Prof Henry Norris Russell ForMemRS HFRSE FRAS was an American astronomer who, along with Ejnar Hertzsprung, developed the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram. In 1923, working with Frederick Saunders, he developed Russell–Saunders coupling, known as LS coupling. Russell was born on 25 October 1877, at Oyster Bay, New York, the son of Rev Alexander Gatherer Russell and his wife, Eliza Hoxie Norris, he studied astronomy at Princeton University, obtaining his B. A. In 1897 and his doctorate in 1899, studying under Charles Augustus Young. From 1903 to 1905, he worked at the Cambridge Observatory with Arthur Robert Hinks as a research assistant of the Carnegie Institution and came under the strong influence of George Darwin, he returned to Princeton to become an instructor in astronomy, assistant professor and research professor. He was the director of the Princeton University Observatory from 1912 to 1947 where Charlotte Moore Sitterly helped him measure and calculate the properties of stars, he died in Princeton, New Jersey on 18 February 1957 at the age of 79.
He is buried in Princeton Cemetery. In November 1908 Russell married Lucy May Cole, they had four children. Their youngest daughter, Margaret Russell, married the astronomer Frank K. Edmondson in the 1930s. Russell co-wrote an influential two-volume textbook in 1927 with Raymond Smith Dugan and John Quincy Stewart: Astronomy: A Revision of Young’s Manual of Astronomy; this became the standard astronomy textbook for about two decades. There were two volumes: the first was The Solar System and the second was Astrophysics and Stellar Astronomy; the textbook popularized the idea that a star's properties were determined by the star's mass and chemical composition, which became known as the Vogt-Russell theorem. Since a star's chemical composition changes with age, stellar evolution results. Russell dissuaded Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin from concluding that the composition of the Sun is different from that of the Earth in her thesis, as it contradicted the accepted wisdom at the time, he realized she was correct four years after deriving the same result by different means.
In his paper Russell credited Payne with discovering that the Sun had a different chemical composition from Earth. Henry Norris Russell. "New Regularities in the Spectra of the Alkaline Earths". Astrophysical Journal. 61: 38–69. Bibcode:1925ApJ....61...38R. Doi:10.1086/142872. Henry Norris Russell. Astronomy: A Revision of Young’s Manual of Astronomy. I: The Solar System. Boston: Ginn & Co. Henry Norris Russell. "On the Composition of the Sun's Atmosphere". Astrophysical Journal. 70: 11–82. Bibcode:1929ApJ....70...11R. Doi:10.1086/143197. Henry Norris Russell. "Model Stars". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 43: 49–77. Doi:10.1090/S0002-9904-1937-06492-5. MR 1563489. Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society Lalande Prize Henry Draper Medal from the National Academy of Sciences Bruce Medal Rumford Prize Franklin Medal Janssen Medal from the French Academy of Sciences Foreign Member of the Royal Society Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Henry Norris Russell Lectureship asteroid 1762 Russell
The Lockport Locks were a minor league baseball team based in Lockport, New York. The team began in 1942 as the Lockport White Sox, affiliate of the Chicago White Sox in the Pennsylvania–Ontario–New York League, today the New York–Penn League. In 1943 the team changed affiliations with the Chicago-based major league clubs and became the Lockport Cubs. After spending 1945 as the Lockport White Socks, they were the Cubs again in 1946, however as an unaffiliated team; the team were renamed the Lockport Reds. A year the club won the league title. In 1951 the Reds joined the Middle Atlantic League, were renamed the Lockport Locks; the team disbanded with league after the 1951 season. Smoky Burgess 9 x MLB All-StarJim Delsing
15 Minutes is the 28th studio album by singer-songwriter Barry Manilow, released on June 14, 2011. The album was the first independent release of Manilow's career, through his Stiletto Entertainment label. In interviews around the time of the release, Manilow said that his long-time friend and mentor, Clive Davis, had told him that he could not sell an album of Manilow performing any new Manilow songs now, given the string of great albums covering other artists's songs Manilow released in the 1990s and 2000s, but Manilow thought. This led to his second departure from the decision to go independent. Although described by Manilow as a concept album, it can be as described as a rock opera, making this his debut in this genre; the majority of the songs were co-written with longtime lyricist Enoch Anderson, with one song, "Wine Song," co-written with another longtime lyricist, Adrienne Anderson. "He's a Star" was featured on Tryin' to Get the Feeling in 1975 as "She's a Star. 15 Minutes won Manilow a Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album Grammy Award nomination in 2012.
The album debuted on the Billboard 200 album chart at its peak position of number 7, his first studio album of original songs to crack the Top 10 since 1979's One Voice. It debuted on the UK Albums Chart at its peak of number 20. In Canada, the album reached number 36 on the Canadian Albums Chart; the album tells the story of a fictional singer/musician who dreams of fame, works to achieve fame, realizes his dream and shares the news of his success with his partner. The main character experiences the euphoria of realized dreams, begins to enjoy a more indulgent lifestyle; the album goes on to explore fame from the outsider's viewpoint. In the middle section of the album, the main character begins to experience the downside of fame, he first deals with his partner's withdrawal from his celebrations. He becomes demanding and delusional, while remembering a letter received from a young lady, delusional. Strained to the breaking point, he laments his solitude lashes out at his aides; the point of view changes from internal to external, once again, as Manilow comments on the price of fame and the ferocity with which the press seems to latch on to a story of a star gone bad.
Toward the end of the album, the main character has been abandoned, he realizes that his career has been ruined. After some time to think, he gives himself a pep talk, begins to put the pieces back together, he realizes. The album's final track is an anthem to optimism. "15 Minutes" "Work the Room" "Bring On Tomorrow" "Now It's for Real" "Wine Song" "He's a Star" "Written In Stone" "Letter from a Fan / So Heavy, So High" "Everybody's Leavin'" "Who Needs You" "Winner Go Down" "Slept Through the End of the World" "Reflection" "Trainwreck" "15 Minutes" "Everything's Gonna Be All Right"