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Henry Rollins

Henry Lawrence Garfield, better known as Henry Rollins, is an American singer, musician, presenter and activist. He hosts a weekly radio show on KCRW, is a regular columnist for Rolling Stone Australia, was a regular columnist for LA Weekly. After performing in the short-lived band State of Alert in 1980, Rollins fronted the California hardcore punk band Black Flag from 1981 to 1986. Following the band's breakup, he established the record label and publishing company 2.13.61 to release his spoken word albums, formed the Rollins Band, which toured with a number of lineups from 1987 to 2003. Rollins has hosted numerous radio shows, such as Harmony in My Head on Indie 103, television shows such as The Henry Rollins Show, 120 Minutes, Jackass, he had recurring dramatic roles in the second season of Sons of Anarchy, in the final seasons of the animated series The Legend of Korra as Zaheer, has had roles in several films. He has campaigned for various political causes in the United States, including the promotion of LGBT rights, World Hunger Relief, the West Memphis Three, an end to all war.

Rollins was born Henry Lawrence Garfield in Washington, D. C. on February 13, 1961, the only child of Iris and Paul Garfield. His father was of Jewish descent. Rollins' Latvian paternal great-grandfather, Henach Luban, fled to the U. S. from Rēzekne and changed his first name to Henry. When Rollins was three years old, his parents divorced and he was raised by his mother in the Washington neighborhood of Glover Park; as a child and teenager, Rollins was sexually assaulted, he suffered from depression and low self-esteem. In fourth grade, he was diagnosed with hyperactivity and took Ritalin for several years to focus during school. Rollins attended The Bullis School an all-male preparatory school in Potomac, Maryland. According to Rollins, the school helped him to develop a sense of discipline and a strong work ethic, it was at Bullis. In 1987, he said that he had not seen his father since the age of 18, and, in 2019, wrote, "What my father thinks of me, or if he is still alive, I have no idea." After high school, he attended American University in Washington for one semester, but dropped out in December 1979.

He began working minimum-wage jobs, including a job as a courier for kidney samples at the National Institutes of Health. Into bands like Van Halen and Ted Nugent Rollins soon developed an interest in punk rock with his friend Ian Mackaye. "We wanted something that just kicked ass," he says. "Then one of us Ian, got the Sex Pistols record. I remember thinking ` Well, that's something; this guy is pissed off, those guitars are rude.' What a revelation! From 1979 to 1980, Rollins was working as a roadie including Teen Idles; when the band's singer Nathan Strejcek failed to appear for practice sessions, Rollins convinced the Teen Idles to let him sing. Word of Rollins' ability spread around the punk rock scene in Washington. R. would sometimes get Rollins on stage to sing with him. In 1980, the Washington punk band the Extorts lost their frontman Lyle Preslar to Minor Threat. Rollins became its frontman and vocalist, he wrote several more. S. O. A. recorded their sole EP, No Policy, released it in 1981 on MacKaye's Dischord Records.

Around April 1981, drummer Simon Jacobsen was replaced by Ivor Hanson. At the time, Hanson's father was a top admiral in the U. S. Navy and his family shared living quarters with the U. S. Vice President in the Naval Observatory; the band would have to be let in by Secret Service agents. S. O. A. Disbanded after a total of a dozen concerts and one EP. Rollins had enjoyed being the band's frontman, had earned a reputation for fighting in shows, he said, "I was like nineteen and a young man all full of steam and loved to get in the dust-ups." By this time, Rollins had become the assistant manager of the Georgetown Häagen-Dazs ice cream store. O. A. EP. In 1980, a friend gave Rollins and MacKaye a copy of Black Flag's Nervous Breakdown EP. Rollins soon became a fan of the band, exchanging letters with bassist Chuck Dukowski and inviting the band to stay in his parents' home when Black Flag toured the East Coast in December 1980; when Black Flag returned to the East Coast in 1981, Rollins attended as many of their concerts as he could.

At an impromptu show in a New York bar, Black Flag's vocalist Dez Cadena allowed Rollins to sing "Clocked In", a song Rollins had asked the band to play in light of the fact that he had to drive back to Washington, D. C. to begin work. Unbeknownst to Rollins, Cadena wanted to switch to guitar, the band was looking for a new vocalist; the band was impressed with Rollins' singing and stage demeanor, the next day, after a semi-formal audition at Tu Casa Studio in New York City, they asked him to become their permanent vocalist. Despite some doubts, he accepted, in part because of MacKaye's encouragement, his high level of energy and intense personality suited the band's style, but Rollins' diverse tastes in music were a key factor in his being selected as singer. After joining Black Flag in 1981, Rollins quit his job at Häagen-Dazs, sold his car, moved to Los Angeles. Upon arriving in Los Angeles, Rollins got the Black Flag logo tattooed on his left biceps and on the back of his neck, chose the stage name of Rollins, a surname he and MacKaye had used as te

Patidar reservation agitation

Starting in July 2015, the people of India's Patidar community, seeking Other Backward Class status, held public demonstrations across the Indian state of Gujarat. The largest demonstration was held in Ahmedabad on 25 August 2015, was attended by thousands. There were incidents of violence and arson across the state, resulting in a curfew in several cities and towns. Properties and vehicles worth crores of rupees were destroyed; the state returned to normalcy by 28 August. Despite talks with the government, the agitation recommenced and turned violent again on 19 September; the government announced offers of scholarships and subsidies to general category students on 24 September 2015 and a 10% quota of spaces reserved for economically backward classes in April 2016. The 10% reservation was quashed by the Gujarat High Court in August 2016; the agitation lingered on for two more years. In January 2019, the Parliament of India amended the constitution granting maximum 10% reservation to the Economically Weaker Sections of the society.

The amendment is challenged in the Supreme Court. In India, the Other Backward Caste status invokes affirmative action which provides reserved quotas in education and government jobs. In Gujarat, 27% of the seats in government and education are reserved for OBC, 7.5% for Scheduled Castes and 15% for Scheduled Tribes for a total of 49.5% of all seats. The Supreme Court capped the reservation at 50% in their 1992 judgement in the Indra Sawhney case. In 1981, the Government of Gujarat, headed by Indian National Congress chief minister Madhavsinh Solanki, introduced the reservation for and economically backward castes based on recommendations of the Bakshi Commission, it resulted in anti-reservation agitation across the state, which spilled over in riots that resulted in more than one hundred deaths. Solanki resigned in 1985 but returned to power, winning 149 out of 182 assembly seats, he was supported by Kshatriya, Harijan and Muslims, collectively called KHAM. This caused other communities, including Patidars, to lose the political influence which alienated the INC. Patidars represents 12.3% of the population of Gujarat.

The SEBC list comprised 81 communities, which by 2014 had expanded to 146 communities. In the 1980s the proportion of reserved seats was 10%. Patidar community is facing class-differentiation within the community. There was a growing discontent among Patidar youth due to shrinking economic opportunities and among older generation due to their downward social mobility; the agitation took inspiration from the agitation by the Gujjar community in Rajasthan, which ended in May 2015. In July 2015 Patidar youth, many of whom are surnamed Patel, started public demonstrations across Gujarat demanding OBC status for their community, which would entitle Patidars to a reserved quota of places in government jobs and education, they were supported by Sardar Patel Sevadal, an organisation for community service, they formed the Patidar Anamat Andolan Samiti for this purpose, headed by Hardik Patel. The organisation described itself as apolitical. Four major Patidar organisations denied any involvement in the agitation, though the Khodaldham Trust offered to mediate between the youth and the government.

The agitation started in Mehsana on 6 July 2015, a demonstration was held in Mansa on 22 July. The demonstration in Visnagar on 23 July turned violent when some agitators torched some vehicles and vandalised the office of Bharatiya Janata Party MLA Rishikesh Patel. Demonstrations were held in Mehsana on 28 July; the police booked 152 persons for violating prohibitory orders by holding the demonstration. On 30 July there were demonstrations in Lunavada. Social media helped to spread the protest across the state. Demonstrations were held in Devbhoomi Dwarka district on 1 August; the demonstration in Surat on 17 August drew. The diamond and textile markets of the city remained closed, as were several colleges. Demonstrations were held in Surendranagar, Bharuch and Vadodara on 21 August. PAAS itself organised 37 rallies by 25 August. In 55 days, 149 rallies were organised by various organisations across the state; the major demonstration, dubbed Kranti Rally and held in Ahmedabad on 25 August at the GMDC grounds, was attended by over 500,000.

The members of community formed a procession and presented the memorandum of their demands to the District Collector. Hardik Patel, who led the rally, declared he would go on a hunger strike with others, demanding the Chief Minister be present there to receive the memorandum, he was arrested as he did not have permission to stay on the grounds after the rally, released. Those present on the grounds were dispersed by the police using force. An inquiry was ordered to investigate the reason behind the police's use of force. Anandiben Patel and Rajanikant Patel, state leaders, both denied ordering or authorising the police charge on the crowd. Incidents of violence and clashes were reported in other parts of the state; the police vehicles and local transport buses of AMTS and BRTS were set on fire. At least fifteen cases of clashes and arson were reported; the mob vandalised shops in the CTM area and the police fired eight teargas shells to disperse the mob. There were clashes between Patels in Ghatlodiya, where at least ten persons were injured.

A large mob tried to damage railway tracks near Rani

Young Legs (musician)

Young Legs is an American folk musician from New Jersey. Young Legs is an indie folk musician and the artistic moniker of Steven Donahue, a multi-instrumentalist from Bloomfield, New Jersey. Jersey Beat columnist Deborah Draisin describes his music as "innocent and intricate". In 2010, he recorded an album in his parents' basement titled The Fog and The Forest, which Donahue explains as "the story of a disenchanted lover who permanently finds solace in a misty wood." Mint 400 Records signed Young Legs in 2015. In 2015, Mint 400 Records released the single "Resolution"; the twelve-track album Promise of Winter was released on May 19, 2015, which ranges from whispery folk to brash indie-rock. He performed at the 2016 North Jersey Indie Rock Festival. On November 4, 2016, Young Legs released the single "Ring of Salt," The Petal and the Page album was released on December 9, 2016. Young Legs appears on the Fairmont album A Spring Widow, sharing vocals with Neil Sabatino on the song "Box of Crickets" which New Jersey Stage.

He performs on the album Fabricated by Defend the Rhino."Donahue plays bass guitar and provides backing vocals for The Big Drops. He plays bass guitar for Trim Tabs, along with Justin Grabosky on vocals and guitar, Ezra Lowrey on keys and Michael Matrisciano on drums. AlbumsThe Fog and The Forest Promise of Winter The Petal and the Page Singles"Resolution" "Ring of Salt" Appearing onIn a Mellow Tone Mint 400 Records Presents Nirvana In Utero A Spring Widow by Fairmont Fabricated by Defend The Rhino At the Movies NJ / NY Mixtape Citations Bibliography Media related to Young Legs at Wikimedia Commons Official website Young Legs discography at Discogs

Rete mirabile

A rete mirabile is a complex of arteries and veins lying close to each other, found in some vertebrates warm-blooded ones. The rete mirabile utilizes countercurrent blood flow within the net to act as a countercurrent exchanger, it exchanges heat, ions, or gases between vessel walls so that the two bloodstreams within the rete maintain a gradient with respect to temperature, or concentration of gases or solutes. This term was coined by Galen; the effectiveness of retia is determined by how the heat, ions, or gases can be exchanged. For a given length, they are most effective with respect to gases or heat small ions, decreasingly so with respect to other substances; the retia can provide for efficient exchanges. In bluefin tuna, for example, nearly all of the metabolic heat in the venous blood is transferred to the arterial blood, thus conserving muscle temperature. In birds with webbed feet, retia mirabilia in the legs and feet transfer heat from the outgoing blood in the arteries to the incoming blood in the veins.

The effect of this biological heat exchanger is that the internal temperature of the feet is much closer to the ambient temperature, thus reducing heat loss. Penguins have them in the flippers and nasal passages. Seabirds distill seawater using countercurrent exchange in a so-called salt gland with a rete mirabile; the gland secretes concentrated brine stored near the nostrils above the beak. The bird "sneezes" the brine out; as freshwater is not available in their environments, some seabirds, such as pelicans, albatrosses and terns, possess this gland, which allows them to drink the salty water from their environments while they are hundreds of miles away from land. In some fish, a rete mirabile fills the swim bladder with oxygen. A countercurrent exchange system is utilized between the venous and arterial capillaries. Lowering the pH levels in the venous capillaries causes oxygen to unbind from blood hemoglobin; this causes an increase in venous blood oxygen partial pressure, allowing the oxygen to diffuse through the capillary membrane and into the arterial capillaries, where oxygen is still sequestered to hemoglobin.

The cycle of diffusion continues until the partial pressure of oxygen in the arterial capillaries exceeds that in the swim bladder. At this point, the dissolved oxygen in the arterial capillaries diffuses into the swim bladder via the gas gland; the rete mirabile allows for an increase in muscle temperature in regions where this network of vein and arteries is found. The fish is able to thermoregulate certain areas of its body. Additionally, this increase in temperature leads to an increase in basal metabolic temperature; the fish is now able to split ATP at a higher rate and can swim faster. The opah utilizes retia mirabilia to conserve heat, making it the newest addition to the list of regionally endothermic fish. Blood traveling through capillaries in the gills must carry cold blood due to their exposure to cold water, but retia mirabilia in the opah's gills are able to transfer heat from warm blood in arterioles coming from the heart that heats this colder blood in arterioles leaving the gills.

The huge pectoral muscles of the opah, which generate most of the body heat, are thus able to control the temperature of the rest of the body. In mammals, an elegant rete mirabile in the efferent arterioles of juxtamedullary glomeruli is important in maintaining the hypertonicity of the renal medulla, it is the hypertonicity of this zone, resorbing water osmotically from the renal collecting ducts as they exit the kidney, that makes possible the excretion of a hypertonic urine and maximum conservation of body water. Vascular retia mirabilia are found in the limbs of a range of mammals; these reduce the temperature in the extremities. Some of these function to prevent heat loss in cold conditions by reducing the temperature gradient between the limb and the environment. Others reduce the temperature of the testes increasing their productivity. In the neck of the dog, a rete mirabile protects the brain. Retia mirabilia occur in mammals that burrow, dive or have arboreal lifestyles that involve clinging with the limbs for lengthy periods.

In these cases, the rete mirabile may lower limb temperature and therefore the metabolic requirement for oxygen and nutrients in the tissues of the limb. This would be desirable when the blood supply to the limb is limited as a result of a "diving reflex" diverting blood away from the limbs during diving or burrowing or because of postural restrictions on blood supply in the case of clinging, arboreal animals. In the last case, slow-moving arboreal mammals such as sloths and arboreal anteaters possess retia of the developed type known as vascular bundles; the structure and function of these mammalian retia mirabilia are reviewed by O'Dea. In giraffes, a rete mirabile in the neck equalizes blood pressure when the animal bends down to drink; the ancient physician Galen mistakenly thought that humans have a rete mirabile in the neck based on dissection of sheep and misidentifying the results with the human carotid sinus, ascribed important properties to it. Pampiniform plexus, a countercurrent heat-exchanging structure in the spermatic cord Fish gas bladder with an adjacent rete mirabile

Verdea (grape)

Verdea is a white Italian wine grape variety that originated in Tuscany but is today grown in the Lombardy wine region of northern Italy. The grape is sometimes confused with the white Verdeca grape of the Apulia region and the French wine grape Verdesse from Savoy due to similarities in their names and synonyms. Verdea can be used to make a wide variety of wines, ranging from the late harvested Vin Santo to dry sparkling wines; the earliest mentioning of Verdea was by Pietro de' Crescenzi in his 1303 account of grape varieties growing in Tuscany. The grape was described by Giovan Vettorio Soderini in his posthumously published work Trattato della coltivazione delle viti, e del frutto che se ne puô cavare as one of the Tuscan grape varieties, much admired in the region. In 2007, DNA analysis suggested that the red wine grape Sangiovese Forte may, in fact, be a color mutation of Verdea; this contradicted earlier DNA profiling from 2005 that concluded that Sangiovese Forte was a clone of the notable Tuscan wine grape Sangiovese.

Verdea is a mid-ripening grape variety, allowed to hang on the vine late into the growing season when its concentrated sugars are desired for the production of dessert wines. The grape has good resistance to the viticultural hazard of botrytis bunch rot, a benefit for late-harvest and passito wine production. In 2000, there were 152 hectares of Verdea growing in Italy, the vast majority of it in the Lombardy region around the village of San Colombano al Lambro in the province of Milan. Outside of Lombardy, the grape can be found growing in the province of Pisa in Tuscany and in the province of Piacenza in the Emilia-Romagna region. Up until the mid-20th century, Verdea was grown in the Trebbia valley between the cities of Genoa in Liguria and Piacenza in Emilia-Romagna where it was blended with Malvasia bianca, Besgano bianco and Pizzutello in the production of Vin Santo. In the Val Nure region of Piacenza, the grape had a similar history of use for Vin Santo that died out around the 1940s.

Today the grape is a permitted blending variety in several Denominazione di Origine Controllata and Indicazione geografica tipica zones including the Colline del Milanese in Lombardy. Verdea is a versatile wine grape that can be produced in a variety of styles ranging from sweet, late-harvest and passito style dessert wines or as dry, sparkling wine. While used as a blending variety, the grape can be made a varietal in both a sweet and dry style. Over the years, Verdea has been known under a variety of synonyms including: Colombana, Colombana bianca, Colombana del Picciolli, Colombana di Peccioli, Doree d'Italia, Doree d'Italie, Gambo rosso, Paradisa di Bologne, Paradizia, S. Colombano, San Colombano, San Colombano Paradiso d'Italia, Vardea, Verdea di Montalto and Verdicchio Giallo


Aziru was the Canaanite ruler of Amurru, modern Lebanon, in the 14th century BC. He was the son of Abdi-Ashirta, the previous Egyptian vassal of Amurru and a direct contemporary of Akhenaten; the dealings of Aziru are well-known from the Amarna letters. While being a formal vassal of Egypt, he tried to expand his kingdom towards the Mediterranean coast and captured the city of Sumur; this was seen with alarm by his neighbouring states Rib-Hadda, the king of Gubla, who pleaded for Egyptian troops to be sent for their protection. Rib-Hadda was exiled—and not long afterwards killed—at the behest of Aziru. Rib-Hadda had left his city of Byblos for 4 months to conclude a treaty with the king of Beirut, but when he returned home, he learned that a palace coup led by his brother Ilirabih had unseated him from power, he temporarily sought refuge with Ammunira and unsuccessfully appealed for support from Egypt to restore him to the throne. When this failed, Rib-Hadda was forced to ignominiously appeal to his sworn enemy, Aziru, to place him back on the throne of his city.

Aziru promptly betrayed him and dispatched Rib-Hadda into the hands of the rulers of Sidon where Rib-Hadda certainly met his death. This event is mentioned in Amarna letter EA 162 by Akhenaten to Aziru when the pharaoh demanded that Aziru travel to Egypt to explain his actions. Aziru was detained in Egypt for at least a year before being released when the advancing Hittites conquered the important city of Amki thereby threatening Amurru. Aziru was allowed to return to his kingdom. Aziru had, made secret contacts with the Hittite king Suppiluliuma I, sometime upon his return to Amurru, he permanently switched his allegiance to the Hittites to whom he remained loyal until his death. Henceforth, Amurru remained in Hittite hands until the reign of the 19th dynasty Pharaohs Seti I and Ramesses II. Amarna letter EA 161 Moran, William L; the Amarna Letters. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987, 1992