Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley was the second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots. From his marriage in 1565, he was king consort of Scotland, he was created Duke of Albany shortly before his marriage. Less than a year after the birth of his and Mary's only child, King James VI of Scotland and I of England, Darnley was murdered at Kirk o' Field in 1567. Many contemporary narratives describing his life and death refer to him as Lord Darnley, his title as heir apparent to the Earldom of Lennox, it is by this appellation that he is known in history. On his mother's side he was a great-grandson of King Henry VII of England, he was the second but eldest surviving son of Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox, by his wife Lady Margaret Douglas. Darnley's maternal grandparents were Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, Lady Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England and widow of King James IV of Scotland. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, was born at Temple Newsam, Leeds, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, in 1545.
However, this date is uncertain as his parents were not together in early 1545 and a letter of March 1566, from Mary Queen of Scots, indicates Darnley was nineteen years old. Therefore, the date 1546 would seem probable. A descendant of both James II of Scotland and Henry VII of England, Darnley had potential claims to both the Scottish and English thrones. In 1545, his father, Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox, was found guilty of treason in Scotland for siding with the English in the War of the Rough Wooing, in opposing Mary of Guise and Regent Arran; the family's Scottish estates were forfeited and his father went into exile in England for 22 years, returning to Scotland in 1564. The Countess of Lennox Margaret Douglas, his mother, had left Scotland in 1528; the young Henry was conscious of his inheritance. Well-versed in Latin and familiar with Gaelic and French, he received an education befitting his royal lineage, he excelled in singing, lute playing, dancing; the Scottish scholar John Elder was among his tutors.
Elder advocated Anglo-Scottish union through the marriage of Queen of Scots and Prince Edward. His advice to Henry VIII in 1543, was termed the Advice of a Redshank. Another schoolmaster to the young heir was Arthur Lallart, who would be interrogated in London for having gone to Scotland in 1562. Henry was said to be strong, skilled in horsemanship and weaponry, passionate about hunting and hawking, his youthful character is captured somewhat in a letter of March 1554 to Mary I of England from Temple Newsam, where he writes about making a map, the Utopia Nova, his wish that "every haire in my heade for to be a wourthy souldiour". The Lennox Crisis was a political dilemma in England that arose from the dynastic ambition of the Lennoxes: Matthew Stewart, the 4th Earl of Lennox, was third in line to the Scottish throne, his wife Margaret Douglas, the Countess of Lennox, was a niece of Henry VIII and granddaughter of Henry VII, making her second in line to the English throne after Mary Queen of Scots, her son Darnley after her, should Elizabeth not have been able to accede to or hold the throne for some reason.
The Lennox family represented an alternative line of succession to the English throne through Margaret Tudor, should Henry's heirs not have been able to hold it for the time they did. As Roman Catholics, they posed a threat to Protestant England in 1558, as the 25-year-old Queen Elizabeth took the throne. Although Elizabeth was bright and well-educated for her position, as a female she had to prove herself. Many Roman Catholics would have liked to have seen the next in line, the Catholic Mary, Queen of Scots, take the throne, as they regarded Elizabeth as illegitimate, her parents' marriage not having been recognised by the Catholic Church, and many would have preferred Darnley, as a male, to have the throne as well. All of these interrelationships made for complex intrigues, spying and manoeuvering for power at the various courts; when Henry II of France died in July 1559, Lennox's brother John, 5th Sieur d'Aubigny, was elevated in the French court as kinsman of the new French queen, Mary Queen of Scots.
Aubigny arranged for Darnley to be dispatched to the French court to congratulate Mary and Francis II of France on their accession and seek restoration for Lennox. Mary did not restore Lennox to his Scottish earldom, but she did give 1,000 crowns to Darnley and invited him to her coronation. Lennox's plan was to appeal directly to the Queen of Scots via her ambassador, over the heads of Elizabeth and the Guise; the mission of Lennox's agent, one Nesbit, appears to have been a desperate one. Aubigny was later accused of supporting Mary's title to the throne of England and hinting that his nephew had a stronger claim than Elizabeth. Lennox set Nesbit to watch Mary and Darnley's tutor, John Elder. In 1559 Nicholas Throckmorton, the English ambassador in Paris, warned Elizabeth that Elder was "as dangerous for the matters of England as any he knew."Lord Darnley was the next claimant to the English throne, after the Queen of Scots, his aging mother, as a male, English-born Catholic, he was preferred by Elizabeth's enemies.
Paget in March 1560 wrote of'well founded' fear that Catholics would raise Darnley to the throne on Elizabeth's death. By the summer of that year, Elizabeth's position was strengthened. Francis Yaxley was one notable spy. A Catholic, Yaxley had been a cler
Walnut Grove Secondary School is located in the community of Walnut Grove in Langley, British Columbia. It has an enrollment of 2000 students, making it the largest school in Langley and one of the largest schools in the Vancouver region; as of 2009, it was the seventh largest school in the province of British Columbia. The athletic programs, led by their mascot Wally, are among the highest ranking in the province; the school has undergone two significant capital projects since its inception, including the latest in 2001 with a new multipurpose room and student common spaces. WGSS is the location for many scenes from the Disney movie 16 Wishes. September 1991 - December 2006: Mary Wright January 2007 - February 2010: Barry Bunyan February 2010 - December 2012: Jim Darby December 2012 – 2017: George Kozlovic September 2017 - Present: Balan Moorthy Walnut Grove's athletics department competes at the "AAA" level. Walnut Grove competes in boys and girls volleyball and girls' rugby, ice hockey and a track and field program.
From March 15–19, 2011, the Walnut Grove Gators Senior basketball team participated in the 66th annual BC Boys AAA Championship, after advancing through the 2011 Fraser Valley AAA Zone Tournament. In 2012, the Gators Senior Boys Basketball Team lost the BC Boys AAA Provincial Championships to Terry Fox Secondary School; the final score was 73–72. In 2013, the Gators Senior Boys Basketball Team won the AAA Provincial Championships over White Rock Christian Academy. In 2017, the Gators Senior Boys Basketball Team won the AAAA Provincial Championships 78-65 over the defending champion Kelowna Secondary School; this concluded a season which included 7 major tournament wins including the Western Canada Invitational and Fraser Valley Championship. The Gators finished with a 40-1 record; the WGSS Cairn was installed in late summer 2014. The Walnut Grove band program is split into three sections: Junior Concert Band, Intermediate Concert Band, Senior Concert Band. Along with the Concert Band, the music department features a Junior-Intermediate Jazz Band, a Senior Jazz Band, one of the district's only Drumline.
Walnut Grove has vocal groups, including the Concert Choir, Chamber Choir, Vocal Jazz. The department allows the students to take a Music Composition course, including AP. Dallas Smith - lead singer for Default and country artist Tara Teng - Miss B. C. World 2010, Miss Canada 2011, Miss World Canada 2012 Lauren Southern - far-right political activist, internet celebrity, YouTuber and documentary film director
Tuscan wine is Italian wine from the Tuscany region. Located in central Italy along the Tyrrhenian coast, Tuscany is home to some of the world's most notable wine regions. Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano are made with Sangiovese grape whereas the Vernaccia grape is the basis of the white Vernaccia di San Gimignano. Tuscany is known for the dessert wine Vin Santo, made from a variety of the region's grapes. Tuscany has forty-one Denominazioni di origine controllata and eleven Denominazioni di Origine Controllata e Garantita. In the 1970s a new class of wines known in the trade as "Super Tuscans" emerged; these wines were made outside DOC/DOCG regulations but were considered of high quality and commanded high prices. Many of these wines became cult wines. In the reformation of the Italian classification system many of the original Super Tuscans now qualify as DOC or DOCG wines but some producers still prefer the declassified rankings or to use the Indicazione Geografica Tipica classification of Toscana.
Tuscany has six sub-categories of IGT wines today. The history of viticulture in Tuscany dates back to its settlements by the Etruscans in the 8th century BC. Amphora remnants originating in the region show that Tuscan wine was exported to southern Italy and Gaul as early as the 7th century BC. By the 3rd century BC, there were literary references by Greek writers about the quality of Tuscan wine. From the fall of the Roman Empire and throughout the Middle Ages, monasteries were the main purveyors of wines in the region; as the aristocratic and merchant classes emerged, they inherited the sharecropping system of agriculture known as mezzadria. This system took its name from the arrangement whereby the landowner provides the land and resources for planting in exchange for half of the yearly crop. Many Tuscan landowners would turn their half of the grape harvest into wine that would be sold to merchants in Florence; the earliest reference of Florentine wine retailers dates to 1079 and a guild was created in 1282.
The Arte dei Vinattieri guild established strict regulations on how the Florentine wine merchants could conduct business. No wine was to be sold within 100 yards of a church. Wine merchants were prohibited from serving children under 15 or to prostitutes and thieves. In the 14th century, an average of 7.9 million US gallons of wine was sold every year in Florence. The earliest references to Vino Nobile di Montepulciano wine date to the late 14th century; the first recorded mention of wine from Chianti was by the Tuscan merchant Francesco di Marco Datini, the "merchant of Prato", who described it as a light, white wine. The Vernaccia and Greco wines of San Gimignano were considered luxury items and treasured as gifts over saffron. During this period Tuscan winemakers began experimenting with new techniques and invented the process of governo which helped to stabilize the wines and ferment the sugar content sufficiently to make them dry. In 1685 the Tuscan author Francesco Redi wrote Bacco in Toscana, a 980-line poem describing the wines of Tuscany.
Following the end of the Napoleonic Wars, Tuscany returned to the rule of the Habsburgs. It was at this point that the statesman Bettino Ricasoli inherited his family ancestral estate in Broglio located in the heart of the Chianti Classico zone. Determined to improve the estate, Ricasoli traveled throughout Germany and France, studying the grape varieties and viticultural practices, he imported several of the varieties back to Tuscany and experimented with different varieties in his vineyards. However, in his experiments Ricasoli discovered that three local varieties— Sangiovese and Malvasia— produced the best wine. In 1848, revolutions broke out in Italy and Ricasoli's beloved wife died, leaving him with little interest to devote to wine. In the 1850s Oidium Uncinula necator and war devastated most of Tuscany's vineyards with many peasant farmers leaving for other parts of Italy or to emigrate to the Americas; the region of Tuscany is Italy's fifth largest region. It is bordered to the northwest by Liguria, the north by Emilia-Romagna, Umbria to the east and Lazio to the south.
To the west is the Tyrrhenian Sea which gives the area a warm mediterranean climate. The terrain is quite hilly, progressing inward to the Apennine Mountains along the border with Emilia-Romagna; the hills have a tempering effect on the summertime heat, with many vineyards planted on the higher elevations of the hillsides. The Sangiovese grape performs better when it can receive more direct sunlight, a benefit of the many hillside vineyards in Tuscany; the majority of the region's vineyards are found at altitudes of 500–1600 feet. The higher elevations increase the diurnal temperature variation, helping the grapes maintain their balance of sugars and acidity as well as their aromatic qualities. After Piedmont and the Veneto, Tuscany produces the third highest volume of DOC/G quality wines. Tuscany is Italy's third most planted region but it is eighth in production volume; this is because the soil of Tuscany is poor, producers emphasize low yields and higher quality levels in their wine. More than 80% of the regions' production is in red wine.
The Sangiovese grape is Tuscany's most prominent grape. Cabernet Sauvignon has been planted in Tuscany for over 250 years, but has only become associated with the region due to the rise of the Super Tuscans. Other international varieties found in Tuscany include Cabernet franc, Merlot, Pinot noir, Sauvig
Blag and Borrow is Koopa's debut studio album released in Japan on April 30, 2007 through Pyropit Records. The band themselves have distributed copies of the album in the UK as free giveaways and as part of merchandise deals; the whole album is available in download form both as separate tracks. The official track list for the limited edition press of this album was revealed on Koopa's official website. "Blag and Borrow" "Erin's Main Obession" "Livin' Everythin'" "MiniSkirts" "Legend" "Save" "Crappy" "The Random Tramp Song" "Lost in Madrid" "Noodles & Bubblegum" "Inbred" "Hook, Line & Singer" "Fake" "How True" "Pop Rock Factory" "Unique" "No Trend" "Us & You" "500 Miles" Oliver Cooper - vocals, guitar Joe Murphy - vocals, bass Stuart Cooper - drums
The 1999 Singer Sri Lankan Airlines Rugby 7s was the first year of the Singer Sri Lankan Airlines Rugby 7s tournament. South Korea defeated Chinese Taipei 38 - 07 in the final of the Cup. Japan 33 - 00 Sri Lanka Chinese Taipei 28 - 12 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 49 - 07 Thailand Sri Lanka 21 - 07 Malaysia Chinese Taipei 12 - 07 Japan Chinese Taipei 40 - 07 Thailand Chinese Taipei 26 - 07 Malaysia Japan 48 - 05 Malaysia Malaysia 40 - 12 Thailand Japan 56 - 00 Thailand South Korea 40 - 00 China Hong Kong 29 - 12 China China 19 - 12 Singapore China 36 - 00 India South Korea 38 - 19 Hong Kong Singapore 21 - 19 Hong Kong South Korea 47 - 07 India Hong Kong 33 - 00 India Singapore 14 - 14 India South Korea 40 - 00 Singapore
Giorgio Albertazzi was an Italian actor and film director. Born in San Martino a Mensola Albertazzi joined the Italian Social Republic and reached the rank of lieutenant. After their defeat, he spent two years in prison for collaborating. After the amnesty by Palmiro Togliatti he changed from studying architecture to acting. In the theater Albertazzi debuted in Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida, played in the following decades in a number of classics, many of them for television. From the early 1950s he was seen on the big screen and played in more than 50 films. Since 1969, he directed several television films, including the miniseries George Sand in 1981. Since 2003, he was the director of the Teatro di Roma, he had a close friendship with actress Anna Proclemer. In 2007 he married his long-standing partner Pia de Tolomei. In 1988 he wrote his memoirs. 1961 – D'Annunzio – Brani scelti da la figlia di Jorio with Anna Proclemer 1963 – Eliot – La terra desolata 1974 – La solitudine with Vittorio Gassman Dante – Inferno with Tino Buzzelli, Tino Carraro, Ottavio Fanfani, Davide Montemurri Dante – La divina commedia – Paradiso with Ernesto Calindri, Tino Carraro, Anna Proclemer, Ottavio Fanfani Eluard with Gérard Philipe Leopardi – Canti with Arnoldo Foà, Vittorio Gassman, Alberto Lupo Neruda – 20 poesie d'amore e una canzone disperata Pasternak – Poesie 1955 – Petrarca 1957 – Solitudine 1961 – Lettere d'amore 1965 – Discorso della montagna 1969 – Questa cosa che chiamiamo mondo/Tema di Linda from the television series Jekyll 1969 – Ti amo... ed io di più/Sospendi il tempo with Anna Proclemer 1970 – Miraggio d'estate/Miraggio d'estate with Penny Brown I fioretti di S. Francesco with Antonio Baldini Giorgio Sacchetti – Tre novelle lette da Giorgio Albertazzi Neruda, Barcarola e altre poesie Order of Merit of the Italian Republic Benemeriti della cultura e dell'arte Giorgio Albertazzi on IMDb