SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was an American poet and educator whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, Evangeline. He was the first American to translate Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy and was one of the Fireside Poets from New England. Longfellow was born in Portland, still part of Massachusetts, he studied at Bowdoin College and became a professor at Bowdoin and at Harvard College after spending time in Europe. His first major poetry collections were Voices of Other Poems, he retired from teaching in 1854 to focus on his writing, he lived the remainder of his life in the Revolutionary War headquarters of George Washington in Cambridge, Massachusetts. His first wife Mary Potter died in 1835 after a miscarriage, his second wife Frances Appleton died in 1861 after sustaining burns. After her death, Longfellow had difficulty writing poetry for a time and focused on translating works from foreign languages, he died in 1882. Longfellow wrote many lyric poems known for their musicality and presenting stories of mythology and legend.

He became the most popular American poet of his day and had success overseas. He has been criticized by some, for imitating European styles and writing for the masses. Longfellow was born on February 27, 1807 to Stephen Longfellow and Zilpah Longfellow in Portland, Maine a district of Massachusetts, he grew up in -- Longfellow House. His father was a lawyer, his maternal grandfather was Peleg Wadsworth, a general in the American Revolutionary War and a Member of Congress, his mother was descended from a passenger on the Mayflower. He was named after his mother's brother Henry Wadsworth, a Navy lieutenant who had died three years earlier at the Battle of Tripoli, he was the second of eight children. Longfellow was descended from English colonists, they included Mayflower Pilgrims Richard Warren, William Brewster, John and Priscilla Alden, as well as Elizabeth Pabodie, the first child born in Plymouth Colony. Longfellow attended a dame school at the age of three and was enrolled by age six at the private Portland Academy.

In his years there, he earned a reputation as being studious and became fluent in Latin. His mother encouraged his enthusiasm for reading and learning, introducing him to Robinson Crusoe and Don Quixote, he published his first poem in the Portland Gazette on November 17, 1820, a patriotic and historical four-stanza poem called "The Battle of Lovell's Pond". He studied at the Portland Academy until age 14, he spent much of his summers as a child at his grandfather Peleg's farm in Maine. In the fall of 1822, 15 year-old Longfellow enrolled at Bowdoin College in Brunswick, along with his brother Stephen, his grandfather was a founder of the college and his father was a trustee. There Longfellow met Nathaniel Hawthorne, he boarded with a clergyman for a time before rooming on the third floor in 1823 of what is now known as Winthrop Hall. He joined a group of students with Federalist leanings. In his senior year, Longfellow wrote to his father about his aspirations: I will not disguise it in the least….

The fact is, I most eagerly aspire after future eminence in literature, my whole soul burns most ardently after it, every earthly thought centres in it…. I am confident in believing, that if I can rise in the world it must be by the exercise of my talents in the wide field of literature, he pursued his literary goals by submitting poetry and prose to various newspapers and magazines due to encouragement from Professor Thomas Cogswell Upham. He published nearly 40 minor poems between January 1824 and his graduation in 1825. About 24 of them were published in the short-lived Boston periodical The United States Literary Gazette; when Longfellow graduated from Bowdoin, he was ranked fourth in the class and had been elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He gave the student commencement address. After graduating in 1825, Longfellow was offered a job as professor of modern languages at his alma mater. An apocryphal story claims that college trustee Benjamin Orr had been impressed by Longfellow's translation of Horace and hired him under the condition that he travel to Europe to study French and Italian.

Whatever the catalyst, Longfellow began his tour of Europe in May 1826 aboard the ship Cadmus. His time abroad lasted three years and cost his father $2,604.24. He traveled to France, Italy, back to France to England before returning to the United States in mid-August 1829. While overseas, he learned French, Spanish and German without formal instruction. In Madrid, he spent time with Washington Irving and was impressed by the author's work ethic. Irving encouraged the young Longfellow to pursue writing. While in Spain, Longfellow was saddened to learn that his favorite sister Elizabeth had died of tuberculosis at the age of 20 that May. On August 27, 1829, he wrote to the president of Bowdoin that he was turning down the professorship because he considered the $600 salary "disproportionate to the duties required"; the trustees raised his salary to $800 with an additional $100 to serve as the college's librarian, a post which required one hour of work per day. During his years teaching at the college, he translated textbooks from French and Spanish.

He published the travel book Outre-Mer: A Pilgrimage Beyond the Sea in serial form before a book edition was released in 1835. Shortly after th

Saloon (band)

Saloon was an English indie musical group from Reading, who formed in 1997 and disbanded in 2004. The band included Adam Cresswell, Michael Smoughton, added Alison Cotton, Amanda Gomez and Matt Ashton, their first gig at The Fox and Hounds in Caversham. In 1999, Saloon came to the attention of DJ John Peel; the band recorded three Peel sessions. The band released songs through various independent labels including "Shopping", "Electron", "Snow", "Impact", a split with the Sonic Catering Band; the band settled on Darla Records for the US releases and the Track and Field Organisation in the UK, on which they were to release their last singles "Free Fall", "Have You Seen The Light" and "Girls Are The New Boys". At the same time as gigging and releasing numerous 7" singles, the band wrote and recorded their debut album, a process which took them a year and half. " What We Call Progress"', engineered by singer Amanda Gomez at the Reading College School of Art and Design and mixed by Andrew Prinz of Mahogany in his New York studio, who designed the sleeve.

The album was released in April 2002 to mixed but favourable reviews including the Sunday Times in the UK and Pitchfork which rated the album 7.4. Saloon got to work writing the follow-up. Between the release of the albums the band were hit with unexpected success when Girls Are The New Boys reached number one in Peel's annual Festive 50; this was one of four Saloon releases in the coveted chart, with two entries in 2001 and two entries in 2002. Following this success, Saloon came up against its first serious criticism with accusations of vote rigging. One fanzine Unpeeled went as far as printing an alternative Festive 48 which excluded both of the band's 2002 entries. Although the fact that the band were invited back for a third Peel Session suggested that Peel and his production team felt there had been nothing irregular, the criticism disturbed feeling within the band. In a 2006 interview Cresswell, while commenting on their 2001 festive 50 number 12, commented “despite only being released on a 500 copy limited split 7"... this song reached Number 12 in John Peel's Festive 50.

No one accused us of cheating that year though. Bitter, me?”The self-produced second album If We Meet in the Future was released in June 2003, again to positive reviews including the NME who awarded it 8/10 and Pitchfork who rated the album at 7/10 Despite this, following its release the band completed their touring commitments and disappeared. In May 2004 it was announced that Smoughton and Cotton had quit, on 30 October 2004, five days after the death of Peel and Cresswell announced the official split. A compilation album of the early Saloon singles Lo-Fi Sounds, Hi-Fi Heart was released in 2006. Gomez and Cresswell provided production duties on the 2004 album, Let's Get Static, by another Track and Field band, The Projects. Gomez also covered keyboard duties in the band. At the turn of the decade, Ashton and Cresswell were still writing and recording in bands called'The Leaf Library','The Left Outsides' and'Arthur and Martha'. In 2010 Smoughton and his wife were killed in a car accident in Canada

T. C. Kingsmill Moore

Theodore Conyngham Kingsmill Moore was an Irish judge and author. Kingsmill Moore was born in Dublin to Canon Henry Kingsmill Moore DD, Principal of the Church of Ireland College of Education, Constance Turpin, he was educated at Marlborough College and Trinity College, Dublin. While he was Auditor of the College Historical Society, W. B. Yeats spoke at the inaugural meeting of his session. Moore served in the Royal Flying Corps from 1917 to 1918, was called to the Irish Bar in 1918, to the Inner Bar in 1934, became a bencher of King's Inns in 1941. An author of regarded books on fly fishing, Kingsmill Moore was elected for the University of Dublin constituency as an independent member of Seanad Éireann for the 4th Seanad from 1943 to 1944 and to the 5th Seanad from 1944 to 1948, he resigned from the Seanad in 1947 on his appointment as a judge of the High Court. He was a judge of the Irish High Court from 1947 to 1951, of the Supreme Court of Ireland from 1951 to 1966. A Kingsmill Moore Memorial Prize is given to students of Law at Trinity College, Dublin scoring the highest marks of the first and second divisions