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Hereford Cathedral

Hereford Cathedral is the cathedral church of the Anglican Diocese of Hereford in Hereford, England. Its most famous treasure is Mappa Mundi, a medieval map of the world created around 1300 by Richard of Holdingham; the map is listed on the UNESCO Memory of the World Register. The cathedral is a Grade I listed building; the site of the cathedral became a place of worship in the 8th century or earlier although the oldest part of the current building, the bishop's chapel, dates to the 11th century. The cathedral is dedicated to two saints, St Mary the Virgin and St Ethelbert the King; the latter was beheaded by Offa, King of Mercia in the year 794. Offa had consented to give his daughter to Ethelbert in marriage: why he changed his mind and deprived him of his head historians do not know, although tradition is at no loss to supply him with an adequate motive; the execution, or murder, is said to have taken place at Sutton, four miles from Hereford, with Ethelbert's body brought to the site of the modern cathedral by'a pious monk'.

He was buried at the site of the cathedral. At Ethelbert's tomb miracles were said to have occurred, in the next century Milfrid, a Mercian nobleman, was so moved by the tales of these marvels as to rebuild in stone the little church which stood there, to dedicate it to the sainted king. Before this, Hereford had become the seat of a bishopric, it is said to have been the centre of a diocese as early as the 670s when Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop of Canterbury, divided the Mercian diocese of Lichfield, founding Hereford for the Magonsæte and Worcester for the Hwicce. In the 7th century the cathedral was refounded by Putta, who settled here when driven from Rochester by Æthelred of Mercia; the cathedral of stone, which Milfrid raised, stood for some 200 years, in the reign of Edward the Confessor, it was altered. The new church had only a short life, for it was plundered and burnt in 1056 by a combined force of Welsh and Irish under Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, the Welsh prince. Hereford Cathedral remained in a state of ruin until Robert of Lorraine was consecrated to the see in 1079 and undertook its reconstruction.

His work was carried on, or, more redone, by Reynelm, next but one bishop, reorganised the college of secular canons attached to the cathedral. Reynelm died in 1115, it was only under his third successor, Robert de Betun, Bishop from 1131 to 1148, that the church was brought to completion. Of this Norman church, the surviving parts are the nave arcade, the choir up to the spring of the clerestory, the choir aisle, the south transept, the crossing arches. Scarcely 50 years after its completion William de Vere, who occupied the see from 1186 to 1199, altered the east end by constructing a retro-choir or processional path and a Lady Chapel. Around the middle of the century the clerestory, the vaulting of the choir, were rebuilt, having been damaged by the settling of the central tower. Under Peter of Aigueblanche, one of Henry III's foreign favourites, the rebuilding of the north transept was begun, being completed in the same century by Swinfield, who built the aisles of the nave and eastern transept.

One of the most notable of the pre-reformation Bishops of Hereford, who left his mark upon the cathedral and the diocese, was Peter of Aigueblanche known as Aquablanca, who rebuilt the north transept. Aquablanca came to England in the train of Eleanor of Provence, he was undoubtedly a man of resource. He was a nepotist who practised gross fraud; when Prince Edward came to Hereford to deal with Llywelyn the Great of Gwynedd, Aquablanca was away in Ireland on a tithe-collecting expedition, the dean and canons were absent. Not long after Aquablanca's return, expedited by the stern rebuke which the King administered, he and all his relatives from Savoy were seized within the cathedral by a party of barons, who deprived him of the money which he had extorted from the Irish. In the first half of the 14th century the rebuilding of the central tower, embellished with ball-flower ornaments, was carried out. At about the same time the chapter house and its vestibule were built Thomas Trevenant, bishop from 1389 to 1404, rebuilt the south end and groining of the great transept.

Around the middle of the 15th century a tower was added to the western end of the nave, in the second half of this century bishops John Stanberry and Edmund Audley built three chantries, the former on the north side of the presbytery, the latter on the south side of the Lady Chapel. Bishops Richard Mayew and Booth, who between them ruled the diocese from 1504 to 1535, made the last additions to the cathedral by erecting the north porch, now forming the principal northern entrance; the building of the present edifice therefore extended over a period of 440 years. Thomas de Cantilupe was the next but one Bishop of Hereford after Aquablanca, he had faults not uncommon in men who held high ecclesiastical office in his day, however he was a strenuous administrator of his see, an unbending champion of its rights. For assaulting some of the episcopal tenants and raiding their cattle, Lord Clifford was condemned to walk barefoot through the cathedral to the high altar, Cantilupe himself applied the rod to his back.

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Saint Mary's College, Trinidad and Tobago

St. Mary's College is a government-assisted selective Catholic secondary school situated on Frederick Street in the heart of Port of Spain and Tobago; the school was established in 1863 with only a handful of students, enrollment averages 1200 students inclusive of Forms 1 to Upper 6. The school's motto is "Virtus et Scientia". St. Mary's College is a seven-year school that prepares students for the Caribbean Examinations Council Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate known as "CSEC" at 5th Form and the Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examinations level examinations; the school offers education in a number of fields including the sciences and social sciences. Ellis Achong, Trinidad Test cricketer Emmanuel Amoroso, reproductive physiologist and developmental biologist Sir Ellis Clarke and last Governor-General of Trinidad and Tobago and the first President of Trinidad and Tobago. Wayne A. I. Frederick, MD, President of Howard University Ken Gordon, businessman Shaka Hislop, football player John La Rose and cultural activist Michael Mooleedhar, filmmaker Quintin O'Connor, union leader Dr. Joseph Lennox Pawan, M.

B. E. Trinidadian bacteriologist Clifford Roach, HBM, Test cricketer for West Trinidad. Dr. Harry Schachter, MD, PhD, Canadian biochemist Eugene Chen, Trinidadian-Chinese politician and foreign minister of Republic of China St. Mary's College, College of the Immaculate Conception

Petrus Steyn

Petrus Steyn is a small farming town between Tweeling and Kroonstad, 35 km north-east of Lindley in the Free State province of South Africa. It is at the centre of an agricultural area known for wheat, sunflower, cattle,sheep production and forms part of the breadbasket in the Free State, it is the highest town above sea level in the Free State The town was supposed to be called Concordia, but the widow of the late Mr Petrus Paulus Steyn sold it on condition that the new town be named after her husband. The farm Sterkfontein was sold out of the will of the Mr Steyn for the price of 4 pounds & 5 shillings per acre, bought on 11 October 1912, the official date that Petrus Steyn, the town, was established; the Renoster River has its origin on erf 502, just next to the Petrus Steyn family grave yard. An Afrikaans Language Monument was created out of stones stacked by visitors on 14 August 1975, in celebration of the centenary of the Afrikaans Language; the Ox Wagon Wheel monument was erected in 1938, during the centenary celebrations of the Great Trek.

Here, ox wagon tracks and footprints that were made by Voortrekker leader Sarel Cilliers and is preserved on a concrete slab. The above two monuments are found at the town civic centre at Dirkie Uys square, named after Dirkie Uys, the son of Piet Uys who led a punitive expedition against the Zulus after they killed Piet Retief and his 70 men at Dingane's kraal. On the R707 towards Frankfort, at a farm called Hooggelegen, three monuments of historical significance are found; these commemorate the 1938 centenary of the Great Trek and the rebels who died during the Maritz rebellion of 1914. The sandstone parsonage of the local Dutch Reformed Church was the place where a portion of the 1933 Bible translation from Dutch to Afrikaans was completed by Reverent Steyn, responsible for the books of Acts and Johannes and lived in the parsonage from 1930 to 1933; the parsonage is situated on Du Plessis street. The family grave yard of Petrus Steyn was laid out in 1898 under the oak tree. General Cornelis Hermanus Olivier one of the delegates sent to sign the Peace Treaty of Vereeniging to end the Second Anglo Boer War in May 1902.

He lived in the Lindley district where he had a farm. He lies buried at the old Petrus Steyn cemetery. Elandskop Hill is located west of the town and during the Second Anglo-Boer War 1899–1902 was an excellent observation post for the Boer and British. For the Boer forces it was a important heliograph station because the headquarters of General Christiaan de Wet and the Orange Free State Government were located there for a long time near the present-day town; the hill is 17121m above sea level in the Free State Lastly is the train station, first opened in 1925, was through a rail link to Heilbron. In the 1930s the line was extended further to Lindley and to a connection with the main line at Arlington; the 92-year-old building has now been declared a heritage site and will soon become home to Elandskop Museum. Petrus Steyn is one of the biggest producers of potatoes, supplied to Lays and Simba; the Renoster River is a tributary of the Vaal River in South Africa. The river originates in Petrus Steyn in the Free State.

From its origin, the river flows north west. From there, it flows beyond Koppies. Near Viljoenskroon it flows northwest, flows under the R59 and R501 and joins the Vaal River at Renovaal, about 25 km east of Orkney. Treaty of Vereeniging Second Boer War freestatetourism.org riemlandroute.co.za southafrica.net tripadvisor.co.za