producers who are by far the majority as pertains movie productions in Nigeria. Etiko in 2019 gifted her mum an apartment and praised her for supporting her decision to become an actress.

Her father on the other hand had vehemently opposed her decision to become an actress at the initial time. The prince & I Heart of Love My sisters love Poor Billionaire Virgin goddess Queen of love The Sacred Cowry The Return of Ezendiala Barren Kingdom Pains of the Orphan Clap of Royalty The Hidden Sin Family Yoke King’s Word Sound of Evil My Private Part as Stella Power of Royalty Sunset of Love London Prince Woman of Power Tears of Regret Evil Seekers Fear of a Woman 3 Days to Wed The Storm Official social media page Destiny Etiko on IMDb

Michael Allen Fox

Michael Allen Fox is an American/Canadian/Australian philosopher, based at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario from 1966 until his retirement in 2005. He is the author of a number of books, including The Case for Animal Experimentation: An Evolutionary and Ethical Perspective —the arguments and conclusion of which he rejected—Deep Vegetarianism, The Accessible Hegel, The Remarkable Existentialists, Understanding Peace and Home: A Very Short Introduction. Fox studied for a Bachelor of Arts at Cornell University and a Master of Arts and PhD at the University of Toronto, he began teaching in the Department of Philosophy at Queen's University in 1966, remained at the institution until his retirement to Armidale, New South Wales, Australia, in 2005. He took up visiting positions at the University of New England and the Australian National University, he was, in 1996, the University of Tasmania's James Martineau Memorial Lecturer. In addition to teaching at Queen's, he was the editor of Queen's Quarterly for a decade.

Fox's first monograph was The Case for Animal Experimentation: An Evolutionary and Ethical Perspective, published by the University of California Press in 1986. Fox had been unimpressed by Peter Singer's call for animal liberation in the latter's 1975 book, had dismissed Singer's arguments about the wrong of speciesism. Fox published a series of papers challenging Singer's ideas, advised several organisations on animal experimentation. In The Case for Animal Experimentation, Fox argues that, in many cases, invasive animal testing is ethically justifiable, that the ethical challenges to it can be overcome, he explores a number of experiments that have received particular criticism from critics, including some addressed by Singer. Much of the book is given over to an explanation and exploration of the place of animal testing in science. Despite his defence of animal testing, Fox closes the book with a series of recommendations for how the system could be improved; the book was reviewed, a paperback edition was released in 1988.

Less than a year after the book's initial publication, Fox found himself "in radical disagreement with some of its major theses". Fox published a paper in Between the Species retracting his arguments and offering a case against animal experimentation, describing The Case for Animal Experimentation as "an embarrassment" to him. Quoting his own words on human superiority, he wrote that he "now look at these arrogant remarks with dismay", he reported that critical reviews and the comments of a personal friend had been able to awaken him from "dogmatic slumber" about human duties to animals. Years Fox published a paper in Organization & Environment entitled "The Case Against Animal Experimentation", representing the "reversal of the view once defended"; this paper supplemented Joan Dunayer's critique of animal testing. After retracting his arguments in The Case for Animal Experimentation, Fox went on to author Deep Vegetarianism with Temple University Press in 1999. In this book, Fox presents arguments in favour of vegetarianism, exploring its cultural and historical background and linking it with other progressive movements feminist movements.

In 2005, the same year as his retirement from Queen's, Fox published The Accessible Hegel, an introduction to the thought of G. W. F. Hegel, with the Humanity Books imprint of Prometheus Books. Since his retirement, he has published The Remarkable Existentialists, an introduction to the thought of several figures associated with existentialism, Understanding Peace: A Comprehensive Introduction in 2013 with Routledge. In the latter book, Fox presents peace as a way of life and an ideal to be aimed for, asking the question of why humans engage in violent activity and what can be done to prevent violence. In 2016, his Home: A Very Short Introduction was published as a part of the Oxford University Press Very Short Introduction series. In addition to his books, Fox has published over 20 book chapters, over 40 peer reviewed journal articles, over 40 book reviews and a range of other popular and technical works. Fox, Michael Allen, ed.. Schopenhauer: His Philosophical Achievement. Brighton, England: Harvester Press.

Fox, Michael Allen, Leo Groarke, eds.. Nuclear War: Philosophical Perspectives. New York: Peter Lang. Fox, Michael Allen; the Case for Animal Experimentation: An Evolutionary and Ethical Perspective. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. Fox, Michael Allen. Deep Vegetarianism. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Temple University Press. Fox, Michael Allen; the Accessible Hegel. Amherst, New York: Humanity Books. Fox, Michael Allen; the Remarkable Existentialists. Amherst, New York: Humanity Books. Fox, Michael Allen. Understanding Peace. London: Routledge. Fox, Michael Allen. Home: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Michael Allen Fox at PhilPapers

The Vampire Prince

The Vampire Prince is the sixth book in The Saga of Darren Shan by Darren Shan. It is the third and final book of the Vampire Rites trilogy; the book carries on from when Darren Shan was falling down a roaring river in Trials of Death, he must make his way back to Vampire Mountain, while avoiding Kurda Smahlt and his accomplices. The river, used to carry the dead bodies of vampires away, goes right through the Vampire Mountain, he was washed down the river, emerging from it alive-a feat that nobody achieved before this- but bruised and exhausted. He was naked and had energy for walking, soon collapses. By luck he bumped into two wolves and Rudi - the "wolf friends" he knew from an earlier encounter; these wolves help. He must find a way to inform the Vampire Princes of Kurda's treachery before they crown him a fellow Prince. Kurda's treason includes hiding Vampaneze inside the mountain, preparing to murder the Princes and attempting to gain control of the Stone of Blood with which he would force the vampires to join the Vampaneze and become a single clan once more.

However, with Seba Nile's help, Darren reveals Kurda to the Princes in the nick of time. The Vampaneze are savagely murdered. Arra Sails dies. Vanez Blane loses his other eye, Darren kills two Vampaneze, but is sickened by his own battle lust. Though Kurda's intentions were pure, the Princes give him the most terrible punishment possible: execution by impalement of stakes in the Hall of Death in the manner of a traitor and shameful cremation, so that he may not reach Paradise. During his trial, Kurda explains his plans to the vampires, they see that he wasn't selfish, so they no longer hate him. Darren is supposed to be executed for fleeing the Princes' judgment, but the Princes, wanting to hold true to traditions and spare Darren, decide that he must be made a Prince, thereby putting him above the laws which demand his execution. Mr. Crepsley however is hurt by the loss of his friend and former mate, Arra Sails; the Vampire Prince information