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Henry W. Grady

Henry Woodfin Grady was an American journalist and orator who helped reintegrate the states of the Confederacy into the Union after the American Civil War. Grady encouraged the industrialization of the South and preached white supremacy, emphasizing that it was necessary for whites to remain in social control over the newly free blacks. Grady was the father-in-law of Federal Reserve Chairman Eugene Robert Black and grandfather of banker and World Bank President Eugene R. Black Sr; as a teenager, Henry Grady witnessed fierce Civil War fighting in his home state of Georgia and his father William was killed by a Union soldier. After his father's death, he was raised by his mother Anne in Georgia, he was educated in the classical tradition of a southern gentleman of the time at the University of Georgia. In 1867, he became a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society, attended the University of Virginia to study law, but became interested in the Greek and Anglo-Saxon languages and literature, which led to a career in journalism.

Grady was a lifelong devoted member of the Chi Phi Fraternity. He was a charter member of the Eta Chapter of Chi Phi at the University of Georgia. In 1882 he was elected as the first Grand Alpha from the south after the union of the Northern and Southern Orders of Chi Phi in 1871 Upon graduation, he held a series of brief journalistic jobs with the Rome Courier, the Atlanta Herald, the New York Herald. After working in New York City, Grady returned to the South as a reporter-editor for the Atlanta Constitution. In 1880, with $20,000 borrowed from Cyrus West Field, Grady bought a one-fourth interest in the paper and began a nine-year career as one of Georgia's most celebrated journalist-publishers. On the business end, he built the newspaper into the state's most influential, with a national circulation of 120,000. In the tumultuous decades following Reconstruction, when hatreds lingered and many whites worked to re-establish white supremacy, Grady popularized an antithesis between the "old South" which "rested everything on slavery and agriculture, unconscious that these could neither give nor maintain healthy growth," and a "new south" – "thrilling with the consciousness of growing power and prosperity:" The new South presents a perfect democracy....

His audience included J. P. Morgan and H. M. Flagler at Delmonico's Restaurant, at a meeting of the New England Society of New York. From 1882 to 1886, along with Nathaniel E. Harris, Grady promoted the founding in Atlanta of the Georgia Institute of Technology, a state vocational education school intended to train workers for new industries. Grady was praised for his great passion for political oratory, commitment to the new peace, well-known sense of humor; that sense of humor and quick wit got Grady through more than one difficult situation. Once at a banquet of northern elites, he was waxing eloquent about the brilliant prospects for northern investments in a New South determined to rise from the ashes of defeat. Grady spotted General William T. Sherman in the audience, the celebrated Yankee soldier, credited with defeating and burning much of Georgia, Atlanta, on his infamous march to the sea. Without missing a beat, Grady acknowledged the general by noting that the people of Georgia thought Sherman an able military man, "but a mite careless about fire."

In another speech, Grady wanted to chastise his Southern audience for what he believed to be Georgia's economic shortcomings. Rather than pounding them with statistics, he entertained them with stories, he said: I attended a funeral once in Picken's county in my State. This funeral was peculiarly sad, it was a poor "one gallus" fellow, whose breeches struck him under the armpits and hit him at the other end about the knee—he didn't believe in decollete clothes. They buried him in the midst of a marble quarry: they cut through solid marble to make his grave, yet a little tombstone they put above him was from Vermont, they buried him in the heart of a pine forest, yet the pine coffin was imported from Cincinnati. They buried him within touch of an iron mine, yet the nails in his coffin and the iron in the shovel that dug his grave were imported from Pittsburg, they buried him by the side of the best sheep-grazing country on the earth, yet the wool in the coffin bands and the coffin bands themselves were brought from the North.

The South didn't furnish a thing on earth for that funeral but the corpse and the hole in the ground. There they put him away and the clods rattled down on his coffin, they buried him in a New York coat and a Boston pair of shoes and a pair of breeches from Chicago and a shirt from Cincinnati, leaving him nothing to carry into the next world with him to remind him of the country in which he lived, for which he fought for four years, but the chill of blood in his veins and the marrow in his bones. Grady's prestige reached such a height that he became the only non-member to adjourn the Georgia Legislature, it occurred on the election of Grover Cleveland to the presidency. News of the close contest arrived at 11 a.m. during the Legislature's session. In his exuberance, Grady rushed to the Capitol with the announcement, he brushed past the doorkeeper and into the chamber shouting in senatorial tones, "Mr. Speaker, a message from t

Mike Doyle (footballer)

Michael Doyle was an English footballer, who spent the majority of his career with Manchester City and played for Stoke City, Bolton Wanderers and Rochdale. Ashton-born Doyle played for Stockport Boys as a junior, joining Manchester City in May 1962. At youth level Doyle played, at right back, but after breaking into the first team he was used in a number of roles, he made his senior debut against Cardiff City in March 1965, playing wing-half, followed by a number of appearances as a forward. However, most of his appearances in his career were in central defence. Doyle won 5 caps for 8 England under 23 caps. At club level he played 448 league games for Manchester City, scoring 32 goals and was voted as the club's hardest player in the club's official magazine, he scored for City in the 1970 League Cup Final win over West Bromwich Albion, captained the side in the 1976 League Cup Final. Doyle made a total of 570 appearances for Man City scoring 41 goals before joining Alan Durban's Stoke City for a fee of £50,000 in June 1978.

He slotted into the Stoke defence with ease and was played in 46 matches in 1978–79 as Stoke gained promotion to the First Division and was part of the defence which kept 21 clean sheets. Stoke fought off relegation in 1979–80 and Doyle was a regular in 1980–81 making 40 appearances as Stoke finished in mid-table. Following the departure of Durban to Sunderland, Doyle was not wanted by new manager Richie Barker and left for Bolton Wanderers in January 1982, he ended his career with a season at Rochdale. Mike continued to attend Manchester City games after his retirement as a player, but became a heavy drinker after his playing days were over. In 2007, he attended the Sporting Chance Clinic, he died on 27 June 2011 of liver failure after several weeks of treatment in Tameside General Hospital. Tributes to Doyle were made by his former clubs Stoke City and Bolton Wanderers. Doyle's son, Scott Doyle is married to Charlotte, the daughter of former teammate Glyn Pardoe and his grandson Tommy Doyle, plays for Manchester City, as well presented England's U-17 and England's U-16 national side.

Source: Source: Manchester CityFootball League First Division champion: 1967–68 Football League Second Division champion: 1965–66 FA Cup winner 1969 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup winner: 1970 Football League Cup winner: 1970 & 1976 FA Charity Shield winner: 1968 & 1972Stoke CityFootball League Second Division third-place promotion: 1978–79 Manchester City Player of the Year: 1971, 1974 Stoke City Player of the Year: 1979 Obituary in The Guardian Obituary in The Independent

Oreophrynella quelchii

Oreophrynella quelchii known as the Roraima black frog or Roraima bush toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. This species is restricted to the transboundary summit of Mount Roraima in Venezuela and Brazil, to the nearby Wei-Assipu-tepui on the Brazil–Guyana border, it has been recorded at elevations of 2,300–2,800 m above sea level. Oreophrynella quelchii was described as Oreophryne Quelchii by George Albert Boulenger in 1895; the description was based on one of the several specimens collected from the summit of Mount Roraima by Mr. J. J. Quelch and Mr. F. McConnell; the species was named for the former. The holotype, a male, measures 22 mm in snout–vent length. Coloration is black, but the throat and belly are spotted or marbled with bright yellow described as bright orange with black mottling. Webbing between the fingers and toes is moderate; the dorsum has a high density of tubercles of various sizes. The species' natural habitats are high montane tepui environments, it is diurnal and found on open rock surfaces.

It is a common species on the summit of Mount Roraima. There are no major threats, although the restricted range of the species makes its vulnerable to stochastic events. Disturbance by tourists could be a threat. Parts of its range are protected by the Canaima National Park and Monte Roraima National Park