Henryk Kasperczak

Henryk Wojciech Kasperczak is a Polish football manager and a former player who most managed the Tunisia national football team. As a player, Kasperczak took part in two FIFA World Cups with Poland, achieving third place in 1974, as well as a silver medal at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Canada; as a manager, Kasperczak enjoyed most success in the African Cup of Nations, securing second place with Tunisia in 1996, third with Ivory Coast and fourth with Mali. In September 2009, Kasperczak was considered by PZPN for the open spot of manager of the Polish national team. Kasperczak was born in Zabrze. With Stal Mielec, Kasperczak won two Ekstraklasa Championships in his native Poland, he had played for the reserve team of Legia Warsaw, before ending his career in FC Metz. He played for Poland at the 1974 FIFA World Cup. Overall, Kaspeczak scored 5 goals. Kasperczak spent the first fifteen years of his coaching career in France, managing FC Metz, AS Saint-Étienne, Racing Strasbourg, Racing Club de Paris, Montpellier HSC and Lille OSC.

His biggest success was winning Coupe de France with FC Metz in 1984. Next, Kaspeczak managed two African national teams: first, Ivory Coast, achieving third place in the 1994 African Cup of Nations, Tunisia, which finished second in the 1996 Cup. Kasperczak coached Tunisia at the 1996 Summer Olympics and the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France. During the tournament, Kasperczak was fired and replaced by Ali Selmi, after Tunisia lost the chance to pass the group stage, losing to England and Colombia. Kasperczak managed SC Bastia, Al Wasl FC, Morocco national team, Shenyang Haishi and Mali national team. Mali won the fourth place at the 2002 African Cup of Nations under his coaching. In 2002, Kasperczak came back to his native Poland, spend the next three years as head coach of Wisła Kraków. Wisła won three Polish Championship under his coaching. In 2006, Kaspeczak began managing Senegal, however he quit his post during the 2008 African Cup of Nations following a poor run of results which saw them with 1-point in 2 games in a group they had been expected to win.

On 16 September 2008, he took over as manager of Górnik Zabrze. He left Górnik Zabrze on 3 April 2009 when the club was relegated from Ekstraklasa to I Liga, Poland's 2nd division in professional soccer. On 15 March 2010, Wisła Kraków reached an agreement with the manager, Kasperczak replaces Maciej Skorża as a coach. Stal Mielec Ekstraklasa: 1972–73, 1975–76 UEFA Intertoto Cup: 1971 FC Metz Coupe de France: 1983–84RC Strasbourg Ligue 2: 1987–88RC Paris Coupe de France: runner-up 1989–90Ivory Coast African Cup of Nations: Third place 1994Tunisia African Cup of Nations: runner-up 1996Mali African Cup of Nations: fourth place 2002Wisła Kraków Ekstraklasa: 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05 Polish Cup: 2001–02, 2002–03

Sunil Kumar Verma

Sunil Kumar Verma, is an Indian biologist and as of January 2018, a principal scientist at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, India. Verma is known for his contributions to the development of "universal primer technology", a first generation DNA barcoding method, that can identify any bird, reptile or mammal from a small biological sample, satisfy legal evidence requirements in a court of law; this technology has revitalised the field of wildlife forensics and is now used across India to provide a species identification service in cases of wildlife crime. This approach of species identification is now known as "DNA barcoding" across the world. Verma received his D. Phil. in medical oncology from the University of Oxford, has worked in the areas of signal transduction in cancer and on molecular biology applications in wildlife conservation. He is the recipient of several national awards, including the 2008 CSIR Technology Award, the 2009 NRDC Meritorious Invention Award and the 2009 BioAsia Innovation Award in recognition of his contribution to Indian science and technology.

Verma was born in a small village in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Verma grew up in Tikri and up to the twelfth standard studied at the government school in Tikri. After completing his twelfth standard in the science group from this school in 1991, he attended the G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar to complete his Bachelor of Science in agriculture and animal husbandry. Verma started his research career at G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, where he worked on the DNA fingerprinting of Indian scented basmati rice for identification of duplicate accessions. In 1998, Verma was appointed as a scientist at the Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics where he continued his research on the DNA-based identification system, in 1999, he received the Emerging Forensic Scientist Continental Award from the International Association of Forensic Sciences at the University of California, USA for his work on DNA microsatellite based identification of wild animals.

In 2000, Verma was appointed as a scientist at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, where in 2001, he and Lalji Singh invented universal primer technology for wildlife identification, for which he received a number of international patents, several national awards including the CSIR Technology Award in 2008, the 2009 NRDC Award and the BioAsia Innovation Award in 2009. In 2003, Verma received a Lindau Fellowship to represent Indian scholars at the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings in physiology and medicine. During the same year, he received a Commonwealth Scholarship to carry out his doctoral studies at the University of Oxford. Verma completed his D. Phil. in medical oncology at the University of Oxford in 2007, in January 2008 returned to India to continue his work at the CCMB. In 2010, he subsequently became principal scientist at the CCMB and as of January 2015, he remains in that position. Verma was a visiting fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology during 2010–2013.

Starting in 2010, as of January 2015 he is a research ambassador for the DAAD to promote bidirectional research collaboration between India and Germany. Along with his team, Verma's research in the area of wildlife conservation led to the reclassification of the pygmy hog, an endangered endemic species, from Sus salvanius to Porcula salvania In 2015 Verma claimed that the malaria treatment drug artemisinin, the discovery of which earned Chinese scientist Tu Youyou the Lasker Award in 2011 and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2015, has roots in older traditional medicine from India under the name artemisin, associated with a related Indian plant species and identified as fever-treating. Verma argued that in order to implement the provisions of Article 10 of Nagoya Protocol on equitable sharing of benefits derived from the utilization of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with the genetic resources, no single person or country must be allowed to take credit for a genetic resource, or associated traditional knowledge if that existed in many countries due to absence of proper documentation, or the inability of a specific country to claim rights on its traditional knowledge due to various reasons such as absence of legal framework.

In March 2001, Verma and Lalji Singh claimed to have invented a method that they called "universal primer technology", which allowed the identification of any unknown biological sample and its assignment to a known species source. Through its ability to work across a large range of animal species, universal primer technology can identify any bird, reptile or mammal and satisfy legal evidence requirements in a court of law. Patents relating to this invention have been filed in several countries and the research papers published in various journals; this technique of CSIR-CCMB revitalised the field of wildlife forensics. It is being used in LaCONES at the CSIR-CCMB to provide a wildlife forensics service across India in cases pertaining to wildlife crime. Verma's and Singh's contribution to the development of universal primer technology has been recognised by the Indian minister of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Earth Sciences in a written report to the Lok Sabha. Universal primer technology was used by Therion International, an independent animal testing lab


Kucha or Kuche was an ancient Buddhist kingdom located on the branch of the Silk Road that ran along the northern edge of the Taklamakan Desert in the Tarim Basin and south of the Muzat River. The area lies in present-day Aksu Prefecture, China, its population was given as 74,632 in 1990. The history of toponyms for modern Kucha remain somewhat problematic, although it is clear that Kucha and Kuché, correspond to the Kushan of Indic scripts from late antiquity. While Chinese transcriptions of the Han or the Tang infer that Küchï was the original form of the name, Guzan, is attested in the Old Tibetan Annals, dating from 687 AD. Uighur and Chinese transcriptions from the period of the Mongol Empire support the forms Küsän/Güsän and Kuxian/Quxian rather than Küshän or Kushan. Another, cognate Chinese transliteration is Ku-sien. Transcriptions of the name Kushan in Indic scripts from late antiquity include the spelling Guṣân, are reflected in at least one Khotanese-Tibetan transcription; the forms Kūsān and Kūs are attested in the 16th century work Tarikh-i-Rashidi.

Both names, as well as Kos, Kujar etc. were used for modern Kucha. Chinese names of Kucha – 曲先. While 龜玆 has sometimes been romanized as Qiuzi, this is regarded as incorrect. According to the Book of Han, Kucha was the largest of the "Thirty-six Kingdoms of the Western Regions", with a population of 81,317, including 21,076 persons able to bear arms. For a long time Kucha was the most populous oasis in the Tarim Basin; as a Central Asian metropolis, it was part of the Silk Road economy, was in contact with the rest of Central Asia, including Sogdiana and Bactria, thus with the cultures of South Asia and coastal areas of China. The Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang visited Kucha and in the 630s described Kucha at some length, the following are excerpts from his descriptions of Kucha: The soil is suitable for rice and produces grapes and numerous species of plums, pears and almonds... The ground is rich in minerals-gold, copper and lead and tin; the air is soft, the manners of the people honest.

The style of writing is Indian, with some differences. They excel other countries in their skill in playing on the pipe, they clothe themselves with ornamental garments of silk and embroidery.... There are about one hundred convents with five thousand and more disciples; these belong to the Little Vehicle of the school of the Sarvastivadas. Their doctrine and their rules of discipline are like those of India, those who read them use the same originals.... About 40 li to the north of this desert city there are two convents close together on the slope of a mountain... Outside the western gate of the chief city, on the right and left side of the road, there are erect figures of Buddha, about 90 feet high. A specific style of music developed within the region and "Kuchean" music gained popularity as it spread along the trade lines of the Silk Road. Lively scenes of Kuchean music and dancing can be found in the Kizil Caves and are described in the writings of Xuanzang."he fair ladies and benefactresses of Kizil and Kumtura in their tight-waisted bodices and voluminous skirts recall--notwithstanding the Buddhic theme--that at all the halting places along the Silk Road, in all the rich caravan towns of the Tarim, Kucha was renowned as a city of pleasures, that as far as China men talked of its musicians, its dancing girls, its courtesans."

Kuchean music was popular in Tang China the lute, which became known in Chinese as the pipa. For example, within the collection of the Guimet Museum, two Tang female musician figures represent the two prevailing traditions: one plays a Kuchean pipa and the other plays a Chinese jiegu; the "music of Kucha" was transmitted from China to Japan, along with other early medieval music, during the same period, is preserved there, somewhat transformed, as gagaku or Japanese court music. Following its conquest by the Tang dynasty in the 7th century, during the Tang campaign against the oasis states, the city of Kucha was regarded by Han Chinese as one of the Four Garrisons of Anxi: the "Pacified West", or its capital. During periods of Tibetan domination it was at least semi-independent, it fell under Uighur domination and became an important center of the Uighur Kingdom after the Kirghiz destruction of the Uighur steppe empire in 840. The extensive ruins of the ancient capital and temple of Subashi, abandoned in the 13th century, lie 20 kilometres north of modern Kucha.

Francis Younghusband, who passed through the oasis in 1887 on his journey from Beijing to India, described the district as "probably" having some 60,000 inhabitants. The modern Chinese town was about 700 square yards with a 25 feet high wall, with no bastions or protection to the gateways, but a ditch about 20 feet deep around it, it was filled with houses and "a few bad shops". The "Turk houses" ran right up to the edge of the ditch and there were remains of an old city to the south-east of the Chinese one, but most of the shops and houses were outside of it. About 800 yards north of the Chinese city were barracks for 500 soldiers out of a garrison he estimated