SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Herald Sun

The Herald Sun is a daily newspaper based in Melbourne, published by The Herald and Weekly Times, a subsidiary of News Corp Australia, itself a subsidiary of News Corp. The Herald Sun serves Melbourne and the state of Victoria and shares many articles with other News Corporation daily newspapers those from Australia, it is available for purchase in Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and border regions of South Australia and southern New South Wales such as the Riverina and NSW South Coast, is available digitally through its website and apps. In 2017, the paper had a daily circulation of 350,000 from Monday to Friday; the Herald Sun newspaper is the product of a merger in 1990 of two newspapers owned by The Herald and Weekly Times Limited: the morning tabloid paper The Sun News-Pictorial and the afternoon broadsheet paper The Herald. It was first published on 8 October 1990 as the Herald-Sun; the hyphen in its title was dropped after 1 May 1993 as part of an effort to drop the overt reminder of the paper's two predecessors that the hyphen implied and by the fact that by 1993 most of the columns and features inherited from The Herald and The Sun News-Pictorial had either been discontinued or subsumed in new sections.

The Herald was founded on 3 January 1840 by George Cavenagh as the Port Phillip Herald. In 1849, it became The Melbourne Morning Herald. At the beginning of 1855, it became The Melbourne Herald before settling on The Herald from 8 September 1855 - the name it would hold for the next 135 years. From 1869, it was an evening newspaper. Colonel William Thomas Reay was sometime literary editor and associate editor, before becoming managing editor in 1904; when The Argus newspaper closed in 1957, The Herald and Weekly Times bought out and continued various Argus media assets. In 1986, The Herald's Saturday edition - The Weekend Herald - which had adopted a tabloid format, in order to distinguish it from the Monday to Friday editions' broadsheet format - was closed; the Sun News-Pictorial was founded on 11 September 1922, bought by The Herald and Weekly Times in 1925. In its prime, The Herald had a circulation of 600,000, but by the time of its 150th anniversary in 1990, with the impact of evening television news and a higher proportion of people using cars to get home from work rather than public transport, The Herald's circulation had fallen below 200,000.

This was much less than that of the morning Sun. With the only alternative option being to close The Herald, The Herald and Weekly Times decided to merge the two newspapers, so after one hundred and fifty years, ten months and two days of publication, The Herald was published for the last time as a separate newspaper on 5 October 1990; the next day, The Sun News-Pictorial published its last edition. The Sunday editions of the two newspapers, The Sunday Herald and The Sunday Sun, were merged to form the Sunday Herald Sun; the resulting newspaper had both the style of The Sun News-Pictorial. Bruce Baskett, the last Editor of The Herald, was the first Editor of the Herald Sun. After a progressive decline in circulation the afternoon edition was cancelled, the last edition being published on 21 December 2001; the News Corp Australia-produced mX had filled part of that gap, being distributed of an afternoon from stands throughout the Melbourne CBD until 12 June 2015, though not available outside that area.

Recent editors include Simon Pristel, Phil Gardner and Bruce Guthrie. The Herald Sun is the highest-circulating daily newspaper in Australia, with a weekday circulation of 350 thousand and claimed readership of 1.26 million. According to third-party web analytics providers Alexa and SimilarWeb, Herald Sun's website is the 74th and 125th most visited in Australia as of August 2015. SimilarWeb rates the site as the 15th most visited news website in Australia, attracting 6.6 million visitors per month. Over the years, the Herald Sun has had a range of magazines and memorabilia that could be obtained by either getting it out of the newspaper, or using a token from the newspaper to collect or purchase the item. Items that have been a part of this scheme include: William Ellis Green official VFL/AFL Premiership posters The 2000 Olympic Torch Relay Pin, collection includes 15 place pins and one State Pin of Victoria Australian Football League trading cards – every year, near the start of the AFL season The Simpsons pins Socceroos medallions Celebrate 50 Years of TV – in conjunction with Nine Network The Ashes series pins Family Encyclopedia CD-ROM Collection – in conjunction with publishing company Dorling Kindersley The Greatest – a 14-part magazine series Amazing Pictures – a 4-part magazine series Discovery Atlas DVD Collection Harry Potter The Ultimate Collection Shortly before the 2004 election, the Herald Sun published an article entitled "Greens back illegal drugs" written by Gerard McManus which made a number of claims about the Australian Greens based on their harm minimisation and decriminalisation policies posted on their website at the time.

The Greens complained to the Australian Press Council. The text of their adjudication reads: In the context of an approaching election, the potential damage was considerable; the actual electoral impact cannot be known but readers were misled. The claims made in the original article were inaccurate and breached the Council's guiding principles of checking the accuracy of what is reported, taking prompt measures to counter the effects of harmfully inaccurate reporting, ensuring that the facts are not distorted, being fair and balanced

Lockgate Mill

Lockgate Mill referred to locally and as Freethorpe Mill,'Banham's Black Mill' and'Duffel's Mill' is a windpump located on the Halvergate Marshes in the detached parish of Freethorpe within The Broads in the English county of Norfolk. It is 2 miles west of Great Yarmouth, 3 miles north-east of Berney Arms on the northern edge of Breydon Water; the structure is a Grade II listed building. The current mill at this location was built somewhere between 1800 and 1825 under the name'Freethorpe Mill', it is four stories high and built of red brick tarred black; the structure stands at 35 feet to the curb and the diameter of the base is 24 feet, housing two doors and 4 windows. A farm once stood next to the mill, it was known as Lockgate Farm and was demolished in 1981 after many years of being derelict; when operational, the mill was driven by four patent sails that turned in a clockwise direction, these drove a 19 ft diameter external scoopwheel with 7 inch paddles. Unusually for a mill on the halvergate marshes it didn't drain into the Halvergate Fleet though it is only 800 yards from the connection of the fleet with Breydon water.

Instead it drained Acle marshes. The earliest recorded marshman of the mill was a Mr Dan Banham, followed subsequently by Mr Bob Banham; the Banham family ceased working the mill in the early 1920s and was taken over for a short period by Mr Gordon Addison, who lived in the nearby Lockgate Farm. The final marshman that worked the mill was Mr Leonard Carter. After Leonard Carter left the mill, it began to fall into disrepair. In 1953 the sails were blown off the mill in a gale and was left to deteriorate until a temporary aluminium cap was fitted in 1988 to protect the remains of the mill. In 2001 a fire started by vandals damaged the inside of the mill and has blackened some of the external and internal brickwork; the mill can be reached on the Weavers' Way and Wherryman's Way footpaths between Yarmout and Berney Arms. Access to the mill is prohibited and a fence blocks access due to the unsafe state the structure is in

476th Fighter Group

The 476th Fighter Group is an Air Reserve Component of the United States Air Force. It is part of the Tenth Air Force of Air Force Reserve Command, stationed at Moody Air Force Base, Georgia. If mobilized, the Wing is gained by the Air Combat Command; the group was active twice during World War II for brief periods, the first time in China as part of Fourteenth Air Force and the second time in the United States as a training unit. In the late 1950s the group was activated to open Glasgow Air Force Base, but the role of Glasgow shifted to the support of Strategic Air Command's nuclear strike force and the group was inactivated in April 1960 and its assets transferred to SAC; the group was most activated as a reserve associate unit in 2009. The group is assigned to the 442d Fighter Wing, at Whiteman AFB, Missouri; the 476th Fighter Group is an Air Force Reserve associate unit linked to the 23d Fighter Group at Moody. The 442 oversees the 476th's administrative and mission-support needs not provided by Moody's host, active-duty wing.

The group works under its own command structure but integrates its operations with the 23d Wing's 74th and 75th Fighter Squadrons and 23d Maintenance Group. The group has 115 airmen consisting of traditional reservists, air reserve technicians and civilians; the 476th will grow to about 230 traditional reservists and full-timers, including 20 in the 76th Fighter Squadron, 160 in the 476th Maintenance Squadron and 23 in the medical flight. The remaining airmen will serve on the group staff; the 476 Fighter Group consists of the following units: 76th Fighter Squadron 476th Maintenance Squadron 476th Aerospace Medical Flight The 476th Fighter Group was activated in China on 19 May 1943 and assigned to Fourteenth Air Force, but the group was never made operational and was disbanded two months later. The group was reconstituted and activated at Richmond Army Air Base, Virginia on 1 December 1943 as a First Air Force replacement training unit, it was assigned the 453d Fighter Squadron, activated ten days earlier, the newly activated 541st, 542d, 543d Fighter Squadrons.

Replacement training units were oversized units which trained aircrews prior to their deployment to combat theaters. However, as the 476th was being organized at Richmond, the Army Air Forces was finding found that standard military units, based on inflexible tables of organization, were proving less well adapted to the training mission. Accordingly, a more functional system was adopted in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit, while the groups and squadrons acting as RTUs were disbanded or inactivated; as a result, the 476th and its squadrons never became operational at Richmond. Instead, the 476th was moved to Pocatello Army Air Field in late March 1944, where it was disbanded and its personnel and equipment was used to form the 265th AAF Base Unit; the group was reconstituted again as the 476th Fighter Group and activated on 8 February 1957 as part of Air Defense Command. The group was involved in activation of Glasgow AFB, but did not operate as a separate unit until 9 March 1959.

On 2 July the 13th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron moved to Glasgow from Sioux City Municipal Airport and began to work up with McDonnell F-101 Voodoo interceptors. The group remained involved with training air defense crews until it was inactivated on 1 April 1960. On that day Strategic Air Command assumed control of Glasgow and the personnel and equipment of the 476th Group and its support units were transferred to SAC to organize the 4141st Combat Support Group and the 476th units were inactivated; the 13th FIS was reassigned directly to the 29th Air Division. SAC had organized the 4141st Strategic Wing at Glasgow in the fall of 1958 as a tenant unit; as it became apparent that the SAC mission would be the predominant one at Glasgow, the base was transferred to SAC and the ADC units there became tenants. The group stood up as an Air Force Reserve associate unit equipped with A-10 Thunderbolt IIs linked to the 23d Fighter Group in July 2009. Constituted as the 476th Fighter Group on 20 April 1943Activated on 19 May 1943 Disbanded on 31 July 1943Reconstituted on 11 October 1943Activated on 1 December 1943 Disbanded on 1 April 1944.

Reconstituted and redesignated 476th Fighter Group on 11 December 1956Activated on 8 February 1957 Discontinued on 1 April 1960. Redesignated 476th Tactical Fighter Group on 31 July 1985 Redesignated 476th Fighter Group on 6 January 2009Activated on 1 February 2009 Fourteenth Air Force, 19 May 1943 – 31 July 1943 First Air Force, 1 December 1943 72d Fighter Wing, 26 March 1944 – 1 April 1944 Air Defense Command, 8 February 1957 Central Air Defense Force, 2 July 1959 29th Air Division, 1 April 1960 442d Fighter Wing, 1 February 2009 – present 13th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron: 2 July 1959 – 1 April 1960 76th Fighter Squadron: 1 February 2009 – present 453d Fighter Squadron: 1 December 1943 – 1 April 1944 541st Fighter Squadron: 1 December 1943 – 1 April 1944 542d Fighter Squadron: 1 December 1943 – 1 April 1944 543d Fighter Squadron: 1 December 1943 – 1 April 1944 476th USAF Dispensary, 8 February 1957 – 1 April 1960 476th Air Base Squadron, 8 February 1957 – 1 April 1960 476th Maintenance Squadron, 1 February 2009 – present 476th Materiel Squadron, 8 February 1957 – 1 April 1960 476th Aerospace Medical Flight, 1 February 2009 – present Kunming Airport, China, 19 May 1943 – 31 July 1943 Richmond Army Air Base, Virginia, 1 December 1943 Pocatello Army Air Field, Idaho, 26 March 1944 – 1 April 1944 Glasgow Air Force Base, Montana, 8 February 1957 – 1 April 1960 Moody Air Force Base, Georgia, 1 February 2009 – present McDonnell F-101B Voodoo, 1959–1960 F